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Bourbonnais

Bourbonnais was a historic province in the centre of France that corresponds to the modern département of Allier, along with part of the département of Cher. Its capital was Moulins; the title of the ruler of Bourbonnais between 913 and 1327, was Sire de Bourbon. The first lord of Bourbonnais known by name was Adhémar. Aymon's father was sire of Souvigny, his only son with Ermengarde. Aymar lived during the reign of Charles the Simple who, in 913, gave him fiefs on the Allier River in which would become Bourbonnais, he acquired the castle of Bourbon. All early lords took the name d'Archambaud, after the palace, but the family became known as the "House of Bourbon"; the first House of Bourbon ended in 1196, with the death of Archambault VII, who had only one heir, Mathilde of Bourbon. She married Guy II of Dampierre; the second house of Bourbon started in 1218, with Archambault VIII, son of Guy II and Mahaut, brother of William II of Dampierre. He was followed by his son Archambaut IX, who died in Cyprus during a crusade.

The House of Burgundy acquired Bourbonnais. In 1272, Beatrice of Burgundy, Lady of Bourbon, married Robert de France, Count of Clermont, son of king Louis IX, thus began the long-lasting House of Bourbon, which would provide the kings of France from Henry IV in 1589 to Louis-Phillipe in 1848, when France abolished its monarchy. The Bourbons had concluded an alliance with the royal power, they put their forces at the service of the king, thus benefitting from the geographic position of Bourbonnais, located between the royal domains and the duchies of Aquitaine and Auvergne. This alliance, as well as the marriage of Béatrix de Bourgogne and Robert de France, aided the rise and prosperity of the province. In 1327, King Charles elevated Bourbonnais to the status of a duchy. Sire de Bourbon

Minuscule 400

Minuscule 400, δ 50, is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 12th century; the codex contains the text of the Gospel of Matthew 12:29-13:2, Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, Pauline epistles on 249 parchment leaves with some lacunae. The text is written in 14-15 lines per page, it contains the Euthalian Apparatus. LacunaeActs, 1:11-2:11. TextKurt Aland did not place the Greek text of the codex in any Category; the manuscript was damaged by water. It once belonged to Henry Benzil, Archbishop of Uppsala to Laurence Benzelstierna, Bishop of Arosen, it was described by C. Aurivill, collated by G. T. Pappelbaum; the manuscript was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scholz. C. R. Gregory saw it in 1887; the manuscript is housed at the Vatican Library (Chis. R IV 6 in Rome. List of New Testament minuscules Biblical manuscript Textual criticism Gregory, Caspar René. Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: Hinrichs.

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