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Pascagoula, Mississippi

Pascagoula pə-ska-goo-lə is a city in Jackson County, United States. It is the principal city of the Pascagoula Metropolitan Statistical Area, as a part of the Gulfport–Biloxi–Pascagoula Combined Statistical Area; the population was 22,392 at the 2010 census, down from 26,200 at the 2000 census. As of 2018 the estimated population was 21,685, it is the county seat of Jackson County. The city is served by three airports: 34 miles to the northeast in Alabama; the current mayor of the city is Dane Maxwell. The name Pascagoula, which means "bread eater", is taken from a group of Native Americans found in villages along the Pascagoula River some distance above its mouth. Hernando de Soto seems to have made the first contact with them in the 1540s, though little is known of that encounter. Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, founder of the colony of Louisiana, left a more detailed account from an expedition of this region in 1700; the first detailed account comes from Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, younger brother of Iberville, whom the Pascagoula visited at Fort Maurepas in present-day Ocean Springs, shortly after it was settled and while the older brother was away in France.

There are few details that are certain about these people, except that their language seemed not to have shared an etymological root with the larger native groups to the north, the Choctaw particularly. Instead, their language seems more akin to that of the Biloxi, who have been linked in this way to the Sioux, Ho-Chunk; the territory of the Biloxi people seems to have ranged from the areas of what are now called Biloxi Bay to Bayou La Batre and 25 miles up the Pascagoula River, the Pascagoula people's territory seems to have ranged between some distance north of there to the confluence of the Leaf and Chickasawhay rivers. The first European settlers of Pascagoula were Jean Baptiste Baudreau Dit Graveline, Joseph Simon De La Pointe and his aunt, Madame Chaumont; the region changed hands over the next century, being occupied variously by the English and Spanish until well after the American Revolutionary War. It did not come into the permanent possession of the United States until 1812 when it was added to the Mississippi Territory.

At one point, for 74 days in 1810, Pascagoula was a part of what was known as the Republic of West Florida. Pascagoula was incorporated as a village in 1892 and obtained city status in 1901. Today's downtown Pascagoula used to be the town of Scranton, Mississippi until the two towns merged in 1912. In October 1973, an alleged unidentified flying object sighting and alien abduction is said to have occurred when co-workers Charles Hickson and Calvin Parker claimed they were abducted by aliens while fishing near Pascagoula; the incident, Pascagoula Abduction, earned substantial mass media attention. In June 2019, Pascagoula placed an historical marker near the alleged abduction site. On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina's 20-foot storm surge devastated Pascagoula, much like Biloxi and Gulfport and the rest of the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Katrina came ashore during the high tide of 6:12 AM, 2.1 ft more. Nearly 92% of Pascagoula was flooded. Most homes along Beach Boulevard were destroyed, FEMA trailers became an omnipresent sight.

Due to the media focus on the plight of New Orleans and Biloxi-Gulfport in the aftermath of Katrina, many Pascagoula citizens have expressed feeling neglected or forgotten following the storm. Most Pascagoula residents did not possess flood insurance, many were required to put their homes on pilings before being given a permit to rebuild. Additionally, TITANTubes were installed under the beach to serve as low profile dune cores to protect the evacuation route. United States Navy officials announced that two Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyers that were under construction at Northrop Grumman Ship Systems in Pascagoula had been damaged by the storm, as well as the amphibious assault ship USS Makin Island. Hurricane Katrina damaged over forty Mississippi libraries, flooding the Pascagoula Public Library, first floor, causing mold in the building; the United States post office in Pascagoula contains a mural, Legend of the Singing River, painted in 1939 by Lorin Thompson. Murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department.

The mural was restored in the 1960s. The building was damaged by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the mural was placed in storage. In 2010, it was re-installed at the new Pascagoula post office on Jackson Avenue. Pascagoula, is home of the Old Spanish Fort, the oldest building in the Mississippi Valley, it was built sometime in the 1750s. Pascagoula is located along Mississippi Sound, on the east side of the mouth of the Pascagoula River, it is bordered across the Pascagoula River, by Gautier. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.5 square miles, of which 15.4 square miles are land and 9.1 square miles, or 37.25%, are water. U. S. Route 90 passes through the city, leading northeast 16 miles to Grand Bay and west 21 miles to Biloxi. Mississippi Highway 613 leads north from US-90 into Moss Point and 5 miles to Interstate 10; as of the census of 2000, there were 26,200 people, 9,878 households, 6,726 families residing in the city. The population dens

John Daly (bishop)

John Charles Sydney Daly was an Anglican bishop in Africa and Asia for fifty years. Educated at Gresham's School and King's College, Daly was ordained as a Church of England deacon and priest in 1923. In 1935, he became the youngest bishop in the Anglican communion when he was appointed as bishop of the new diocese of Gambia and Guinea. During the Second World War, Daly served as a District Scout commissioner. In 1944 he led the Gambian contingent attending a Jamboree at Katibougou in the French Sudan, jointly organised for Francophone and Anglophone Boy Scouts, he was translated to become the Anglican bishop of the dioceses of Accra and Taejon. Daly's appointment to Korea followed the Korean War of 1950 to 1953, leaving him with major challenges for his mission. Most contact with North Korea was severed, the country faced huge economic and social problems, he was enthroned at the Cathedral Church of St Mary and St Nicholas, Seoul, on 17 January 1956. In 1965, the Diocese of Korea was divided into two when Paul Ch’on-Hwan Li was consecrated as Bishop of Seoul and Daly was sent to become Bishop of Taejon.

Daly lived to celebrate his fiftieth year as a bishop. The Bishop John Daly Mission Center at Gumi, was named in memory of him. Church of England priest, 1923 Bishop of Gambia and Guinea, 1935–1951 Bishop of Accra, 1951–1955 Bishop of Korea, 1956–1965 Bishop of Taejon, 1965–1968 Assistant Bishop of Coventry, 1968–1975 Priest-in-charge of Honington, Warwickshire with Idlicote and Whatcote, 1968–1970 Vicar of Bishop's Tachbrook, 1970–1975

Weliwita Sri Saranankara Thero

Weliwita Sri Saranankara Thero was a Buddhist monk, the last Sangharaja of Sri Lanka. He was the pioneer in the revival of Buddhism in Sri Lanka, after the decline of the religion in the 17th and 18th centuries. Weliwita Sri Saranankara Thero was bestowed with the Sangharaja title by king Kirthi Sri Rajasinghe in 1753, the same year he received the Upasampada and re-established the Upasampada in Sri Lanka with the help of Mahasangha in Thailand, he is credited with the establishment of Silvath Samagama, a union of monks who lived in accordance with the Buddhist monastic discipline. Welivita Sri Saranakara Thera was born on June 19, 1698 to the Kulathunga family of Welivita waththe walauwa in Tumpane, about 24 km from Kandy, his father was a descendant of an influential family. His lay name was Kulathunga Banda and he had a brother by the name of Kulatunga Patabendige Mudiyanse. Though his parents opposed his idea to enter the Buddhist monastic order he was granted permission by the parents and was ordained as a'samanera’ at the age of 16, under the scholar monk, Suriyagoda Rajaguru thera, the incumbent of Sri Narendraramaya at Yatinuwara.

After the ordination as a novice monk, young boy Kulatunga was known as Welivita Sri Saranakara Samanera. His teacher, Suriyagoda Rajaguru thera, who had received upasampada ordination from the Arakanese monks in 1679, exercised considerable influence within the Kandyan Kingdom and had the patronage of King Vira Narendrasinghe, he was the last Sinhala king, after whom Nayakkar dynasty succeeded to the throne of Kandyan kingdom. In 1715, Suriyagoda thera was executed, thus young Saranankara Samanera left on his own, took up residence in the mountainous region of Alagalla a few miles away from Kandy and devoted his early years to learning Pali language. Saranakara Samanera lived in a cave at Alagalla and the villagers provided him with alms food. During that time all the Buddhist clergy were known as Ganinnanses or as Samaneras, as there was no way of them receiving the upasampada, to qualify as a ordained Bhikku. Higher ordination Upasampada became defunct in the era as a result of the decline of Buddhism due to colonial invasion of the maritime provinces of Sri Lanka.

Education of the novice monks has been neglected as there was no one capable to teach the basic components of Pali grammar. Welivita Saranakara Samanera was able to learn the principles of Pali grammar from Levuke Ralahamy, who had studied it from Watabuluwe Thera, his tutor Leuke Ralahamy was a one, imprisoned by the king in a village close to Alagalla, where Saranankara samanera resided after the execution of his teacher Suriyagoda thera. With great effort and devotion he expanded his knowledge in Pali language and Buddhist doctrine, for which purpose he traveled from place to place in search of books and tutors, he went about preaching Buddha Dhamma to encourage others to rise up for the welfare of the religion. This behavior of Weliwita Saranankara Samanera made him popular as a teacher as well as a preacher. In addition to his skill as a scholar he was known for his austere practices, purity of thought and attachment to religious life, which were rare qualities, his habit to help the poor earned him the one who helps the helpless.

Although the Buddhist clergy known as Ganninnanse were living like laymen and forgotten their sacred calling, they were getting their alms to the temples regularly. The young Saranankara Samanera, as an objection against the manner in which Ganinnanses' lived in that era, refused to accept the food that brought to the temples, led an exemplary life of real priesthood, he depended for his sustenance on the ancient practice of Buddhist monks known as Pindapata, gathering ones food from house to house in his alms-bowl. Because of this practice, he earned the epithet Pindapathika Saranankara. During this period few like-minded companions and followers began to gather around Weliwita Sri Saranankara Samanera; the earliest and most intimate of them were Sitinamaluwe Dhammajothi and Kadiragoda, who came from the south of the island. They formed themselves into a small fraternity called Silvat Samagama and its members were called silvat tenas distinguishing themselves from other samaneras and ganinnanses.

Weliwita Saranankara Samanera’s lifelong ambition was to re-establish upasampada ordination in the island. The behaviour of the Buddhist monks in the early 18th century in Sri Lanka was deteriorated and did not conform to the'vinaya', monastic discipline accepted for the bhikkus. Most of them had close association with women and some had children by them. In view of their immoral behaviour, they did not receive either the reverence or the honour of the laity, who ignominiously called them'ganai' or'ganaya', who differed from the laity only by their yellow robe. At that point of time there were no erudite monks to deliver discourses to the laity and it was difficult to find five higher ordained Buddhist monks to offer a'sanghika-dana' in the entire country. Ganninnanse only read the Jataka-potha, to the laymen who assembled to hear the discourses on Dhamma; the main reason for the decline of Buddhism during this period was due to the infiltration of Catholicism, which spread because of the tolerance of the kings, who gave a free hand to the missionaries to spread their faith.

This decline further increased with the division of the Buddhist monks into two groups as'Silvats' and'Ganinnanses'. The Portuguese and Dutch influence in the Kandyan Kingdom over the Sinhalese were such

Bob Howie

Robert Howie was a Scotland international rugby union player. He played for Kirkcaldy RFC, he played for Kirkcaldy RFC. Howie was capped by Midlands District, he was capped seven times as a prop forward for Scotland between 1924–25. and was selected for the 1924 British Lions tour to South Africa, playing in four tests. He refereed the Inter-City match between Glasgow District and Edinburgh District in 1928. Bob Howie was the brother of Dave Howie, who played for Kirkcaldy and gained seven national caps, but died in the First World War. Although he and his brother gained fourteen caps between them their father, a grim farmer, never watched them once, saying: "Rugby an' fermin' will no agree, an' A ken which'll pit mair money in yer pooch." Bath, Richard The Scotland Rugby Miscellany Massie, Allan A Portrait of Scottish Rugby

University of Toronto Rowing Club

The University of Toronto Rowing Club was founded on February 10, 1897 and represents the Varsity Blues at local and international regattas. It is the oldest university rowing club in Canada; the UTRC consists of both a women's team and a men's team, each team offers a lightweight and an open category. Membership is available to registered full-time students at the University of Toronto, it is open to athletes of various of experience from novice to Olympic level rowers; the club colours are blue and white, as are the colours of all other Varsity sports teams at the University. The club participates in the Ontario University Athletics conference in the Novice, Junior Varsity and Varsity levels of competition. Although UTRC competes at regattas and competitions from September until May, the OUA fall season is the primary focus. Regattas and competitions that UTRC attend annually include: Western Invitational Regatta Head of the Trent Brock Invitational Regatta Head of the Charles Regatta Ontario University Development Regatta OUA Championship Regatta Canadian University Rowing Championships Canadian Indoor Rowing Championships Ned Hanlan - Nicknamed the "boy in blue" during his racing career, he won more than 300 races with fewer than a dozen defeats.

He had become one of Canada's “first national sporting hero”, winning the American and English Championships as well as becoming the world champion for five consecutive years from 1880-1884 in single-scull rowing. Ned Hanlan was the UTRC's first Head coach, from 1897 until 1900. Emma Robinson - Emma Robinson began her rowing career in 1990 as a member of the University of Toronto Women's Novice Crew. Within three years, she won Gold at the Dad Vail Regatta, Gold at the Royal Canadian Henley Regatta and Silver at the World University Games, a Bronze medal at the World Championships, she was recruited onto the Canadian National Rowing Team, where she was a member of the Silver-winning eights at the 1996 Olympics. She went on to win Gold medals at the Head of the Charles, the World Cup, Pan American Games, the World Championships, she was named the Ontario Female Athlete of the Year in 1999. Richard Symsyk - Also starting his career at UTRC, he was a key member of the 1963 intercollegiate championship crew and the 1964 junior Varsity champions.

Richard won 19 Canadian National Championships, 5 U. S. National Championships and was a member of Olympic crews for both the 1968 Mexico City Games and the 1972 Games in Munich. In 1972, Richard claimed a Henley Royal Regatta championship in the men's fours; as a master's rower, he won two Master's Games Championships in 1985, five International Master's Championship in 1984 and 1985, a Henley Championship in 1990. Michael Braithwaite 2012 London Olympian in heavyweight men's double. University of Toronto Rowing Club official website University of Toronto at Mississauga Rowing Club official website Varsity Blues official website Ontario University Athletics official website

Bandera County Courthouse and Jail

The Bandera County Courthouse and Jail are two separate historic county governmental buildings located near each other in Bandera, Bandera County, The Bandera County Courthouse, built in 1890 at the corner of Main and Pecan streets, is a Renaissance Revival style building designed by San Antonio architect B. F. Trester, it is three-story building with a central clock tower made from rusticated limestone cut from a local quarry. The current jail is a non-historic, modern facility located along State Highway 16 on the north end of town. Bandera County was organized in 1856 and used makeshift quarters for jail and courthouse functions until 1877, when the county purchased a two-story stone building constructed in 1868, now known as the Old Courthouse; the building served as county courthouse until the present courthouse was built in 1891. A former one-story cut stone jail adjacent to the Old Courthouse designed by San Antonio architect Alfred Giles was built in 1881. On October 31, 1979, the two buildings, located on 12th St. between Maple St. and SH 16, were added to the National Register of Historic Places as a single entry.

The two buildings are jointly listed as a State Antiquities Landmark. National Register of Historic Places listings in Bandera County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Bandera County List of county courthouses in Texas Media related to Bandera County Courthouse at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Former Bandera County Courthouse and Jail at Wikimedia Commons