Orson Scott Card

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Orson Scott Card
Card at Life, the Universe, & Everything in 2008
Born (1951-08-24) August 24, 1951 (age 67)
Richland, Washington
Pen name
  • Frederick Bliss
  • Brian Green
  • P.Q. Gump
  • Dinah Kirkham
  • Scott Richards
  • Byron Walley
OccupationAuthor, critic, playwright / script writer, poet, public speaker, essayist, professor of writing and literature[1]
ResidenceGreensboro, North Carolina
Alma materBrigham Young University (B.A.)
University of Utah (M.A.)
Notable worksEnder's Game series,
The Tales of Alvin Maker
Notable awards
SpouseKristine Allen Card


Orson Scott Card (born August 24, 1951) is an American novelist, critic, public speaker, essayist, and columnist. He writes in several genres but is known best for science fiction, his novel Ender's Game (1985) and its sequel, Speaker for the Dead (1986), both won Hugo[2][3] and Nebula Awards,[2][4] making Card the only author to win the two top American prizes in science fiction literature in consecutive years.[5][6] A feature film adaptation of Ender's Game, which Card co-produced, was released in 2013.[7] Card is also the author of the Locus Fantasy Award-winning series The Tales of Alvin Maker (1987–2003).

Card is also a professor of English at Southern Virginia University,[8] has written two books on creative writing, hosts writing boot camps and workshops, and serves as a judge in the Writers of the Future contest.[9] A great-great-grandson of Brigham Young, he is a Mormon, a practicing member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In addition to producing a large body of fiction, he has also offered political, religious, and social commentary in his columns and other writing, his politics are controversial, particularly his stance on gay marriage (prior to the Supreme Court decision in 2015).

Early life[edit]

Card is the son of Willard Richards Card and Peggy Jane (née Park), the third of six children and the older brother of composer and arranger Arlen Card.[10][11][12] Card was born in Richland, Washington, and grew up in Santa Clara, California, as well as Mesa, Arizona, and Orem, Utah, he served as a missionary for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in Brazil and graduated from Brigham Young University (BYU) and the University of Utah; he also spent a year in a Ph.D. program at the University of Notre Dame.

For part of the 1970s Card worked as an associate editor of the Ensign, an official magazine of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.[13] Influences on his fiction include Heinlein, Austen, Mitchell, Asimov, Richter, and Bradbury.[14]

Card lives in Greensboro, North Carolina,[10] a place that has played a significant role in Ender's Game and many of his other works.


Card began his writing career primarily as a poet, studying with Clinton F. Larson at BYU. During his studies as a theater major, he began "doctoring" scripts, adapting fiction for readers theater production, and finally writing his own one-act and full-length plays, several of which were produced by faculty directors at BYU, he also explored fiction writing, beginning with stories that eventually evolved into The Worthing Saga.

After returning to Provo, Utah from his Church of Jesus Christ mission in Brazil, Card started the Utah Valley Repertory Theatre Company, which for two summers produced plays at "the Castle", a Depression-era outdoor amphitheater behind the state psychiatric hospital in Provo; his company's were the first plays ever produced at the Castle. Meanwhile, he took part-time employment as a proofreader at BYU Press, then made the jump to full-time employment as a copy editor. In 1976, in the midst of a paid role performing in the church's musical celebrating America's Bicentennial, he secured employment as an assistant editor at the Ensign, and moved to Salt Lake City, it was while working at Ensign that Card published his first piece of fiction. His short story "Gert Fram" appeared in the July 1977 fine arts issue of that magazine under the pseudonym Byron Walley.

Science fiction[edit]

He wrote the short story "Ender's Game" while working at the BYU press, and submitted it to several publications; the idea for the later novel of the same title came from the short story about a school where boys can fight in space. It was eventually purchased by Ben Bova at Analog Science Fiction and Fact and published in the August 1977 issue. Meanwhile, he started writing half-hour audioplays on LDS Church history, the New Testament, and other subjects for Living Scriptures in Ogden, Utah; on the basis of that continuing contract, some freelance editing work, and a novel contract for Hot Sleep and A Planet Called Treason, he left Ensign and began supporting his family as a freelancer.

He completed his master's degree in English at the University of Utah in 1981 and began a doctoral program at the University of Notre Dame, but the recession of the early 1980s caused the flow of new book contracts to temporarily dry up, he returned to full-time employment as the book editor for Compute! magazine in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1983. In October of that year, a new contract for the Alvin Maker "trilogy" (now up to six books) allowed him to return to freelancing.

Ender's Game and its sequel Speaker for the Dead were both awarded the Hugo Award and the Nebula Award, making Card the only author (as of 2018) to win both of science fiction's top prizes in consecutive years. Card continued the series with Xenocide, Children of the Mind, Ender's Shadow, Shadow of the Hegemon, Shadow Puppets, "First Meetings in the Enderverse", Shadow of the Giant, A War of Gifts, and Ender in Exile, a book that takes place after Ender's Game and before Speaker for the Dead. Card has also announced his plan to write Shadows Alive, a book that connects the "Shadow" series and "Speaker" series together. Shadows in Flight serves as a bridge towards this final book, he also co-wrote the formic war novels: Earth Unaware, Earth Afire, Earth Awakens and The Swarm as prequels to the Ender novels, with two more novels in the pipeline, which will result in two prequel formic war trilogies. These trilogies relay, among other things, the history of Mazer Rackham. Children of the Fleet is the first novel in a new sequel series, called Fleet School. In 2008 Card announced that Ender's Game would be made into a movie, but that he did not have a director lined up (Wolfgang Petersen had previously been scheduled to direct the movie, but subsequently moved on to other projects), it was to be produced by Chartoff Productions, and Card was writing the screenplay himself.[15] The film was made several years later, and released in 2013, with Asa Butterfield in the title role and Gavin Hood directing.

Other works include the alternative histories The Tales of Alvin Maker, Pastwatch: The Redemption of Christopher Columbus, The Homecoming Saga, and Hidden Empire, a story about a near-future civil war in the United States, based on the Xbox Live Arcade video game Shadow Complex, he collaborated with Star Wars artist Doug Chiang on Robota and with Kathryn H. Kidd on Lovelock.

In 2017, he co-created a TV series Extinct.

Other genres[edit]

He has branched out into other areas of fiction with novels such as Lost Boys, Treasure Box and Enchantment. Other works include the novelization of the James Cameron film The Abyss, and the comic book Ultimate Iron Man for Marvel Comics' Ultimate Marvel Universe series. Outside the world of published fiction, Card contributed dialog to at least three video games: Loom, The Secret of Monkey Island and The Dig in the early 1990s.[16]

In 1983 Card published the novel Saints, a historical fiction based loosely on one of his ancestors and her experiences coming into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints during the early portion of its movement, it continues through her eyes into subsequent events up until the granting of Statehood to Utah.

In 1988, Card wrote the script for an updated Hill Cumorah Pageant.[17]

In 2000, Card published the first novel in The Women of Genesis series. This series explores the lives of the principal women mentioned in the first book of the Bible and includes Sarah (2000), Rebekah (2002), and Rachel and Leah (2004).

In the fall of 2005, Card launched Orson Scott Card's InterGalactic Medicine Show.[18] He edited the first two issues, but found that the demands of teaching, writing, and directing plays for his local church theater group made it impossible to respond to writers' submissions in a timely manner; former Card student and experienced freelance writer and editor Edmund R. Schubert took over as editor on June 1, 2006.

The dialog and screenplay (but not the story) for the Xbox video game Advent Rising was written by Card and Cameron Dayton.[19]

In 2008, Card's novella Hamlet's Father, a retelling of Shakespeare's Hamlet, was published in the anthology The Ghost Quartet (Tor Books); the work re-interpreted all of the characters' personalities and motivations.


Over the years Orson Scott Card has used at least seven pseudonyms.

He used the names Frederick Bliss and P.Q. Gump when he was asked to write an overview of Mormon playwrights "Mormon Shakespeares: A Study of Contemporary Mormon Theatre" for Spring 1976 issue of Sunstone magazine. According to Card he used these pseudonyms because the article included a brief reference to himself and his play "Stone Tables".[20]

The name Byron Walley was used by Card on his first published piece of fiction "Gert Fram" which appeared in the July 1977 fine arts issue of Ensign magazine. According to Card he used this name because he had a non-fiction article, "Family Art", a poem, "Looking West", and a short play, "The Rag Mission", appearing in the same issue.[20] Card also used the name Byron Walley in stories he published in Friend magazine, New Era magazine and in the anthology Dragons of Darkness. Stories by Byron Walley include: "Gert Fram", Ensign magazine, July 1977; "Bicicleta", Friend magazine, October 1977; "The Best Family Home Evening Ever", Friend magazine, January 1978; "Billy's Box", Friend magazine, February 1978; "I Think Mom and Dad Are Going Crazy, Jerry", New Era magazine, May 1979; and "Middle Woman", Dragons of Darkness, Ace Books, 1982.

He used the name Brian Green in the July 1977 fine arts issue of Ensign magazine, he used this name for his short play "The Rag Mission" because he had three other pieces appearing in the same issue.[20] The name Dinah Kirkham was used to write the short story "The Best Day", in 1983;[21] the name Noam D. Pellume was used by Card for his short story "Damn Fine Novel" which appeared in the October 1989 issue of The Green Pages.[22]

Card wrote the novel Zanna's Gift (2004) under the pen name Scott Richards, saying, "I was trying to establish a separate identity in the marketplace, but for various reasons the marketing strategy didn't work as we'd hoped."[23]

On writing[edit]


In 2005, Card accepted a permanent appointment as "distinguished professor" at Southern Virginia University in Buena Vista, Virginia, a small liberal arts college run according to the principles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Card has cited his frustration with the dismal teaching methodology for creative writing in most universities as a reason for accepting this position, along with his desire to teach the techniques of effective fiction writing to writers whose values are more congruent with his own.[8] Card has worked closely with colleagues to develop ways to educate aspiring writers and has published two books on the subject, he was eager for the opportunity to apply these techniques in a university environment—his assorted workshops did not allow the follow-through he desired. After being deeply moved by stories of his students' parents in some of their essays, he decided to stop teaching regularly at the university to spend time with his youngest child who still lives at home.[24][non-primary source needed] Card returned to teaching for the spring semester of 2009.

Card has taught multiple courses in English and creative writing including courses analyzing the works of J. R. R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis, hymn and lyric writing, and LDS fiction.

Books on writing[edit]

Card has written two books on the subject of creative writing – Characters and Viewpoint, published in 1988, and How to Write Science Fiction and Fantasy, published in 1990, he was also a co-writer for How to Write a Million (though his contribution is actually a reprint of an earlier work).

Card also offered advice about writing in an interview in Leading Edge #23 in 1991.

Writers of the Future[edit]

Card serves as a judge in Writers of the Future,[9] a science fiction and fantasy story contest for amateur writers, it originated in the early 1980s by L. Ron Hubbard, a science fiction writer and the founder of the Church of Scientology, and continues to be funded and organized by Author Services Inc., an entity that manages Hubbard's literary work.

Children's books[edit]

Card won the ALA Margaret Edwards Award in 2008 for his contribution in writing for teens, selected by a panel of YA librarians.[25] "What have I done that made some wonderfully deluded people think that I should get the [award] for lifetime achievement in writing young adult fiction?" he asked in his address, and asserted that "There is no such thing as children's literature." Furthermore:[26]

I have not worked with YA editors; my work has never been marketed that way until Tor put a YA cover and a new ISBN on Ender's Game—fifteen years after the book first came out, and long after it had become popular with young readers. Ender's Game was written with no concessions to young readers. My protagonists were children, but the book was definitely not aimed at kids. I was perfectly aware that the rule of thumb for children's literature is that the protagonist must be a couple of years older than the target audience. You want ten-year-old readers, you have a twelve-year-old hero.

At the beginning of the book, Ender is six. Who, exactly, is the target audience?


Card created a website, Strong Verse that publishes poetry from authors living and dead with the aim of showcasing works that present a clear message in clear language; the following motto appears on the website's header: "Good poetry is meant to be understood, not decoded."[27]


Since 2001, Card's commentary[28] includes the political columns "War Watch", "World Watch", or "Civilization Watch" and the column "Uncle Orson Reviews Everything", all published at the Greensboro Rhinoceros Times; the last-named column features personal reviews of movies, books, and restaurants in the greater Greensboro area, in addition to a variety of other topics.[29] The column also later appears on his website, Hatrack River. Since 2008 Card has written a column for the Mormon Times.


Card's vocal opposition to same-sex marriage and other views on homosexuality led to a boycott of the film version of Ender's Game[30] – a development which itself received criticism.[31] Owing to political developments, by the early 2010s Card believed the question of U.S. legalization of same-sex marriage moot.[32]

Describing himself as a political liberal[33] and moral conservative,[34] Card's ideals concerning society—as well as foundational themes within his fiction—are described as communitarian.[33][35][36] In 2000, Card said, "Most of the program of both the left and the right is so unbelievably stupid it's hard to wish to identify myself with either, but on economic matters, I'm a committed communitarian. I regard the Soviet Union as simply state monopoly capitalism, it was run the way the United States would be if Microsoft owned everything. Real communism has never been tried! I would like to see government controls expanded, laws that allow capitalism to not reward the most rapacious, exploitative behavior. I believe government has a strong role to protect us from capitalism."[37]

A vocal supporter of the U.S.'s War on Terror,[38][39] according to Salon, Card is close to neoconservative concerning foreign policy issues.[40]

Views on U.S. presidential politics[edit]

Card became a member of the U.S. Democratic Party in 1976 and decided he was a Moynihan Democrat. As of at least 2011 he continued to call himself a democrat.[41] Card supported Republican presidential candidates John McCain in 2008[42] and Newt Gingrich saying "To my own disgust I find myself right now leaning toward Newt Gingrich, a man who, as a human being, in my opinion does not measure up to either Romney or Obama."[43]

In an August 2013 essay, presented as an "experiment" in fiction-writing called "The Game of Unlikely Events",[44] Card described an alternative future in which President Barack Obama ruled as a "Hitler- or Stalin-style dictator" with his own national police force of young unemployed men; Obama and his wife Michelle would have amended the U.S. Constitution to allow presidents to remain in power for life, as in Nigeria, Zimbabwe, and Hitler's Germany.[45][46] Card's essay drew extensive criticism, especially for allusions to Obama's race with its reference to "urban gangs".[47][48][49]

Views about homosexuality[edit]

Card has publicly declared his opposition to homosexuality and same-sex marriage.[40][50]

In a 1990 essay he wrote that "laws against homosexual behavior should remain on the books, not to be indiscriminately enforced", but to "send a clear message that those who flagrantly violate society's regulation of sexual behavior cannot be permitted to remain as acceptable, equal citizens within that society".[51] In the same essay, Card clarified his position, writing:

The goal of the polity is not to put homosexuals in jail; the goal is to discourage people from engaging in homosexual practices in the first place, and, when they nevertheless proceed in their homosexual behavior, to encourage them to do so discreetly, so as not shake the confidence of the community in polity's ability to provide rules for safe, dependable marriage and family relationships.

In May 2013 Card further wrote that since the US Supreme Court had ruled those laws unconstitutional in 2003, he has "no interest in criminalizing homosexual acts".[52] Responding to public criticism of the 1990 essay, Card noted:

Oddly enough, even as I am attacked by some as a homophobe, I am attacked by others as being too supportive of homosexuality, simply because I cannot see individual homosexuals, in or out of my books, as anything other than human beings with as complex a combination of good and evil in them as I find within myself. In my own view, I am walking a middle way, which condemns the sin but loves the sinner.[52]

In a 2008 opinion piece in the Deseret News he wrote that "no matter how close the bonds of affection and friendship might be within same-sex couples, there is no act of court or Congress that can make these relationships the same as the coupling between a man and a woman."[53] In 2009 he joined the board of directors of the National Organization for Marriage, a group that campaigns against same-sex marriage,[40] but later resigned from the board in mid-2013.[30] Card has stated that there is no need to legalize gay marriage.[54]

Card has also expressed his opinion that paraphilia and homosexuality are linked. In 2004, he claimed that it is a "myth that homosexuals are 'born that way'", noting that "if there is a genetic component to homosexuality, an entire range of environmental influences are also involved." He continued, saying that "the dark secret of homosexual society" was how often people "entered into that world through disturbing seduction or rape or molestation or abuse".[30][40][54]

In Card's 2008 novella Hamlet's Father, which re-imagines the backstory of Shakespeare's play Hamlet, Card was accused of directly trying to link the king's pedophilia with homosexuality; the novella prompted public outcry and its publishers were inundated with complaints.[55][56] Trade journal Publishers Weekly criticized Card's work, stating that the main purpose of it was to attempt to link homosexuality to pedophilia.[57] Card responded to the claim: "...[T]here is no link whatsoever between homosexuality and pedophilia in this book. Hamlet's father, in the book, is a pedophile, period. I don't show him being even slightly attracted to adults of either sex, it is the reviewer, not me, who has asserted this link, which I would not and did not make."[56]

In 2013, Card was selected as a guest author for DC Comics's new Adventures of Superman comic book series,[58] but controversy over Card's views on homosexuality led illustrator Chris Sprouse to leave the project[59] and DC Comics to put Card's story on hold indefinitely.[60] A few months later an LGBT group, Geeks OUT!, proposed a boycott of the movie adaptation of Ender's Game calling Card's view anti-gay,[61][62] causing the movie studio Lionsgate to publicly distance itself from Card's opinions.[63]

In July 2013, one week after the U.S. Supreme Court issued rulings in two cases that were widely interpreted as favoring recognition of same-sex marriages, Card wrote in Entertainment Weekly that the gay marriage issue is moot due to the Supreme Court's decision on DOMA.[32] He further stated, "now it will be interesting to see whether the victorious proponents of gay marriage will show tolerance toward those who disagreed with them when the issue was still in dispute".[32]


Card's membership in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has been an important facet of his life from early on, he is a great-great-grandson of Brigham Young, the Church's second president and prophet, and all of Card's ancestors for at least three generations have been members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. His ancestors include several other figures notable in the Church, including the Cardston colony founder Charles Ora Card; as such, his faith has been a source of inspiration and influence for both his writing and his personal views.[11] Since 2008 Card has written a column of Latter-day Saint devotional and cultural commentary for the Sunday national edition of the Deseret News (formerly "the Mormon Times").[64] Card has served as a bishop of his ward and has held various other church callings.

Personal life[edit]

Card (right) signing autographs at New York Comic Con in 2008

Card and his wife, Kristine, have had five children, each named after one or more authors he and his wife admire, their children's names are Michael Geoffrey (Geoffrey Chaucer), Emily Janice (Emily Brontë and Emily Dickinson), Charles Benjamin (Charles Dickens), Zina Margaret (Margaret Mitchell) and Erin Louisa (Louisa May Alcott). Charles, who had cerebral palsy, died shortly after his 17th birthday and their daughter Erin died the day she was born.[10] Card and his wife live with their youngest child, Zina, in Greensboro, North Carolina.[10]

The life of their son, Charles, influenced some of Card's fiction, most notably the Homecoming series, Lost Boys and Folk of the Fringe, their daughter, Emily, along with two other writers, adapted Card's short stories "Clap Hands and Sing", "Lifeloop" and "A Sepulchre of Songs" for the stage in Posing as People.[65]

In 2008, he appeared in the short film The Delivery, which starred his daughter, Emily, he plays an author reading an audiobook in this film, which won First Place in Fantasy at Dragon*Con Film Festival. He wrote an original story, "The Emperor of the Air", specifically for the short film by Gabrielle de Cuir and Stefan Rudnicki.

Card is an avid fan of the science fiction television series Firefly and makes an appearance in the documentary Done the Impossible about Firefly fandom. He has also served on the boards of a number of organizations, including public television station UNC-TV (2013–present)[66] and the National Organization for Marriage (2009–2013).[67]

Card suffered a mild stroke on January 1, 2011, and was briefly hospitalized, he reported expecting to make a full recovery despite impairment of his left hand.[68][69]


The ALA Margaret A. Edwards Award recognizes one writer and a particular body of work for "significant and lasting contributions to young adult literature". Card won the annual award in 2008, citing Ender's Game (1985), which inaugurated the science fiction Ender Saga, and Ender's Shadow (1999), the so-called parallel novel featuring another boy in the Battle School. According to the citation, the two boys' "experiences echo those of teens, beginning as children navigating in an adult world and growing into a state of greater awareness of themselves, their communities and the larger universe."[25] In the same year, Card won the Lifetime Achievement Award for Mormon writers (Whitney Awards).[70]

He has also won numerous awards for single works.


In 1978, the Harold B. Lee Library acquired the Orson Scott Card papers, which included Card's works, writing notes and letters, and in 2007 the collection was formally opened.[75][76][77]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Orson Scott Card at Southern Virginia University". Hatrack.com. 2005-05-09. Retrieved 2013-07-24.
  2. ^ a b c d e "1986 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
  3. ^ a b "1987 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 15 July 2009.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ a b "1985 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
  5. ^ Kellogg, Carolyn (2011-04-25). "2011 Hugo Award nominees announced". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2011-07-09. Retrieved 2011-06-13.
  6. ^ "Nebula Rules". Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America. October 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-01. Retrieved 2011-12-12.
  7. ^ McNary, Dave (31 May 2012), 'Lone Ranger' to get July 2013 release, Variety
  8. ^ a b "Why I Am Teaching at SVU... and Why SVU is Important" Archived 2013-10-21 at the Wayback Machine from LDSMag.com
  9. ^ a b "Writers of the Future contest". Retrieved 2006-12-06.
  10. ^ a b c d "Who Is Orson Scott Card?". Hatrack River Enterprises Inc. Retrieved 2006-10-18.
  11. ^ a b Willett, Edward (2006). Orson Scott Card: Architect of Alternate Worlds. New Jersey: Enslow Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-7660-2354-0.
  12. ^ Edith S. Tyson (1 January 2003). Orson Scott Card: Writer of the Terrible Choice. Scarecrow Press. p. xiv.
  13. ^ Ensign reference to Card as Associate Editor
  14. ^ Card, Orson Scott (7 June 2012), Thoughts on Ray Bradbury, National Review
  15. ^ "Ender's Game Movie Searching for New Director". Retrieved 2008-07-16.
  16. ^ "Interview with Author Orson Scott Card". Gaming Today. Retrieved 2007-06-18.
  17. ^ Gates, Crawford. "The Delights of Making Cumorah's Music". Maxwell Institute. Journal of Book of Mormon Studies. Archived from the original on 7 April 2007.
  18. ^ "Orson Scott Card's Intergalactic Medicine Show". Retrieved 2006-10-18.
  19. ^ Card's comments on working on Advent Rising from his official website
  20. ^ a b c Pseudonyms "Orson Scott Card's website The Hatrack".
  21. ^ Card bio from FantasticFiction.co.uk
  22. ^ The Locus Index to Science Fiction: 1984–1998, Locus Online, retrieved 28 March 2011
  23. ^ Card, Orson Scott (2 November 2008), Uncle Orson Reviews Everything: Bean on Baseball and Parker's Trilogies, Hatrack River Enterprises Inc, retrieved 28 March 2011
  24. ^ "Uncle Orson Reviews Everything: Politically Incorrect Literature, Audio Drama, "My American Culture"". Hatrack River Enterprises Inc. 2007-05-27. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
  25. ^ a b "2008 Margaret A. Edwards Award". Young Adult Library Services Association (YALSA). American Library Association (ALA).
      "Edwards Award". YALSA. ALA. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
  26. ^ "Looking Back". YALSA. ALA. Retrieved 2013-10-13. Card won the 20th anniversary Edwards Award in 2008, when YALSA asked previous winners to reflect on the experience; some live remarks by Card are published online with the compiled reflections but transcripts of acceptance speeches are available to members only.
  27. ^ The Orson Scott Card Network. "About Strong Verse". Strong Verse. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
  28. ^ Martin, Tim (2013-10-24). "Ender's Game: will the film be derailed by the author's homophobia?". Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  29. ^ Cowles, G (27 January 2012). "TBR Inside the List: Uncle Orson". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  30. ^ a b c Cieply, Michael (12 July 2013). "Author's Views on Gay Marriage Fuel Call for Boycott". New York Times.
  31. ^ Lapidos, Juliet (20 July 2013). "The 'Ender's Game' Boycott". New York Times.
  32. ^ a b c Lee, Stephan (2013-07-08). "'Ender's Game' author answers critics: Gay marriage issue is 'moot' | Inside Movies | EW.com". Insidemovies.ew.com. Retrieved 2013-07-24.
  33. ^ a b Jamshid Ghazi Askar (31 October 2013). "Critics, community and 'Ender's Game': An interview with Orson Scott Card". Deseret News.
  34. ^ Card (2009-12-20). "WorldWatch - Sarah Palin's Book - The Ornery American". Ornery.org. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
  35. ^ "Orson Scott Card interview – the extended version - Books". The Listener. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
  36. ^ Martin, Bill (April 1995). "Approaches to Zion: Why Liberalism Is Not the Answer" (PDF). Sunstone magazine. pp. 28–34.
  37. ^ Minkowitz, Donna (February 3, 2000). "My favorite author, my worst interview: I worshipped militaristic Mormon science-fiction writer Orson Scott Card -- until we met". Salon.
  38. ^ Orson Scott Card (6 November 2006). "The Only Issue This Election Day". RealClearPolitics from Rhinoceros Times.
  39. ^ Orson Scott Card (15 January 2006). "Iraq -- Quit or Stay?". Rhinoceros Times.
  40. ^ a b c d Romano, Aja (7 May 2013). "Orson Scott Card's long history of homophobia: In honor of the "Ender's Game" trailer release, a look at some of the sci-fi master's most controversial remarks". Salon.
  41. ^ Orson Scott Card (September 6, 2012). "Premium Rush, 50 Things, Deadly Animals, Harbach". Rhinoceros Times.
  42. ^ Card (2008-11-04). "WorldWatch – This Very Good Election Year – The Ornery American". Ornery.org. Retrieved 2010-07-10.
  43. ^ Card (December 1, 2011). "Hugo, Scorsese, Romney, and Gingrich". Uncle Orson Reviews Everything. Hatrack.com.
  44. ^ Orson Scott Card (May 9, 2013). "Unlikely Events". The Ornery American. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
  45. ^ Child, Ben (August 16, 2013). "Ender's Game author Orson Scott Card compares Obama to Hitler". The Guardian.
  46. ^ Horn, John (August 15, 2013). "'Ender's Game' author compares Obama to Hitler". Los Angeles Times.
  47. ^ Daniel Florien (August 16, 2013). "Orson Scott Card's Alternate Future". Patheos.
  48. ^ Paul Waldman (August 16, 2013). "Morally Compromised Art, on the Big Screen: How do we judge a movie made from a book written by someone with repellent political views?". The American Prospect.
  49. ^ "Controversial author Orson Scott Card named to UNC-TV board". Winston-Salem Journal. Associated Press. September 9, 2013.
  50. ^ "NYC-based group calls for boycott of sci-fi movie over author's gay rights views". CBS New York. July 9, 2013.
  51. ^ Card, Orson Scott (Feb 1990). "A Changed Man: The Hypocrites of Homosexuality" (PDF). Sunstone Magazine: 44–45. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  52. ^ a b "The Hypocrites of Homosexuality". Retrieved 15 Sep 2011.
  53. ^ Card, Orson Scott (24 July 2008). "Orson Scott Card: State job is not to redefine marriage". The Deseret News. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  54. ^ a b Card, Orson Scott. "Homosexual "Marriage" and Civilization". The Ornery American. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  55. ^ Flood, Alison. "Outcry over Hamlet novel casting old king as gay pedophile: Publisher showered with complaints over Orson Scott Card's Hamlet's Father" The Guardian 8 September 2011
  56. ^ a b "''OSC Responds to False Statements about Hamlet's Father'' (Orson Scott Card) – September 2011". Hatrack.com. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
  57. ^ "Review of Hamlet's Father". Publishersweekly.com. 2011-02-28. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
  58. ^ Jase Peeples (February 12, 2013). "DC Comics Responds to Backlash Over Hiring Antigay Writer". The Advocate. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
  59. ^ Truitt, Brian (March 5, 2013). "Artist leaves Orson Scott Card's Superman comic". USA Today. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  60. ^ McMillan, Graeme (March 5, 2013). "Orson Scott Card's Controversial Superman Story Put on Hold". Wired.com. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
  61. ^ Child, Ben (July 9, 2013). "Activists call for Ender's Game boycott over author's anti-gay views". The Guardian. London.
  62. ^ Kellogg, Carolyn (11 Jul 2013). "Orson Scott Card's antigay views prompt 'Ender's Game' boycott". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 20 Jul 2013.
  63. ^ Cheney, Alexandra (July 12, 2013). "Studio comes out against 'Ender's Game' author on gay rights". Wall Street Journal.
  64. ^ Cannon, Joseph A. (January 10, 2008). "The Gospel in Words: Mormon Times: New section every Thursday to bring more LDS news, info". Deseret News.
  65. ^ "Posing as People". Hatrack River Enterprises Inc.
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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Interviews and videos[edit]