Osborne Earl "Ozzie" Smith is an American former baseball shortstop who played in Major League Baseball for the San Diego Padres and St. Louis Cardinals from 1978 to 1996. Nicknamed "The Wizard" for his defensive brilliance, Smith set major league records for career assists and double plays by a shortstop, as well as the National League record with 2,511 career games at the position. A 15-time All-Star, he accumulated 2,460 hits and 580 stolen bases during his career, won the NL Silver Slugger Award as the best-hitting shortstop in 1987, he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility in 2002. He was elected to the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame in the inaugural class of 2014. Smith was born in Mobile, but his family moved to Watts, Los Angeles, when he was six years old. While participating in childhood athletic activities, Smith developed quick reflexes. Drafted as an amateur player by the Padres, Smith made his major league debut in 1978, he established himself as an outstanding fielder, became known for performing backflips on special occasions while taking his position at the beginning of a game.
Smith won his first Gold Glove Award in 1980, made his first All-Star Game appearance in 1981. When conflict with Padres' ownership developed, he was traded to the Cardinals for shortstop Garry Templeton in 1982. Upon joining the Cardinals, Smith helped. Three years his game-winning home run during Game 5 of the 1985 National League Championship Series prompted broadcaster Jack Buck's "Go crazy, folks!" play-by-play call. Despite a rotator cuff injury during the 1985 season, Smith posted career highs in multiple offensive categories in 1987. Smith continued to earn Gold Gloves and All-Star appearances on an annual basis until 1993. During 1995 season, Smith was out nearly three months. After tension with his new manager Tony La Russa developed in 1996, Smith retired at season's end, his uniform number was subsequently retired by the Cardinals. Smith served as host of the television show This Week in Baseball from 1997 to 1998. Smith was born in Mobile, the second of Clovi and Marvella Smith's six children.
While the family lived in Mobile, his father worked as a sandblaster at Brookley Air Force Base. When Smith was six his family moved to the Watts section of Los Angeles, his father became a delivery truck driver for Safeway stores, while his mother became an aide at a nursing home. His mother was an influential part of his life who stressed the importance of education and encouraged him to pursue his dreams. Smith considered baseball to be his favorite, he developed quick reflexes through various athletic and leisure activity, such as bouncing a ball off the concrete steps in front of his house, moving in closer to reduce reaction time with each throw. When not at the local YMCA or playing sports, Smith sometimes went with friends to the neighborhood lumberyard, springboarding off inner tubes and doing flips into sawdust piles. In 1965, at age 10, he endured the Watts Riots with his family, recalling that, "We had to sleep on the floor because of all the sniping and looting going on."While Smith was attending junior high school, his parents divorced.
Continuing to pursue his interest in baseball, he would ride the bus for nearly an hour to reach Dodger Stadium, cheering for the Los Angeles Dodgers at about 25 games a year. Upon becoming a student at Locke High School, Smith played on the baseball teams. Smith was a teammate of future National Basketball Association player Marques Johnson on the basketball team, a teammate of future fellow Hall-of-Fame player Eddie Murray on the baseball side. After high school Smith attended Cal Poly San Luis Obispo in 1974 on a partial academic scholarship, managed to walk-on to the baseball team. In addition to his academic education, he learned to switch-hit from Cal Poly coach Berdy Harr; when Cal Poly's starting shortstop broke his leg midway through the 1974 season, Smith subsequently took over the starting role. Named an All-American athlete, he established school records in career at bats and career stolen bases before graduating in 1977. Smith was playing semi-professional baseball in Clarinda, when in June 1976 he was selected in the seventh round of the amateur entry draft by the Detroit Tigers.
The parties could not agree on a contract. Smith returned to Cal Poly for his senior year in the 1977 draft was selected in the fourth round by the San Diego Padres agreeing to a contract that included a $5,000 signing bonus. Smith spent his first year of professional baseball during 1977 with the Class A Walla Walla Padres of the Northwest League. Smith began 1978 as a non-roster invitee to the San Diego Padres' spring training camp in Yuma, Arizona. Smith credited Padres manager Alvin Dark for giving him confidence by telling reporters the shortstop job was Smith's until he proved he can't handle it. Though Dark was fired in the middle of training camp, Smith made his Major League Baseball debut on April 7, 1978, it did not take long for Smith to earn recognition in the major leagues, making what some consider his greatest fielding play only 10 games into his rookie season. The Padr
Codename Cougar is a 1989 Chinese thriller film. It was co-directed by Yang Fengliang. Unlike the bulk of Zhang's early works, which were all historical pieces, Codename Cougar is a modern thriller involving a skyjacked airliner and political intrigue; the film was made as a private investment by a friend of Zhang, but parts of their initial ideas were censored by the Chinese authorities. In the end, the film broke but earned no profits. Zhang called it "a purely commercial gun chase film"; the film follows a commercial airliner on a routine flight between Taipei and Seoul, hijacked and taken to mainland China by the fictional Taiwan Revolutionary Army Front. Communist authorities cannot seize the plane because of the presence of an important business figure on the flight, agree to cooperate discreetly with Taiwanese authorities to defuse an tense situation. Gong Li as A Li Ge You as Zheng Xianping Liu Xiaoning as Liang Zhuang Wang Xueqi as Huang Jingru Tian Min Yang Yazhou Yu Rongguang The film is considered a failure or a footnote to Zhang's general oeuvre.
Thomas F. Gieryn is Rudy Professor of Sociology at Indiana University, he is the Vice Provost of Faculty and Academic Affairs. In his research, he focuses on philosophy and sociology of science from a cultural, social and humanistic perspective, he is known for developing the concept of "boundary-work," that is, instances in which boundaries, demarcations, or other divisions between fields of knowledge are created, attacked, or reinforced. He has served on many councils and boards, including the Advisory Board of the exhibition on "Science in American Life" by the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, he retired in 2015 from his professorship at Indiana University. 1982, Edwin H. Sutherland Teaching Award, Department of Sociology, Indiana University 1994, President's Award for Distinguished Teaching, Indiana University 1990, Gieryn won the Robert K. Merton Book Award from the Section on Science and Technology of the American Sociological Association. Gieryn, Thomas F.. Patterns in the selection of problems for scientific research: American astronomers, 1950-75.
OCLC 65769225. Merton, Robert. Science and social structure: a festschrift for Robert K. Merton. Thomas F. Gieryn. New York N. Y.: New York Academy of Sciences. ISBN 978-0-89766-043-3. Merton, Robert King. Rosenblatt. Social research and the practicing professions. Cambridge, Mass.: Abt Books. ISBN 0-89011-569-9. Wagenaar, Theodore C.. Readings and review for sociology, fifth edition. New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 978-0-07-557130-8. ISBN 0-07-557130-7. Gieryn, Thomas F.. Theories of science in society. Science and society. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Books on Demand. ISBN 0-253-31471-2. OCLC 222846100. Gieryn, Thomas F.. Cultural boundaries of science: credibility on the line. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-29261-4. Sociology of scientific knowledge Conflict thesis Demarcation problem Science wars Homepage of Gieryn