Penalty area

The penalty area or 18-yard box is an area of an association football pitch. It extends 16.5 m to each side of the goal and 16.5 m in front of it. Within the penalty area is the penalty spot, 10.97 metres or 12 yards from the goal line, directly in-line with the centre of the goal. A penalty arc adjoins the penalty area, encloses the area within 9.15m from the penalty spot. Within the penalty area is another smaller rectangular area called the goal area, delimited by two lines starting on the goal-line 5.5 metres from the goalposts and extending 5.5 metres into the pitch from the goal-line, the line joining these. Goal kicks and any free kick by the defending team may be taken from anywhere in this area. Indirect free kicks awarded to the attacking team within the goal area are taken from the point on the line parallel to the goal line nearest where the infringement occurred. Drop-balls that would otherwise occur closer to the goal line are taken on this line. Penalty areas extended the width of the field, but were reduced to their current dimensions in 1901.

Fouls punishable by a direct free kick, committed by the defensive team within the penalty area, may be penalised by a penalty kick. A penalty kick is taken from the penalty spot; the penalty spot is located 12 yards away from the goal line. The penalty area has other functions, including: Goalkeepers: The area delimiting the area in which a goalkeeper may handle the ball. In a typical game, for the majority of time the penalty area is only occupied by the goalkeeper; the attacking team aims to get the ball and their own players into the defending team's penalty area, a high percentage of goals in professional football are scored from within the penalty area. During attacking set pieces, including corners, a large number of both attacking and defending players are in the penalty area and, although illegal, grappling between players is observed. Penalty shoot-out Association football pitch


Stoja Novaković, known by her stage name Stoja, is a Serbian singer. Recognised as one of the most popular turbo-folk performers, Stoja is noted for her strong voice and eccentric appearances, she released her first album, Kako je meni sada, in Lazarević Production in 1998. She released her albums in the record label Grand Production. Within a short time, Stoja became one of the most popular singers in the Balkans, she is signed to BN Music, has released songs with IDJ too. Novaković was born in the Zrenjanin municipality in northern Serbia, her father was born in Pukiš, a village in the Lopare municipality in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. She was raised in Perlez, where she lived until the age of 25, she is said to have received her strong voice from her father, Milan. Her father was not supportive of her singing career and they didn't speak for years because she decided to pursue that career path, it was. Novaković began singing as an amateur in kafanas and discothèques in 1987. In 1997 she began recording an album for the record label Lazarević Produktion.

Kako je meni sada, her debut studio album, was released in 1998. That first album became a big success; that year, she signed with the label Grand Production, owned by Lepa Brena, released her second album, Ćiki, ćiki in 1999. The album featured multiple hit songs, the biggest being "Ćiki, ćiki". One of Stoja's greatest hits, song Evropa, can be heard in episode 19 of Bosnian TV series Viza za budućnost. Stoja released the EP Osveta with two songs in 2006 with the band Južni Vetar; the song "Revolucija" and its music video were both released in October 2010. The video caused some stir in the media because it featured Stoja bathing in a bathtub full of peppers, her tenth studio album entitled Nije da nije was released on 6 May 2013 by the Bosnia-based label BN Music, marking the first time in 15 years that Stoja has released an album with a production company other than Grand Production. Following the release of Nije da nije, Stoja began releasing non-album singles including "Bela ciganka", "Ola ola", "Takvog dečka hoću ja", "Lila lila", "Ti brate imaš sve".

Album Bela ciganka was released in 2015. Two singles were released the next year: "Ponovo" and "Ko preživi neka priča". In the following period, singles with music videos are released by Stoja: "Bomba", "Samo jako", "Ne treba mi život", "Čista hemija", "Ko bi rekao", "Idi mami pa se žali", "Žena sa Balkana", "Svet se vrti oko nas", "Taki taki" and "Neka pati". Geto Gerila made a remix of her song "Džek" entitled "Ostani tu" and published on 27 October 2019; the last release in 2019 was Geto Gerila remix of Stoja's hit "Ćiki, ćiki" entitled "Aj, chiki" and published on 20 December. Stoja has been working with her long-time friend and lyricist Stevan Simeunović, author of all her songs since her carrer has started. Novaković was first married at age 16, became a mother at 17 and was widowed at 19 when her first husband lost his life in a 1991 car crash, ending their three-year marriage; the period after his death was financially difficult for her. She was quoted as saying "I was poor. I did not have anything to eat."

She became a grandmother at age 33. Since 2007, she has lived in Belgrade, more the Bežanijska kosa neighborhood in New Belgrade. Novaković married architect Igor Jovanović 1 November 2009, after being in a relationship for five years, their relationship has been on-again-off-again, with the couple breaking up and getting back together. In a March 2014 interview, Novaković revealed that she once attempted suicide by driving her car into a wall to keep their marriage from dissipating. On 4 October 2011, Stoja found her mother Katica, who had heart problems and diabetes, dead in bed after being suspicious when Katica did not emerge from her bedroom that morning. Stoja survived a car accident on 28 May 2012, she escaped with a minor injury to the forehead. Stoja has said that her favorite singer is Šemsa Suljaković and she has covered Suljaković's songs at concerts and television appearances, was interviewed with her in June 2012. Kako je meni sada Ćiki, ćiki Samo Evropa Zakletva Starija Metak Do gole kože Naj, naj Nije da nije Bela ciganka Starija Metak Ja te Mićo ne volim Do gole kože Kučka Pogrešna Da li si za sex?

Kakva sam, takva sam Živi i uživaj Revolucija Pare, pare Ti brate imas sve Samo Jako Ne treba mi zivot Cista Hemija Ko bi rekao Zena sa Balkana Taki, Taki Neka pati Ostani tu Aj, chiki "Stoja - Ništa lično intervju". YouTube. 3 November 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2012. Stoja on Facebook

Learning Ally

Learning Ally, named Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic or RFB&D, is a non-profit volunteer organization operating nationwide in the United States. It produces and maintains a library of educational accessible audiobooks for people who cannot read standard print because of visual impairment, dyslexia, or other disabilities. Learning Ally provides services for individuals with print disabilities such as dyslexia and visual impairments, as well as the people who support them; this includes services for parents such as phone consultations, support networks and information on specialists and tutors. Learning Ally offers a digital audiobook library which in 2015 contained over 80,000 titles, including textbooks on specialty and academic subjects, from kindergarten through post-graduate and professional. Borrowers must provide a certification of their disability, may borrow titles through an individual membership, through their association with a member institution such as a school, or both. In recent years, approved borrowers had paid no charges for this service through funding provided by the U.

S. Department of Education. Since the federal appropriation was eliminated in 2011, Learning Ally began requiring an annual membership fee for individuals $135, with hardship waivers available for those who qualify. Audio software for mainstream mobile devices and the group's Link software for Mac and PC are available to members free of charge. Institutional memberships are provided at various fee levels to public and private schools and universities; the company awards four types of scholarship prizes to students. Learning Ally Link is an educational reading app, designed for students who learn through listening, including students with dyslexia, learning disabilities or visual impairment. In 2015, Learning Ally launched the site, a student-driven community hub to drive public awareness of dyslexia. The site offers resources and information on dyslexia, including: Video statements and stories by children and teens describing their dyslexia experiences Common misconceptions and myths about dyslexia Opportunities for site visitors to contribute their own stories by uploading a video or writing a blog entry Ideas and materials to help raise awareness of dyslexia