Dennis Farina was an American film and television actor, TV presenter and a former Chicago police officer. He was a character actor typecast as a mobster or police officer, he is known for roles such as mobster Jimmy Serrano in the comedy Midnight Run and Ray "Bones" Barboni in Get Shorty. He starred on television as Lieutenant Mike Torello on Crime Story and as NYPD Detective Joe Fontana on Law & Order. From 2008–2010, he hosted and narrated the television program Unsolved Mysteries on Spike TV, his last major television role was in HBO's Luck, which premiered on January 29, 2012. Farina was born in a leap year on February 1944 in Chicago's Old Town neighborhood, he was youngest of the seven children of Joseph and Yolanda Farina. Farina's father, from Villalba, was a Chicago-area doctor, his mother a homemaker; the Farinas raised their children in a North Avenue home in Old Town, a working-class neighborhood with a broad ethnic mixture, with Italians and Germans being the two predominant ethnicities.
Before becoming an actor, Farina served three years in the United States Army during the Vietnam Era, followed by 18 years in the Chicago Police Department's burglary division from 1967 to 1985. Farina began working for director Michael Mann as a police consultant, which led Mann to cast him in a small role in the 1981 film Thief. Farina moonlighted as an actor in Chicago-based films and theater before Mann chose him for his Crime Story series, which aired on NBC from 1986 to 1988. Farina played mobster Albert Lombard in Miami Vice, he starred as the title character in Buddy Faro, a short-lived 1998 private-detective series on CBS. Sticking to the stereotype roles in which he had been cast, Farina played Jimmy Serrano, the mob boss from Midnight Run, Ray "Bones" Barboni, a rival criminal to Chili Palmer in Get Shorty. Farina played FBI Agent Jack Crawford in the first Hannibal Lecter crime film, Michael Mann's Manhunter. Other movies Farina was cast in include Steven Spielberg's Saving Private Ryan, Striking Distance, Another Stakeout, The Mod Squad, Reindeer Games, Men of Respect, Big Trouble and Out of Sight.
He played a baseball manager in a nemesis basketball coach in Eddie. In a leading-man role and a departure from his usual parts, Farina co-starred in 1997 with Bette Midler in a romantic comedy, That Old Feeling, directed by Carl Reiner. In 1998's Saving Private Ryan, Farina plays the battalion commander who advises Capt. John Miller of the mission which forms the basis of the film's plot. Farina won an American Comedy Award for his performance in Get Shorty and starred in a television sitcom, In-Laws, from 2002 until 2003, he appeared in the 2002 Stealing Harvard, a comedy in which he played a tough-talking, overprotective father-in-law. He had a comic role opposite Ed Harris and Helen Hunt in the HBO production of Empire Falls in 2005 and opposite Alan Rickman in the 2008 Bottle Shock. Working as a voice-actor beginning in early 2005, Farina provided the voice of aging boxer-turned-superhero Wildcat on Justice League Unlimited. In early 2013, he voiced the father of Daffy Duck's girlfriend on The Looney Tunes Show, played himself in an April 13, 2014, episode of the animated series Family Guy called "The Most Interesting Man in the World," aired posthumously, one of his final acting roles.
In 2004, the producers of the television series Law & Order hired Farina as Detective Joe Fontana. Farina stayed on the show for two seasons. In May 2006, it was announced Farina was leaving Law & Order for other projects, including the 2007 You Kill Me opposite Ben Kingsley and the 2008 What Happens in Vegas with Cameron Diaz and Ashton Kutcher, his role of Detective Lt. Mike Torello on Crime Story was as a Chicago police officer, assigned to the U. S. Justice Department. Farina's Law & Order character, Detective Fontana, worked for Chicago Homicide before his transfer to the NYPD. Fontana shared a number of other characteristics with the actor. Farina appeared in two television network miniseries' based on Joe McGinniss's true-crime books, Blind Faith and Cruel Doubt, he made a rare western, portraying legendary lawman Charlie Siringo in a 1995 television movie, Bonanza: Under Attack, a followup to the hit 1960s series. In October 2008, he became the new host of Unsolved Mysteries when it returned to television with a new five-season, 175-episode run on Spike TV.
Farina replaced Robert Stack. This version featured re-edited segments from previous incarnations on NBC, CBS, Lifetime. Farina played the title role in a 2011 independent film, The Last Rites of Joe May and directed by Joe Maggio, shot on location in Chicago, he was among the stars of a 2014 release, Authors Anonymous, playing a wanna-be novelist with a fantasy of becoming another Tom Clancy. Again on television, Farina co-starred in the 2012 HBO horse-race gambling series Luck, with Dustin Hoffman, directed by Michael Mann, he had a recurring guest role in 2013 in the television comedy series New Girl, though his character was killed off prior to his death. Farina's last film role was as an aging Italian playboy in a film version of the Off-Broadway musical Lucky Stiff co-starring Dominic Marsh, Nikki M. James, Jason Alexander; the film, released posthumously in 2014, was dedicated to his memory. Farina was married to Patricia Farina from 1970 until their divorce
The Detroit News
The Detroit News is one of the two major newspapers in the U. S. city of Detroit, Michigan. The paper began in 1873; the News absorbed the Detroit Tribune on February 1, 1919, the Detroit Journal on July 21, 1922, on November 7, 1960, it bought and closed the faltering Detroit Times. However, it retained the Times' building, which it used as a printing plant until 1975, when a new facility opened in Sterling Heights; the Times building was demolished in 1978. The street in downtown Detroit where the Times building once stood is still called "Times Square." The Evening News Association, owner of The News, merged with Gannett in 1985. At the time of its acquisition of The News, Gannett had other Detroit interests, as its outdoor advertising company, which became Outfront Media through a series of mergers, operated many billboards across Detroit and the surrounding area, including advertising displays on Detroit Department of Transportation and Southeastern Michigan Transportation Authority buses, with its only competitor along Metro Detroit's freeway network, being 3M National Advertising.
The News claims to have been the first newspaper in the world to operate a radio station, station 8MK, which began broadcasting August 20, 1920. 8MK is now CBS-owned WWJ. In 1947, it established Michigan's first television station, WWJ-TV, now WDIV-TV. In 1989, the paper entered into a 100-year joint operating agreement with the rival Free Press, combining business operations while keeping separate editorial staffs; the combined company is called the Detroit Media Partnership. The Free Press moved into The News building in 1998 and until May 7, 2006, the two published a single joint weekend edition. Today, The News is published Monday–Saturday, has an editorial page in the Sunday Free Press; the Detroit News has an online version, including a separate site for connections from EU countries which does not track personal information. The Detroit News has won three Pulitzer Prizes; the Detroit News was founded by James E. Scripps, who, in turn, was the older half-brother and one-time partner of Edward W. Scripps.
The paper's eventual success, however, is credited to Scripps' son-in-law, George Gough Booth, who came aboard at the request of his wife's father. Booth went on to construct Michigan's largest newspaper empire, founding the independent Booth Newspapers chain with his two brothers; the Detroit News building was erected in 1917. It was designed by architect Albert Kahn, who included a faux-stone concrete building with large street level arches to admit light; the arches along the east and south side of the building were bricked-in for protection after the 12th Street Riot in 1967. The bricked-in arches on the east and south ends of the building were reopened during renovations required when the Free Press relocated its offices there 20 years later. In 1931, The Detroit News made history when it bought a three place Pitcairn PCA-2 auto-gyro as a camera aircraft which could take off and land in restricted places and semi-hover for photos, it was the ancestor of today's well known news helicopter.
In 1935 a single Lockheed Model 9 Orion was purchased and modified by Lockheed as a news camera plane for The Detroit News. To work in that role, a pod was built into the frontal leading edge of the right wing about eight feet out from the fuselage; this pod had a glass dome on a mounted camera. To aim the camera the pilot was provided with a primitive grid-like gun sight on his windshield. July 13, 1995, Newspaper Guild employees of the Detroit Free Press and The News along with pressmen and Teamsters, working for the "Detroit Newspapers" distribution arm, went on strike. Half of the staffers crossed the picket line before the unions ended their strike in February 1997; the strike was resolved in court three years with the journalists' union losing its unfair labor practices case on appeal. Still, the weakened unions remain active at the paper, representing a majority of the employees under their jurisdiction. August 3, 2005, Gannett announced that it would sell The News to MediaNews Group and purchase the Free Press from the Knight Ridder company.
With this move, Gannett became the managing partner in the papers' joint operating agreement. On May 7, 2006, the combined Sunday Detroit News and Free Press were replaced by a stand-alone Sunday Free Press. On December 16, 2008, Detroit Media Partnership announced a plan to limit weekday home delivery for both dailies to Thursday and Friday only. On other weekdays the paper sold at newsstands would be smaller, about 32 pages, redesigned; this arrangement went into effect March 30, 2009. The News has lower print circulation than the Free Press though The News website is the 10th most-read newspaper website in the United States. In February 2014, the DMP announced its offices along with those of The News and the Free Press would move from the West Lafayette building to six floors in both the old and new sections of the former Federal Reserve building at 160 West Fort Street; the partnership expected to place signs on the exterior similar to those on the former offices. The move took place October 24–27, 2014.
Editorially, The News is considered more conservative than the Free Press. However, it considers itself libertarian. In an editorial statement printed in 1958, The News described itself as conservative on economic issues and liberal on civil liberties issues, it has never endorsed a Democrat for president, has only failed to endorse a Republican presidential candidate four times: twic
Jennifer Lynn Lopez is an American singer, actress and producer. In 1991, Lopez began appearing as a Fly Girl dancer on In Living Color, where she remained a regular until she decided to pursue an acting career in 1993. For her first leading role in the 1997 Selena biopic of the same name, Lopez received a Golden Globe nomination and became the first Latin actress to earn over US$1 million for a film, she went on to star in Anaconda and Out of Sight establishing herself as the highest-paid Latin actress in Hollywood. Lopez ventured into the music industry with her debut studio album On the 6, which helped propel the Latin pop movement in American music. With the simultaneous release of her second studio album J. Lo and her romantic comedy The Wedding Planner in 2001, Lopez became the first woman to have a number one album and film in the same week, her 2002 remix album, J to tha L–O! The Remixes, became the first in history to debut at number one on the U. S. Billboard 200; that year, she released her third studio album This Is Me...
And appeared in Maid in Manhattan. After starring in Gigli, a critical and commercial failure, Lopez subsequently starred in the successful romantic comedies Shall We Dance? and Monster-in-Law. Her fifth studio album, Como Ama una Mujer, received the highest first-week sales for a debut Spanish album in the United States. Following an unsuccessful period, she returned to prominence in 2011 with her appearance as a judge on American Idol, released her seventh studio album Love?. In 2016, she began starring in the crime drama series Shades of Blue and commenced a residency show, Jennifer Lopez: All I Have, at Planet Hollywood Las Vegas. Since 2017, Lopez has served as a judge on World of Dance. In 2018, she starred in the film Second Act. With a cumulative film gross of US$3 billion and estimated global sales of 80 million records, Lopez is regarded as the most influential Latin performer in the United States. In 2012, Forbes ranked her as the most powerful celebrity in the world, as well as the 38th most powerful woman in the world.
Time listed her among the 100 most influential people in the world in 2018. Her most successful singles on the US Billboard Hot 100 include: "If You Had My Love", "Love Don't Cost a Thing", "I'm Real", "Ain't It Funny", "Jenny from the Block", "All I Have", "On the Floor", one of the best-selling singles of all time. For her contributions to the music industry, Lopez has received a landmark star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, the Billboard Icon Award and the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award among other honors, her other ventures include clothing lines, fragrances, a production company, a charitable foundation. Jennifer Lynn Lopez was born on July 24, 1969, in The Bronx borough of New York City, to Puerto Rican parents Guadalupe Rodríguez and David López, she has an older sister, a younger sister, Lynda, a journalist. David worked the night shift at the Guardian Insurance Company before becoming a computer technician at the firm, while Guadalupe was a homemaker; when Lopez was born, the family was living in a small apartment in the Castle Hill neighborhood.
A few years her parents had saved up enough money to be able to purchase a two-story house, considered a big deal for the poor family. At the age of five, Lopez began taking dancing lessons, she toured New York with her school. Her parents stressed the importance of work ethic and being able to speak English, they encouraged their three daughters to put on performances at home—singing and dancing in front of each other and their friends so that they would stay "out of trouble". Lopez spent her entire academic career in Catholic schools. In school, Lopez did gymnastics, ran track on a national level, was a member of the school's softball team, she excelled athletically rather than academically. While attending her final year of high school, Lopez learned about a film casting, seeking several teenage girls for small roles, she auditioned and was cast in My Little Girl, a low-budget film co-written and directed by Connie Kaiserman. Lopez acted as a young woman at a center for troubled girls. After she finished filming her role in the film, Lopez realized that she wanted to become a "famous movie star".
To please her parents, she enrolled in Baruch College, only to drop out after one semester. She told her parents about her dream of becoming a movie star, but they insisted that it was a "really stupid" idea and that "no Latinos did that"; the differences in opinions led Lopez to move out of their family home and into an apartment in Manhattan. During this period, Lopez performed in regional productions of the musicals Jesus Christ Superstar and Oklahoma!. From there, she was hired for the chorus in a Golden Musicals of Broadway, which toured Europe for five months, she was unhappy with the role. She got a job on the show Synchronicity in Japan, where she acted as a dancer and choreographer. Lopez was selected as a backup dancer for the New Kids on the Block in 1991 and performed with them during their performance of "Games" at the 18th Annual American Music Awards. Shortly after, Lopez gained her first regular high-profile job as a Fly Girl dancer on the television program In Living Color, she applied for the job.
Out of 2,000 applicants, Lopez made it to the finals. She was the runner-up but received the role when the winner was unable to accept the job, she moved to Los Angeles to film the series and remained a r
Donald Frank Cheadle Jr. is an American actor. Following early roles in Hamburger Hill, as the gangster "Rocket" in the film Colors, Cheadle built his career in the 1990s with roles in Devil in a Blue Dress and Boogie Nights, his collaboration with director Steven Soderbergh resulted in the films Out of Sight and Ocean's Eleven. Cheadle was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor for his lead role as Rwandan hotel manager Paul Rusesabagina in the historical genocide drama film Hotel Rwanda. From 2012 to 2016, he starred as Marty Kaan on the Showtime comedy series House of Lies. Cheadle extended his global recognition with his role of War Machine in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, replacing Terrence Howard, he appeared in Iron Man 2, Iron Man 3, Avengers: Age of Ultron, Captain America: Civil War, Avengers: Infinity War, the mid-credits scene of Captain Marvel. He will reprise his role in Avengers: Endgame. Cheadle was born in Kansas City, the son of Bettye Cheadle, a teacher, Donald Frank Cheadle Sr. a clinical psychologist.
He has a sister, a brother, Colin. His family moved from city to city throughout his childhood, he attended Hartley Elementary School in Lincoln, from 1970 to 1974. Cheadle graduated in 1982 from East High School in Colorado. During high school, he played saxophone in the jazz band, sang in the choirs and was active in the theatre department, performing in musicals and mime shows under the direction of Catherine Davis. Cheadle became eligible for his Screen Actors Guild card when he appeared as a burger joint employee in the 1985 comedy Moving Violations, he appeared in Hamburger Hill in 1987, played the role of Jack in the April 1, 1988, "Jung and the Restless" episode of Night Court. Although his character was 16 years old, Cheadle was 23 at the time. Cheadle played the role of Rocket in the 1988 movie Colors. In 1989, he appeared in a video for Angela Winbush's No. 2 hit single "It's the Real Thing", performing dance moves in an orange jumpsuit, working at a car wash. In 1990, he appeared in an episode of The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air titled "Homeboy, Sweet Homeboy", playing Will Smith's friend and Hilary's first love interest, Ice Tray.
In 1992, he played a supporting role in The Golden Girls spin-off The Golden Palace. Cheadle subsequently played district attorney John Littleton on three seasons of Picket Fences. Cheadle first received widespread notice for his portrayal of Mouse Alexander in the film Devil in a Blue Dress, for which he won Best Supporting Actor awards from the Los Angeles Film Critics Association and the National Society of Film Critics and was nominated for similar awards from the Screen Actors Guild and the NAACP Image Awards. Following soon thereafter was his performance in the title role of the 1996 HBO TV movie Rebound: The Legend of Earl "The Goat" Manigault, he starred in the 1997 film Volcano, directed by Mick Jackson. Cheadle's television credits include Emmy-nominated performances in the movies The Rat Pack, A Lesson Before Dying, Things Behind the Sun and in a guest appearance on ER; the last of these spanned four episodes during the show's ninth season, in which he portrayed Paul Nathan, a medical student struggling to cope with Parkinson's disease.
He has made appearances in films including Rosewood, The Family Man, Boogie Nights, Out of Sight and Ocean's Eleven. These last three were directed by Steven Soderbergh, he made a cameo appearance in the film Abby Singer. In 2005, Cheadle was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of Paul Rusesabagina in the film Hotel Rwanda, he starred in and co-produced Crash, which won the 2006 Academy Award for Best Picture. For his performance in Crash, Cheadle was nominated for the BAFTA and Screen Actors Guild Awards for Best Supporting Actor, he played the main character in the movie Traitor. In March 2007, Cheadle starred with comedian Adam Sandler in Mike Binder's Reign Over Me, a comedy-drama about a man who has slipped away from reality after his wife and three daughters died. After playing for 38 days, the film became a box office flop earning a domestic gross of only 22.2 million. Cheadle starred in the 2009 DreamWorks Pictures film Hotel for Dogs. Cheadle was to make his directorial debut with the adaptation of Elmore Leonard's Tishomingo Blues, but in July 2007 he stated, "'Tishomingo' is dead..."Cheadle appeared in NFL commercials promoting the Super Bowl from 2002 to 2005.
He so appeared for the NFL in its Super Bowl advertising that in 2006, in a drive to get fans to submit their own advertising ideas, the NFL sought his permission to reference his previous commercials to portray themselves as having no new ideas: "he signed off on the idea and found it funny." Abe Sutton, one of the finalists in this NFL contest, played on this commercial by proposing an ad where every player on a football team is Don Cheadle. In 2009, Cheadle and Boondocks creator Aaron McGruder worked on a potential comedy show on NBC; the "project revolve around mismatched brothers who reunite to open a private security company." Cheadle and McGruder were slated to serve as executive producers, while McGruder was expected to write the script. In 2009, Cheadle performed in The People Speak, a documentary feature film that uses dramatic and musical performances of the letters and speeches of everyday Americans, based on historian Howard Zinn's A People's History of the United States. In 2010, Cheadle assumed the role of War Machine / James Rhodes in Iron Man 2, replacing Terrence Howard.
Jackie Brown is a 1997 American crime thriller film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino and starring Pam Grier in the title role. The film is an adaptation of Elmore Leonard's 1992 novel Rum Punch, it is the only film. The film pays homage to 1970s blaxploitation films the films Coffy and Foxy Brown, both of which starred Grier in the title roles; the film's supporting cast includes Robert Forster, Robert De Niro, Samuel L. Jackson, Bridget Fonda, Michael Keaton, it was Tarantino's third film following Pulp Fiction. Grier and Forster were both veteran actors but neither had performed a leading role in many years; the film garnered Forster a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and Golden Globe Award nominations for Jackson and Grier. In 1995 Jackie Brown, a middle-aged flight attendant for a small Mexican airline, makes ends meet smuggling money from Mexico into the United States for Ordell Robbie, a black-market gun runner living in the Los Angeles metropolitan area.
Ordell is under close watch by the ATF. When he learns that another of his couriers, Beaumont Livingston, has been arrested, he assumes Livingston will become an informant in order to avoid jail time. Ordell arranges for bail with bondsman Max Cherry coaxes Livingston into a car trunk and murders him. Acting on information Livingston had shared, ATF agent Ray Nicolette and LAPD detective Mark Dargus intercept Jackie as she returns to the United States with Ordell's cash and some cocaine that Brown was unaware was stashed in her bag. Refusing to cut a deal, she is sent to jail which alerts Ordell that she might be a threat to inform. Having received payment from Ordell, Max picks up Jackie from the jail and begins to develop an attraction to her. Ordell arrives at Jackie's house intending to murder her but she surprises him by pulling a gun surreptitiously taken from the glove compartment of Max's car. Jackie negotiates a deal with Ordell to pretend to help the authorities while smuggling in $550,000 of Ordell's money, enough to allow him to retire.
To carry out this plan, Ordell is counting on Melanie Ralston, an unambitious, pot-smoking surfer girl with whom he lives, Louis Gara, a friend and former cellmate. Unaware of Jackie and Ordell's plan to smuggle in $550,000, Nicolette and Dargus devise a sting to catch Ordell during a transfer of $50,000. Unbeknownst to all, Jackie plans to double-cross everyone and keep $500,000 for herself, she offers him a cut. In the Del Amo Mall on the day of the transfer, Jackie enters a dressing room to try on a new suit, she has told Ordell that she will swap bags there with Melanie passing off the $550,000 under the nose of Nicolette, told that the exchange is to take place in the food court. Instead, the bag she gives Melanie contains only $50,000 and she leaves the rest behind in the dressing room for Max to pick up. Jackie feigns despair as she calls Nicolette and Dargus out from hiding, claiming Melanie took all the money and ran. In the parking lot, Melanie mocks Louis until he shoots and kills her.
Louis confesses this to Ordell. Ordell is livid when he discovers that most of the money is gone, he realizes that Jackie is to blame; when Louis mentions that during the hand-off he saw Max Cherry in the store's dress department and thought nothing of it, Ordell kills Louis and leaves with the bag. Ordell turns his anger toward Max, who informs him that Jackie is frightened for her life and is waiting in Max's office to hand over the money. A menacing Ordell holds Max at gunpoint; when Jackie yells that Ordell has a gun, Nicolette kills him. With the ATF dropping charges for her cooperation, Jackie takes the remainder of Ordell's money and his car, she decides to travel to Madrid, Spain. She invites Max to go along with her. Jackie shares a meaningful moment with Max, kisses him goodbye, leaves as Max takes a phone call. Moments Max cuts the call short and ruefully contemplates his decision to stay behind as Jackie drives away. After completing Pulp Fiction, Quentin Tarantino and Roger Avary acquired the film rights to Elmore Leonard's novels Rum Punch, Freaky Deaky, Killshot.
Tarantino planned to film either Freaky Deaky or Killshot and have another director make Rum Punch, but changed his mind after re-reading Rum Punch, stating that he "fell in love" with the novel all over again. Killshot was adapted into a film, produced by Jackie Brown producer Lawrence Bender. While adapting Rum Punch into a screenplay, Tarantino changed the ethnicity of the main character from white to black, as well as renaming her from Burke to Brown, titling the screenplay Jackie Brown. Tarantino hesitated to discuss the changes with Leonard speaking with Leonard as the film was about to start shooting. Leonard loved the screenplay, considering it not only the best of the twenty-six screen adaptations of his novels and short stories, but stating that it was the best screenplay he had read. Tarantino's screenplay otherwise followed Leonard's novel, incorporating elements of Tarantino's trademark humor and pacing; the screenplay was influenced by blaxploitation films, but Tarantino stated that Jackie Brown is not a blaxploitation film.
Jackie Brown alludes to Grier's career in many ways. The film's poster resembles those of Grier's films Coffy and Foxy Brown and includes quotes from both films; the typeface for the film's opening titles was used for those of Foxy Brown.
Elmore John Leonard Jr. was an American novelist, short story writer, screenwriter. His earliest novels, published in the 1950s, were Westerns, but he went on to specialize in crime fiction and suspense thrillers, many of which have been adapted into motion pictures. Among his best-known works are Get Shorty, Out of Sight, Hombre, Mr. Majestyk, Rum Punch. Leonard's writings include short stories that became the films 3:10 to Yuma and The Tall T, as well as the FX television series Justified. Leonard was born in New Orleans, the son of Flora Amelia and Elmore John Leonard, Sr; because his father worked as a site locator for General Motors, the family moved for several years. In 1934, the family settled in Detroit, he graduated from the University of Detroit Jesuit High School in 1943 and, after being rejected for the Marines for weak eyesight joined the Navy, where he served with the Seabees for three years in the South Pacific. Enrolling at the University of Detroit in 1946, he pursued writing more entering his work in short story contests and sending it off to magazines.
He graduated in 1950 with a bachelor's degree in philosophy. A year before he graduated, he got a job as a copy writer with Campbell-Ewald Advertising Agency, a position he kept for several years, writing on the side. Leonard received his first break in the fiction market during the 1950s publishing pulp Western novels, he had his first success in 1951 when Argosy published the short story "Trail of the Apaches." During the 1950s and early 1960s, he continued writing Westerns, publishing more than 30 short stories. He followed this with four other novels, his western novels had begun to portray his fondness for culturally diverse outsiders and underdogs. He developed his characters through dialogue, each defined by means of his speech. For many of his stories he favored New Mexico settings. Five of his westerns were turned into major movies before 1972: The Tall T, 3:10 to Yuma, Valdez Is Coming, Joe Kidd. In 1969 his first crime story titled. Leonard was different from the well-known names writing in this genre, such as Raymond Chandler or any of the other famous noir writers – no melodrama and pessimism, but more interested in his characters and in realistic dialogue.
The stories were located in Detroit, but apart from his favorite setting he liked to play his books in South Florida. “La Brava” a story from there published 1983 was the reason for a New York Times review, in which Leonard moved from a mystery suspense writer into a novelist. His next book, a Atlantic City gambling story published in 1985 and titled “Glitz,” was his breakout in the crime genre, it spent 16 weeks on The New York Times Bestseller list. Other crime novels that followed were all best sellers, as well. In his review of “Glitz”, Stephen King placed him in the same company as John MacDonald, Raymond Chandler and Dashiell Hammett, but Leonard felt more influenced by Ernest Hemingway and John Steinbeck. Leonard believed that his books during the 1980s were becoming more humorous and that and he was developing a style, more free and easy, his own favorites were the Dixie Mafia story “Tishomingo Blues” from 2002 and “Freaky Deaky” from 1988 about ex-hippie criminals. There are some of his characters parts of different novels like Hollywood mobster Chili Palmer, bank robber Jack Foley or the both U. S. Marshals Carl Webster and Raylan Givens.
His crime books were published amongst others by Fawcett Publications, Bantam Books and Dell Publishing. In the 80s his publisher was Arbor House also William Morrow & Company as an imprint of HarperCollins. There are different reprints from his novels, so in the 2000s from Nicolson. At the time of his death his novels had sold tens of millions of copies. Among film adaptations of his work are Jackie Brown, a "homage to the author’s trademark rhythm and pace". Nearly thirty movies were made from Leonard's novels, but for some critics his special style worked only in print, he married Beverly Clare Cline in 1949, they had five children together—three daughters and two sons—before divorcing in 1977. His second marriage in 1979, to Joan Leanne Lancaster, ended with her death in 1993; that same year, he married Christine Kent, they divorced in 2012. Leonard spent the last years of his life with his family in Michigan, he suffered a stroke on July 29, 2013. Initial reports stated that Leonard was recovering, but on August 20, 2013, Leonard died at his home in the Detroit suburb of Bloomfield Hills of stroke complications.
He was 87 years old. Leonard is survived by his five children, 13 grandchildren, five great-grandchildren. Commended by critics for his gritty realism and strong dialogue, Leonard sometimes took liberties with grammar in the interest of speeding the story along. In his essay "Elmore Leonard's Ten Rules of Writing" he said: "My most important rule is one that sums up the 10: If it sounds like writing, I rewrite it." He hinted: "I try to leave out the parts that readers tend to skip."Elmore Leonard has been called "the Dickens of Detroit" because of his intimate portraits of people from that city, though he said, "If I lived i
Keith Joseph Loneker was an American actor and American football player. For much of his short career, his large football-lineman build garnered him roles as thugs or football players, his first movie was director Steven Soderbergh's Out of Sight and the Neil LaBute thriller, Lakeview Terrace. Growing up in Roselle Park, New Jersey, Loneker faced some personal obstacles that he worked hard to overcome for his entire life. In high school, while playing football, he endured a hip injury, for which doctors said he would never play any sports again. Loneker decided to work out intensely to rehabilitate himself. After two years being off, he stepped onto a football field once again. Loneker, although just happy to play again with his friends, ended up with a scholarship to the University of Kansas. Although Loneker was passed over in the NFL draft after graduation, he insisted on "walking on" with the Los Angeles Rams. Loneker not only went on to start by the end of his first season. Loneker blocked for rookie running back, Jerome Bettis.
While playing in the NFL, a former teammate, working as an agent called Loneker and told him he had a part for which he thought he'd be perfect. Loneker had never acted before, but made a tape for the audition and the producers hired him from his tape alone, he was surprised. Loneker went on to roles in Rock Star, Superbad and Lakeview Terrace; when Loneker wasn’t auditioning for movie roles, he was a substitute teacher at Lawrence High School in Lawrence, Kansas. He died of cancer, on June 22, 2017, he had a daughter and a son, Keith Loneker, Jr. who plays football at University of Kansas. *Also starred in “Destination: Planet Negro”. Role: Monster Truck Rally. Keith Loneker on IMDb