click links in text for more info

Ostwald process

The Ostwald process is a chemical process used for making nitric acid. Wilhelm Ostwald developed the process, he patented it in 1902; the Ostwald process is a mainstay of the modern chemical industry, it provides the main raw material for the most common type of fertilizer production. And the Ostwald process is associated with the Haber process, which provides the requisite raw material, ammonia. Ammonia is converted to nitric acid in 2 stages, it is oxidized by heating with oxygen in the presence of a catalyst such as platinum with 10% rhodium, platinum metal on fused silica wool, copper or nickel, to form nitric oxide and water. This reaction is exothermic, making it a useful heat source once initiated: 4 NH 3 + 5 O 2 ⟶ 4 NO + 6 H 2 O Stage two encompasses two reactions and is carried out in an absorption apparatus containing water. Nitric oxide is oxidized again to yield nitrogen dioxide; this gas is readily absorbed by the water, yielding the desired product, while reducing a portion of it back to nitric oxide: 2 NO + O 2 ⟶ 2 NO 2 3 NO 2 + H 2 O ⟶ 2 HNO 3 + NO The NO is recycled, the acid is concentrated to the required strength by distillation.

Alternatively, if the last step is carried out in air: 4 NO 2 + O 2 + 2 H 2 O ⟶ 4 HNO 3 Typical conditions for the first stage, which contribute to an overall yield of about 98%, are: pressure is between 4–10 standard atmospheres and temperature is about 870–1,073 K. A complication that needs to be taken into consideration involves a side-reaction in the first step that reverts the nitric oxide back to nitrogen: 4 NH 3 + 6 NO ⟶ 5 N 2 + 6 H 2 O This is a secondary reaction, minimised by reducing the time the gas mixtures are in contact with the catalyst; the overall reaction is the sum of the first equation, 3 times the second equation, 2 times the last equation. Without considering the state of water, NH 3 + 2 O 2 ⟶ H 2 O + HNO 3 Nitrogen & Phosphorus, Purdue University Drake, G.

Stafford and Lovell rebellion

The Stafford and Lovell rebellion was the first armed uprising against King Henry VII after he won the crown at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485. The uprising was led by Francis Lovell, Viscount Lovell along with Sir Humphrey Stafford and Thomas Stafford, brothers from Grafton, Worcestershire; the uprising occurred during Eastertime 1486. After the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, Francis Lord Lovell and Humphrey Stafford sought sanctuary at Colchester Abbey; the conspirators hoped to restore the Yorkist monarchy. Henry VII used spies to monitor the activities of known Yorkist supporters. Sometime in April 1486, King Henry learned that Lovell and Humphrey Stafford had escaped and were planning a rebellion. Sir Richard Edgcumbe and Sir William Tyler were appointed by the King to apprehend Lovell. With the failure of the plot, Lovell first joined fellow rebels at Furness Falls and fled to Margaret of York in Flanders. In the meantime the Stafford brothers had risen in rebellion in Worcester, despite the fact that King Henry had mass support in that area.

During this time Henry was in York on a nationwide tour of the country. As soon as he advanced towards Worcester in order to eliminate Yorkist support, on 11 May 1486 the Stafford brothers again fled to sanctuary, this time at Culham Abbey. King Henry had the Staffords forcibly removed from the abbey on the night of 14 May by John Barrowman and one follower, they were tried before the Court of King's Bench, where the justices ruled that sanctuary was not applicable in cases of treason. Henry ordered the execution of Humphrey Stafford of Grafton, but pardoned the younger Thomas Stafford; the arrest prompted a series of protests to Pope Innocent VIII over the breaking of sanctuary. Horrox, Rosemary. Lovell, Viscount Lovell. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 21 December 2012. Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. I. Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966373 Williams, C. H.. "The Rebellion of Humphrey Stafford in 1486". English Historical Review.

Oxford University Press. 43: 181–9. Doi:10.1093/ehr/xliii.clxx.181. JSTOR 552001


Year 928 was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. King Rudolph I loses the support of Herbert II, count of Vermandois, who controls the prison at Péronne in which former King Charles III is imprisoned. Herbert brings him before William I, count of Rouen, for homage and to Rheims as leverage to blackmail Rudolph to make him cede sovereignty over Laon. June 5 – Louis III, former king of Provence, dies at Arles after a 27-year reign, he is succeeded by his brother-in-law Hugh I, King of Italy. With the approval of his kinsman Rudolph I, Hugh strips Louis's son and heir, Charles Constantine, of his inheritance and proclaims himself as ruler of Provence. Winter – King Henry I subdues the Polabian Slavs who live on the eastern borders, he marches against the Slavic Hevelli tribes and seizes their capital, Brandenburg. Henry invades the Glomacze lands in the middle Elbe valley, where he besieges and destroys the main castle called Gana at Meissen. King Hywel Dda of Deheubarth makes a pilgrimage to Rome, he becomes the first Welsh ruler to undertake such a trip.

Hywel begins mints his own coinage. Summer – An Arab expeditionary force led by the Slavic Sabir returns and seizes Otranto. Although pressed by an epidemic, they withdraw their forces. After capturing some enclaves on the Tyrrhenian coast, Sabir sails into the harbors of Naples and Salerno, forces the dukes to pay an enormous sum of tribute to go away. Ishanavarman II dies after a 5-year reign and is succeeded by his uncle Jayavarman IV as king of the Khmer Empire, he moves the capital north from Angkor to Koh Ker. Summer – Pope John X is deposed and imprisoned in Castel Sant'Angelo at Rome by order of the Roman senatrix Marozia after a 14-year reign, he is succeeded by Leo VI as the 123rd pope of the Catholic Church. Leo VI abolishes the Nin Bishopric and transfers bishop Gregory to Skradin; this ends the long running dispute between the Nin Bishoprics in the Croatian kingdom. July 18 – Tryphon succeeds Stephen II as patriarch of Constantinople. August 14 – Qian Hongzuo, king of Wuyue Dub mac Maíl Coluīm, king of Scotland Pietro I Orseolo, doge of Venice Qian Hongzong, king of Wuyue Shi Shouxin, Chinese general January 20 – Zhao Guangfeng, Chinese official and chancellor June 5 – Louis the Blind, Frankish king and Holy Roman Emperor July 18 – Stephen II, patriarch of Constantinople November 8 – Duan Ning, Chinese general Al-Layth ibn Ali ibn al-Layth, Saffarid emir Diogo Fernandes, count of Portugal Huo Yanwei, Chinese general Ishanavarman II, king of the Khmer Empire John X, pope of the Catholic Church Siyahchashm, Justanid ruler Tomislav and king of Croatia Wang, empress dowager of Wu Yusuf ibn Abi'l-Saj, Sajid emir Zhang Juhan, Chinese official

The Stand In (Seinfeld)

"The Stand In" is the 80th episode of the NBC sitcom Seinfeld. This was the 16th episode of the fifth season, it aired on February 24, 1994. In this episode, Jerry struggles to get a hospitalized friend to laugh, George persists in dating a woman he doesn't like to avoid being perceived as unable to commit, Kramer encourages his friend Mickey Abbott to wear lifts in order to keep his job as a stand-in. Riding on a bus and George meet a friend, Al Netche, who tells them another friend, Fulton, is in the hospital, has asked Jerry to visit him as he "needs a good laugh." Jerry visits Fulton and tells a story about a guy named "Pachyderm" juggling hot pizza slices, but Fulton never laughs. George has nothing to talk about with his girlfriend and wants to break up. Daphne tells George that Al advised her to end the relationship as George doesn't commit and will end up hurting her. George postpones the breakup. Kramer has a job as a stand-in in the series All My Children, along with his friend Mickey Abbott, a little person.

Mickey is worried about keeping his job as the young actor he stands in for is growing. Kramer suggests Mickey use lifts to increase his height. Mickey reluctantly agrees. Jerry sets up a date for Elaine with Phil Totola; the date is ruined. When he bumps into Phil at the hospital, Jerry drops hints that such exposure is offensive, but they go over Phil's head. Mickey plans to a little woman. Johnny Bigiano, another dwarf stand-in who envies Mickey, breaks into Mickey's locker and finds the lifts. Mickey is ostracized by the other dwarfs; as Tammy leaves with Johnny, Mickey angrily attacks Kramer. Jerry feels added pressure to be funny after his visit to the hospital coincides with a deterioration in Fulton's condition, he offers to do his act with new material. Jerry is so funny. To George's relief, Daphne says that she met another person: Jerry Persach, nicknamed "Pachyderm.” Larry David got the idea for the Mickey Abbott plot when he noticed how many little people worked as stand-ins for child actors.

Michael Richards recalled being excited by his work with Danny Woodburn, the actor who plays Mickey, due to the chemistry between their two characters. In the scene where Mickey attacks a seated Kramer, Richards wore a back brace and padding so that he could take a full fall without injury. A man exposing his penis on a date was drawn from a real date staff writer. David Sims of The A. V. Club gave the episode a B grade saying: " is not a great episode considering Larry David wrote it, but it's got some impressive touches, Phil Totola's dick move is one of them". "The Stand In" on IMDb "The Stand In" at

John R. Harvey

Dr. John R. Harvey graduated from the University of Houston's Creative Writing Program in 1997, his poems have appeared in journals including The Gettysburg Review, Gulf Coast, The Paris Review, Poet Lore and most NAP Magazine and 2River View. One of the founding members of Mildred's Umbrella Theater Company, Dr. Harvey has written and directed plays with the company and serves as a board member of the company. Dr. Harvey is known to own one of the largest wine cellars in the world. While its original historical name has been lost, it is still visited by hundreds of tourists every year. Above the cellar is a large estate owned by Dr. Harvey, he conducts research in his labyrinthine cellars with Dr. Jacob Mills from the University of Houston. Dr. Harvey has written twelve plays for Mildred's Umbrella: Kama Sutra Eros: A Circus Things Being at the Worst Tomorrow Morning Needful Creatures Hotel Pasiphae Rot Haunt of Flies "Thus I play in one person many people" / Richard II Night of the Giant Under the Big, Dark Sky Rome Lobster en Chemise and Rat The Northern Reaches The Decline and Fall of the Silver Glo Motel Nathan Fiske Amos Humiston and Listening to Painted Horses One Afternoon Years Later Walt Disney World and Epistle Angelus Novus The Adventure of the Speckled Band and Behind the Door the Television is on Again Look at this Wound The Battle of Anghiari and The Persian War After Marathon and Sitting in the Drake On Not Translating Paul Valery Utopia and Outside the Blaffer Gallery Dr. Harvey is the Director of the Center for Creative Work at the University of Houston Honors College.

He teaches in the year-long Human Situation sequence, where he has established himself as an academic critic of the Nintendo video game franchise Pokémon, as well as its subsequent cartoon and card game iterations. He conducts creative writing workshops for the Honors College. Dr. Harvey taught composition and literature at the Northeast campus of Houston Community College from 1996-2010. Dr. Harvey is one of the two founding members of the Houston based Mildred's Umbrella Theater Company. Dr. Harvey wrote the company's first four productions, directed their production of ROT Dr. Harvey served as President of the Board in 2007 for a short while, contributes as a part-time actor; as of January 29, 2013, Dr. Harvey serves as the special envoy to the region of Uqbar in Southwest Asia

Syed Makbul Hossain

Dr. Syed Makbul Hossain is a Bangladeshi politician and businessman, he was twice a member of parliament in Sylhet-6 seat. Syed Makbul Hossain was born in Sundisail village of West Amura union of Golapganj Upazila of Sylhet. Syed Makbul Hossain served as the Deputy Commissioner of Tangail District. After that business and politics started, he joined the Awami League. After 1991, he joined the BNP, he participated in the elections of the national parliament three times. He was As an independent candidate twice a member of parliament in Sylhet-6 seat, he was defeated in the 2008 election. 1986 Bangladeshi general election 2001 Bangladeshi general election List of 3rd Parliament Members- Jatiya Sangsad List of 8th Parliament Members- Jatiya Sangsad