The Pergamon Museum is situated on the Museum Island in Berlin. The building was designed by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann and was constructed over a period of twenty years, from 1910 to 1930; the Pergamon Museum houses monumental buildings such as the Pergamon Altar, the Ishtar Gate of Babylon, the Market Gate of Miletus reconstructed from the ruins found in Anatolia, as well as the Mshatta Facade. The museum is subdivided into the antiquity collection, the Middle East museum, the museum of Islamic art, it is visited by 1,135,000 people every year, making it the most visited art museum in Germany, is one of the largest in the country. By the time the Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum on Museum Island had opened in 1904, it was clear that the edifice was not large enough to host all of the art and archaeological treasures being excavated under German supervision. Excavations were underway in the areas of ancient Babylon, Assur, Miletus and ancient Egypt, objects from these sites could not be properly displayed within the existing German museum system.
Wilhelm von Bode, director of the Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum, initiated plans to build a new museum nearby to accommodate ancient architecture, German post-antiquity art, Middle Eastern and Islamic art. Alfred Messel began a design for the large three-wing building in 1906. After his death in 1909 his friend Ludwig Hoffman took charge of the project and construction began in 1910, continuing during the First World War and the great inflation of the 1920s; the completed building was opened In 1930. The Pergamon Museum was damaged during the air attacks on Berlin at the end of the Second World War. Many of the display objects had been stored in safe places, some of the large exhibits were walled in for protection. In 1945, the Red Army collected all of the loose museum items, either as war booty or, ostensibly, to rescue them from looting and fires raging in Berlin. Not until 1958 were most of the objects returned to East Germany. Significant parts of the collection remain in Russia; some are stored in the Pushkin Museum in Moscow and the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg.
The return of these items has been arranged in a treaty between Germany and Russia but, as of June 2003, is blocked by Russian restitution laws. Among the pieces the museum displays are: The Pergamon Altar Market Gate of Miletus The Ishtar Gate and the Processional Way, Babylon The Mshatta Facade The Meissner fragment from the Epic of Gilgamesh; the collection goes back to the prince-electors, or Kurfürsten, of Brandenburg, who collected objects from antiquity. It first became accessible to the public in 1830; the collection expanded with the excavations in Olympia, Pergamon, Priene, Magnesia and Didyma. This collection is divided between the Altes Museum; the collection contains sculpture from the archaic to Hellenistic ages as well as artwork from Greek and Roman antiquity: architecture, inscriptions, bronzes and pottery. The main exhibits are the Pergamon Altar from the 2nd century BC, with a 113 meters long sculptural frieze depicting the struggle of the gods and the giants, the Gate of Miletus from Roman antiquity.
As Germany was divided following the Second World War, so was the collection. The Pergamon Museum was reopened in 1959 in East Berlin, while what remained in West Berlin was displayed in Schloss Charlottenburg; when the Bode Museum was opened in 1904, a section for Islamic art was created and included in the Pergamon Museum. Besides Islamic artwork from the 8th to the 19th century ranging from Spain to India, the main attraction is the Mshatta facade, which originates from an unfinished early Islamic desert palace located south of Amman in present-day Jordan, it was a gift from the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II to Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany. Parts of the eastern portion of the facade and the ruins of the structure of which it formed a part remain in Jordan. Another unique exhibition is the Aleppo room; this area of the museum features a reception room from a broker's home in Aleppo, commissioned during the Ottoman Period. The Islamic Art Museum regularly hosts temporary exhibitions of modern art from the Islamic world, such as the 2008 Turkish Delight and Naqsh.
In 2008 part of the Keir Collection of Edmund de Unger housed in his home in Ham, was placed on long-term loan to the Museum for an initial period of 15 years. One of the most important post-war private collections of Islamic art, it covers the entire Islamic world from medieval times to the eighteenth century and includes carpets, illuminated manuscripts, ceramics and rock crystal objects; the Middle East Museum exhibition displays objects found by German archeologists and others from the areas of Assyrian and Babylonian culture. Additionally there are historical buildings and lesser cultural objects and jewelry; the main display is the Ishtar Gate and the Processional Way of Babylon together with the throne room facade of Nebuchadnezzar II. The Vorderasiatisches Museum displays the Meissner fragment from the Epic of Gilgamesh; the comprehensive plan for Museum Island includes an expansion of the Pergamon Museum, with connections to the Neues Museum, Alte Nationalgalerie and a new visitor centre, the James Simon Gallery.
Sir Peter James Scott Moon was a British diplomat. Peter James Scott Moon was educated at Worcester College, Oxford, he entered the Home Office in 1952 but transferred to the Commonwealth Relations Office in 1954, serving in South Africa and Ceylon and as Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations. He joined the Diplomatic Service and served at the UK mission to the United Nations in New York 1965–69, at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office 1969–70, as Private Secretary to the Prime Minister 1970–72, on the international staff of NATO in Brussels 1972–75. After a posting to Cairo 1975–78, he was High Commissioner in Tanzania 1978–82, High Commissioner in Singapore 1982–85, Ambassador to Kuwait 1985–87. Moon was knighted KCVO in the same year. MOON, Sir Peter, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2007.
The men's middleweight event at the 2010 Asian Games took place on 17 November 2010 at Guangdong Gymnasium, China. A total of eleven competitors from eleven different countries competed in this event, limited to fighters whose body weight was less than 87 kilograms; the defending champion Yousef Karami of Iran won the gold medal after beating Park Yong-hyun of South Korea in gold medal match 4–3, He beat athletes from Bahrain and China before reaching the final. The bronze medal was shared by Nguyễn Trọng Cường from Vietnam. Athletes from Jordan, Bahrain and Lebanon shared the fifth place. All times are China Standard Time Results Official website