Situbondo Regency is a regency of East Java province, Indonesia. It covers an area of 1,669.87 km2, had a population of 647,619 at the 2010 Census. It is located in east end of Java before Banyuwangi; the administrative centre is a small town within the regency. One of the famous tourist sites is Baluran National Park. Situbondo has three harbors: Panarukan Harbor Kalbut Harbor in Semiring districts of Mangaran and Jangkar Harbor in Asembagus
Tulungagung is a regency of East Java, Indonesia. Tulungagung was only a small area located surrounding a location where the center of the town is situated now; that area was named Tulungagung, because it provided a great water source - in Old Javanese language, tulung means water source, agung means big. The larger area are called Ngrowo. Ngrowo was still used as the name of Tulungagung until the 20th century, when the capital city location was moved from Kalangbret to Tulungagung. In 1205 AD, the Thani Lawadan community living in the southern part of Tulungagung received an honor from the last king of Daha, for their loyalty to the king when there was a siege from the enemy coming from the east of Daha; that honor was written into an ancient inscription namely Prasasti Lawadan marked as "Sukra Suklapada Mangga Siramasa" which describing the date of November 18, 1205 AD, the date when it was made. That date officially being used as the establishment date of Tulungagung since 2003. In Boyolangu Village, there is Gayatri Temple, a temple which a mausoleum for Gayatri, the fourth wife of the first Majapahit King, Raden Wijaya, who the mother of the third Majapahit Queen, Sri Gitarja.
Sri Rajapatni was the grandmother of the greatest Majapahit Emperor, Hayam Wuruk, who ruled Majapahit in its golden period with the support of his prime minister Gadjah Mada. The name of Boyolangu is shown in Nagarakertagama as a sacred place for Gayatri. Tulungagung Regency is located 154 km southwest of the capital city of East Java Province; the other regencies and areas surrounding Tulungagung are: North: Kediri Regency South: Indian Ocean East: Blitar Regency West: Trenggalek RegencyTopographically, Tulungagung is located 85 m above the sea level. The northwest part of Tulungagung is a portion of Wilis-Liman mountain range. In the northwest part of Tulungagung in Sendang Subdistrict, there is Mount Wilis, the highest point in Tulungagung Regency. In the capital of Tulungagung, there is Ngrowo River, subpart of Brantas River and it divides the capital of Tulungagung into northern part and southern part. Climate Tulungagung regency has a tropical climate. Which have two season and dry; the average temperature is 25.5 °C, the lowest is 19 °C and highest temperature is 31.8 °C.
In October, the average temperature is 26.1 °C. In July, the average temperature is 24.8 °C. The average relative humidity is 75%, 74% for the lowest recorded relative humidity and 77% is the highest recorded relative humidity; the average wind speed is 2.6 km/h, with the lowest speed is 0.4 km/h and the highest reocrded speed is 7 km/h. Tulungagung Regency is divided into nineteen districts, subdivided into 271 villages; the nineteen districts are: Bandung' Besuki Boyolangu Campurdarat Gondang Kalidawir Karangrejo Kauman Kedungwaru Ngantru Ngunut Pagerwojo Pakel Pucanglaban Rejotangan Sendang Sumbergempol Tanggunggunung Tulungagung Now, Tulungagung is ruled by Syahri Mulyo as the regent and Maryoto Birowo as the vice-regent since 2013. Tulungagung is a major producer of marble handicraft product, it is the largest marble supply regencies in the southern part of East Java. In 1995, Tulungagung contributed over 33,800 M.sup.2 of marble through PT Industri Marmer Indonesia Tulungagung and PT Sumbertama Jaya Asri.
Today, we can visit many home-based marble craft workshops in Campurdarat Subdistrict. Many of these small shops support the local economy. Beside marble craft workshops, tourists can find small and medium enterprises that focus on manufacturing housewares such as door mats and brooms made of natural coconut husks, recycled fabrics or other natural materials in Plosokandang district. Furthermore, hand-painted batik and ready-to-wear batik sewing workshops can be found scattered in some parts of the city. In Ngunut Subdistrict travelers can find knapsack and traditional fried snack industries; some of the popular snacks are kacang Shanghai. Official Website of Tulungagung Regency Profile of Tulungagung Regency on Indonesia's Investment Coordination Board Website
Ponorogo is a regency of East Java, Indonesia. It is considered the birthplace of a traditional Indonesian dance form; the Regency covers an area of 1,305.70 sq. km, it had a population of 1,131,081 at the 2010 Census. The capital of the kabubaten is the local town of Ponorogo located around 30 km south of the main East Java city of Madiun. Ponorogo Regency is located in the southwestern part of the province of East Java on the border with Central Java province, it lies 200 km south-west of Surabaya, the provincial capital of East Java. The regency lies between 92 and 2,563 meters above sea level and covers an area of about 1,305.7 km2. According to the Babad Ponorogo history, Ponorogo was founded when Bathoro Katong conquered the Wengker region; this region had been controlled by Suryo Ngalam Wengker. Bathoro Katong settled in modern-day Pekalongan in what is now the village Setono in district Jenangan. Though faced with many obstacles, Raden Katong, Aji Selo, Ki Ageng Mirah and his family continued to establish settlements in the region.
With the consent of all parties, Bathoro Katong established the Duchy Ponorogo on 11 August 1496. This date is celebrated as the founding of Ponorogo, is corroborated by ancient objects, such as a pair of stone gilang located in front of the fifth gate of the Katong Batara tomb complex; the gilang contains the forms of a human meditating, trees and elephants. Ponorogo considered the birthplace of Reog, is known by the names City Reog and City Rasta; each year in the Islamic month of Muharram, Ponorogo holds a celebration known as Grebeg Suro, "the party of the people". Grebeg Suro involves many traditional events such as the National Reog Festival, the Heritage Carnival and the Larungan Proceedings of Prayer held at Lake Ngebel. On 11 August, the anniversary of the founding of the Ponorogo Regency is celebrated; the day markes 11 August 1496, when Bathara Katong, the first leader of Ponorogo, went from the Old Town to the Central City of Ponorogo and crowned himself the first Duke of Ponorogo.
Ponorogo is known for its culinary specialties such as Sate Ponorogo — grilled marinated chicken – served in peanut sauce, garnished with shredded shallots, chilli paste and lime juice. Educational institutions in Ponorogo range from kindergarten to university. Pre-school and kindergarten facilities are provided private or religious institutions and are available in every village. Elementary schools are run by private institutions. There is at least one public elementary school in every village and some villages have more than one public elementary school. There are senior high schools in Ponorogo. High schools exist in every sub-district. In addition to senior high schools, students can study at vocational high schools. There are many Islamic boarding schools; the most notable is the Pondok Modern Darussalam Gontor located in the village of Gontor in the Mlarak District. Ponorogo has several universities which are run by private or religious institutions. There is one public university, the Ponorogo IAIN.
Telaga Ngebel covers 150 hectares, is popular for jet skiing and other water sports. The lake is a one-hour drive from Ponorogo or Madiun. In the Otonomy Awards 2011, Ponorogo Regency received the Grand Award of Public Service Innovation. Ponorogo has 65-95% of humidity; the maximum humidity is 95% and the average humidity is 80%. The wind velocity of Ponorogo is within the range of 0-7 km/hr; the maximum wind velocity is 7 km/hr and the average is 4 km/hr. The temperature of this City is within the range of 21.0°C-33.3°C with the average temperature is 27.2°C. Official website Ponorogo Online Community Forum Paguyuban Warga Ponorogo Kotareyog.com – Blogger Warok Ponorogo Community Ponorogo News
A regency is a second level administrative division of Indonesia, directly administrated under a province. The Indonesian term kabupaten is sometimes translated as "municipality". Regencies and cities are divided into districts; the English name "regency" comes from the Dutch colonial period, when regencies were ruled by bupati and were known as regentschap in Dutch. Bupati had been regional lords under the pre-colonial monarchies of Java; when the Dutch abolished or curtailed those monarchies, the bupati were left as the most senior indigenous authority. They were not speaking "native rulers" because the Dutch claimed full sovereignty over their territory, but in practice they had many of the attributes of petty kings; the Indonesian title of bupati is a loanword from Sanskrit originating in India, a shortening of the Sanskrit title bhumi-pati. In Indonesia, bupati was used as a Javanese title for regional rulers in precolonial kingdoms, its first recorded usage being in a Telaga Batu inscription during the Sriwijaya period in which bhupati is mentioned among the titles of local rulers who paid allegiance to Sriwijaya's kings.
Related titles which were used in precolonial Indonesia are adipati and senapati. Regencies in Java territorial units were grouped together into Residencies headed by European Residents; this term hinted that the Residents had a quasi-diplomatic status in relation to the bupati, but in practice the bupati had to follow Dutch instructions on any matter of concern to the colonial authorities. The relationship between those sides was ambivalent: while legal and military power rested with the Dutch government (or, for a long time, with the Dutch East India Company under a Governor General in Batavia on Java, the regents held higher protocollary rank than the assistant-resident who advised them and held day-to-day sway over the population. After the independence of Indonesia in 1945, the terms bupati and kabupaten were applied throughout the archipelago to the administrative unit below the residency. Since the start of the Reform Era in 1998 a remarkable secession of district governments has arisen in Indonesia.
This process has become known as pemekaran. Following the surge of support for decentralisation across Indonesia which occurred following the end of the Soeharto era in 1998, key new decentralisation laws were passed in 1999. Subsequently, there was a jump in the number of regencies from around 300 at the end of 1998 to over 490 in 2008 ten years later; this secession of new regencies, welcome at first, has become controversial within Indonesia because the administrative fragmentation has proved costly and has not brought the hoped-for benefits. Senior levels of the administration have expressed a general feeling that the process of pemekaran now needs to be slowed down but local politicians at various levels across government in Indonesia continue to express strong populist support for the continued creation of new regencies. Since 1998, a large portion of governance have been delegated from central government in Jakarta to local regencies, with regencies now playing important role in providing services to Indonesian people.
Direct elections for regents and mayors began in 2005, with the leaders being elected by local legislative councils
Pacitan is a regency located in the southwestern East Java Province, with Central Java Province on its west border. Located between 7.55° - 8.17°S and 110.55° - 111.25°E. The borders of Pacitan Regency are: Wonogiri Regency in the west, Ponorogo Regency and Wonogiri Regency in the north, Trenggalek Regency in the east, Indian Ocean in the south; the capital of Pacitan Regency is Pacitan city. The majority of citizens in Pacitan speak Javanese as their first language, while speaking Indonesian as a second language; the area of Pacitan Regency is about 1,342.42 km². Most of it is mountainous and rocky having a few rocky canyons; that sort of geography covers about 88% of the regency, this is because Pacitan is located in the Thousand Mountains. The highest mountain in Pacitan is Mount Lima in Kebonagung, Mount Gembes in Bandar as the spring of Grindulu River. Comparison of land types: Flat = 53.7 km² Bumpy = 134.24 km² Wavy = 322.18 km² Hilly = 698.06 km² Mountainous = 134.24 km² Generally, the land in Pacitan can be divided into two categories, calcium rich in the south, fertile land in the north.
The land consists of lithosal association, red mediterranean lithosal and volcanic compound, reddish lithosal complex, grey alluvial, clay sediments containing many potential minerals. The minerals are feldspar, ball clay, pyrophyllite, gypsum, phosphate rock, coal, gemstone, tin ore, manganite. Pacitan Regency consists 1,211.55 km ² of dry land. According to irrigation type the rice fields can be grouped into: technical irrigation rice field, half technical irrigation rice field, simple irrigation rice field, rain-dependent rice field. Pacitan Regency is divided into twelve districts: Pacitan Kebonagung Arjosari Tulakan Ngadirojo Punung Pringkuku Donorojo Nawangan Tegalombo Sudimoro Bandar Pacitan Regency has 17 beaches, in the west of Pacitan City: Banyu Tibo, Karang Bolong, Srau and Watu Karung, near Pacitan City: Pantai Teleng Ria, Tamperan Gung, Kali Uluh, Wawaran, in the east of Pacitan City: Pidakan, Tawang and Kunir. All beaches are near 70 kilometers of South Coast Road from Wonogiri Regency to Trenggalek Regency.
Soge Beach can be accessed in 30 minutes drive or by bus public transport from Pacitan City, but all beaches are far from big cities as Surabaya and Surakarta. Some of the beaches are recognized as great beaches for surfing. Although still unknown among the international surfing world, a consistent stream of surfers from around the world enjoy its beaches. Among many beautiful beaches in Pacitan Regency, these four beaches are ideal for surfing: Teleng Ria Beach, ideal for beginners, suitable months are November to February Pancer Beach, ideal for beginners, suitable months are May to October Srau Beach, rocky beach, suitable months are November to February Watu Karung Beach, rocky beach, suitable months are April to October Klesem Beach, a shallow right hander breaking over reef, suitable months are April to October Pacitan is the birthplace of the former army general and the former and first directly elected President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Bojonegoro Regency is a regency in East Java, about 110 km west of Surabaya. It is located in the inland part of northern Java plain, on the banks of the Solo River, the longest river in Java. Known as a major producer of teak and tobacco, Bojonegoro is a focus of attention in Indonesia as a new oil field has been found in this area; this oil find is the biggest oil discovery in Indonesia in three decades and one of the biggest reserve in Indonesia. Across the eastern border of Bojonegoro is the Lamongan Regency, to the north is Tuban while to the south is Ngawi, Madiun and Jombang. Blora is located in Central Java. Bojonegoro occupies an area of 2,307.06 km2. Much of it consists of low plains along the Solo River, with hilly areas in southern part of the Regency; as with most of Java, the Bojonegoro landscape is dominated with rice paddy fields. In the Bojonegoro area, the Solo River changes its course from northward to eastward. Climate in Bojonegoro is tropical with six months of dry seasons.
Seasonal conditions are very contrasting. In the rainy season, rain will fall daily while in the dry season, rain will not come for months, causing widespread drought and water shortages; these problems have been compounded with the loss of forest and other green areas. Teak forest once covered much of Bojonegoro, but has since reduced due to over exploitation. Floods in the rainy season of 2007 were bigger than in previous years; the water level of Solo River rose due to heavy rain in the upper valley in Central Java, forcing the Gajah Mungkur Dam to be opened. The resulting flood submerged 15 districts, with water as high as 1.5 m, displaced 2,700 families. A further 2.5 hectares of rice fields were damaged. No casualties were reported. Bojonegoro has 42-100% of humidity. Maximum humidity is 100% and average humidity is 81%. Bojonegoro has 0-35 km/hr of wind velocity. Maximum wind velocity is at 35 km/h. Average wind velocity is 30 km/hr, it has average temperature of 27.1oC - 28.2oC. The area near the Solo River has been settled since early history by the Javanese.
However, these settlements never developed into a major urban center, except for several coastal cities. Rather, villages are dependent on a weekly market which rotates among them and bakul who collect and distribute agricultural and manufactured products among the villages; the Solo River played a major role in the development of these settlements. It acted as source of water and fertile soil, a means of transportation. A set of copper plates of the Ferry Charter lists over twenty ferry crossing on the lower stretch of the Solo River, downstream from Bojonegoro. Inland settlements would trade agricultural products via trading centres in the coastal cities, like neighbouring Tuban, for spices from Spice Islands, ceramics from China and other commodities; the authority over these settlements, including the territory of modern-day Bojonegoro, was held by the dominant power in Central Java, East Java, the kingdoms of Mataram, Kediri and Majapahit. As a territory in northern Java, the area of modern-day Bojonegoro was one of the first to accept Islam.
The Solo River area and most of Java would become part of the Sultanate of Demak and its successor the Sultanate of Mataram. The modern regency was founded on October 20, 1677 with Mas Toemapel as the first Regent, with capital in Jipang village, it was founded as a response to the loss of Mataram's coastal area to the Dutch East India Company. Bojonegoro than became important border town. In 1725 the capital was moved to its current location. After the Dutch took over Java in the 18th and 19th centuries and the neighbouring regencies of Tuban and Lamongan were administered under Bojonegoro Residency, with a Dutch Resident in Bojonegoro town; the resident acted as an advisor and supervisor to the regents, positions which were held by native Javanese nobility. During Dutch rule and maize was introduced from the Americas, which would become major commodities in Bojonegoro. In 1894, the trans-Java railroad, which linked Batavia and Surabaya and passed through Bojonegoro, was finished, increasing transportation and improving the teak industry.
Urbanisation progressed under Dutch rule. Since the Indonesian National Revolution, Bojonegoro regency has been administered as part of East Java province, with R. M. T. Suryo, the grandson of the former Bojonegoro regent as its first governor. In 2008, Bojonegoro people elected its first directly-elected Regent, following an amendment in the constitution. Suyoto of National Mandate Party was elected as regent. In 2018 Election, DR Hj. Anna Muawannah won the election by mayority and elected as regent Bojonegoro Regency is divided into 28 subdistricts listed below: Bojonegoro regency has a population of 1,450,889 people. Most of the population work as foresters. Many still live in poverty in the southern part of the regency, where the soil is less fertile; the major population centre is Bojonegoro town, located on the southern bank of Bengawan Solo river. The racial makeup of this regency is Javanese, with a minority of Chinese, Balinese, Batak people, other Indonesian ethnic groups. Most local residents speak Javanese as daily language and Indonesian on formal and writing activities, though a minority speak Madurese and other languages.
Most Javanese and Madurese are Muslim, with small number belonging to Christian sects. Chinese follow various religions, o
Banyuwangi Regency is a regency of East Java province in Indonesia. The regency is located at the easternmost end of Java Island, it serves as a port between Bali. It is surrounded by forests to the west. Banyuwangi is separated by the Strait of Bali from Bali. With an area of 5,782.4 km2, this regency is the largest in Java. It had a population of 1,488,791 according to the 2000 Census; the city of Banyuwangi is the administrative capital. The name Banyuwangi is Javanese for "fragrant water", connected to the Javanese folklore of Sri Tanjung. One Banyuwangi native group is the Osing community which has a Hindu culture although they can be considered as a Javanese sub-ethnic group, they live in the central part of Banyuwangi and they sometimes consider themselves as Majapahit descendants. Other groups are Javanese and Balinese. Other smaller groups include Chinese and Arabs. Once known as Blambangan, it was a vassal of a regional trade centre. After the Majapahit Kingdom ceased to exist, it became an independent kingdom and, as such, the last Hindu kingdom of Java.
In order to defend itself from the troops of the Sultanate of Demak, which tried to occupy it, Blambangan asked for help from Balinese kings, which caused it to lose its independence to Balinese kingdoms. During this time Blambangan was influenced by Balinese culture. After around 150 years of Balinese occupation, the Sultanate of Mataram gained control of the territory and renamed it Banyuwangi, it was part of the Mataram territory controlled by the VOC. During the expansion of plantations in the 19th century, many parts of Banyuwangi were planted with coffee and sugar cane, which feature its landscape now; the Chinese and Arabs came during this period. Banyuwangi people are known for their combination of pre-Islamic tradition. During the Fall of Suharto, a witchhunt in Banyuwangi against alleged sorcerers spiraled into widepsread riots and violence. In addition to alleged sorcerers, Islamic clerics were targeted and killed, Nahdlatul Ulama members were murdered by rioters; this is a Banyuwangi-typical dance which performed by a woman and along with simple music like violin, gong and sometimes with keyboard as result of modern influence.
It is performed during night until dawn in parties. Damarwulan is a legendary hero who features in traditional theatre art, developed since the 19th century in Banyuwangi, it is a combination of Balinese and local cultures. Balinese influences can be seen in its performers' instruments. Meanwhile, Javanese influences is in stories as well as language in dialogues, it is distinct from the Balinese Janger. Banyuwangi Regency is divided into 25 subdistricts, listed below with their populations at the 2010 Census: Many European tourists visiting Bali come to Banyuwangi to surf in Plengkung and dive in Tabuhan Island. Ferries from Bali arrive at the port of some 8 km to the north of Banyuwangi city. Plekung Beach is known as G-Land or green land have 3 types of waves up to 6 to 8 meters tall. Banyuwangi International Surfing Competition 2014This was the second time competition after the 2012 competition. 23–25 May 2014 competition is followed by at least 15 countries in Pantai Pulau Merah which has 4 meters height and 400 meters long of waves.
Diamond TriangleDiamond Triangle consists of: Ijen Crater Nature Tourist Park, we can see tosca lake crater and traditional sulphur mining which the sulphur bunch mobilization still use human to hike and down to the crater. Alas Purwo National Park, besides see the animals we can surf at G-Land/Plengkung with Money Trees, Speddy's, Twenty-twenty and Tiger Track waves. Meru Betiri National Park, Sukamade Turtle Breeding Station releases baby marine turtles to open ocean. 4 of 6 kind of turtles can be found in Indonesia visit Sukamade to put their eggs. Penyu Hijau visit the Sukamade Beach everynight, Penyu Lekang visit in March to June, Penyu Belimbing put the egg every 4 years in June to September and the scare Penyu Sisik seldom to visit the beach. Many waterfallsVisitors may be interested to find several waterfalls in one locality. Opened formally in 2014, there are a number of waterfalls in Kampung Anyar, near Kalibendo Plantation, around 15 kilometers from Banyuwangi on the way to Mount Ijen.
There are 3 waterfalls near to each other known as the "Triple Waterfall" to be found 10 minutes walk down the stairs from a parking area. Or about 300 meters along the river, walking uphill, Kethagen Waterfall can be found; the cliff besides the river can reflect sunlight. Banyuwangi has a temperate tropical and wet dry climate, similar to Banyuwangi's dry season start from May until October, the rest is wet season. In 2013, Banyuwangi's highest average temperature is on October with 28.2 °C and lowest average temperature is on April with 24.8 °C The forest and river in Banyuwangi is well-preserved, says the Indonesia Dragonfly Society because they found 3 dragonfly species which only can live in good environment. There are local controversies in the Regency over the impact of gold mining activities in the locality of Tumpang Pitu village. In 2006, the Banywa