The pelagic zone consists of the water column of the open ocean, can be further divided into regions by depth. The word "pelagic" is derived from Ancient Greek πέλαγος, meaning'open sea'; the pelagic zone can be thought of in terms of an imaginary cylinder or water column that goes from the surface of the sea to the bottom. Conditions in the water column change with distance from the surface: the pressure increases. Rather like the Earth's atmosphere, but depending on how deep the water is, the water column can be divided vertically into up to five different layers, as illustrated on the right. In addition to the above changes, marine life is affected by bathymetry, by the proximity to land, underwater such as the seafloor or a shoreline or a submarine seamount. Marine life is affected by the proximity of the ocean surface, the boundary between the ocean and the atmosphere, which can bring light for photosynthesis but can bring predation from above and wind stirring up waves and setting currents in motion.
The pelagic zone refers to open and free waters in the body of the ocean that stretch between the ocean surface and the ocean bottom and are not too close to some boundary, like a shore or the seafloor or the surface. Marine life living in the pelagic zone can swim in any direction, unhindered by topographical constraints; the oceanic zone is the deep open ocean beyond the continental shelf. These offshore waters contrast with the inshore or coastal waters near the coast, such as in estuaries or on the continental shelf. Waters can plunge in the oceanic zone to the depths of the abyssopelagic and the hadopelagic. Coastal waters are confined to the shallow epipelagic, though these are still pelagic waters providing they are not near the seafloor. Altogether, the pelagic zone occupies 1,330 million km3 with a mean depth of 3.68 km and maximum depth of 11 km. Fish that live in the pelagic zone are called pelagic fish. Pelagic life decreases with increasing depth; the pelagic zone can be contrasted with the demersal zones at the bottom of the sea.
The benthic zone is the ecological region at the bottom of the sea. It includes some subsurface layers. Marine organisms living in this zone, such as clams and crabs, are called benthos; the demersal zone is just above the benthic zone. It can be affected by the seabed and the life that lives there. Fish that live in the demersal zone are called demersal fish, can be divided into benthic fish, which are denser than water so they can rest on the bottom, benthopelagic fish, which swim in the water column just above the bottom. Demersal fish are known as bottom feeders and groundfish. Depending on how deep the sea is, the pelagic zone can extend to five vertical regions in the ocean. From the top down, these are: From the surface down to around 200 m This is the illuminated zone at the surface of the sea where enough light is available for photosynthesis. Nearly all primary production in the ocean occurs here. Plants and animals are concentrated in this zone. Examples of organisms living in this zone are plankton, floating seaweed, tuna, many sharks and dolphins.
From 200 m down to around 1,000 m The most abundant organisms thriving into the mesopelagic zone are heterotrophic bacteria. Examples of animals that live here are swordfish, Anarhichadidae or "wolffish" and some species of cuttlefish. Many organisms that live in this zone are bioluminescent; some creatures living in the mesopelagic zone rise to the epipelagic zone at night to feed. From 1,000 m down to around 4,000 m The name stems from Ancient Greek βαθύς, meaning'deep'. At this depth, the ocean is pitch black, apart from occasional bioluminescent organisms, such as anglerfish. No living plant exists here. Most animals living here survive by consuming the detritus falling from the zones above, known as "marine snow", or, like the marine hatchetfish, by preying on other inhabitants of this zone. Other examples of this zone's inhabitants are giant squid, smaller squids and the grimpoteuthis or "dumbo octopus"; the giant squid is hunted here by deep-diving sperm whales. From around 4,000 m down to above the ocean floor The name is derived from Ancient Greek ἄβυσσος, meaning'bottomless'.
Few creatures live in the cold temperatures, high pressures and complete darkness of this depth. Among the species found in this zone are several species of squid. Many of the species living at these depths are transparent and eyeless because of the total lack of light in this zone; the name is derived from the realm of the Greek underworld. This is the deepest part of the ocean at more than 6,000 6,500 m, depending on authority; such depths are located in trenches. The pelagic ecosystem is based on phytoplankton. Phytoplankton manufacture their own food using a process of photosynthesis; because they need sunlight, they inhabit the upper, sunlit epipelagic zone, which includes the coastal or neritic zone. Biodiversity diminishes markedly in the deeper zones below the epipelagic zone as dissolved oxygen diminishes, water pressure increases, temperatures become colder, food sources become scarce, light diminishes and disappears. Pelagic birds, a
Inch High, Private Eye is an American animated television series produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions and broadcast on NBC from September 8, 1973, to August 31, 1974. The titular character of Inch High Private Eye is a miniature detective. Inch enlists the help of his niece Lori, her muscle-bound friend Gator, their dog Braveheart to help solve mysteries, their primary mode of transportation is the Hushmobile, a streamlined car that makes no noise while being driven, making it perfect for following criminals unnoticed. Inch works for The Finkerton Detective Agency, where the boss dreams of the day that he will fire him. Unlike most Hanna-Barbera mystery solving cartoons, the characters in this show are not teenagers. Lennie Weinrib - Inch High Kathy Gori - Lori Bob Luttrell - Gator John Stephenson - Mr. Finkerton Jean Vander Pyl - Mrs. Finkerton Don Messick - Braveheart Inch High appears in a Cartoon Network commercial, where he teams up with Batman to fight crime, only to be crushed when running to the Batmobile.
Inch High was featured in an episode of Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law, in which he sues his employer for wrongful dismissal. Inch was voiced by Maurice LaMarche. On April 24, 2012, Warner Archive released Inch High Private Eye: The Complete Series on DVD in region 1 as part of their Hanna–Barbera Classics Collection; this is a Manufacture-on-Demand release, available through Warner's online store and Amazon.com. Inch High, Private Eye on IMDb Inch High Private Eye at TV.com Inch High, Private Eye at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on September 1, 2016. Inch High, Private Eye at Thrillingdetective
The 1974 WFL Pro Draft was the first professional draft of the World Football League. It supplemented its collegiate draft and included players from the NFL and CFL, it consisted of 480 selections in 40 rounds. Although it was expected that most of the NFL players drafted would have no intention of signing with the new league, the WFL still wanted to have the prominent NFL players future rights assigned, preventing WFL teams from competing in the signing for the same players. On March 19, 1974, the WFL had a second Pro Draft to select the rights to players cut by National Football League teams; each WFL team selected 2 NFL franchises to secure the rights to players not selected in the first day 40 rounds Pro Draft. The New York Giants and Chicago Bears were not drafted. Toronto Northmen: Green Bay Packers, Detroit Lions. Birmingham Americans: Miami Dolphins, Atlanta Falcons. Detroit Wheels: Minnesota Vikings, Buffalo Bills. Washington Ambassadors: New England Patriots, Baltimore Colts. Philadelphia Bell: Los Angeles Rams, Washington Redskins.
Portland Storm: Dallas Cowboys, St. Louis Cardinals. Jacksonville Sharks: Houston Oilers, Philadelphia Eagles. Southern California Sun: San Francisco 49ers, Denver Broncos. Chicago Winds: Cincinnati Bengals, Cleveland Browns. Houston Texans: Kansas City Chiefs, New Orleans Saints; the Hawaiians: San Diego Chargers, Oakland Raiders. New York Stars: New York Jets, Pittsburgh Steelers. In 1975, because of the uncertainties surrounding the league, only a Pro Draft of entire NFL and CFL teams was done at its league meetings in Birmingham, Alabama; the professional football teams chosen were the following: Birmingham Vulcans: Atlanta Falcons, Kansas City Chiefs and Winnipeg Blue Bombers. Charlotte Hornets: Baltimore Colts, Detroit Lions and Buffalo Bills. Chicago Winds: Pittsburgh Steelers, New York Jets and Edmonton Eskimos; the Hawaiians: San Francisco 49ers, Denver Broncos and Philadelphia Eagles. Jacksonville Express: Miami Dolphins, Cleveland Browns and Green Bay Packers. Memphis Southmen: Toronto Argonauts, St. Louis Cardinals and New England Patriots.
Philadelphia Bell: Montreal Alouettes, New York Giants and Washington Redskins. Portland Thunder: Oakland Raiders, Minnesota Vikings, Ottawa Rough Riders and Saskatchewan Roughriders. San Antonio Wings: Dallas Cowboys, Houston Oilers, Calgary Stampeders and Hamilton Tiger-Cats. Shreveport Steamer: New Orleans Saints, Chicago Bears and Cincinnati Bengals. Southern California Sun: Los Angeles Rams, BC Lions and San Diego Chargers. 1974 WFL Pro Draft Birmingham Americans 1974 WFL Pro Draft Chicago Fire 1974 WFL Pro Draft Detroit Wheels 1974 WFL Pro Draft Jacksonville Sharks