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In religion, paradise is a place of exceptional happiness and delight. Paradisiacal notions are laden with pastoral imagery, may be cosmogonical or eschatological or both compared to the miseries of human civilization: in paradise there is only peace and happiness. Paradise is a place of a land of luxury and fulfillment. Paradise is described as a "higher place", the holiest place, in contrast to this world, or underworlds such as Hell. In eschatological contexts, paradise is imagined as an abode of the virtuous dead. In Christian and Islamic understanding, Heaven is a paradisiacal relief. In old Egyptian beliefs, the otherworld is Aaru, the reed-fields of ideal hunting and fishing grounds where the dead lived after judgment. For the Celts, it was the Fortunate Isle of Mag Mell. For the classical Greeks, the Elysian fields was a paradisiacal land of plenty where the heroic and righteous dead hoped to spend eternity; the Vedic Indians held that the physical body was destroyed by fire but recreated and reunited in the Third Heaven in a state of bliss.

In Buddhism and the heaven are synonymous, with higher levels available to beings who have achieved special attainments of virtue and meditation. In the Zoroastrian Avesta, the "Best Existence" and the "House of Song" are places of the righteous dead. On the other hand, in cosmogonical contexts'paradise' describes the world before it was tainted by evil; the concept is a theme in art and literature of the pre-Enlightenment era, a well-known representative of, John Milton's Paradise Lost. The word "paradise" entered English from the French paradis, inherited from the Latin paradisus, from Greek parádeisos, from an Old Iranian form, from Proto-Iranian*parādaiĵah- "walled enclosure", whence Old Persian p-r-d-y-d-a-m /paridaidam/, Avestan ⸱ pairi-daêza-. By the 6th/5th century BCE, the Old Iranian word had been borrowed into Assyrian pardesu "domain", it subsequently came to indicate the expansive walled gardens of the First Persian Empire, was subsequently borrowed into Greek as παράδεισος parádeisos "park for animals" in the Anabasis of the early 4th century BCE Athenian Xenophon, Aramaic as pardaysa "royal park", Hebrew as פַּרְדֵּס pardes, "orchard".

In the Septuagint, Greek παράδεισος parádeisos was used to translate both Hebrew פרדס pardes and Hebrew גן gan, "garden" (e.g.: it is from this usage that the use of "paradise" to refer to the Garden of Eden derives. The same usage appears in Arabic and in the Quran as firdaws فردوس; the word's etymology is derived from a PIE root *dheigʷ "to stick and set up". It is reflected in Avestan as ⸱ pairi-daêza-; the literal meaning of this Eastern Old Iranian language word is "walled", from pairi-'around' and -diz "to make, build". The idea of a walled enclosure was not preserved in most Iranian usage, came to refer to a plantation or other cultivated area, not walled. For example, the Old Iranian word survives as Pardis in New Persian as well as its derivative pālīz, which denotes a vegetable patch; the word pardes does not appear before the post-Exilic period. In Second Temple era Judaism "paradise" came to be associated with the Garden of Eden and prophesies of restoration of Eden, transferred to heaven.

The Septuagint uses the word around 30 times, both of Eden, of Eden restored. In the Apocalypse of Moses and Eve are expelled from paradise after having been tricked by the serpent. After the death of Adam, the Archangel Michael carries the body of Adam to be buried in Paradise, in the Third Heaven; the New Testament use and understanding of paradise parallels that of contemporary Judaism. The word is used three times in the New Testament writings: Luke 23:43 – by Jesus on the cross, in response to the thief's request that Jesus remember him when he came into his kingdom. 2 Cor.12:4 – in Paul's description of a man's description of a third heaven paradise, which may in fact be a vision Paul himself saw. Rev.2:7 – in a reference to the Gen.2:8 paradise and the tree of life In the Talmud and the Jewish Kabbalah, the scholars agree that there are two types of spiritual places called "Garden in Eden". The first is rather terrestrial, of abundant fertility and luxuriant vegetation, known as the "lower Gan Eden".

The second is envisioned as being celestial, the habitation of righteous and non-Jewish, immortal souls, known as the "higher Gan Eden". The rabbis differentiate between Eden. Adam is said to have dwelt only in the Gan, whereas Eden is said never to be witnessed by any mortal eye. According to Jewish eschatology, the higher Gan Eden is called the "Garden of Righteousness", it has been created since the beginning of the world, will appear gloriously at the end of time. The righteous dwelling there will enjoy the sight of the heavenly chayot carrying the throne of God; each of the righteous will walk with God. Its Jewish and non-Jewish inhabitants are "clothed with garments of light and eternal life, eat of the tree of life" near to God and His anointed ones; this Jewish rabbinical concept of a

Mina Gerowin

Mina Gerowin is an American business executive and hedge fund manager, notable for her role in Paulson & Co.'s pre-2007, highly profitable, bets against the soundness of synthetic collateralized debt obligations in the financial crisis of 2007. Gerowin is the daughter of Charles Gerowin, she is a graduate of Smith College. She received a law degree from the University of Virginia, where she was an editor of the Virginia Journal of International Law, writing on foreign direct investment regulation, she received an M. B. A. from Harvard, where she was a Baker Scholar, as well as an honorary doctorate from the University of New Haven. Gerowin was one of the first women to break into the hedge fund industry, she was the first woman in M&A at Lazard Freres & Co. where she was the first female Vice President. She joined Paulson & Co. in 2004. Moving to London in 2008, she headed Paulson's European event and credit investment team. In 2009 Gerowin won the European Hedge Fund Leadership Award of 100 Women in Hedge Funds, has been named several times as one of the Top 100 Women in Hedge Funds by the Hedge Fund Journal and as one of the Top 50 Women in Finance by efinancial news/Dow Jones.

Gerowin retired from Paulson & Co. in 2012 and became a non-executive director of EXOR, better known for its Fiat Chrysler Automobiles holding. She is a non-executive Director of CNH Industrial NV and of Lafarge SA. Gerowin is a member of the Global Advisory Committee of Samsung Asset Management. In 2000, Gerowin married Jeffrey Herrmann in New York. Gerowin and Herrmann made headlines in 2010 when the British High Court invalidated their claim to a share in a nearby locked garden, on the basis of a few inches of frontage; the couple spent £150,000 in legal fees. The case, including the claimants' status as wealthy Americans, was gleefully reported in the British press. Subsequently, the couple sued the law firm Withers LLP for negligence relating to the legal advice they had provided on this matter. Withers LLP were ordered to pay costs for both cases, as well as substantial additional charges. "100 Women in Hedge Funds"

Cannabis policy of the Donald Trump administration

Marijuana and the rights of individual states to legalize recreational and medical marijuana was an issue of President Donald Trump's presidential campaign, he formally stated during his campaign that he believed states should have the right to manage their own policies with regard to medical and recreational marijuana. On February 23, 2017, Sean Spicer during a White House press conference stated: that the United States Department of Justice may seek greater enforcement of marijuana legislation at the federal level against states who sponsor and distribute recreational marijuana, he went on to state that President Trump supports the legalization of medical marijuana for those who are suffering with a medical condition. Sean Spicer stated that the administration believed there was a link between recreational marijuana use and opiate abuse, despite current studies that show the reverse and that marijuana use results in a lower incidence of opiate abuse. Spicer said: "There is a big difference between the medical use, different from the recreational use, something the Department of Justice will be further looking into."

"There's two distinct issues here: recreational marijuana. I think medical marijuana, I’ve said before, that the president understands the pain and suffering that many people go through, who are facing terminal diseases, the comfort that some of these drugs, including medical marijuana, can bring to them, and that’s one that Congress, through a rider in 2014, put an appropriations bill saying that the Department of Justice wouldn’t be funded to go after those folks."A signing statement on the 2017 federal budget was one of the first official statements on the administration's policies. In it, according to Bloomberg News, the President "signaled he may ignore a congressional ban on interfering with state medical marijuana laws". On January 4, 2018, Attorney General Jeff Sessions rescinded three Obama-era memos that had adopted a policy of non-interference with states that have legalized recreational marijuana, including the 2013 Cole Memorandum. On April 13, US Senator Cory Gardner stated that Trump reaffirmed his commitment to upholding the rights of states to regulate cannabis within their associated jurisdictions and assured states with legalized cannabis that the rescission of the Cole Memo would not subject them to federal prosecutors, after Gardner threatened to block the appointment of 20 DOJ nominees in response to the memo's rescission.

In June 2018, President Trump stated that he would "probably" support the STATES Act, a bipartisan bill which would end the federal prohibition on marijuana and leave the issue up to the states. As of 2019, thirty-seven states have legalized marijuana for medical use. Alaska, Colorado, Maine, Nevada, Vermont and Washington and the District of Columbia have legalized it for recreational use as well. On April 19, 2017, the governors of Alaska, Colorado and Washington sent a letter to the U. S. administration urging continuation of Federal policy under the Cole Memorandum. In response to the February 2017 announced crackdown, Washington State Attorney General Bob Ferguson stated Washington will defend its marijuana laws: “I will resist any efforts by the Trump administration to undermine the will of the voters in Washington state,” Ferguson said in an interview. On February 15, Ferguson and Governor Jay Inslee sent a letter to U. S. attorney general Jeff Sessions stating that illegal dealing in the State of Washington has been replaced with a tax-paying regulated industry, the move has freed up law enforcement officers for other duties.

“Given the limited resources available for marijuana law enforcement, a return to ‘full’ prohibition’ is unlikely to end the illicit production and consumption of marijuana,” said Ferguson and Inslee in the letter. Responding to the February 2017 announced crackdown, Nevada Senate Majority Leader Aaron D. Ford called on the state’s attorney general to “vigorously defend” the state's laws. “Not only did voters overwhelmingly vote to approve the legalization of recreational marijuana, the governor’s proposed education budget depends on tax revenue from recreational marijuana sales,” Ford said. “Any action by the Trump administration would be an insult to Nevada voters and would pick the pockets of Nevada’s students.” On February 24, 2017 Senator Ron Wyden of Oregon responded to the intended crackdown, stating, “The federal government needs to respect the decisions of Oregon voters. Instead the Trump administration is threatening states' rights, including the rights of one in five Americans who live in a state where marijuana is legal.”

He stated he would ask the state to oppose federal government intrusion into the state

1960–61 Montenegrin Republic League

The 1960–61 Montenegrin Republic League was 16th season of Montenegrin Republic League. Similar to previous season League was organised as tournament, during the April and May 1961. In the qualifiers, 15 teams were divided into three regional groups. Winners of the groups qualified for Montenegrin Republic League. Below are the final tables of each qualifying group. At the finals, every team played four games and the winner went to qualifiers for Yugoslav Second League. Title holder was OFK Titograd. In the qualifiers for 1961–62 Second League – East, OFK Titograd was eliminated in Semifinals. On season 1960–61, two Montenegrin teams played in higher leagues of SFR Yugoslavia. Both of them participated in 1960–61 Yugoslav Second League. Montenegrin Republic League Montenegrin Republic Cup Montenegrin clubs in Yugoslav football competitions Montenegrin Football Championship


Under the Whyte notation for the classification of steam locomotives by wheel arrangement, 2-4-0+0-4-2 is an articulated locomotive of the Garratt type. The wheel arrangement is two 2-4-0 locomotives operating back to back, with the boiler and cab suspended between the two power units; each power unit has two leading wheels on one axle, four powered and coupled driving wheels on two axles and no trailing wheels. Since the 2-4-0 type is sometimes known as a Porter, the corresponding Garratt type would be referred to as a Double Porter. A similar wheel arrangement exists for Mallet locomotives, but is referred to as 2-4-4-2; this was the second rarest Garratt wheel arrangement. Only five locomotives were constructed to this arrangement, four of which were built by Beyer and Company; the four BP locomotives comprised three for the 5 ft 3 in São Paulo Railway of Brazil in 1915, one for the 2 ft 6 in gauge Ceylon Government Railway in 1929, the CGR's class H1. One more was built in 1919 for its own use on 1,000 mm metre gauge.

The single class H1 Garratt entered service on the Ceylon Government Railways in 1931. It was used in mixed traffic working on the Uda Pussellawa railway; until the 1960s, the locomotive was operated on the Kelani Valley Line. It was withdrawn from service in 1972 and was scrapped in 1981

1987–88 Yugoslav First League

The 1987–88 Yugoslav First League season was the 42nd season of the First Federal League, the top level association football competition of SFR Yugoslavia, since its establishment in 1946. The season began on 2 August 1987 and ended on 12 June 1988. Red Star led by Velibor Vasović won their 16th title with a single points ahead of previous season's champions Partizan. A total of eighteen teams contested the league, including sixteen sides from the 1986–87 season and two sides promoted from the 1986–87 Yugoslav Second League as winners of the two second level groups East and West; the league was contested in a double round robin format, with each club playing every other club twice, for a total of 34 rounds. Two points were awarded for one point for draws. Dinamo Vinkovci and Spartak were relegated from the 1986–87 Yugoslav First League after finishing the season in bottom two places of the league table; the two clubs promoted to top level were Rad. The top goalscorers in the 1987–88 Yugoslav First League were as follows: 1987–88 Yugoslav Second League 1987–88 Yugoslav Cup 1987–88 NK Dinamo Zagreb season Yugoslavia Domestic Football Full Tables