Oviedo is the capital city of the Principality of Asturias in northern Spain and the administrative and commercial centre of the region. It is the name of the municipality that contains the city. Oviedo is located 24 km southwest of Gijón and 23 km south of Avilés, both of which lie on the shoreline of the Bay of Biscay, its proximity to the ocean causes Oviedo to have a maritime climate, in spite of its not being located on the shoreline itself. The Kingdom of Asturias began in 720, with the Visigothic aristocrat Pelagius's revolt against the Muslims who at the time were occupying most of the Iberian Peninsula; the Moorish invasion that began in 711 had taken control of most of the peninsula, until the revolt in the northern mountains by Pelagius. The resulting Kingdom of Asturias, located in an economically poor region of Iberia, was ignored by the Muslims. In 720, the area where Oviedo is now located was still uninhabited, it is said that two monks, Máximo and Fromestano, founded the city in 761.
That settlement was soon to be completed with the construction of a small church dedicated to Saint Vincent. Oviedo was established on an uninhabited hillside, with no Visigothic or Roman foundation before it became an Asturian city. Following Pelagius, who died in 737, Alfonso I founded a dynasty that would last until 1037; the Asturian Kingdom was on hostile terms with southern Moorish Spain. In 794, Oviedo was sacked and pillaged by Caliph Hisham I in one of his numerous campaigns against the Christian kingdoms. King Alfonso I is said to have "set in place the whole order of the Goths, as it had been in Toledo, as much in the church as in the palace." The intention with Oviedo was to shape it into a city similar to that of Visigothic Toledo. Once kings had settled in Oviedo, they adopted as much of the architectural style and imagery of Toledo. With this in mind, Oviedo did not resemble the old Visigothic capital in Toledo; the churches and buildings of Oviedo follow instead late provincial Roman tradition.
Since Asturias at the time was an agriculturally poor area of Spain the scale of the buildings is quite impressive. Oviedo's rich architectural tradition began with King Fruela I. King Fruela I of Asturias, the fourth of the Asturian monarchs, was the first decided promoter of the city as may be witnessed by his construction of both a palace and a nearby church; this church was restored by Alfonso II. Oviedo owes to a king, Alfonso II The Chaste, its establishment as a capital city and ruling seat as a result of the moving of the court from Pravia and the creation of the Pilgrim's Route to Santiago de Compostela, a major event in the history of Oviedo, a church dedicated to The Saviour, the Cathedral of San Salvador, a royal palace formed the nucleus of Oviedo. Constructed during Alfonso II's reign was the San Julian de los Prados church, one of the best preserved Asturian churches. Alfonso II's successor, Ramiro I, continued Alfonso II's construction streak. Ramiro I constructed the Church Santa Maria del Naranco and San Miguel de Lillo.
The Church Santa Maria de Naranco was to be Ramiro I's palace and changed into a church. By this time the Court of the Palace was centered in Oviedo, the main royal residence; this court was controlled by member of the Austurian nobility. Ramiro I's eight-year tenure was uneasy, he faced rebellions from the Counts of the Palace; the first rebellion against Ramiro I was led by Alroitus, the second rebellion was led by Piniolus. Both of these rebellions were unsuccessful in removing Ramiro I; these rebellions may have been why Ramiro I built his palace in the mountains surrounding Oviedo away from the violence. During the 9th century in Oviedo, Roman style property law is common. 9th century documents indicate small scale aristocracies across the kingdom, as well as a large presence of a landowning peasantry. Following Ramiro I's reign, Ordoño I came into power and began the Asturian king's father-son succession. Ordoño I was the first king to push southwards into Arab territory. Following Ordoño I's death on May 27, 866, usurpers attempted to take the throne.
The following king Alfonso III, thirteen at the time, took refuge in Castile until his followers had killed the usurper. Alfonso III's contributions to building construction are not nearly as well documented as Ramiro I's or Alfonso II's contributions; the Chronicle of Alfonso III does not mention any buildings created by Alfonso III, neither does the Chronicle of Albelda. In 882, the body of the Cordoban martyr Eulogius was sent to Oviedo; this was meant a diplomatic gift from Emir Muhammad I. Eulogius was executed in 859; the body was accompanied by Eulogius's book collection. In the 16th century, the only manuscript of Eulogius's writings was discovered in the Oviedo Cathedral Library. Here it was copied once before it disappeared from the library. Following an offensive in 881 against an Umayyad army, Alfsonso III returned to Oviedo to rebuild churches, it was at this time. The Chronicle of Albelda and the Chronicle of Sampiro tie Alfonso III's victories in battle to his program of church building in Oviedo.
In 908, Alfonso III commissioned a gold and jewelled cross to contain the cross carried by Pelagius I at Covadonga. This "Cross of Victory" is located in the Camara Sancta in the Oviedo Cathedral. However, recent Carbon14 analysis of the wooden cross indicates that it was no older than the golden casing created to surround the cross; the commission of the casing shows us Alfonso III's interest in
Nazri Nasir is a former footballer from Singapore. He was the captain of the Singapore national team from 1997 to 2003, led the team to the 1998 AFF Championship title, he was a defensive midfielder known for his "combative, hard-running and ferocious tackling style". Nazri began his career with Jurong Town in Singapore's FAS Premier League in 1988. Where he won the President's Cup in 1988 and 1989. Along with Rafi Ali and Sanizal Jamil, he was sent for a two-month training stint with Czech club FC Nitra under the Goh Chok Tong Talent Scheme in 1990, he rejected an offer of a professional contract from FC Nitra and signed for Balestier United in 1991 on a two-year deal worth S$10,000 per year. In February 1994, Nazri signed a two-year contract with the Singapore Lions which went on to achieve the Malaysian League and Malaysia Cup double that year. Following the withdrawal of the team from Malaysian competitions and the upcoming Southeast Asian Games, the FAS decided to enter the Lions in the 1995 Premier League pending the formation of Singapore's S.
League. The team went the season unbeaten. Nazri played for Sembawang Rangers in the inaugural S. League season before signing for Singapore Armed Forces the following year, he won the S. League in 1997, 1998 and 2000 with the club. In 2002, he signed for Tampines Rovers where he played as a central defender, winning the league in 2004 and 2005. Nazri retired as a player at the age of 37 in 2008. Nazri made his international debut against Malaysia on 13 September 1990, he was riding his motorbike when he was injured in a road traffic accident on the expressway on 19 November 1992. He began retraining five weeks but did not recover sufficiently to play in the Merdeka Tournament in February 1993. Nazri took over the captaincy in 1997 and skippered Singapore to the 1998 ASEAN Football Championship title, he was inducted into the FIFA Century Club in June 2007. After retiring as a player, Nazri was appointed as the general manager at former club Tampines Rovers, he was the coach of the National Football Academy U-15 teams that participated in the 2012 and 2013 Lion City Cup.
On 16 December 2013, he was confirmed as assistant to the LionsXII head coach and former Singapore Lions teammate Fandi Ahmad. Nazri was appointed to interim head coach position of Singapore national team for the 2019 Airmarine Cup friendly tournament in March 2019. With the team, he won the semifinal match against Malaysia 1-0 before losing in the final to Oman 4-5 on penalties, having tied 1-1 in normal time. Nazri was born to Nasir Ahmad and mother, Aisha Abdullah, he credits his mother for supporting his football career despite him having asthma at eight years old and poor grades in his studies. He has four sisters, his older brother, Amin, is a former Singapore international defender and current Hougang United coach. He completed his primary education at Sembawang Primary School and secondary education at Si Ling Secondary School, he graduated with a NTC 2 certificate in architectural draughting from McNair Vocational Institute. Nazri married air stewardess Sharifah Nur Leila on 27 November 1994.
His sons and Amer Hakeem, play under the National Football Academy set-up as centre-backs. Daughter Alyssha was born in October 2004, son Ammar born in February 2003, he is a supporter of English club Tottenham Hotspur. Jurong Town President's Cup: 1988, 1989Singapore Lions M. League: 1994 Malaysia Cup: 1994Singapore Armed Forces S. League: 1997, 1998, 2000 Singapore Cup: 1997, 1999Tampines Rovers S. League: 2004, 2005 Singapore Cup: 2002, 2004, 2006 Singapore ASEAN Football Championship: 1998 S. League People's Choice Award: 2004 Nazri Nasir at National-Football-Teams.com
Patrick Richard McCarthy is an Irish former professional footballer who played as a centre-back, most for English club Crystal Palace. He serves as the Under-18s coach at Crystal Palace. Born in Dublin, he began his football career as a junior with Manchester City before joining Leicester City in 2005 where he spent three seasons before joining Charlton Athletic in the summer of 2007, he remained with Charlton for just twelve months, joining Crystal Palace in the summer of 2008 where he remained until 2016. McCarthy has played for Boston United and Notts County on loan during the early part of his career and Sheffield United, Bolton Wanderers and Preston North End as a loan player. In December 2016, he was appointed Under-18s coach at Crystal Palace, replacing Ken Gillard, who left the club in November to join Arsenal. McCarthy was born in Dublin, he joined Leicester City in March 2005 for a fee of £100,000 from Manchester City, signing a three-year contract. He had never played for Manchester City's first team but had enjoyed loan spells at Boston United and Notts County during 2002 and 2003.
Boston had made a bid to sign McCarthy on a permanent basis in February 2003. McCarthy became a favourite with the Leicester fans, due to his no-nonsense style of play, in July 2006 was named club captain for the 2006–07 season, his season was cut short when he dislocated his shoulder in a training accident in February 2007. Nonetheless, McCarthy expressed his wish to leave Leicester before the start of next season, despite being offered a new contract. McCarthy moved to Charlton Athletic for a fee of £650,000 in June 2007, but spent only a year at The Valley, moving across south-east London to sign for Crystal Palace in the summer of 2008, with Mark Hudson travelling in the opposite direction. McCarthy was troubled by a series of shoulder injuries which restricted him from playing in much of the 2008–09 and the 2009–10 seasons, but this did not stop him being named Palace captain in the run-up to the 2010–11 season. McCarthy missed the entire 2012–13 season with a groin injury, made only one appearance in the subsequent Premier League season.
Despite this, he signed a one-year contract extension with Palace in September 2014. Despite being given a new deal, first-team chances remained limited, so, on 3 October 2014, McCarthy joined Sheffield United on an initial one-month loan deal and made his début the following day as United lost 3–2 away at Chesterfield, his first goal for the Blades came in the next match in a 2–2 draw against Leyton Orient at Bramall Lane. At the end of the loan period McCarthy returned to Palace and was named amongst the substitutes for an away fixture against Manchester United on 8 November. However, on 11 November, it was confirmed that McCarthy's loan with the Blades had been renewed until 28 December 2014. In his first game back at United, McCarthy was sent off in a Yorkshire derby away at Doncaster Rovers with ten men United going on to win 1–0. McCarthy signed for Bolton Wanderers on loan in March 2015, a prankster had telephoned the West Bromwich Albion manager Tony Pulis pretending to be Bolton manager Neil Lennon weeks with an enquiry for Gareth McAuley as the main point of interest.
Pulis himself recommended his old Palace captain McCarthy, whom Bolton duly signed in an unconnected incident in the season. McCarthy made five appearances in a Bolton shirt, but had to return to Palace after picking up an injury in Wanderers 2–2 draw with Brentford at Griffin Park. McCarthy signed for newly promoted Preston North End on 3 October on a 93-day loan, went straight into the squad to make his debut against Sheffield Wednesday on the same day. However, he was substituted after 10 minutes due to injury. On 13 June 2016, it was announced that McCarthy would be released by Crystal Palace on expiry of his contract on 30 June. McCarthy represented the Republic of Ireland Under-16 team at the 2000 UEFA European Under-16 Football Championship and the Under-19 team at the 2002 UEFA European Under-19 Football Championship. Crystal PalaceFootball League Championship play-offs: 2013 Crystal Palace Goal of the Season: 2009 As of 27 March 2015. Paddy McCarthy player profile at cpfc.co.uk Paddy McCarthy player profile at cafc.co.uk Paddy McCarthy player profile at lcfc.com Paddy McCarthy at Soccerbase