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Panentheism

Panentheism is the belief that the divine pervades and interpenetrates every part of the universe and extends beyond space and time. The term was coined by the German philosopher Karl Krause in 1828 to distinguish the ideas of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling about the relation of God and the universe from the supposed pantheism of Baruch Spinoza. Unlike pantheism, which holds that the divine and the universe are identical, panentheism maintains an ontological distinction between the divine and the non-divine and the significance of both. In panentheism, God is viewed as the soul of the universe, the universal spirit present everywhere, which at the same time "transcends" all things created. While pantheism asserts that "all is God", panentheism claims; some versions of panentheism suggest that the universe is nothing more than the manifestation of God. In addition, some forms indicate that the universe is contained within God, like in the Kabbalah concept of tzimtzum.

Much Hindu thought is characterized by panentheism and pantheism. The basic tradition however, on which Krause's concept was built, seems to have been Neoplatonic philosophy and its successors in Western philosophy and Orthodox theology; the religious beliefs of Neoplatonism can be regarded as panentheistic. Plotinus taught that there was an ineffable transcendent God of which subsequent realities were emanations. From "the One" emanates the Cosmic Soul. In Neoplatonism the world itself is God; this concept of divinity is associated with that of the Logos, which had originated centuries earlier with Heraclitus. The Logos pervades the cosmos, whereby all thoughts and all things originate, or as Heraclitus said: "He who hears not me but the Logos will say: All is one." Neoplatonists such as Iamblichus attempted to reconcile this perspective by adding another hypostasis above the original monad of force or Dunamis. This new all-pervasive monad encompassed its original uncreated emanations. Baruch Spinoza claimed that "Whatsoever is, is in God, without God nothing can be, or be conceived."

"Individual things are nothing but modifications of the attributes of God, or modes by which the attributes of God are expressed in a fixed and definite manner." Though Spinoza has been called the "prophet" and "prince" of pantheism, in a letter to Henry Oldenburg Spinoza states that: "as to the view of certain people that I identify god with nature, they are quite mistaken". For Spinoza, our universe is a mode under two attributes of Extension. God has infinitely many other attributes. According to German philosopher Karl Jaspers, when Spinoza wrote "Deus sive Natura" Spinoza did not mean to say that God and Nature are interchangeable terms, but rather that God's transcendence was attested by his infinitely many attributes, that two attributes known by humans, namely Thought and Extension, signified God's immanence. Furthermore, Martial Guéroult suggested the term "panentheism", rather than "pantheism" to describe Spinoza's view of the relation between God and the world; the world is not God.

Yet, American philosopher and self-described panentheist Charles Hartshorne referred to Spinoza's philosophy as "classical pantheism" and distinguished Spinoza's philosophy from panentheism. In 1828, the German philosopher Karl Christian Friedrich Krause seeking to reconcile monotheism and pantheism, coined the term panentheism; this conception of God influenced New England transcendentalists such as Ralph Waldo Emerson. The term was popularized by Charles Hartshorne in his development of process theology and has been identified with the New Thought; the formalization of this term in the West in the 19th century was not new. Philosophers who embraced panentheism have included Thomas Hill Green, James Ward, Andrew Seth Pringle-Pattison and Samuel Alexander. Beginning in the 1940s, Hartshorne examined numerous conceptions of God, he reviewed and discarded pantheism and pandeism in favor of panentheism, finding that such a "doctrine contains all of deism and pandeism except their arbitrary negations".

Hartshorne formulated God as a being who could become "more perfect": He has absolute perfection in categories for which absolute perfection is possible, relative perfection in categories for which perfection cannot be determined. Earliest reference to panentheistic thought in Hindu philosophy is in a creation myth contained in the section of Rig Veda called the Purusha Sukta, compiled before 1100 BCE; the Purusha Sukta gives a description of the spiritual unity of the cosmos. It presents the nature of Purusha or the cosmic being as both immanent in the manifested world and yet transcendent to it. From this being the sukta holds, the original creative will proceeds, by which this vast universe is projected in space and time; the most influential and dominant school of Indian philosophy, Advaita Vedanta, rejects theism and dualism by insisting that "Brahman is without parts or attributes...one without a second." Since Brahman has no properties, contains no internal diversity and is identical with the who

Dinosaurs (TV series)

Dinosaurs is an American family sitcom television series, broadcast on ABC from April 26, 1991, to October 19, 1994. The show, about a family of anthropomorphic dinosaurs, was produced by Michael Jacobs Productions and Jim Henson Television in association with Walt Disney Television and distributed by Buena Vista International, Inc; the characters were designed by Henson team member Kirk Thatcher. News stories written at the time of the show's premiere highlighted Dinosaurs' connection to Jim Henson, who died the year before. Henson conceived the show in 1988, according to an article in The New York Times, adding he wanted it to be a sitcom, but about a family of dinosaurs; until the success of The Simpsons, according to Alex Rockwell, a vice president of the Henson organization, "people thought it was a crazy idea."In the late 1980s, Henson worked with William Stout, a fantasy artist and designer, on a feature film starring animatronic dinosaurs with the working title of The Natural History Project.

Dinosaurs is set in 60,000,003 BC in Pangaea. The show centers on the Sinclair family: Earl Sinclair, Fran Sinclair, their three children and Fran's mother, Ethyl. Earl's job is to push over trees for the Wesayso Corporation with his friend and coworker Roy Hess, where they work under the supervision of their boss Bradley P. Richfield; the focus of the show's plot is the Sinclair family: Earl, Robbie, Charlene and Ethyl. Character and family names throughout the series referred to petroleum companies and/or petroleum products. For example: Sinclair, Hess, B. P. Richfield, Ethyl, among others; the following characters are not in the Unisaurs category below: Outside of the recurring characters, there are a group of dinosaur characters called Unisaurs. They are customizable dinosaur characters similar to the Whatnots from The Muppet Show and the Anything Muppets from Sesame Street; some of the Unisaurs are Full-Bodied. They come in different types; the following are the Full-Bodied Unisaurs: The Hand-Puppet Unisaurs are used for television personalities, officials, audience members, other characters that can be viewed from the waist up.

Here are the following Unisaurs in that category: Topical issues featured in Dinosaurs include environmentalism, endangered species, women's rights, sexual harassment, LGBT rights, objectification of women, civil rights, body image, steroid use, allusions to masturbation, drug abuse, peer pressure, rights of indigenous peoples, corporate crime, government interference in parenting, pacifism. In the episode "I Never Ate for My Father," in lieu of carnivorism, Robbie chooses to eat vegetables, the other characters liken this to communism, drug abuse. In the final season, "The Greatest Story Ever Sold" references religion when the Sinclair family becomes eager to learn the meaning of their existence; the Elders dictate a new system of beliefs, the entire cast abandons science to blindly follow the newly popular "Potato-ism". Another religious-themed episode was "The Last Temptation of Ethyl," in which Ethyl willingly allows a televangelist to exploit her near-death experience to extort money from followers.

She backs out after having a second such experience, where instead of heaven, she experiences a "place not so nice": an existence surrounded by nothing but multiple Earl Sinclairs. Several jokes in the series were at the expense of television shows in general. Earl wants to watch TV rather than do something more practical, several jokes accuse television of "dumbing down" the population and making it lazy. Captain Action Figure shows up in children's programming. Whenever Captain Action Figure mentions a product, the screen flashes "Tell Mommy I WANT THAT!". Before the appearance of Georgie, Dinosaurs used a puppet reminiscent of Barney the Dinosaur named "Blarney" in two episodes. During his appearances, members of the Sinclair family commented on his annoying characteristics and failure to teach anything to children; the characters will sometimes break the fourth wall as well Baby. An example of such is seen in the episode "Nature Calls" when Fran and Earl spell out words in front of Baby during an argument, after looking at the camera and saying "This could get ugly", proceeds to spell out "They think I can't spell" with his alphabet blocks.

The series finale of Dinosaurs, titled "Changing Nature", depicts the irresponsible actions of the dinosaurs toward their environment, the ensuing Ice Age which leads to their demise. In the episode, a swarm of Bunch Beetles are unable to devour a form of creeper vine. Charlene discovers that WESAYSO has constructed a wax fruit factory called FruitCo on the swampland that serves as the Bunch Beetles' breeding grounds, causing the extinction of the species. Fearing a public relations fiasco more than any environmental threat, WESAYSO puts Earl in charge of an attempt to destroy the vines, which have grown out of control

Robert Daniel Potter

Robert Daniel Potter was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina. Born in Wilmington, North Carolina, Potter received an Artium Baccalaureus degree from Duke University in 1947, he received a Bachelor of Laws from Duke University School of Law in 1950. He was in the United States Army from 1944 to 1947, he was in private practice of law in Charlotte, North Carolina from 1951 to 1981. He was a Commissioner of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina from 1966 to 1968. Potter was a campaign worker for Republican Senator Jesse Helms of North Carolina, who recommended his appointment to the federal bench to President Ronald Reagan. Potter was nominated by President Ronald Reagan on October 1, 1981, to the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, to a new seat created by 92 Stat. 1629. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 29, 1981, received commission the same day, he served as Chief Judge from 1984 to 1991.

He assumed senior status on May 1, 1994, serving that status until his death on July 2, 2009, in Charlotte. Potter was known for sentencing convicted defendants to long terns at or near the maximum, a tendency that won him the nickname "Maximum Bob." Potter was the presiding judge in the 1989 trial of televangelist Jim Bakker, who Potter sentenced to 45 years in prison for fake multiple fraud and conspiracy accusations. In passing sentence, Potter stated: "Those of us who do have a religion are sick of being saps for money-grubbing preachers and priests." On appeal, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit affirmed the conviction but vacated the sentence, holding that "Regrettably, we are left with the apprehension that the imposition of a lengthy prison term here may have reflected the fact that the court's own sense of religious propriety had somehow been betrayed. In this way, we believe that the trial court abused its discretion."In 1997, in the case of Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, Potter ordered the termination of desegregation busing of students in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg School District, ruling that the district had achieved "unitary" status.

The decision was overturned by the Fourth Circuit in 2000. Potter was a longtime financial supporter of Christendom College, he was a member of its advisory board. Potter was Roman Catholic. Robert Daniel Potter at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center