Steven Andrew Soderbergh is an American filmmaker, screenwriter and actor. He is an early pioneer of modern independent cinema, he is an prolific filmmaker. Soderbergh's directorial breakthrough—indie drama Sex and Videotape —lifted him into the public spotlight as a notable presence in the film industry. At 26, Soderbergh became the youngest solo director to win the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival which garnered the film worldwide commercial success, among numerous accolades, his breakthrough saw him to Hollywood. He found further critical success with the Ocean's trilogy and film franchise. Despite his film career spanning a multitude of genres, his cinematic niche centers on psychological and heist thrillers, his films have grossed over US$2.2 billion worldwide and garnered nine Oscar nominations, winning seven. Soderbergh's films revolve around familiar concepts used for big budget Hollywood movies but with an avant garde arthouse approach to them, they center on the themes of shifting personal identities, sexuality and the human condition.
His feature films retain distinctive cinematography as a result of his liberal use of avant-garde cinema coupled with unconventional film and camera formats. Many of Soderbergh's films are anchored by multi-dimensional storylines with plot twists, nonlinear storytelling, experimental sequencing, suspenseful soundscapes, third person vantage points. Uniquely, he serves as his own director of photography and editor under the respective pseudonyms Peter Andrews and Mary Ann Bernard. Soderbergh was born on January 14, 1963, in Atlanta, Georgia, to Mary Ann and Peter Andrew Soderbergh, a university administrator and educator, he has Swedish and Italian roots. Soderbergh's paternal grandfather immigrated to the U. S. from Stockholm. As a child, he moved with his family to Charlottesville, where he lived during his adolescence, to Baton Rouge, where his father became Dean of Education at Louisiana State University. Soderbergh discovered filmmaking as a teenager and directed short films with a Super 8 and 16 mm cameras.
He attended the Louisiana State University Laboratory School for high school before graduating and moving to Hollywood to pursue professional filmmaking. In his first job he worked as a game show cue card holder. During this time, he directed the concert video 9012Live for the rock band Yes in 1985, for which he received a Grammy Award nomination for Best Music Video, Long Form. After Soderbergh returned to Baton Rouge, he wrote a film titled Sex and Videotape on a legal pad during an eight-day cross country drive; the movie tells the story of a troubled man who videotapes women discussing their lives and sexuality, his impact on the relationship of a married couple. Soderbergh submitted the film to the Cannes Film Festival where it won a variety of awards, including the Palme d'Or, its critical performance led it to become a worldwide commercial success, grossing $36.7 million on a $1.2 million budget. The film was considered to be the most influential catalyst of the 1990s Independent Cinema movement.
At age 26, Soderbergh became the youngest solo director and the second youngest director to win the festival's top award. Movie critic Roger Ebert called Soderbergh the "poster boy of the Sundance generation", his relative youth and sudden rise to prominence in the film industry had him referred to as a "sensation" and a prodigy. In 2006, the film was selected by the Library of Congress for preservation in the United States National Film Registry, being deemed "culturally or aesthetically significant" and the American Film Institute nominated it as one of the greatest movies made. Soderbergh's directorial debut was followed by a series of low-budget box-office disappointments. In 1991, he directed a biopic of Franz Kafka written by Lem Dobbs and starring Jeremy Irons; the film received mixed reviews from critics. Roger Ebert's review stated, "Soderbergh does demonstrate again here that he's a gifted director, however unwise in his choice of project". Two years he directed the drama King of the Hill, again met with poor commercial performance, although fared well with critics.
Based on the memoir of writer A. E. Hotchner, the film is set during the Great Depression and follows a young boy struggling to survive on his own in a hotel in St. Louis after his mother falls ill and his father is away on business trips. In 1995, he directed a remake of Robert Siodmak's 1949 film noir Criss Cross, titled The Underneath, which grossed $536,020 on a $6.5 million budget and was panned by critics, with Rodrigo Perez of IndieWire accusing Soderbergh of "throwing himself under the bus."Soderbergh directed Schizopolis in 1996, a comedy which he starred in, wrote and shot as well as directed. The 96-minute film was submitted to the Cannes Film Festival to such a "chilly response" that he reworked the entire introduction and conclusion before releasing it commercially. In the movie's introduction, he placed a title page that read: ”In the event that you find certain sequences or events confusing, please bear in mind this is your fault, not ours. You will need to see the picture again and again until you understand everything".
He starred in Schizopolis as F
The U. S. Commission on National Security/21st Century known as the Hart-Rudman Commission or Hart-Rudman Task Force on Homeland Security, was chartered by Secretary of Defense William Cohen in 1998 to provide a comprehensive review of US national security requirements in the 21st century. USCNS/21 was tasked "to analyze the emerging international security environment. Released on 31 January 2001, USCNS/21 was the most exhaustive review of US national security strategy since the National Security Act of 1947. USCNS/21 was released in three distinct phases; the first phase, New World Coming: American Security in the 21st Century, anticipates the emerging international security environment within the first quarter of the 21st century and examines how the US fits into that environment. The second phase, Seeking a National Strategy: A Concert for Preserving Security and Promoting Freedom, proposes a new US national security strategy based on the anticipated threats and conditions outlined in the first phase report.
The third phase, Roadmap for National Security: Imperative for Change, recommends changes to the US government's structure and policy to reflect a new national security strategy based on the anticipated 21st century international security environment. According to the US Commission on National Security/21st Century Charter: The Department of Defense recognizes that America should advance its position as a strong and persuasive force for freedom and progress in the world. There is a requirement to: conduct a comprehensive review of the early 21st century global security environment, including trends and potential'wild cards'. A Commission, the U. S. Commission on National Security/21st Century, will be established to fulfill this requirement, supported by a Study Group. Two individuals who have national recognition and significant depth of experience and public service will oversee the efforts of this Commission and serve as its Co-chairpersons; the study effort shall be conducted by a Study Group, composed of individuals who will be appointed as Department of Defense personnel.
Based on the results of this study and the Commission's consideration thereof, the USCNS/21 will advance practical recommendations that the President of the United States, with the support of the Congress, could begin to implement in the Fiscal Year 2002 budget, if desired. Gary Hart Warren Bruce Rudman Anne Armstrong Norm R. Augustine John Dancy John R. Galvin Leslie H. Gelb Newt Gingrich Lee H. Hamilton Lionel H. Olmer Donald B. Rice James R. Schlesinger Harry D. Train II Andrew Jackson Young, Jr. Charles G. Boyd Arnold L. Punaro Hank Scharpenberg Dr. Pat Pentland Dr. Jeffrey Bergner Dr. Coit D. Blacker Dr. Christopher J. Bowie Dr. Ivo H. Daalder Rhett Dawson Amb. Charles W. Freeman, Jr. Dr. Adam Garfinkle Richard Haass Keith Hahn Dr. Charles B. Johnson Robert Killebrew Dr. Richard H. Kohn Dr. William Lewis James R. Locher III Dr. Charles Moskos Dr. Williamson Murray Dr. Barry Ross Posen Dr. Barbara Samuels Dr. James S. Thomason Ruth Wedgwood Francis G. Hoffman New World Coming: American Security in the 21st Century was the first report completed by the Commission.
Released on 15 September 1999, it attempts to provide a picture of the international security environment within the first quarter of the 21st century and the anticipated role of the US in that environment. The Commission anticipates an technologically and integrated world, i.e. increasing globalization amidst social and political fragmentation. The report provides twelve basic assumptions of that environment and fourteen conclusions based on those assumptions. An economically strong United States is to remain a primary political and cultural force through 2025, will thus have a significant role in shaping the international environment; the stability and direction of American society and politics will help shape US foreign policy goals and capacities, hence the way the US may affect the global future. Science and technology will continue to advance and become more available and utilized around the world, but their benefits will be less evenly distributed. World energy supplies will remain based on fossil fuels.
While much of the world will experience economic growth, disparities in income will increase and widespread poverty will persist. The international aspects of business and commerce will continue to expand. Non-governmental organizations will continue to grow in impor
An oxygen tent consists of a canopy placed over the head and shoulders, or over the entire body of a patient to provide oxygen at a higher level than normal. Some devices cover only a part of the face. Oxygen tents are sometimes confused with altitude tents as used by athletes and those looking to acclimatize to a higher altitude, but those contain a reduced oxygen content; this form of treatment is prescribed in conditions where people have difficulty in breathing. An oxygen tent can be used in either a hospital setting or outside a health-care facility, can be recommended for short- or long-term therapy; the tent is made of transparent plastic material. It can envelop the patient’s bed with the end sections held in place by a mattress to ensure that the tent is airtight; the enclosure has a side opening with a zipper. Oxygen therapy benefits patients by providing more oxygen to their lungs and to their tissues; the treatment raises the amount of oxygen in the blood, decreases load on the heart, facilitates breathing.
It dried up secretions that occur in respiratory conditions. Oxygen therapy might be advised for lung diseases, heart conditions, carbon monoxide poisoning, could be administered to patients in case of surgery. A person with viral or bacterial meningitis who develops breathing difficulty might be kept in an oxygen tent. Certain precautions are recommended when using an oxygen tent. One of the measures is to avoid opening the tent often. If the tent is opened to attend to the patient, the edges need to be tucked back to prevent oxygen from seeping out. In general, it is advisable not to smoke or have any inflammable material within the vicinity of any oxygen apparatus. Using an electrical device inside an oxygen tent could be hazardous. Oxygen therapy Oxygen mask Medical Discoveries: Oxygen tent What is an Oxygen Tent at Oxygen Concentrator Store wiseGEEK: What is an Oxygen Tent
Conditor alme siderum is a seventh-century Latin hymn used during the Christian liturgical season of Advent. It was ascribed to Saint Ambrose, but there is no contemporaneous evidence to support the attribution; the hymn has been used in the Divine Office at Vespers An English translation by J. M. Neale is the well-known Advent hymn Creator of the Stars of Night; the hymn was rewritten by Pope Urban VIII in 1632, changing it so extensively that only the second line of the original hymn remained unchanged. The revision, which begins Creator alme siderum, in effect makes it a different composition. While not being part of the original text, most versions include a doxology of some sort appended as verse 6. J. M. Neale made a translation of the hymn which appeared as "Creator of the Stars of Night" in the first edition of the Hymnal Noted in 1852; the ancient text was restored by the Vatican in the most recent version of the traditional Breviary, where it is indicated for use at Vespers on the First Sunday of Advent.
The two different versions of this hymn are confused. The translations of Conditor alme siderum included in Wikisource are translations of Creator alme siderum. Conditor alme siderum Creator alme siderum Creator of the Stars at Night
The Hon. David Pax Tennant was a British aristocrat and socialite, the founder of the Gargoyle Club in London's Soho. David Tennant was the son of Edward Tennant, who became Lord Glenconner in 1911, the writer Pamela Wyndham, Lady Glenconner wife of Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon, he was the socialite Stephen Tennant. Margot Asquith and second wife of the Prime Minister H. H. Asquith, was his paternal aunt. Tennant founded the Gargoyle as a private members' club on the upper floors of 69 Dean Street, London in 1925, he created an arena where Bohemians could mingle comfortably with the upper crust, according to writer Michael Luke. There were lavish interiors, paintings by Henri Matisse, regular patrons included Virginia Woolf, Duncan Grant, Nancy Cunard, Fred Astaire and Francis Bacon and Lucian Freud. In 1952 Tennant sold the Gargoyle as a going concern for £5,000 to caterer John Negus and it remained popular for several years, he was one of the original members of the Bright Young Things in London in the 1920s.
One of the parties he organized for the group was in the Burlington Galleries and had a Mozart theme and required the guests to dress in eighteenth-century costume. Another was his “pyjamas-and-bottle-party” where the guests came in nightwear and brought their own alcohol. Tennant worked at the British Broadcasting Corporation from 1924 to 1929 as an announcer, in 1943 he re-joined the BBC as a home announcer. From 1939 Tennant served as an officer in the Royal Artillery until he was invalided out in 1941. In 1928, he married the actress Hermione Baddeley, they had two children, a son, David Tennant, a daughter Pauline Laetitia Tennant. Pauline was an actress and a poet, married three times: the anthropologist Julian Pitt-Rivers. Tennant and Baddeley remained good friends. In 1938, Tennant married the daughter of Alan Parsons and Viola Tree, they had two daughters, Georgia Tennant in 1941 and Sabrina Tennant in 1943. They divorced in 1953, Virginia married Henry Thynne, 6th Marquess of Bath, thus becoming the Marchioness of Bath.
He married Shelagh Rainey, sister of the fashion designer Michael Rainey and daughter of Sean Rainey and Joyce Marion Wallace, better known as Marion Wrottesley, after her marriage to Lord Wrottesley Shelagh Tennant died in Spain in 2018, aged 75. Tennant died in Spain on 8 April 1968 aged 65
Gordon Weisenborn was an American director, producer and cinematographer specializing in sponsored and educational films. His works express a style that blends lyricism with modernist abstraction. Many of Weisenborn's films address race and issues of diversity, his film People Along the Mississippi, produced with John Barnes, is credited as being the first classroom film to depict interracial friendship, he worked with John Barnes on the Academy Award nominated film The Living City, won over 70 national and international awards for films and productions. He was listed as one of the top 20 makers of specialized film by the Directors Guild. Weisenborn was born in Chicago to Rudolph and Fritzie Weisenborn, who were both figures in the arts communities. Weisenborn's father was an internationally recognized Chicago Modernist painter and art instructor, credited with creating the first abstract painting to be exhibited at the Art Institute of Chicago, his mother, was an art critic for Chicago Sunday Times.
Weisenborn attended the University of Chicago. The Weisenborns befriended John Grierson, known as the father of the documentary film. Weisenborn married Selma Revsin, with whom he partnered on a number of films until her death in 1980. Weisenborn died at 64 years of age. Before his death, Weisenborn gave the rights to his films to Jack Behrend, an industrial filmmaker who he was good friends with; the rights to both Weisenborn's films and Behrend's films are held by the Chicago Film Archives. Weisenborn began his filmmaking career at the age of 19 as an assistant to pioneering documentary filmmaker John Grierson. Under Grierson's wing, Weisenborn began making films for the National Film Board of Canada, built important relationships with other documentary filmmakers, including George Stoney. Over the course of his career, Gordon Weisenborn tried his hand as director, editor and producer, specializing in educational and sponsored films, he worked with his wife, Selma Revsin, on numerous films, including Mural Midwest Metropolis, Girls Are Better Than Ever, Facing Up To Vandalism, with John Barnes, with whom he made numerous films, including People Along the Mississippi, The Living City, various films to accompany "Dick and Jane" stories in the early 1950s.
Weisenborn's career was influenced through his friendship with John Barnes and his wife Selma Revsin, with them he created several films. Weisenborn and Barnes ended up splitting ways after a while of working together; the split geared Weisenborn towards sponsored films as well as industrial ones. Weisenborn began teaching at Columbia College Chicago in the 1960s. In 1970, Weisenborn started Gordon Weisenborn Productions, Inc.. Under his company, Weisenborn continued to produce sponsored and educational films. Weisenborn directed When Asia Speaks with producer Stuart Legg throughout his early career while he worked at the National Film Board of Canada, it was produced towards the end of WWII, presents a Western perspective on Asian nationalism. The film discusses ending colonialism. Another important work Gordon Weisenborn filmed was Feeling All Right, sponsored by the Mississippi Board of Health and the United States Public Health Service as part of a multimedia campaign. Weisenborn was cinematographer for the work, he worked alongside Fred Lasse and George Stoney in the creation of this piece.
The award winning film was considered semidocumentary narrative in form and intended to promote public health within the African American community and, more educated the community about syphilis and its prevention. It was seen by as many an estimated one million viewers and incorporated into mobile testing units to drive testing for and treatment of the condition. Film director Raymond Spottiswoode praised the work for treating the overdramatized subject through a simple and frank approach, but the NAACP opposed the distribution of the film for fear it would worsen stigmatization and inequality. Weisenborn worked alongside John Barnes in the creation of several films. One of these films is People Along the Mississippi, a film Weisenborn shot and directed, notable for its focus on social and ethnic diversity in the United States and is credited as being the first educational film to present children of diverse races interacting with each other. Although the film makes use of stylistic techniques typical of a documentary, it incorporates a somewhat mythic storyline as it traces ethnicities down the Mississippi River.
Another film Weisenborn worked on with John Barnes was the Academy Award nominated film The Living City. The film was produced for Encyclopædia Britannica Films and explored the solutions to city planning issues and other urban problems in American cities. Weisenborn worked as associate producer for another Academy Award nominee, The Naked Eye, alongside director Louis Clyde Stoumen; the film was nominated for "Best Documentary Feature" at the 29th Academy Awards in 1957, won the Robery J. Flaherty Award at the Edinburgh Film Festival and a Special Award at the Venice Film Festival; the film discusses the history of the photography from invention through development. Mural Midwest Metropolis is considered one of Weisenborn's better known films. Weisenborn directed the film, cowrote it with his wife, Selma Revsin; the award winning film, shot in and around Chicago, was produced by the Fred A. Niles Communications Center and sponsored by S&H Green Stamps for the purpose of promoting the city of Chicago