Fulton County, Arkansas
Fulton County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,245; the county seat is Salem. Fulton County was formed on December 21, 1842, named for William Fulton, the last governor of the Arkansas Territory, it is dry county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 620 square miles, of which 618 square miles is land and 2.1 square miles is water. Ozark County, Missouri Howell County, Missouri Oregon County, Missouri Sharp County Izard County Baxter County As of the 2000 census, there were 11,642 people, 4,810 households, 3,511 families residing in the county; the population density was 19 people per square mile. There were 5,973 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.67% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.06% from other races, 1.19% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,810 households out of which 27.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.40% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.00% were non-families.
24.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.83. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.80% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, 20.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $25,529, the median income for a family was $29,952. Males had a median income of $22,213 versus $18,066 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,712. About 12.70% of families and 16.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.10% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over. Fulton County is the home to several public school districts: Mammoth Spring School District, including Mammoth Spring High School.
Salem School District, including Salem High School. Viola School District, including Viola High School. Ash Flat Cherokee Village Hardy Horseshoe Bend Mammoth Spring Salem Viola Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county; each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Fulton County are listed below. List of lakes in Fulton County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Fulton County, Arkansas
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Stephen Decatur Jr. was a United States naval officer and commodore. He was born on the eastern shore of Maryland in Worcester County, the son of a U. S. naval officer. His father, Stephen Decatur Sr. was a commodore in the U. S. Navy, brought the younger Stephen into the world of ships and sailing early on. Shortly after attending college, Decatur followed in his father's footsteps and joined the U. S. Navy at the age of nineteen as a midshipman. Decatur supervised the construction of several U. S. naval vessels, one of which he commanded. Promoted at age 25, he is the youngest man to reach the rank of captain in the history of the United States Navy, he served under three presidents, played a major role in the early development of the American navy. In every theater of operation, Decatur's service was characterized by acts of heroism and exceptional performance, his service in the Navy took him through both Barbary Wars in North Africa, the Quasi-War with France, the War of 1812 with Britain. He was renowned for his natural ability to lead and for his genuine concern for the seamen under his command.
His numerous naval victories against Britain and the Barbary states established the United States Navy as a rising power. During this period he served aboard and commanded many naval vessels and became a member of the Board of Navy Commissioners, he built a large home in Washington, known as Decatur House, on Lafayette Square, was the center of Washington society in the early 19th century. He became an affluent member of Washington society and counted James Monroe and other Washington dignitaries among his personal friends. Decatur's career came to an early end. Decatur emerged as a national hero in his own lifetime, becoming the first post-Revolutionary War hero, his name and legacy, like that of John Paul Jones, became identified with the United States Navy. Decatur was born on January 5, 1779 in Sinepuxent, Maryland, to Stephen Decatur Sr. a merchant captain and an officer in the young American navy during the American Revolution, his wife Ann Decatur. The family of Decatur was of French descent on Stephen's father's side, while his mother's family was of Irish ancestry.
His parents had arrived from Philadelphia just three months before Stephen was born, having to flee that city during the American Revolution because of the British occupation. They returned to the same residence they had once left for Philadelphia. Decatur's family returned to Philadelphia shortly after Decatur's birth, Decatur grew up in Philadelphia graduating from the Episcopal Academy. Decatur came to love the sailing in a roundabout manner; when Stephen was eight years old, he developed a severe case of whooping cough. In those days, a supposed tonic for this condition was exposure to the salt air of the sea, it was decided that Stephen Jr. would accompany his father aboard a merchant ship on his next voyage to Europe. Sailing across the Atlantic and back proved to be an effective remedy, Decatur came home recovered. In the days following young Stephen's return he was jubilant about his adventure on the high sea and spoke of wanting to go sailing often, his parents had different aspirations his mother who had hopes that Stephen would one day become an Episcopal clergyman, tried to discourage the eight-year-old from such jaunty ambitions, fearing such would distract Stephen from his studies.
At the direction of his father, Decatur attended the Episcopal Academy, at the time an all-boys school that specialized in Latin and religion. He enrolled for one year at the University of Pennsylvania in 1795, where he better applied himself and focused on his studies. At the university, Decatur met and became friends with Charles Stewart and Richard Somers, who would become naval officers themselves. Decatur found the classic studies prosaic and life at the university disagreeable, at the age of 17, with his heart and mind set on ships and the sea, discontinued his studies there. Though his parents were not pleased with his decision, they were wise enough to now let the aspiring young man pursue his own course through life. Through his father's influence, Stephen gained employment at the shipbuilding firm of Gurney and Smith, business associates of his father, acting as supervisor to the early construction of the frigate United States, he was serving on board this vessel as a midshipman when it was launched on May 10, 1797, under the command of Commodore John Barry.
In the years leading up to the Quasi-War, an undeclared naval war with the revolutionary French Republic involving disputes over U. S. trading and shipping with Britain, the U. S. Congress passed the'Act to provide for a Naval Armament' on March 27, 1794; the act provided for the commissioning of six frigates for the Navy. It was promptly signed by George Washington that same day. There was much opposition to the bill, it was amended and allowed to pass with the condition that work on the proposed ships would stop in the event that peace with the Pasha of Algiers was obtained. Construction of the six new American frigates was progressing when, because of a peace accord with Algiers in March 1796, work was halted. After some debate and at the insistence of President Washington, Congress passed an act on April 20, 1796, allowing the construction and funding to continue, but only on the three ships nearest to completion at the time: USS United States, USS Constellation and USS Constitution. In 1798, John Barry obtained Decatur's appointment as midshipman on United States, under
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Missouri's 8th congressional district
Missouri's 8th Congressional District is one of 435 congressional districts in the United States and one of eight congressional districts in the state of Missouri. The district encompasses rural Southeast Missouri and South Central Missouri as well as some counties in Southwest Missouri; the district stretches from the Bootheel in the south to the St. Louis southern exurbs of Festus and surrounding areas in the Lead Belt; the district's largest city is Cape Girardeau. A predominantly rural district, the district votes Republican for national offices. In 2004, President George W. Bush received 63% of the vote in the district over U. S. Senator John Kerry who clinched 36%. In 2008, U. S. Senator John McCain carried the district with 61.92% over U. S. Senator Barack Obama, who received 36.42%. The district increased the margin for Republicans in 2012 when former Governor Mitt Romney gained 65.88% of the vote over President Barack Obama's 31.99%. The district swung towards Republican Donald Trump in the 2016 Election.
Mr. Trump garnered 75.4% of the vote, Democratic Nominee Hillary Clinton received just 21.0% of the vote, making it one of the most Republican Congressional Districts in the United States. Jason T. Smith, a Republican, has represented the district in the U. S. Congress since winning a special election on June 4, 2013; the incumbent Republican U. S. Representative Jo Ann Emerson resigned on January 22, 2013 to take a position as CEO for the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association. Missouri lost one of its nine congressional district seats following redistricting based on population numbers from the 2010 U. S. Census; the Republican-controlled state legislature decided to redefine Missouri's 3rd Congressional District, represented by U. S. Representative Russ Carnahan; the district included all of Ste. Genevieve and Jefferson counties and southern St. Louis County and the neighborhoods making up what is known as South City of St. Louis. Missouri’s 8th Congressional District lost its Taney County parts (which were redistricted to the Southwestern-based 7th Congressional District, picked up all of Crawford and Ste.
Genevieve counties, most of the southern and western rural parts of Jefferson County. Parts of Jefferson County that are now included in Missouri’s 8th include all of the cities of Hillsboro and De Soto, the extreme southern portions of the Twin Cities of Festus and Crystal City. Missouri's 8th is a diverse congressional district. Although it is quite conservative and Republican-leaning at the federal level, Democrats perform well here in local and state elections. Bill Clinton, a Democrat from neighboring Arkansas, carried the previous 8th District both times in 1992 and 1996. At the local level, Democrats control a slight majority of elected county offices in Southeast Missouri. In presidential elections, Democratic candidates perform best in the Bootheel, an agricultural area, the most impoverished region in the district, it has a wide majority of whites and a significant minority of African Americans. Democrats do well in the Lead Belt region, which contains a core constituency of voters who belong to labor unions in the mining industry.
The district takes in a large swath of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the dominant religion in most counties in the district. This influence is demonstrated in conservative voters' positions on social issues such as abortion, gay rights and gun control. Racially, this district is predominately white. Many voters here maintain a rural lifestyle where agriculture and farming are the backbone of the economy and are important issues of concern. Socioeconomically, it is the poorest district in Missouri. There are 30 counties included in the district; these numbers reflect only the eastern sections of Taney County that were included in the 8th Congressional District. These numbers reflect only the eastern sections of Taney County that were included in the 8th Congressional District; these numbers reflect only the western and southern sections of Jefferson County that are included in the 8th Congressional District. These numbers reflect only the eastern sections of Taney County that were included in the 8th Congressional District at the time of the Missouri Democratic Presidential Primary on Super Tuesday, February 5, 2008.
These numbers reflect only the eastern sections of Taney County that were included in the 8th Congressional District at the time of the Missouri Republican Presidential Primary on Super Tuesday, February 5, 2008. The 10 largest cities in the district are as follows. Southeast Missouri State University - Cape Girardeau Southeast Missouri State University-Kennett Southeast Missouri State University-Malden Perryville Area Higher Education Center - Perryville Sikeston Area Higher Education Center - Sikeston Southeast Missouri Hospital College of Nursing Missouri University of Science and Technology - Rolla Missouri State University - Springfield - Located in Missouri's 7th congressional district Missouri State University-Mountain Grove Missouri State University-West Plains (Satellite
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Baxter County, Arkansas
Baxter County is a county in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 41,513; the county seat is Mountain Home. It is Arkansas's 66th county, formed on March 24, 1873, named for Elisha Baxter, the tenth governor of Arkansas; the Mountain Home, AR, Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Baxter County. It is in the northern part of bordering Missouri, it is referred to as the Twin Lakes Area because it is bordered by two of Arkansas' largest lakes, Bull Shoals Lake and Norfork Lake. On its southern border is the Norfork Tailwater and the Buffalo National River. Mountain Home, a small town whose origins date back to the early nineteenth century, is located in north-central Arkansas on a plateau in the Ozark Mountains; the natural environment of nearby Norfork and Bull Shoals lakes and the surrounding countryside has attracted tourists from around the country for many years. Educational institutions have played a role in the life of the community; the Baxter Bulletin weekly newspaper was named in 1973 by the Newspaper Enterprise Association as the "Best Overall Weekly Newspaper in the United States" in the over 10,000-circulation category.
At the time it was the largest weekly paper in Arkansas. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 587 square miles, of which 554 square miles is land and 32 square miles is water. Ozark County, Missouri Fulton County Izard County Stone County Searcy County Marion County Buffalo National River Ozark National Forest As of the 2000 census, there were 38,386 people, 17,052 households, 11,799 families residing in the county; the population density was 69 people per square mile. There were 19,891 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.81% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races. 1.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 17,052 households out of which 22.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.80% were non-families.
27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.65. In the county, the population was spread out with 19.00% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 21.10% from 25 to 44, 27.40% from 45 to 64, 26.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 92.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,106, the median income for a family was $34,578. Males had a median income of $25,976 versus $18,923 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,859. About 7.90% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.70% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over. As of 2010 Baxter County had a population of 41,513; the racial makeup was 95.96% Non-Hispanic whites, 0.16% blacks, 0.56% Native Americans, 0.41% Asians, 0.04% Pacific Islanders, 1.25% Non-Hispanics reporting more than one race and 1.66% Hispanic or Latino.
Briarcliff Cotter Gassville Lakeview Mountain Home Norfork Salesville Big Flat Midway Buford Clarkridge Gamaliel Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Baxter County are listed below. Richard Antrim – naval rear admiral, World War II veteran and Medal of Honor recipient Lonnie D. Bentley – professor and the head of the Department of Computer and Information Technology at Purdue University Robbie Branscum – writer of children's books and young adult fiction Bob Cohee - former county judge, former state Republican chairman Johnny R. Key - member of the Arkansas State Senate from Baxter County since 2009 Richard A. Knaak – author of Minotaur Wars and other contributions to Dragonlance Carolyn D. Wright – poet, born in Mountain Home List of lakes in Baxter County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Baxter County, Arkansas Baxter County government's website Baxter County, Arkansas at Curlie Ozark Amateur Radio Club - website