Paul Doumer

Joseph Athanase Doumer known as Paul Doumer, was the President of France from 13 June 1931 until his assassination on 7 May 1932. Joseph Athanase Doumer was born in Aurillac, in the Cantal département, in France on 22 March 1857, into a family of modest means. Alumnus of the Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, he became a professor of mathematics at Mende in 1877. In 1878 Doumer married Blanche Richel, they had eight children. From 1879 until 1883 Doumer was professor at Remiremont, before leaving on health grounds, he became chief editor of Courrier de l'Aisne, a French regional newspaper. Initiated into Freemasonry in 1879, at "L'Union Fraternelle" lodge, he became Grand Secretary of Grand Orient de France in 1892, he made his debut in politics as chef de cabinet to Charles Floquet, when Floquet was president of the chamber in 1885. In 1888, Doumer was elected Radical deputy for the department of Aisne. Defeated in the general elections of September 1889, he was elected again in 1890 by the arrondissement of Auxerre.

He was Minister of Finance of France when he tried without success to introduce an income tax. Doumer was Governor-General of French Indochina from 1897 to 1902. Upon his arrival the colonies were losing millions of francs each year. Determined to put them on a paying basis he levied taxes on opium and the salt trade; the Vietnamese and Laotians who could or would not pay these taxes, lost their houses and land, became day laborers. He established Indochina as a market for French products and a source of profitable investment by French businessmen. Doumer set about outfitting Indochina Hanoi, the capital, with modern infrastructure befitting property of France. Tree-lined avenues and a large number of French Colonial buildings were constructed in Hanoi during his governance; the Long Bien Bridge and the Grand Palais in Hanoi were among large-scaled projects built during his term. The palace was destroyed by airstrikes toward the end of World War 2; the bridge became a well-known landmark and target for US pilots during the Vietnam War.

After returning from French Indochina, Doumer was elected by Laon to the chamber as a Radical. He refused, however, to support the ministry of Émile Combes, formed a Radical dissident group, which grew in strength and caused the fall of the ministry, he served as President of the Chamber of Deputies from 1902 to 1905. Doumer became Minister of Finance of France again in 1925, he served as President of the French Senate from 1927 until the 1931 presidential election. He was elected President of the French Republic on 13 May 1931, defeating the better known Aristide Briand, replacing Gaston Doumergue. On 6 May 1932, Paul Doumer was in Paris at the opening of a book fair at the Hôtel Salomon de Rothschild, talking to the author Claude Farrère. Several shots were fired by Paul Gorguloff, a mentally unstable Russian émigré. Two of the shots hit Doumer, at the base of the skull and in the right armpit, he fell to the ground. Claude Farrère wrestled with the assassin. Doumer was rushed to the hospital in Paris.

He is the only French president to die of a gunshot wound. Andre Maurois was an eyewitness to the assassination, having come to the book fair to autograph copies of his book, described the scene in his autobiography, "Call No Man Happy"; as Maurois notes, because the President was assassinated at a meeting of writers, it was decided that writers - Maurois himself among them - should stand guard over his body while he lay in state at the Elysee. As an author he is known by his L'Indo-Chine française, Le Livre de mes fils. List of Finance Ministers of France Politics of France Friends of the Natural History Museum Paris, of which he was one of the founders and the second president, in office from 1922 to 1931. Newspaper clippings about Paul Doumer in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW

2007–08 S.S.C. Napoli season

S. S. C. Napoli returned to Serie A with a stable funding from Aurelio De Laurentiis and a couple of exciting new signings in Marek Hamšík and Ezequiel Lavezzi. With those two quality players in the squad, Napoli was a reliable force, finishing 8th in the standings. Another surprising performer was defensive general Maurizio Domizzi, who scored 11 goals in all competitions, becoming the club's tied top scorer with Lavezzi. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Includes all competitive matches. Last updated: 18 May 2008Source: Squad Start formations Only competitive matches. Using the most used start formation. Ordered by position on pitch. RSSSF - Italy 2007/08

Charles Goutzwiller

Charles Antoine Adam Goutzwiller was a French art historian and engraver. At the Altkirch's college, he was the first professor of drawing of the painter Jean-Jacques Henner, who executed his portrait in 1891. « X. Hommaire de Hell. Étude biographique », in Revue d'Alsace, Colmar, 1860 et 1861 Le Musée de Colmar: Notice sur les peintures de Martin Schongauer et de divers artistes des anciennes écoles allemandes, C. Decker, Colmar, 1867, 80 p. Le Comté de Ferrette: esquisses historiques, 1868 Curiosités alsaciennes. Les vases de Ribeauvillé, Impr. de Vve L. L. Bader, Mulhouse, 1872, 28 p. « Le retable de Luemschwiller », in Revue alsacienne, 1886, no. 6 Souvenirs d'Alsace, paysages: à travers le passé, Impr. nouvelle, Belfort, 1898, 475 p. at Gallica Media related to Charles Goutzwiller at Wikimedia Commons