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Parysatis (/pəˈrɪsətɪs/; Ancient Greek: Παρύσατις) was the 5th-century BC illegitimate daughter of Artaxerxes I, Emperor of Persia and Andia of Babylon.

She was the half-sister of Xerxes II, Sogdianus, and Darius II, she married her half-brother Darius II[1] and had four sons: Artaxerxes II, Cyrus the Younger, Ostanes, and Oxathres.[2] Her favorite was Cyrus and it was on account of her influence that he was given supreme command in western Anatolia as a teenager in around 407 BC;[3] when her husband died, she supported Cyrus. When Cyrus was defeated in the Battle of Cunaxa, and she blamed the satrap Tissaphernes for his death and so had him assassinated a little later.

Asteroid 888 Parysatis is named after her.


  1. ^ Agesilaos , P Cartledge p186
  2. ^ Plutarch, Lives, Life of Artaxerxes
  3. ^ Agesilaos , P Cartledge p186