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In Greek mythology, Pasiphaë was a queen of Crete. Pasiphae was the daughter of Helios, the Titan god of the sun, Perse, of the Oceanids. Like her doublet Europa, her origins were in her case at Colchis. With Minos, she was the mother of Acacallis, Androgeus, Deucalion, Phaedra and Catreus, she was the mother of "starlike" Asterion, called by the Greeks the Minotaur. After a curse from Poseidon, Pasiphae experienced lust for and mated with a white bull sent by Poseidon. Mythological scholars and authors Ruck and Staples remarked that "the Bull was the old pre-Olympian Poseidon." In the Greek literalistic understanding of a Minoan myth, in order to copulate with the bull, she had the Athenian artificer Daedalus construct a portable wooden cow with a cowhide covering, within which she was able to satisfy her strong desire. This interpretation reduced a near-divine figure, to a stereotyped emblem of grotesque bestiality and the shocking excesses of lust and deceit. Pasiphaë appeared in Virgil's Eclogue VI, in Silenus' list of suitable mythological subjects, on which Virgil lingers in such detail that he gives the sixteen-line episode the weight of a brief inset myth.

In Ovid's Ars Amatoria Pasiphaë is framed in zoophilic terms: Pasiphae fieri gaudebat adultera tauri—"Pasiphaë took pleasure in becoming an adulteress with a bull." In other aspects, Pasiphaë, like her niece Medea, was a mistress of magical herbal arts in the Greek imagination. The author of Bibliotheke records the fidelity charm she placed upon Minos, who would ejaculate serpents and centipedes killing any unlawful concubine. In mainland Greece, Pasiphaë was worshipped as an oracular goddess at Thalamae, one of the original koine of Sparta; the geographer Pausanias describes the shrine as small, situated near a clear stream, flanked by bronze statues of Helios and Pasiphaë. His account equates Pasiphaë with Ino and the lunar goddess Selene. Cicero writes in De Divinatione 1.96 that the Spartan ephors would sleep at the shrine of Pasiphaë, seeking prophetic dreams to aid them in governance. According to Plutarch, Spartan society twice underwent major upheavals sparked by ephors' dreams at the shrine during the Hellenistic era.

In one case, an ephor dreamed that some of his colleagues' chairs were removed from the agora, that a voice called out "this is better for Sparta". Again during the reign of King Agis, several ephors brought the people into revolt with oracles from Pasiphaë's shrine promising remission of debts and redistribution of land. In Description of Greece, Pausanias equates Pasiphaë with Selene, implying that the figure was worshipped as a lunar deity. However, further studies on Minoan religion indicate that the sun was a female figure, suggesting instead that Pasiphaë was a solar goddess, an interpretation consistent with her depiction as Helios' daughter. Poseidon's bull may in turn be vestigial of the lunar bull prevalent in Middle Eastern religions. Kerenyi, Karl; the Gods of the Greeks, 1951. Graves, Robert; the Greek Myths, 1960. Ruck, Carl A. P. and Danny Staples, The World of Classical Myth 1994. Smith, William. "Past'piiae"

Greater Kansas City and Topeka Psychoanalytic Center and Institute

The Greater Kansas City and Topeka Psychoanalytic Center and Institute known as the Greater Kansas City Psychoanalytic Center and Institute, is a psychoanalytic center in Kansas City, that comprises several interrelated organizations. These are the Kansas City Psychoanalytic Foundation, the Greater Kansas City and Topeka Psychoanalytic Center, the Greater Kansas City Psychoanalytic Institute known as the Foundation, the Center, the Institute. In the early 2000s, the Greater Kansas City Psychoanalytic Institute merged with the older Topeka Psychoanalytic Society; the Psychoanalytic Study Group of Kansas City was incorporated in 1965. During the 1990s it changed its name to the Greater Kansas City Psychoanalytic Society; the Greater Kansas City Psychoanalytic Institute opened in 1996. The Menninger Clinic was established by Charles Menninger and his sons Karl and Will Menninger as a mental health treatment center in Topeka, with an early focus on psychoanalytic treatments. By 1936, a Psychoanalytic Study Group of Topeka was established at the clinic, under the sponsorship of the Chicago Psychoanalytic Society the only midwestern organization recognized by the American Psychoanalytic Association.

Chicago had the second-oldest psychoanalytic institute in the United States and was the only midwestern organization recognized by the American Psychoanalytic Association at that time. By the early 1940s, the Topeka Institute for Psychoanalysis was founded as part of the Menninger Clinic. During the same time period, the Topeka Psychoanalytic Society associated with the clinic, was established; the Society was significant in the 1940s Topeka society as the oldest psychoanalytic society in the western United Stats after the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis. The Topeka Psychoanalytic Society was given jurisdiction under the American Psychoanalytic Association over all psychoanalytic institutes in the United States west of Kansas; the Menninger Clinic relocated to Houston, between 2001 and 2003, members of the Topeka Psychoanalytic Society who did not relocate with it, became affiliated with the psychoanalytic organizations in Kansas City, about 60 miles east of Topeka. Persons who have been associated with the Greater Kansas City and Topeka Psychoanalytic Center and Institute or its predecessor organizations include the following: Karl Menninger Will Menninger Gardner Murphy, American psychologist specialising in social and personality psychology and parapsychology.

David Rapaport, Hungarian-American psychologist and psychoanalyst, former research director at the Menninger Clinic and staff at Austen Riggs in Massachusetts. Otto F. Kernberg, Austrian-American psychoanalyst and psychiatrist Ernst Simmel, German-American neurologist and psychoanalyst. Robert S. Wallerstein, German-American psychoanalyst president of the International Psychoanalytic Association American Psychoanalytic Association International Psychoanalytic Association Menninger Clinic List of schools of psychoanalysis Psychoanalytic institutes and societies in the United States Official website: Greater Kansas City Psychoanalytic Center and Institute Records of the Topeka Psychoanalytic Society

Science Olympiad

Science Olympiad is an American team competition in which students compete in 23 events pertaining to various scientific disciplines, including earth science, chemistry and engineering. Over 7,800 middle school and high school teams from 50 U. S. states compete each year. U. S. territories do not compete. There are multiple levels of competition: invitational, regional and national. Invitational tournaments, run by high schools and universities, are unofficial tournaments and serve as practice for regional and state competitions. Teams that excel at regional competitions advance to the state level. Winners receive several kinds of awards, including medals and plaques, as well as scholarships; the program for elementary-age students is less consistent. Schools have flexibility to implement the program to meet their needs; some communities host competitive elementary tournaments. Science Olympiad is not associated with the International Science Olympiads, a group of science competitions with their own rules and objectives.

The first recorded Science Olympiad was held on Saturday, November 23, 1974 at St. Andrews Presbyterian College in Laurinburg, North Carolina. Dr. Barnes and Dr. David Wetmore were the originators of this event. Fifteen schools from North and South Carolina participated in this event, it was a day-long affair, with competitions and demonstrations for high school students in the areas of biology and physics. There were four event periods during this day and each event period had one fun event, one demonstration, one serious event. An article by David Wetmore was published in the Journal of Chemical Education in January 1978 documenting the success of recruiting students through Science Olympiad. St. Andrews Presbyterian College continues to host a Science Olympiad tournament to this day. Mr. John C. "Jack" Cairns was a teacher at Dover High School in Delaware when he learned about the Science Olympiad tournament in North Carolina. He shared this information with the Delaware State Science Supervisor.

Mr. Cairns was appointed to a steering committee to organize the first Science Olympiad in Delaware which took place at Delaware State University in the Spring of 1977. A write-up in The Science Teacher of December 1977 caught the attention of Gerard Putz, who proposed that the program be expanded throughout the United States. After competition tests in Michigan at the Lawrence Institute of Technology and Oakland University in 1983 and 1984, Putz and Delaware director John Cairns took their plan for a national competition to the National Science Teachers Conference in Boston; the first National Tournament was attended by representatives of 17 states, held at Michigan State University in 1985. Since the program has expanded with 60 teams present in each division at the National Tournament. In 2012, a Global Ambassador Team from Japan was invited to attend the national tournament at the University of Central Florida. Japan continues to send a team, as of the 2017 National Tournament. There are three divisions in the hierarchy of Science Olympiad: Division A for elementary school Division B for middle school Division C for high school However, the national tournament and state and regional tournaments are only for divisions B and C.

Division A teams have separate interscholastic tournaments, apart from the more common intra-school competitions. Note that 6th and 9th graders have the option of competing in either of the two divisions in which they meet the grade requirements and are part of the competing school. A middle school may, only use up to 5 members who have graduated to the next school if they are in 9th grade or lower. Students in grades lower than the division in which the school competes in may be on the team. Teams are restricted to five 9th graders for division B and seven 12th graders for division C. Students may not participate on multiple teams, e.g. a 9th grader on both a high school and middle school team would not be allowed. In Divisions B and C, teams may compete in up to twenty-three main events, which occur over a single day. Events fall into five main categories: Life and Social Science, Earth & Space Science, Physical Science & Chemistry, Technology & Engineering, Inquiry & Nature of Science, they are either hands-on, or engineering-based.

Knowledge-based events have two participants taking a test and/or mathematically analyzing data. Examples of such events are Anatomy and Physiology and Remote Sensing. Hands-on events consist of two participants performing experiments or interacting with physical objects to achieve a certain goal; some examples are Forensics, Experimental Design, Hovercraft. Engineering-based events have a team of two to three participants, they are to construct a device following a specific event's parameters and test the device against others. Examples include Battery Buggy and Mission Possible; the majority of events allow two team members. If one member is u

John Davis (producer)

John Andrew Davis is an American film producer and founder of Davis Entertainment. Davis was born and raised in Denver, the son of Barbara Davis, a philanthropist, former 20th Century Fox owner Marvin Davis, his interest in cinema began as a youth when his father purchased the neighborhood film theater, where he sold popcorn and subsequently viewed up to 300 films a year. Davis graduated from Bowdoin College, attended Amherst College and received an M. B. A. from the Harvard Business School. Davis, Chairman of Los Angeles-based Davis Entertainment, has been a producer on more than 100 feature films and movies for television that have earned more than $5 billion worldwide. Davis Entertainment produces projects for all studios, mini-majors, several broadcast networks. Davis Entertainment produced the reimagining of the Predator series, The Predator, by filmmaker Shane Black, a sequel to Shaft, directed by Tim Story, including the return of both Samuel L. Jackson and Richard Roundtree, they are working on Jungle Cruise at Disney starring Dwayne Johnson, the Paramount drama Ness, with Paul Greengrass attached to direct.

Some of Davis’s many feature film productions include Game Night, a New Line comedy starring Jason Bateman and Rachel McAdams. N. C. L. E. Starring Henry Cavill and Armie Hammer, for Warner Bros.. New television projects include Alex, Inc. an ABC comedy starring Zach Braff and Michael Imperioli set to debut this upcoming television season. For past television, Davis Entertainment developed and executive produced the NBC hour long drama The Blacklist, a Sony Television production, as well as NBC's action drama Timeless and ABC's hit comedy Dr. Ken starring Ken Jeong. Davis’ successful business ventures include the fastest growing restaurant company in America, Blaze Pizza. Davis’s newest restaurant venture is Bacoshop, a fast casual concept, which opened up in March in Culver City, California. He’s partnered in this venture with acclaimed Los Angeles chef Josef Centeno. Davis has been involved and on the board of Wetzel's Pretzels. For 25 years, he operated various network TV stations. Davis is married to Jordan Davis.

They have three children: Jack and Jensen, as mentioned in the Garfield: The Movie DVD commentary. Davis's three children said. All films, he was producer. Thanks Production manager John Davis on IMDb

Mock Turtles (opera)

Mock Turtles is a one-act comic opera with a libretto by Frank Desprez and music by Eaton Faning. It was first produced at the Savoy Theatre on 11 October 1881 as a curtain raiser to Patience from 26 November 1882 to 30 March 1883 with Iolanthe; the piece toured from December 1881 throughout 1882. It toured in 1883 and 1884 and enjoyed further revivals, including a tour in 1897 with J. M. Gordon and his company. A vocal score was published in 1882, which contains full dialogue as well as music. A copy is in the British Library; the libretto to Mock Turtles was republished by The Gaiety journal in September 2001. The fashion in the late Victorian era was to present long evenings in the theatre, so producer Richard D'Oyly Carte preceded his Savoy operas with curtain raisers such as Mock Turtles. W. J. MacQueen-Pope commented, concerning such curtain raisers: This was a one-act play, seen only by the early comers, it would play to empty boxes, half-empty upper circle, to a filling stalls and dress circle, but to an attentive and appreciative pit and gallery.

These plays were little gems. They deserved much better treatment than they got, but those who saw them delighted in them.... Served to give young actors and actresses a chance to win their spurs... the stalls and the boxes lost much by missing the curtain-raiser, but to them dinner was more important. Mr. and Mrs. Wranglebury quarrel like two tigers. Things come to a head. Mr. Wranglebury borrowed money from his mother-in-law many years ago to start his business, he is fearful that she may ask for it back, they pretend to be amiable and discover that they prefer being amiable to each other and want to live together. When the servant Jane nearly spoils everything by telling the mother-in-law of the quarrels, she is branded a liar and sacked on the spot. No. 1 - Duet - Mr. and Mrs. Wranglebury - "Oh! I hate you, I despise you..." No. 2 - Song - Mrs. Boucher, with Mr. and Mrs. Wranglebury - "I mean to go about, my dears..." No. 3 - Duet - Mr. and Mrs. Wranglebury - "I love you so..." No. 4 - Finale - Mr. and Mrs. Wranglebury and Mrs. Boucher - "We mean to see the Abbey..."

The original cast was: Mr. Wranglebury. Courtice Pounds Mrs. Wranglebury. Minna Louis/Rose Hervey Mrs. Bowcher. Rosina Brandram Jane. Sybil GreyArthur Law and Eric Lewis each replaced Pounds for part of the run. Mock Turtles at the Gilbert and Sullivan Archive List of Savoy opera curtain raisers Song list and links to Midi files and information Libretto and information about Mock Turtles Article on Savoy curtain raisers Programme for Mock Turtles and Patience

Ordsall Lane railway station

Ordsall Lane railway station is a closed railway station on the Liverpool to Manchester line. The station was located on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, which opened to traffic in September 1830; the station wasn't listed in initial timetables, but early company records state that it was one of the intermediate stopping points on the route. By August 1849 it had been opened to traffic, though then it wasn't listed in Bradshaw's Guide until March 1850. One of its primary functions was to act as an interchange station between the L&MR and the 1849 link to the Manchester South Junction and Altrincham Railway at Castlefield Junction - as such it would be expanded to five platforms by the end of the 19th century; the station was closed to passenger traffic on 4 February 1957 by the British Transport Commission, through it remained intact until well into the 1960s. A charter special stopped there for photographs in April 1966 and whilst the station buildings had been demolished by this point, the platforms were still extant.

The remnants were removed by British Rail in the mid 1970s, when the L&M route reverted to being a double track railway. The opening of the Windsor Link connection from Salford Crescent in 1988 saw further major alterations to the site, with the existing junction remodelled, a second one added, redundant trackwork being lifted and the area re-signalled; as a consequence, no trace remains of the station today. Disused Stations - Ordsall Lane