Scoring in association football
In games of association football teams compete to score the most goals during the match. This frame is referred to as a goal. Nets are usually attached to the frame to catch goalscoring balls. Teams attack their opponents goal while defending their own, association football is a relatively low-scoring game, at professional levels only a few goals are typically scored per game and 0-0 ties are common. A goal cannot be scored directly from a free kick or a throw-in. Should the ball go into the goal from these without first being touched by another player, a player cannot score an own goal directly from any restart of play, in that case a corner kick would be awarded. Both of these situations, especially the latter, are exceedingly rare, if there is time remaining in the session of play, after a goal has been scored play is restarted with a kick-off by the side which conceded the goal. The sole arbiter of the rules during a game, including decisions as to whether a goal has been scored, is the referee, referees are advised by assistant referees, whose view across the pitch from the sidelines may in some cases be more useful.
In most cases, identifying goals is relatively unambiguous, occasionally however situations occur when it is difficult for officials to tell if a goal has been scored before a rebound, save, or defenders clearance from the goal area. Goal nets were introduced to the game in the 1890s to provide a way of determining whether a shot passed the correct side of the goal frame. Since 2012, at the very highest levels of play, referees are automatically informed as to whether the ball has passed over the line by goal-line technology. The Laws make no mention of attributing goals to individual players, goals are almost always attributed to individual players, that player being the one who provided the final action causing the goal to be scored. Generally, this is the last player to touch the ball, should a player cause a goal to be scored against their own team, the goal is recorded as an own goal. The authority on attributing goals varies between competitions, the Premier League in England has a dedicated Dubious Goals Committee for resolving attribution disputes.
For an individual player, scoring goals in a game is considered a notable achievement. In association football, a hat-trick refers to the feat of scoring three goals in a single game. Awards exist for individual players who score the most goals in some competitions, players will typically celebrate scoring a goal with team mates, occasionally putting on elaborate displays for the crowd. The Laws allow this, but mandate that celebration must not be excessive, on average, only a few scores occur per game in association football
2002 FIFA World Cup
The 2002 FIFA World Cup was the 17th staging of the FIFA World Cup which took place from 31 May to 30 June 2002 in South Korea and Japan. Brazil won the tournament for a fifth time, winning the final against Germany 2–0. The victory meant Brazil qualified for the 2005 FIFA Confederations Cup for the fifth time, in the third place play-off match against South Korea, Turkey won 3–2 taking third place in only their second ever FIFA World Cup finals. China PR, Ecuador and Slovenia made their first appearances at the finals with Turkey making its first appearance since 1954, Turkey took third place and South Korea managed to reach the semi-finals, beating Spain and Portugal en route. South Korea in particular, faced scrutiny and allegations of corruption due to their victories over Italy. However, the most potent team at the tournament, prevailed, South Korea and Japan were selected as hosts by FIFA on 31 May 1996. Initially, South Korea and Mexico presented three rival bids, the two Asian countries agreed to unite their bids shortly before the decision was made, and they were chosen unanimously in preference to Mexico.
This was the first World Cup to be hosted by two countries, at the time the decision was made, Japan had never qualified for a World Cup finals. The only other countries to have awarded a World Cup without previously having competed in a final tournament are Italy in 1934. The unusual choice of host proved an issue for fans in Europe. With games taking place in the European morning, some schools, a total of 199 teams attempted to qualify for the 2002 World Cup which qualification process began with the preliminary draw held in Tokyo on 7 December 1999. Defending champions France and co-hosts South Korea and Japan qualified automatically and this was the final World Cup in which the defending champions qualified automatically. 14 places were contested by UEFA teams, five by CAF teams, four by CONMEBOL teams, four by AFC teams, the remaining two places were decided by playoffs between AFC and UEFA and between CONMEBOL and OFC. Four nations qualified for the finals for the first time, Ecuador, Senegal, as of 2014, this was the last time Turkey, Republic of Ireland and Senegal qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals.
Turkey qualified for the first time since 1954, and both Poland and Portugal for the first time since 1986, all seven previous World Cup-winning nations qualified, the first time so many previous champions had been present at a finals tournament. The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings, qualified for the final tournament, the seeds comprised Pot A in the draw. Pot B contained the remaining 11 European sides, Pot C contained five unseeded qualifiers from CONMEBOL, Pot D contained unseeded sides from the CONCACAF region and Africa. This was the last FIFA World Cup with the champion in Group A
Burnley Football Club is a professional association football club based in Burnley, Lancashire. Nicknamed The Clarets, due to the dominant colour of their home shirts, Burnley have been Football League Champions twice, in 1920–21 and 1959–60, have won the FA Cup once, in 1914, and have won the Community Shield twice, in 1960 and 1973. The Clarets reached the 1961 quarter-finals of the European Cup and they are one of only three teams to have won all top four professional divisions of English football, along with Wolverhampton Wanderers and Preston North End. The club colours of claret and blue were adopted in 1910 in tribute to the dominant club of English football at the time and their home ground since 1883 has been Turf Moor and their current manager is Sean Dyche. During May 1882, Burnley Rovers Football Club decided to shift their allegiance from rugby union to football, in 1883 the club moved to Turf Moor and remain there, only their Lancashire rivals Preston North End having occupied the same ground continuously for longer.
Burnley first appeared in the FA Cup in 1885–86 but were ignominiously beaten 11–0 when eligibility restrictions meant that their side had to be fielded against Darwen. On 13 October 1886, Turf Moor became the first ground to be visited by a member of a Royal Family, when it was decided to found the Football League for the 1888–89 season, Burnley were among the 12 founders of that competition. William Tait of Burnley scored the first ever hat-trick in League football and that season did, present Burnley with their first honours, winning the Lancashire Cup with a 2–0 final victory over Blackburn Rovers. Before Burnley won a trophy again, they were relegated to the Second Division in 1896–97 and they responded to this by winning promotion the next season, losing only 2 of their 30 matches along the way before gaining promotion through a play-off series known as Test Matches. Burnley and Stoke City both entered the last match, to be played between the two teams, needing a draw for promotion. A 0–0 draw ensued, reportedly The Match without a shot at goal, Burnley needed a win against Forest in the last match of the season to escape relegation.
This is the earliest recorded case of match fixing in football, Burnley changed their colours from green to the claret and sky blue of Aston Villa, the most successful club in England at the time, for the 1910–11 season. The 1912–13 season saw them win promotion to the First Division once more, as well as reaching the FA Cup semi-final, only to lose to Sunderland. The next season was one of consolidation in the top flight, but more importantly their first major honour and this cup final was historic in that King George V became the first reigning monarch to present the cup to the winning captain. The winning Burnley team got special medals with English Cup Winners written on it instead of the usual FA Cup Winners inscription. World War I impacted the 1914–15 season, in which Burnley finished 4th in the First Division, before English football reorganised itself, Burnley struggled in English footballs second tier, narrowly avoiding a further relegation in 1931–32 by only two points. The years through to the outbreak of the Second World War were characterised by uninspiring league finishes, broken only by an FA Cup semi-final appearance in 1934–35 and the arrival of Tommy Lawton.
Burnley participated in the football leagues that continued throughout the war
Kick-off (association football)
A kick-off is the method of starting and, in some cases, restarting play in a game of association football. The rules concerning the kick-off are part of Law 8 of the Laws of the Game, a kick-off is used to start each half of play, and each period of extra time where applicable. The kick-off to start a game is awarded to the team that lost the coin toss. The kick-off begins when the referee blows the whistle, the kick-off to start the second half is taken by the other team. If extra time is played another coin-toss is used at the beginning of this period, a kick-off is used to restart play after a goal is scored, and is taken by the team that conceded the goal. The kick-off is taken from the centre spot, all players must be in their own half of the field of play, and all opposing players must remain at least 10 yards from the ball, until the ball is in play. The ball is initially stationary until it is put into play by being kicked, a stipulation that this kick must be forward was eliminated in a 2016 rules change.
The player who has first kicked the ball may not touch it again until it has been touched by another player, a goal may be scored directly from a kick-off against the opponent. If a player moves from their position as detailed above the kick is retaken. Failure to maintain position may constitute misconduct and be punished by a caution
San Francisco 49ers
The San Francisco 49ers are a professional American football team located in the San Francisco Bay Area. They compete in the National Football League as a member of the leagues National Football Conference West division, the team currently plays its home games at Levis Stadium in Santa Clara, located 45 miles southeast of San Francisco in the heart of Silicon Valley. Since 1988, the 49ers have been headquartered in Santa Clara, the team was founded in 1946 as a charter member of the All-America Football Conference and joined the NFL in 1949 when the leagues merged. The 49ers were the first major professional sports franchise based in San Francisco. The name 49ers comes from the prospectors who arrived in Northern California in the 1849 Gold Rush, the team is legally and corporately registered as the San Francisco Forty Niners, Ltd. The team began play at Kezar Stadium in San Francisco before moving across town to Candlestick Park in 1970 and to Levis Stadium in Santa Clara in 2014. The 49ers won five Super Bowl championships between 1981 and 1995, led by Hall of Famers Joe Montana, Jerry Rice, Ronnie Lott, Steve Young, and coach Bill Walsh.
As of the 2016 NFL season, the team has won a total of six championships, with the first in 1981. The 49ers have been in the playoffs a total of 26 times,25 times in the NFL. According to Forbes Magazine, the team is the 4th most-valuable team in the NFL, in 2016, the San Francisco 49ers were ranked the 10th most valuable sports team in the world, behind the Los Angeles Lakers and above Bayern Munich. In 1957, the 49ers enjoyed their first sustained success as members of the NFL, the 49ers fell behind the Bears 17–7. Tragically, 49ers owner Tony Morabito collapsed of a heart attack, the 49ers players learned of his death at halftime when coach Frankie Albert was handed a note with two words, Tonys gone. With tears running down their faces, and motivated to win for their departed owner, dicky Moegles late-game interception in the endzone sealed the victory. After Tonys death 49er ownership went to Victor Morabito and Tonys widow, the 49ers special assistant to the Morabitos, Louis G. Spadia was named general manager.
They became the only full-house backfield inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame, for most of the next 13 years, the 49ers hovered around.490, except for 1963 and 1964 when they went 2–12 and 4–10 respectively. Key players for these 49ers included running back Ken Willard, quarterback John Brodie, during this time the 49ers became the first NFL team to use the shotgun formation. It was named by the man who devised the formation, San Francisco 49ers coach Red Hickey. The formation, where the lines up seven yards behind the center, was designed to allow the quarterback extra time to throw
Direct free kick
A direct free kick is a method of restarting of association football following a foul. A goal may be scored directly against the side without the ball having first touched another player. This is opposed to a free kick where the ball must be passed before an attempt on goal. According to The Laws of the Game, if the ball out of play. A player who concedes a indirect free kick to the opposing side. A direct free kick is awarded when a player commits a foul outside of their own penalty area, however, if the offence was committed by the defending team within their own penalty area, the kick becomes a penalty kick. The kick is taken from where the foul occurred, unless it was within the teams own goal area. The ball must be prior to being kicked. Opponents must remain 10 yards from the ball until the ball is in play, observing the minimum distance limit, the opposite players may choose to form a wall between the ball and the goal. Vanishing foam has been used at the level since 2000 to keep the defending players at the right distance.
To keep the initiative a quick free kick is taken without waiting for the opposing players to retire from the 9.15 m radius. A goal may be scored directly from a free kick. Should the ball land in the kicking teams own goal. A player may be penalised for an offence committed from a direct free kick. There are various techniques used with direct free kicks, the player taking the direct free kick may blast the ball as hard as he can, usually with the laces of the boot. Alternatively, some try to curl the ball around the keeper or the wall. Additionally, certain free kick specialists will choose to kick the ball with minimal spin, the kicker may attempt to drive the shot under the wall formed by the opposition defenders. Kicks are retaken if an opponent is closer to the spot from where the kick is taken than the required distance, for a kick taken by a team inside their own penalty area, the ball is not considered in play until it has left the area
Timothy Matthew Tim Howard is an American soccer player who plays as a goalkeeper for American club Colorado Rapids and the United States national team. Howard started his career with the North Jersey Imperials before making a move to the MetroStars and his appearances soon attracted the attention of Manchester United, who signed him in 2003. He enjoyed relative success with them as they won the 2003 FA Community Shield, the 2003–04 FA Cup, after United signed Edwin van der Sar, Howard went out on loan to Everton to play more first-team soccer and eventually signed permanently with them in February 2007. On January 4,2012, Howard scored a goal, his first as a professional and this made him only the fourth goalkeeper to score a goal in a Premier League match. In 2016 Howard signed to play for the MLS Colorado Rapids, Howard is the most capped goalkeeper of all-time for the United States mens national team, with over 100 caps since his debut in 2002. He was a substitute for the 2006 World Cup but established himself as first-choice.
The team reached the Round of 16 on both occasions, and during the latter Howard set a World Cup record for most saves in a match with 16. Howards book, The Keeper, published in 2014, describes his career and his life with Tourette syndrome, Howard was born in North Brunswick, New Jersey, to Matthew Howard, an African American, and Esther Howard, a native of Hungary. Howard was diagnosed with Tourette syndrome when he was in the sixth grade, however his talent and abilities as a soccer player were far more impressive. Despite his position on his school team, Howard was a far better goalkeeper than he was a midfielder. During high school, he played for Central Jersey Cosmos, in 1995, Howard was part of the U. S. under-17 squad. Howard signed with the Imperials and played in his first professional game before graduating high school. After only six appearances with the USISLs North Jersey Imperials, Howard was brought up to the MetroStars by Mulqueen, Howard was victorious in his MLS debut with the MetroStars on August 18,1998, making five saves in a 4–1 win over Colorado at Giants Stadium.
He played in one game with the Nike Project-40 Team, with the MetroStars during the 1999 MLS season, Howard made eight starts in nine contests. Howard had a 1.58 GAA and won just one match in a season in which the Metros won just seven games. Howard posted a 5–2–2 record with a 1.59 GAA in 2000, Howard won the 2001 MLS Goalkeeper of the Year award, recording 146 saves and finishing the year with a 1.33 GAA, four shutouts, and a 13–10–3 record. He received the MLS Humanitarian of the Year Award, Howard played in 27 of 28 regular season games in 2002 for the MetroStars, recording four shutouts. He was named to the MLS Best XI for the second straight season, before leaving the MetroStars in 2003, he appeared in thirteen games and had three clean sheets as the club challenged for first place during the season’s first half
A dropped-ball is a method of restarting play in a game of association football. It is designed to offer no advantage to either side, generally being awarded when play has stopped due to reasons other than normal gameplay or misconduct. The rules concerning the dropped-ball are part of Law 8 of the Laws of the Game, a drop-ball is not awarded to either team, rather it is used to restart play when the referee has stopped play for any reason not listed for another form of restart. Examples include when play has stopped due to serious injury to a player, interference by an external party. The ball becomes in play as soon as it touches the ground, players must not touch the ball until it has touched the ground. If the ball leaves the field of play before it has been touched by a player, there is no mention in the Laws of the Game as to how many players, if any, may take part in a drop-ball or where they may be positioned. However, it is normal that a drop-ball is contested by two players, like at a face-off in bandy or ice hockey, if a player touches the ball before it touches the ground, the drop-ball is retaken.
After the situation has been resolved, the team typically
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper, known from 1821 until 1959 as the Manchester Guardian. Along with its sister papers The Observer and The Guardian Weekly, The Guardian is part of the Guardian Media Group, the Scott Trust became a limited company in 2008, with a constitution to maintain the same protections for The Guardian. Profits are reinvested in journalism rather than to the benefit of an owner or shareholders, the Guardian is edited by Katharine Viner, who succeeded Alan Rusbridger in 2015. In 2016, The Guardians print edition had a daily circulation of roughly 162,000 copies in the country, behind The Daily Telegraph. The newspaper has an online UK edition as well as two international websites, Guardian Australia and Guardian US, the newspapers online edition was the fifth most widely read in the world in October 2014, with over 42.6 million readers. Its combined print and online editions reach nearly 9 million British readers, notable scoops include the 2011 News International phone hacking scandal, in particular the hacking of murdered English teenager Milly Dowlers phone.
The investigation led to the closure of the UKs biggest selling Sunday newspaper, and one of the highest circulation newspapers in the world, in 2016, it led the investigation into the Panama Papers, exposing the British Prime Minister David Camerons links to offshore bank accounts. The Guardian has been named Newspaper of the Year four times at the annual British Press Awards, the paper is still occasionally referred to by its nickname of The Grauniad, given originally for the purported frequency of its typographical errors. The Manchester Guardian was founded in Manchester in 1821 by cotton merchant John Edward Taylor with backing from the Little Circle and they launched their paper after the police closure of the more radical Manchester Observer, a paper that had championed the cause of the Peterloo Massacre protesters. They do not toil, neither do they spin, but they better than those that do. When the government closed down the Manchester Observer, the champions had the upper hand. The influential journalist Jeremiah Garnett joined Taylor during the establishment of the paper, the prospectus announcing the new publication proclaimed that it would zealously enforce the principles of civil and religious Liberty.
Warmly advocate the cause of Reform, endeavour to assist in the diffusion of just principles of Political Economy and. Support, without reference to the party from which they emanate, in 1825 the paper merged with the British Volunteer and was known as The Manchester Guardian and British Volunteer until 1828. The working-class Manchester and Salford Advertiser called the Manchester Guardian the foul prostitute, the Manchester Guardian was generally hostile to labours claims. The Manchester Guardian dismissed strikes as the work of outside agitators –, if an accommodation can be effected, the occupation of the agents of the Union is gone. CP Scott made the newspaper nationally recognised and he was editor for 57 years from 1872, and became its owner when he bought the paper from the estate of Taylors son in 1907. Under Scott, the moderate editorial line became more radical, supporting William Gladstone when the Liberals split in 1886
Colombia national football team
The Colombia national football team represents Colombia in international football competitions and is overseen by the Colombian Football Federation. It is a member of the CONMEBOL and is ranked seventh in the FIFA World Rankings. The team are nicknamed Los Cafeteros due to the production in their country. Since the mid-1980s, the team has been a symbol fighting the countrys negative reputation. This has made the popular and made the national team a sign of nationalism, pride. Colombia is known for having a fan base. Colombia had its strongest period during the 1990s, a 1993 match resulted in a 5–0 win over Argentina which began a special mutual respect rivalry between both nations. The goalkeeper René Higuita achieved fame from his eccentric scorpion kick clearance against England at Wembley Stadium in 1995, stars from Colombias team included Carlos Valderrama and Faustino Asprilla. During this era Colombia qualified for the 1990,1994, and 1998 World Cups, following the death of Andrés Escobar after the 1994 World Cup, Colombias team faded in the latter half of the 1990s.
They were the champions of the 2001 Copa América, which hosted and set a new Copa América record of conceding no goals. Prior to that success, they were runners-up to Peru in the 1975 Copa América, in total, Colombia has gained a top four result in seven Copa Américas. Colombia was the first team to win FIFA best mover in 1993 where the achievement was first introduced, Colombia missed three World Cups between 2002 and 2010. After a 16-year-long wait, in 2014 Colombia finally returned to the World Cup, where they were able to advance to the quarter-finals, Colombias midfielder James Rodríguez won two awards, the Golden Boot for most goals and Best Goal of the Tournament. The 1962 World Cup match against the Soviet Union finished in a 4–4 tie after Colombia had been down 4–1, in that game, Colombia scored a direct corner kick goal, making it the only direct corner kick goal in World Cup history. Colombia played its first official matches at the 1938 Central American and Caribbean Games, the Colombia national football team was composed mostly by all the players of the Club Juventud Bogotana.
Alfonso Novoa was the manager of Colombia until 23 February, the first game was played on 10 February 1938 against Mexico. Colombia was defeated 1–3, Luis Argüelles, Luis de la Fuente and Horacio Casarín scored for Mexico, Colombia was able to obtain the bronze medal, with two wins and three losses. The same year, Colombia played at the I Bolivarian Games in Bogotá, fernando Paternoster was the manager of Colombia, the sides first foreign manager
Super Bowl XLVII
The Ravens defeated the 49ers by the score of 34–31, handing the 49ers their first Super Bowl loss in franchise history. The game was played on February 3,2013, at Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans and this was the tenth Super Bowl to be played in New Orleans, equaling Miamis record of ten in an individual city. In addition, Super Bowl XLVII was the first to two teams that had undefeated records in previous Super Bowl games. The Ravens, who posted a 10–6 regular-season record, made their second Super Bowl appearance in 12 years, Baltimore built a 28–6 lead early in the third quarter before a partial power outage in the Superdome suspended play for 34 minutes. After play resumed, San Francisco scored 17 unanswered third-quarter points to cut the Ravens lead to 28–23, with the Ravens leading late in the game, 34–29, the 49ers advanced to the Baltimore 7-yard line just before the two-minute warning but turned the ball over on downs. The Ravens took a safety in the waning moments of the game to preserve the victory. CBS broadcast the game in the U. S.
and charged an average of $4 million for a 30-second commercial during the game, the highest rate for any Super Bowl. According to Nielsen, Super Bowl XLVII was viewed by an average of 108.69 million people in the United States. Beyoncé performed in the Super Bowl XLVII halftime show, which featured a reunion with her fellow members from Destinys Child, Kelly Rowland and Michelle Williams. Currently, this phenomenon can only be repeated if either the Ravens or the New York Jets play against either the Tampa Bay Buccaneers or the New Orleans Saints in a subsequent Super Bowl. Baltimores victory made them the only current NFL franchise to have appeared in at least two Super Bowls without ever losing any of their appearances. This was the time that the city has hosted the Super Bowl, by far the most by an individual city. New Orleans artist Ally Burguieres was selected to design the official medallion for Super Bowl XLVII, because of the February 3 date of Super Bowl XLVII, the 2013 Mardi Gras calendar in Orleans Parish was changed.
Parades scheduled for February 3 and before were moved one week. The same situation occurred in 2002 when the 9/11 attacks caused a delay in the 2001 NFL season. This was the 49ers second Super Bowl played at the Superdome—the first being Super Bowl XXIV when they beat the Denver Broncos 55–10, the 49ers and New England Patriots are the only teams so far to play two or more Super Bowls at the Superdome. The 49ers joined the Broncos and the Colts in playing two Super Bowls at two different stadiums, the 49ers won Super Bowls XXIII and XXIX in Miami at what is now known as Hard Rock Stadium. Due to an outage affecting half the stadium during the third quarter
Toronto is the most populous city in Canada and the provincial capital of Ontario. With a population of 2,731,571, it is the fourth most populous city in North America after Mexico City, New York City, and Los Angeles. A global city, Toronto is a centre of business, finance and culture. Aboriginal peoples have inhabited the area now known as Toronto for thousands of years, the city itself is situated on the southern terminus of an ancient Aboriginal trail leading north to Lake Simcoe, used by the Wyandot and the Mississauga. Permanent European settlement began in the 1790s, after the broadly disputed Toronto Purchase of 1787, the British established the town of York, and designated it as the capital of Upper Canada. During the War of 1812, the town was the site of the Battle of York, York was renamed and incorporated as the city of Toronto in 1834, and became the capital of the province of Ontario during the Canadian Confederation in 1867. The city proper has since expanded past its original borders through amalgamation with surrounding municipalities at various times in its history to its current area of 630.2 km2.
While the majority of Torontonians speak English as their primary language, Toronto is a prominent centre for music, motion picture production, and television production, and is home to the headquarters of Canadas major national broadcast networks and media outlets. Toronto is known for its skyscrapers and high-rise buildings, in particular the tallest free-standing structure in the Western Hemisphere. The name Toronto is likely derived from the Iroquois word tkaronto and this refers to the northern end of what is now Lake Simcoe, where the Huron had planted tree saplings to corral fish. A portage route from Lake Ontario to Lake Huron running through this point, in the 1660s, the Iroquois established two villages within what is today Toronto, Ganatsekwyagon on the banks of the Rouge River and Teiaiagonon the banks of the Humber River. By 1701, the Mississauga had displaced the Iroquois, who abandoned the Toronto area at the end of the Beaver Wars, French traders founded Fort Rouillé on the current Exhibition grounds in 1750, but abandoned it in 1759.
During the American Revolutionary War, the region saw an influx of British settlers as United Empire Loyalists fled for the British-controlled lands north of Lake Ontario, the new province of Upper Canada was in the process of creation and needed a capital. Dorchester intended the location to be named Toronto, in 1793, Governor John Graves Simcoe established the town of York on the Toronto Purchase lands, instead naming it after Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany. Simcoe decided to move the Upper Canada capital from Newark to York, the York garrison was constructed at the entrance of the towns natural harbour, sheltered by a long sandbar peninsula. The towns settlement formed at the end of the harbour behind the peninsula, near the present-day intersection of Parliament Street. In 1813, as part of the War of 1812, the Battle of York ended in the towns capture, the surrender of the town was negotiated by John Strachan. US soldiers destroyed much of the garrison and set fire to the parliament buildings during their five-day occupation, the sacking of York was a primary motivation for the Burning of Washington by British troops in the war