The Percheron is a breed of draft horse that originated in the Huisne river valley in western France, part of the former Perche province from which the breed takes its name. Gray or black in color, Percherons are well muscled, known for their intelligence and willingness to work. Although their exact origins are unknown, the ancestors of the breed were present in the valley by the 17th century, they were bred for use as war horses. Over time, they began to be used for pulling stagecoaches and for agriculture and hauling heavy goods. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Arabian blood was added to the breed. Exports of Percherons from France to the United States and other countries rose exponentially in the late 19th century, the first purely Percheron stud book was created in France in 1883. Before World War I, thousands of Percherons were shipped from France to the United States, but after the war began, an embargo stopped shipping; the breed was used extensively in Europe during the war, with some horses being shipped from the US back to France to help in the war effort.
Beginning in 1918, Percherons began to be bred in Great Britain, in 1918 the British Percheron Horse Society was formed. After a series of name and studbook ownership changes, the current US Percheron registry was created in 1934. In the 1930s, Percherons accounted for 70 percent of the draft horse population in the United States, but their numbers declined after World War II. However, the population began to recover and as of 2009, around 2,500 horses were registered annually in the United States alone; the breed is still used extensively for draft work, in France they are used for food. They have been crossed with several light horse breeds to produce horses for range work and competition. Purebred Percherons are used for forestry work and pulling carriages, as well as work under saddle, including competition in English riding disciplines such as show jumping; the size considered ideal for the Percheron varies between countries. In France, height ranges from weight from 1,100 to 2,600 pounds.
Percherons in the United States stand between 16.2 and 17.3 hands, with a range of 15–19 hands. American Percherons average 1,900 pounds, their top weight is around 2,600 pounds. In Great Britain, 16.2 hands is the shortest acceptable height for stallions and 16.1 hands for mares, while weights range from around 2,000–2,200 pounds for stallions and 1,800–2,000 pounds for mares. They are gray or black in coloring, although the American registry allows the registration of roan and chestnut horses. Only gray or black horses may be registered in Britain. Many horses have white markings on their heads and legs, but registries consider excessive white to be undesirable; the head has broad forehead, large eyes and small ears. The chest is deep and wide and the croup long and level; the feet and legs are clean and muscled. The overall impression of the Percheron is one of power and ruggedness. Enthusiasts describe the temperament as proud and alert, members of the breed are considered intelligent, willing workers with good dispositions.
They adapt well to many conditions and climates. In the 19th century, they were known to travel up to 60 kilometres a day at a trot. Horses in the French registry are branded on the neck with the intertwined letters "SP", the initials of the Société Hippique Percheronne; the Percheron breed originated in the Huisne river valley in France, which arises in Orne, part of the former Perche province, from which the breed gets its name. Several theories have been put forth as to the ancestry of the breed, though its exact origins are unknown. One source of foundation bloodstock may have been mares captured by Clovis I from the Bretons some time after 496 AD, another may have been Arabian stallions brought to the area by Muslim invaders in the 8th century. Other possibilities are captured Moorish cavalry horses from the Battle of Poitiers in 732 AD, some of which were taken by warriors from Perche. A final theory posits that the Percheron and the Boulonnais breed are related, that the Boulonnais influenced the Percheron when they were brought to Brittany as reinforcements for the legions of Caesar.
It is known that during the 8th century, Arabian stallions were crossed with mares native to the area, more Oriental horse blood was introduced by the Comte du Perche upon his return from the Crusades and expeditions into territory claimed by Spain. Blood from Spanish breeds was added. No matter the theory of origin, breed historians agree that the terrain and climate of the Perche area had the greatest influence on the development of the breed. A possible reference to the horse is made in the 13th-century romance Guillaume de Dole, in which the title character asks for "the Count of Perche's horse" to be made ready indicating the "'great horse,' which could accommodate an armored knight" and was bred in the geographical setting of the poem. During the 17th century, horses from Perche, the ancestors of the current Percheron, were smaller, standing between 15 and 16 hands high, more agile; these horses were uniformly gray. After the days of the armored knight, the emphasis in horse breeding was shifted so as to develop horses better able to pull heavy stage coaches at a fast trot.
Gray horses were preferred
Hilton High School is part of the 4,450-student Hilton Central School District, a public school system based in Hilton, a suburb of Rochester, New York. Hilton High School offers an International Baccalaureate Diploma, the school has made Newsweek's top 1,200 schools in the United States each year since ranking at number 989 in 2005. Hilton is top 200 in NYS and 8 in Monroe county ~ 20 schools. Hilton Schools have a long history of achievement graduating the first Regents Diploma student, Miss Jennie Mitchell, in 1899. More than 20 one-room schoolhouses and the "Henry Street School" were centralized in 1949. In 2008 the Hilton School District's Music Program was named "One of the Best Communities for Music Education in the Nation" by the NAMM Foundation. Superintendents have brought many innovations and sweeping facility upgrades to the District's five schools and transportation facility including a $60 million capital project in 2001-05. In Hilton, the students excel. A significant number or graduates have been accepted to US military academies, over 90% of Hilton's graduates go on to further education.
In March 2005, Hilton added, as a part of their Capital Bond Project, an Aquatic Center at Merton Williams Middle School, thus replacing the old five-lane pool. This eight-lane pool with an attached diving well and two diving boards includes bleachers for 240 spectators, an electronic scoreboard. Local swim teams practice and swim in this pool, including H. A. S. T and the Girls' and Boys' Modified, Junior Varsity, Varsity teams. Football has been a mainstay for Hilton Central High School drawing thousands of fans to LeBeau field on Friday nights. Led by longtime head coach Rich Lipani, the Cadets football team are perennial contenders for sectional titles. In 2008, under the direction of Gary Buchholz and Phil D'Agostino along with students Tim Woodward, Andrew Zielinski, Adam Hertzlin, Hilton won the 2008 Monroe Community College High School Engineering Competition in the SumoBot competition, claiming the top 4 places. In 2005, the Hilton Girls' Cross Country Team won the 2005 Nike Team Nationals Race, making them the number one girls' cross country team in the nation.
In 2006, Allison Sawyer and Caroline Shultz advanced to the Foot Locker National Championship meet in San Diego, putting them in contention with the top 40 girl cross country runners in the United States. In 2014, the Hilton Cadets Wrestling Team won the Section V Class AA tournament and finished the season ranked fourth in New York State; the high school has produced many musicians who have gone on to recording contracts and positions in orchestras and choir groups. Instrumentally, the school places students in marching band, concert band, symphonic band, jazz ensemble and wind ensemble. Additionally, Under the direction of Tim Stodd, the school's Winter Drum Line is a member of the New York State Percussion Circuit, competes at membership tournaments throughout Western New York, including a competition hosted each winter at Hilton High School; the Drumline has won the NYS championship competition 13 times consecutively, with their most recent victory in 2013. In 2013, The Hilton Winter Drumline won the WGI Regional in Unionville, PA, won the New York State championships sweeping every award there was to offer.
On April 19, 2013, performing their show "Arabian Nights: Legend of Scheherazade" for the last time, Hilton High School was crowned world champion in Percussion Scholastic "A" class division with a score of 96.888 out of 100. Vocally, students participate in da Capo singers, men's chorus, women's chorus, chorale. In May 2007, the Marching Band, high school Jazz Ensemble, Wind Ensemble, Women's Chorus, Chorale all participated in an adjudication in Williamsburg, Virginia where the Wind Ensemble, Women's Chorus; each year the high school produces a major musical. In the past few years performances have included Grease, High School Musical and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, 42nd Street, The Secret Garden and Footloose. Ryan Callahan, National Hockey League player for the Ottawa Senators Yianni Diakomihalis, Two-time NCAA Wrestling Champion at Cornell University, US Open Champion Hilton, New York Hilton Central School District Official website
Glenbrook is a section of the city of Stamford, Connecticut. It is located on the eastern side of the city, east of Downtown, north of the East Side and the Cove sections and south of the Springdale section. To the west is Downtown Stamford and to the northwest is Belltown. To the east is Darien. An estimated 15,400 people live in the neighborhood of about 1.7 square miles. "Many residents see themselves as living not in a bustling city, but in a separate small town," according to a New York Times article about the community. Glenbrook is a middle class section of town, with single-family homes making up 65 percent of housing and about 25 percent condominiums or co-ops. Residential architecture ranges from Queen Anne style homes to Cape Cod and ranches; some public housing developments are in the southern end of the neighborhood. In August 2007, scenes for College Road Trip, a Walt Disney film released in 2008, were shot on location in one of the Queen Anne style homes of Glenbrook. There are several retail sections, including the Glenbrook Center shopping plaza, as well as an industrial park.
The neighborhood has several churches. The Julia A. Stark School and Dolan Middle School, both part of Stamford Public Schools are in Glenbrook; the community has its own volunteer Glenbrook Fire Department, a U. S. Post Office and it is served by the Glenbrook train station. Exit 9 of Interstate 95 is on the southern edge of the neighborhood, Stamford High School is on the western edge. Since 2000, the Glenbrook Neighborhood Association has held an annual block party popular in the neighborhood; the free event features games, a raffle and music. The association raised money in 2006 for a small park on Hope Street. St Vladimir's Cathedral on Wenzel Terrace is the headquarters for the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Stamford, a diocese of Ukrainian Rite Roman Catholics that extends across New England and New York state. AmeriCares, an international charity, has its headquarters in the neighborhood. United House Wrecking is a popular, distinctive store in Glenbrook In 1989 a New York Times article described the store as "a bizarre emporium of kitsch containing acres of architectural remnants, used plumbing fixtures, garden statuary and some outrageous items of decor".
In 1866, Joseph Whitton purchased a 20-acre tract, including the old Dixon Homestead in New Hope, as the area was called. The New Canaan railroad was built five years passing through the center of Whitton's land. Whitton laid out streets, including Cottage Avenue, Union Street, Railroad Avenue. In the 1870s, New Hope residents decided they wanted a name more pleasing to the ear and came up with "Glen-Brook."Former U. S. President and Civil War Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sometimes visited Glenbrook after he left the White House in 1877, he played poker with Ferdinand Ward, who owned a home at Strawberry Hill Avenue near Holbrook Drive and was a partner in a business with Grant. When Grant found out that Ward was cheating clients, he stopped visiting; the firm failed in 1884 and Grant went bankrupt. The gatehouse of Ward's estate remains. Charles Henry Phillips, a British pharmacist who invented and patented hydrate of magnesia had an estate at 666 Glenbrook Road, his heirs sold the Charles H. Phillips Company to Sterling Drug in 1923, which maintained a plant in Glenbrook until 1976.
Until the 1960s Stamford's now large neighborhoods, like Glenbrook, were looked on as individual, unofficial towns, residents would write their mailing addresses using the name "Glenbrook, Conn." instead of "Stamford, Conn." In the 1950s, the train station was moved from a spot near the Courtland Avenue overpass to its present location a bit to the northwest on the New Canaan line. As of 2007, city officials were considering the idea of building a second train station in the area at the original Glenbrook station site. An article about Glenbrook in The New York Times Real Estate section in 2007 provided a map showing these boundaries of the community: the eastern boundary runs along the Noroton River, southwest to Hamilton Avenue north on Glenbrook Road, west on Arlington Road, north on Underhill Street, west on Hillside Road, north on Strawberry Hill Avenue, east on Pine Hill Avenue; the authority for these borders is unknown. Closer to the highway, some residents consider themselves in the East Side neighborhood.
The Stamford Fire Rescue Department's Fire Station # 6, as well as the Glenbrook-New Hope Volunteer Fire Department, serve the neighborhood. Taylor-Reed corporation AmeriCares, an international relief organization, is located at 88 Hamilton Ave. in Glenbrook. Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Stamford United House Wrecking Glenbrook Neighborhood Association Glenbrook Neighborhood Association City of Stamford Stamford Historical Society
Baba Moti Ram Mehra was a devoted disciple and servant of the Guru Gobind Singh who, disregarding the risk to his own life, managed to enter the Thanda Burj in a dramatic manner and serve milk to the Mata Gujri and Baba Zorawar Singh and Baba Fateh Singh, the two younger Sahibzadas of Guru Gobind Singh for three nights, where they were kept under arrest by the Mughal Governor of Sirhind, Wazir. Khan. On December 27, 1704, the Sahibzadas were martyred and Mata Gujri died, he arranged sandal wood for their cremation. Someone told the Nawab that his servant had served those prisoners with water; the Nawab ordered his mother, wife and a little son. He did not conceal his act and boldly told the Nawab that it was his pious duty to serve the imprisoned children and their grandmother. Hence Baba Moti Ram Mehra, along with his family, was sentenced to death by being squeezed in a Kohlu, his sacrifice was first sermonized by Baba Banda Singh Bahadur. His followers and kin of his caste constituted the Amar Saheed Baba Moti Ram Mehra Charitable Trust.
A Gurudwara known as the Memorial Baba Moti Ram Mehra stands opposite Rauza Sharif 200 metres from Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib, constructed by the Trust at the place where Moti Ram Mehra was martyred by the Nawab. The land was donated by Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee. Today, Moti Ram Mehra is respected by Sikhs while the Baba Moti Ram Mehra Memorial Gate was constructed by the Punjab Government in remembrance of his great sacrifices. Saka Sirhind Shaheedi Jor Mela Diwan Todar Mal
Berkeley "Bud" Lent was an American politician and jurist in the state of Oregon. He was the 38th Chief Justice of the Oregon Supreme Court, serving from 1982 to 1983. Elected to the court in 1976, Lent remained until 1988; the native Oregonian was elected to both branches of the Oregon legislature, including time as the Senate Majority Leader, was a county circuit court judge. Lent served as a mediator and senior judge in Oregon. On September 22, 1921, Lent was born in Los Angeles, CA. Raised in the Lents neighborhood of southeast Portland, Berkeley earned his primary education there, graduating from Franklin High School. After high school he moved to Los Angeles, California where he attended Occidental College from 1944 to 1945. In 1944, he married Dorothy Welch. Lent joined the United States Navy that year. Lent returned to Portland where he attended Reed College, graduating in 1948, he went on to law school at Willamette University College of Law where he graduated with his juris doctorate in 1950 and was president of his class his final year.
After law school Lent moved to San Francisco and worked for Bancroft-Whitney Law Publishing Company as an editor. He returned to Portland and worked for the Bonneville Power Administration as a staff attorney. After practicing law in Coos Bay, Lent returned again to Portland and began working at the law firm of Peterson & Pozzi beginning in 1953. Berkeley Lent began his political life in the state house as a Democrat from Portland, serving at the 1957 session, he remained in the House through 1965, that year serving as the Minority Whip. He served in the state senate from 1967 to 1971. During the 1971 legislative session Lent was selected as the Senate Majority Leader after losing the Senate Presidency when a rural conservative Democrat, himself a former Senate President, joined Republicans to deny Lent the Senate Presidency; the defection caused a 15-15 deadlock that lasted for 12 days and through 54 ballots before being broken. That year Lent was appointed as a county circuit court judge in Multnomah County remaining at that post until 1977.
Lent was elected to the Oregon Supreme Court in November 1976 to replace the outgoing Kenneth O'Connell. Justice Lent was re-elected to another six-year term in 1982. On the court his fellow justices elected him as Chief Justice in July 1982, serving until resigning the position in August 1983. Justice Lent resigned from the bench on September 30, 1988. George Van Hoomissen was elected in May of that year to replace Lent. After leaving the court and political office, Lent worked in alternative dispute resolution as an arbitrator and mediator, as well as a senior judge for the state of Oregon, he divorced his first wife Dorothy in 1961 and remarried in 1968 to Joan Burnett, with the family moving to Las Vegas, after Lent's retirement. He had two sons and Scott, four daughters, Deirdre and Patricia. Berkeley Lent died of a heart attack in Las Vegas on November 11, 2007
Matthew Lobbe is a former professional Australian rules footballer who played for the Carlton Football Club in the Australian Football League. He played for the Port Adelaide Football Club from 2010 to 2017; the Power's first pick in the 2007 AFL draft spent all of 2008 in the SANFL reserves with the Port Adelaide Magpies. During the 2009 preseason, he was seen as a future ruckman. On in the 2009 season, he was transferred from the Port Adelaide Magpies to the West Adelaide Bloods in a bid to play regular league football games; this was successful. Lobbe made his debut for the Power in Round 2010 in an upset win over the top-placed St Kilda, he had a quiet debut in terms of disposals. However he was serviceable in the ruck, winning a total of 10 hit-outs against the experienced St Kilda ruck duo of Michael Gardiner and Steven King; the following week he had 10 hit-outs against the Adelaide Crows in the Showdown. Lobbe got 15 hit-outs. Throughout Port Adelaide's successful 2014 campaign, Lobbe was the number 1 ruckman and played a pivotal role in the centre without support from other full-time rucks.
During the 2017 AFL trade season, Port Adelaide traded Lobbe to Carlton. He played two seasons at Carlton, playing eight senior games as a back-up ruckman, before being delisted at the end of the 2019 season. Lobbe will serve as a playing assistant coach at the Werribee Football Club in the Victorian Football League in 2020. Matthew Lobbe's profile on the official website of the Carlton Football Club Matthew Lobbe's playing statistics from AFL Tables