The Pentagon Barracks known as the Old United States Barracks, is a complex of buildings located at the corner of State Capitol Drive and River Road in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, in the grounds of the state capitol. The site was used by the Spanish, British, Confederate States Army, United States Army and was part of the short-lived Republic of West Florida. During its use as a military post the site has been visited by such notable figures as Zachary Taylor,Lafayette, Robert E. Lee, George Custer, Jefferson Davis, Abraham Lincoln. Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville visited the area circa 1700. France retained the Baton Rouge site until the British took control in 1763. In 1779, during the American Revolutionary War, the British erected a dirt Fort New Richmond on the banks of the Mississippi River. Bernardo de Gálvez, colonial governor of Louisiana, arrived on 20 September 1779 and found three hundred British troops garrisoning Fort New Richmond. In the Battle of Baton Rouge, engineers under Spanish Governor Gálvez constructed a siege line, enabling the Spanish troops to shell Fort Richmond.
The Spanish renamed it Fort San Carlos. American and remaining British settlers in Louisiana resisted Spanish control and rebelled in 1810 to establish the Republic of West Florida, they flew their Bonnie Blue Flag over Fort San Carlos throughout the republic's short three-month life. The Republic surrendered the city of Baton Rouge to United States authorities on December 10, 1810. American forces renamed the fort Post at Baton Rouge; the Post at Baton Rouge served as the assembly point for American troops going to the Creek War in 1813-14 and to the Battle of New Orleans in 1814-15. The Army built the Baton Rouge Barracks just north of the Post at Baton Rouge and in 1819 demolished the former Fort San Carlos. United States Army Captain James Gadsden designed the Baton Rouge Barracks and took charge of their construction from 1819 to 1825; the soldiers completed four two-story brick buildings, forming four sides of a regular pentagon, by 1825, hence the nickname "Pentagon Barracks." They built a commissary-warehouse building, forming the fifth side of the pentagon, in 1821, but tore down this defective building within a few months due to faulty construction.
The Pentagon Barracks could house one thousand troops. The Army in 1825 established a large adjacent Baton Rouge Arsenal and Ordnance Depot to serve the then-Southwestern United States; the United States Army occupied the Baton Rouge Barracks and Arsenal until January 1861, when the State of Louisiana seized the post and turned the operation of the arsenal over to the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy held Baton Rouge until its evacuation during the capture of New Orleans in April 1862. Union troops took back and reoccupied the Baton Rouge complex in May 1862; the Confederates attempted unsuccessfully to retake Baton Rouge in the Battle of Baton Rouge. Union authorities renamed the Barracks and Arsenal as Fort Williams after Union General Thomas Williams, killed in the battle. Union soldiers built earthworks to protect the complex, incorporating an old Indian mound into the defenses. In 1884, the General Assembly of Louisiana passed a resolution allocating the full usage of the buildings and grounds of the Pentagon Barracks to Louisiana State University.
The University gained full possession of the grounds in 1886 and the buildings were used as dormitories for the students. The grounds were used by LSU until the university moved to its current location in 1926. Sigma Iota fraternity was founded there on November 27, 1904 as a secret society for Spanish-American students under the name La Colonia Hispano-Americana. Soon after its founding La Colonia Hispano-Americano decided to change its name to Sociedad Hispano-Americana in December 1904. In 1951, ownership of the Barracks was transferred to the State of Louisiana and on July 26, 1973, the buildings were placed on the National Register of Historic Places; the Pentagon Barracks still houses the offices of the lieutenant governor and private apartments for state legislators. History of Louisiana National Register of Historic Places listings in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana This article incorporates public domain material from the National Park Service document "". Capitol Complex attractions Pentagon Barracks, at National Park Service
"Sobrenadar" is Paula Garcia's solo project. Paula Garcia is songwriter. Born on 29 February 1988 Resistencia, Chaco. In 2006 she moved to Buenos Aires and began to study music production at the Escuela de Musica de Buenos Aires. Two years Paula moved back home and starting recording songs in her bedroom studio which have been self-described like ‘watery music’, she blends together reverby beats, electronic elements, soft guitars, voice whispering to create "aquatic" Dream Pop tunes that give the impression of listening underwater. "Sobrenadar" can be translated to "over-swimming". The track "Sommeil Paradoxal" has been included in a compilation "Así suena el verano" released through the blog Indie Hoy; the song "Esmerilado" in Weekly Magic Tape #27 of Magic. Sobrenadar 1859 Tres "Vent Solaire" "Guam" "Alucinari" Sobrenadar on Bandcamp.com Sobrenadar on Soundcloud.com Sobrenadar on MySpace.com Escucharemos Retrobeta Paperblog France Esmerilado track on Weekly Magic Tape #27 Sommeil Paradoxal on Indie Hoy Bien Copet Campo Estelar Video Announcement Absent Fever Label EP Release Announcement
The Lae War Cemetery, established in 1944, is located adjacent to the Botanical Gardens in the centre of the city of Lae, the capital of Morobe Province, in Papua New Guinea. The cemetery is managed by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. In World War II, Japanese and Commonwealth soldiers fought to hold the strategic areas of Papua New Guinea, the Morobe Province was the site of several heated campaigns in late 1942–1943; the cemetery holds the remains of over 2,800 soldiers, many of whom died in the Salamaua–Lae campaign, but those who died in Japanese detention on the Island. As the remains of missing soldiers are recovered, they are interred in the cemetery. In the early months of 1942, Japan dominated the skies. Lae and Salamaua were bombed on 21 January 1942 by 100 planes, 3,000 land troops arrived on 7 March. There were landings at Salamaua, followed on 21 July by further landings at Buna and Gona on the east coast, as the Japanese prepared to push through the Owen Stanley Mountains across the Papuan Peninsula to Port Moresby.
Lae became one of the bases from which the Japanese launched their southward drive, until it was stopped at Ioribaiwa Ridge, a point within 60 kilometres from Port Moresby. The cemetery was dedicated in 1944 by Lieutenant-General Sir Leslie Morshead, assisted by Chaplain C. M. Swan and Chaplain J. W. Drakeford; the Commonwealth Graves Commission assumed responsibility for it in 1947. The Lae Memorial commemorates 300 men of the Australian forces who lost their lives and have no known grave, it contains a total of 2,800 burials. Rising from the Cemetery forecourt, a wide flight of steps leads to a flat-topped colonnade; the central span of the colonnade frames a view of the Cross of Sacrifice, found in every Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery of more than 40 burials. The cross stands on an expansive lawn; the Lae Memorial to the Missing stands in the cemetery, to commemorate 328 officers and men of the Australian Army, the Australian Merchant Navy and the Royal Australian Air Force who died in Papua New Guinea and have no known grave.
The naval casualties were killed, or died of injuries received, on HMS King George V, HMS Glenearn and Empire Arquebus, the four men of the Merchant Navy were killed when the SS Gorgon was bombed and damaged in Milne Bay in April 1943. The cemetery contains two classifications of the identified and the unidentified. Most of the 2,818 burials are identified. Graves include 426 Indian soldiers who were taken prisoner by the Japanese in the Malaya and Hong Kong and interred in Papua New Guinea.. Most of the dead were killed in the Salamaua-Lae campaign in 1943, in particular, action at the Ramu Valley, Shaggy Ridge, the Finisterre region; the cemetery contains the grave of William Ellis Newton VC. Newton was awarded the Victoria Cross on 19 October 1943 for his actions on 16–18 March, becoming the only Australian airman to earn the decoration in the South West Pacific theatre of World War II, the only one while flying with an RAAF squadron; the annual dawn service is held every ANZAC day to commemorate the dead.
The day is celebrated on 25 April, the landing of the Australian and New Zealand forces at Galipoli during World War I. The typical service is patterned on the military dawn "stand-to," followed by an introduction, prayer, an address, the laying of wreaths, a recitation or two, followed by the playing of the Last Post; the service concludes with a minute of silence and the New Zealand and Australian national anthems. On 13 January 1999, two men who had died on a 1944 jungle reconnaissance flight were buried at the Lae War Cemetery. A Wirraway aircraft flown by RAAF Flight Lieutenant Denis John Unkles crashed into the Papua New Guinea jungle on 15 April 1944, killing Unkles and his passenger, Army Lieutenant John Rawdon Fethersonhaugh; the flight had departed from the Gusap Strip on 15 April 1944, for an operational reconnaissance of the Wantoat area. When the aircraft's wreckage was located in the Finisterre Range, 80 kilometres north-west of Lae, it was covered in 2 metres of jungle growth.
Unkles' granddaughter played the last post. In April 1999, RAAF Flying Officer Maurice Ambrose Bellert of the No. 82 Squadron RAAF from Bundaberg, was buried in Lae War Cemetery with full military honours. His P-40 Kittyhawk crashed into the sea off Irian Jaya on 18 October 1944, after a raid on Japanese positions, his fate and location remained a mystery until 1999, when an Indonesian fisherman discovered the wreckage in 27 metres of water several kilometres off Manokwari. His name was removed from the memorial for the missing, he received a headstone of his own; the Bomana War Cemetery was established across the island, 19 kilometres north of Port Moresby on the road to the town of Nine Mile, is approached from the main road by a side road called Pilgrims Way. This cemetery contains 3,819 Commonwealth burials, 702 of them unidentified, it was started in 1942 by the Australian Army and is the only Papua New Guinea cemetery to contain white marble headstones and a Stone of Remembrance.. Australian Imperial Force Headquarters Lieutenant Colonels NX484 Fenton A.
G. MBE Majors QX43794 Hopkinson R. E. D Captains NGX189 Evensen M. G NX42188 Massie J. H. H NX112723 Watson W. P Lieutenants NGX48 Barracluff J. T. VX20171 Fetherstonhaugh J. R QX26597 Graham P. O Australian Light Horse 2/2 Cavalry Commando Squadron Troopers WX34934 Beadman R. L. NX57432 Brown H. NX5