Paramus is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 26,342. A suburb of New York City, Paramus is located 15 to 20 miles northwest of Midtown Manhattan and 8 miles west of Upper Manhattan; the Wall Street Journal characterized Paramus as "quintessentially suburban". Paramus was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 2, 1922, ratified by a referendum held on April 4, 1922, that passed by a vote of 238 to 10. Paramus was created from portions of Midland Township; the name is said to be of Native American origin, derived from words meaning "land of the turkey" or meaning "pleasant stream."The borough is one of the largest shopping destinations in the country, generating over US$6 billion in annual retail sales, more than any other ZIP Code in the United States. Despite this, Paramus has some of the most restrictive blue laws in the nation, banning nearly all white-collar and retail businesses from opening on Sundays except for gas stations and grocery stores, a limited number of other businesses.
The area that became northern New Jersey was occupied for thousands of years by prehistoric indigenous peoples. At the time of European encounter, it was settled by the Lenape Native Americans; the Lenape language word for the area, which meant that it had an abundant population of wild turkey, was anglicized to become the word "Paramus". A large metal statue of a wild turkey in the Paramus Park mall commemorates this history. Another alternative derivation is that the word means "pleasant stream". Albert Saboroweski, whose descendants became known by the family name "Zabriskie", immigrated from Poland via the Dutch ship The Fox in 1662, he settled in the Dutch West Indies Company town of today's Hackensack. A son, was captured by the Lenape and held for 15 years; when he was returned to his family, the Lenape explained to Saboroweski that they had taken the child in order to teach him their language so that he could serve as a translator. They granted Saboroweski 2,000 acres of land which became known as the "Paramus Patent".
During the American Revolutionary War, the county included both Tories and Patriots, with Patriots "greatly outnumbering" Tories. Although no major battles were fought in Bergen County, Paramus was part of the military activity, as colonial troops were stationed in Ramapo under the command of Aaron Burr. In 1777, the British raided the Hackensack area and Burr marched troops to Paramus, where he attacked the British, forcing them to withdraw. General George Washington was in Paramus several times during the War: December 1778. Following the Battle of Monmouth, Washington established his headquarters in Paramus in July 1778. Over the advice of his staff, Washington moved his headquarters to New York. A section of Paramus known as Dunkerhook was a free African-American community dating to the early 18th century. Although historical markers on the current site and local oral tradition maintain that this was a slave community, contemporary records document that it was a community of free blacks, not slaves.
A group of houses built on Dunkerhook Road by the Zabriskies in the late 18th to early 19th centuries was the center of a community of black farmers, slaves held by the Zabriskie family. Farview Avenue, located at the highest peak in Paramus, has a clear view of the New York City skyline. Paramus became one of the "truck farming" areas that helped New Jersey earn its nickname as the "Garden State". By 1940, Paramus' population was just 4,000, with 94 retail establishments. Although the opening of the George Washington Bridge in 1931 and the widening of New Jersey Route 17 and New Jersey Route 4, made the area accessible to millions, "it was not until the 1950s that massive development hit this section of northern New Jersey". During the 1950s and 1960s, lacking any master plan until 1969, was redeveloped into two shopping corridors when its farmers and outside developers saw that shopping malls were more lucrative than produce farming. "It was a developer's dream: flat cleared land adjacent to major arterials and accessible to a growing suburban population and the country's largest city – with no planning restrictions".
New York had a state sales tax, but New Jersey had none, so with the opening of Manhattan department stores in the Bergen Mall, the Garden State Plaza and Alexander's, Paramus became the "first stop outside New York City for shopping". From 1948–58, the population of Paramus increased from 6,000 to 23,000, the number of retail establishments tripled from 111 to 319, annual retail sales increased twenty-fold, from $5.5 million to $112 million. By the 1980s, when the population had increased over 1960s levels, retail sales had climbed to $1 billion. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 10.520 square miles, including 10.470 square miles of land and 0.050 square miles of water. The borough borders the Bergen County municipalities of Emerson, Fair Lawn, Glen Rock, Maywood, Ridgewood, River Edge, Rochelle Park, Saddle Brook and Washington Township. Named neighborhoods within the borough include Arcola, Bergen Place and Spring Valley; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 26,342 people, 8,630 households, 6,938.520 families living in the borough.
Federico Masi is a former Italian professional footballer. Masi can play as centre-back, he is a former Italy U-20 international. Born in Frascati, the Province of Rome, Masi started his career at Atletico 2000 of Rome. In 2005, he joined Tuscany club Fiorentina, at first on loan, he was the member of Allievi U16–17 team for Allievi National League. Masi wore no.44 which vacated by Seculin, no.48 and no.39 vacated by Keirrison in the first team and named in squad "List B" of 2008–09 and 2009–10 UEFA Champions League. Masi made his professional and European debut on 10 December 2008, replacing Riccardo Montolivo in the last minute. Before the match, Viola finished as the third and the opponent Steaua as the fourth. Masi injured in his knee in May 2010, he was an overage player for the Primavera under-20 team in 2010–11 season. That season he played 15 times in the youth league group stage, shared the role with Andrea Bagnai. Moreover, Michele Camporese who promoted to the first team played the big match for the youth team, squeezing the opportunity of other players including Masi.
Masi finished as the runner-up of 2011 Torneo di Viareggio. He played the final as a substitute of Alessio Fatticcioni. In March, he won Coppa Italia Primavera, he played both legs of the finals as centre-back, partnered with Camporese. However, Masi did not play in the playoffs round in the youth league, to comply with overage quota and gave chance to younger players. Masi played once in 2010–11 Coppa Italia. In July 2011 he left for Serie B club Bari in co-ownership deal for a peppercorn of €500, he made his Serie B debut in the first round, as a starting right-back. On 23 June 2012 he is purchased by Bari. On 15 January 2015 he was signed by Lupa Roma. Masi capped for Azzurrini since under-16 level, he received his first call-up to 2005 Torneo Giovanile di Natale In December. Masi selected to Lazio region U15 representative team in 2005, he finished as the runner-up of a youth tournament in Vendée, France. He only started once in 2007 UEFA European Under-17 Football Championship qualification. However, in the elite round he started all three games.
The team was eliminated by Ukraine in the third game. He received call-up to U-18 training camp in 2007. Masi was promoted to U-20 team directly in August 2008, a feeder team of U21, for 2008–09 Four Nations Tournament. However, he did not enter the squad for 2009 UEFA European Under-19 Football Championship qualification in Moldova, he received another U-20 call-up in December 2009 and again in May 2010, both for 2009–10 Four Nations Tournament. After the injury, he returned to the feeder team of U-21 in March 2011, for 2010–11 Four Nations Tournament, but again did not play. In 2011–12 season, Masi was too old for U-20 team. Instead, he received a call-up from Italy under-21 Serie B representative team, winning Serbian First League selection, he played the next match against Russian First League Selection. Masi was part of Italy squad at 2015 Summer Universiade. Federico Masi at Soccerway Bari Profile FIGC
Feliks Szczęsny Kryski was a Polish nobleman, politician and orator. He was Grand Chancellor of Poland from 1613 until his death. Kryski was a Polish nobleman of the line of Mazovian dukes that first came to power in 1429, he was born in 1562 in Drobin, the son of Stanislav Kryski and Margaret Uchanska and brother to Wojciech Kryski. Kryski was speaker in the sejms of 1603 and 1607, he was an ardent supporter of king Sigismund III, supporting him in his clashes with Jan Zamoyski's party. Kryski was a close associate of Grand Marshal of the Crown, Zygmunt Myszkowski and through these connections he became one of the closest advisers of Sigismund III, he held the title of Wojski of Zakroczym. During the Zebrzydowski Rebellion he stood faithfully by the monarch, his polemical writing Deklaracja pana wojewody krakowskiego refuted allegations by rebels. In 1609 he became the Deputy Chancellor of the Crown, he prepared an expedition to Russia. He has published several letters including the Diskurs słusznej wojny z Moskwą, rationes pro et contra.
He accompanied the king in the expedition to Moscow in 1610. On the Russian border he made a speech in which he congratulated the Polish kings successful entry to Russia, he was an uncompromising advocate of the annexation of Russia. In 1611 he organized a solemn homage to Sigismund III captured the tsar Vasily Shuiski and his family. In 1612 he accompanied the king in his siege of Moscow. In 1613 he became the Grand Chancellor of the Crown, his predecessor was Jan Zbigniew Ossoliński and upon Kryski's death his successor was Stanisław Białłozor. Kryski died in the year 1618 and was buried in the Kryskis' Chapel, Church of St. Anne in Warsaw, Poland by his widow Sophia Łubienska. To commemorate the deceased, his widow founded a separate chapel, around the year 1620, on the northern facade of the church, a rectangular plan made of brick and covered with a dome, as if embedded in a four-sided roof with a lantern, topped with a cross, its walls were decorated with intersecting pairs of Tuscan pilasters on high pedestals.
Felix's son Paul Kryski, standard-bearer of King Sigismund III, Kowelski governor, several years - Łubienski Kryska Zofia was buried in the basement of the chapel when he died in 1650. Everybody buried in the chapel is commemorated with an epitaph, embedded into the wall