An outfielder is a person playing in one of the three defensive positions in baseball or softball, farthest from the batter. These defenders are the left fielder, the center fielder, the right fielder; as an outfielder, their duty is to catch fly balls and/ ground balls to return them to the infield for the out or before the runner advances, if there is any runners on the bases. As an outfielder, they play behind the six players located in the field. By convention, each of the nine defensive positions in baseball is numbered; the outfield positions are 7, 8 and 9. These numbers are shorthand designations useful in baseball scorekeeping and are not the same as the squad numbers worn on player uniforms. Outfielders named to the MLB All-Century Team are Hank Aaron, Ty Cobb, Joe DiMaggio, Mickey Mantle, Willie Mays, Stan Musial, Pete Rose, Babe Ruth, Ted Williams and Ken Griffey Jr. Players can be characterized as either a center fielder. Corner outfielders are slower and have less defensive value than the center fielder.

However, there left fielders. Right fielders tend to have the best throwing arms of the outfield so they can make the long throw to third base, but are not as fast as left fielders. Center fielders are the fastest and most athletic of the three, because they have to run the farthest in order to field balls in the gaps and back up the other outfielders when balls are hit to them. Outfielders should be able to read where the ball may be placed based on what the pitcher is throwing, they can tell what the pitcher is throwing by the middle infielders, second base and short stop, in which they show the numbers the catcher is giving to the pitcher behind their back to determine the pitch and tell where the ball could be hit to. Many of the best power hitters in baseball play in the outfield, where they do not have as constant involvement in fielding plays as other positions before the institution of the designated hitter. For example, Babe Ruth was moved from pitcher to the outfield. Left fielders and right fielders are more slow power hitters, center fielders are fast base-runners and good defensive players.

Center field is considered the most difficult outfield position, requiring both a good throwing arm and speed. Center fielders on many teams bat lead off. Players who do not start games, but substitute as a pinch hitter or defensive replacement in the outfield are referred to as fourth outfielders or fifth outfielders; these players can play any of the three outfield positions. Corner outfielders are outfielders who left field. Corner outfielders have less speed than center fielders, but make up for this deficiency with their offensive play; the main differences between left and right fielders are, that left fielders handle more chances because right-handed pull hitters tend to hit balls to left. Many left fielders have had the speed to play center field, but have lacked the throwing ability required. An example of an ultra-fast left fielder is Rickey Henderson, whereas the slow-footed but strong-armed Carl Furillo, "The Reading Rifle," sets a standard for right fielders in the terms specified here.

Gorman Thomas is an example of the reverse theory. He was a centerfielder his entire career, but was not nearly in shape as the typical player for this position, he compensated for it with sheer determination. When an outfield prospect arrives in the majors, he plays both corner positions before settling at one or another

2018 Overwatch League season

The 2018 Overwatch League season was the inaugural season for the Overwatch League, an esports league based on the video game Overwatch which began on January 10, 2018. Regular season play continued through June 16, 2018, while post-season play ran from July 11–28, 2018; the London Spitfire won the Grand Finals over the Philadelphia Fusion to become the League champions, with the Spitfire's Park "Profit" Jun-young named the Finals MVP. An All-Star Weekend was held following the post-season from August 25–26, 2018; the season's format and schedule were announced in November 2017. The inaugural regular season ran from January 10 to June 2018, broken out into four stages; each stage lasted five weeks, with a one-week break between each stages. Each regular season week featured twelve games, three matches per day from Wednesday to Saturday, with each team having played in two games that week. During stages one and two of season one, at the end of each stage, the top three teams across both divisions, based on their standings in that stage, played a final set of matches to win a US$100,000 prize with the runner-up taking a US$25,000 prize.

As of season one stage three, four teams made each stage playoff. The #1 seed chose their opponent in the first round between the remaining three qualified teams; these matches are played on the final day of the stage. The season's free agency signing window opened on January 22, 2018, closed on April 3, 2018. During this period, teams could make trades with other teams. Any player on a new team contract before the start of Stage 2 on February 21, 2018 was eligible to play during Stage 2. Otherwise, they had to wait until the start of Stage 3. After April 3, team rosters could not be changed until after the completion of the post-season games; the post-season playoffs were held over three weeks in July 2018. It was a single-elimination playoff featuring 6 teams: each division leader, the next top four teams from both divisions, with their position seeded by their standings; the Grand Finals were held on July 26 and 27, 2018. All matches in the inaugural season were played at the 350-seat Blizzard Arena, located on the former soundstage for The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson in Burbank, California.

Games were broadcast on the Overwatch League's website and through Major League Gaming, by third-party broadcaster Twitch. The Grand Finals were played at Barclays Center in New York City, where all 11,000 seats available were sold out for both days of the event. Pre-season matches were held from December 6 to 8, 2017. Pre-season matches are exhibition only, do not count towards the regular season standings; the Philadelphia Fusion had to pull out of pre-season play just before these events, citing "player logistics issues". The Overwatch League began the season with a two-year exclusive contract for Overwatch League broadcasting, its debut week held an overall peak of 441,000 concurrent viewers on its three Twitch channels, with 392,000 English, 65,000 Korean, 11,500 French viewers. Through the season, average online viewership ran between 80,000 and 170,000. At least 310,000 viewers watched the final match of the Grand Finals. On the first day of the season playoffs and Blizzard announced a multi-year partnership that would bring the league and other professional Overwatch competitive events to ESPN, Disney XD, ABC, starting with the playoffs and throughout all of the following season.

Nielsen ratings for the Grand Finals include a 0.18 rating for the Friday match airing on ESPN, while the recap of the series airing on ABC on the Sunday after the event had a 0.3 rating. Blizzard estimated that over a million people were watching the Grand Finals at any time, between broadcast and streaming formats, with a total viewership of over 10.8 million. A team's standing is based on both their overall match win/loss record, with ties broken by their overall round record. At the end of Stages 1 and 2, the top three teams overall in the current stage, regardless of division, made the stage playoffs; the first seeded team earned a bye, with the second and third seeded teams playing a best-of-5 series to advance to the stage finals. Beginning with Stage 3 of the 2018 season, Blizzard announced changes to the Stage Playoff format. Introduced was a four-team Stage playoffs going forward, so that both teams in the final match will have played the same number of games on that day; the first seed has the option of selecting their opponent for the first round and has home team advantage, with the remaining two teams assigned based on seed ranking.

These stage playoffs are only for bonus prize money. Teams' overall standings were used for placement in the post-season playoffs; the top team of each division received an automatic bye, while the next top four teams, regardless of division, filled in the remaining tournament slots. Stage 1 ran from January 10, 2018 to February 10, 2018, with Stage playoffs occurring on February 10, 2018. Source: Overwatch League With a league best 9–1 stage record, the New York Excelsior earned a bye directly into the stage finals. In the semifinal match, the Houston Outlaws took an early 1–0 lead over the London Spitfire, but were defeated 3–1. In the stage final, the New York Excelsior took a commanding 2–0 lead over the Spitfire, but New York could not secure their third match win; the London Spitfire completed a reverse sweep, winning the series their first stage title. Stage 2 ran from February 21 to March 24. Following Stage 1, Blizzard took input from players and fans and moved all future Stage playoff matches to Sunday, with Stage 2's playoffs taking place on March 25.



Idesia as established by Scopoli is a suppressed name. Idesia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Salicaceae, comprising the single species Idesia polycarpa, it is native to eastern Asia in China, Japan and Taiwan. It is a medium-sized deciduous tree reaching a height of 8–21 m, with a trunk up to 50 cm diameter with smooth greyish-green bark; the shoots are greyish-brown, with a thick pith core. The leaves are large, heart-shaped, 8–20 cm long and 7–20 cm broad, with a red 4–30 cm petiole bearing two or more glands; the flowers are small, yellowish green and born in panicles 13–30 cm long. It is dioecious with male and female flowers on separate trees; the fruit is a berry 5–10 mm diameter, ripening orange to dark purple-red, containing several 2–3 mm brown seeds, persisting until the following spring. The fruit cooked; the species is grown as an ornamental tree in other temperate regions including Europe