Peugeot 106

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Peugeot 106
2001 Peugeot 106 XN Zest 2 1.1 Front.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer France Peugeot
Also called Citroën Saxo
Production 1991–2003 (2,798,200 units)
Assembly France Mulhouse, France
France Aulnay-sous-Bois, France
Tunisia La Marsa, Tunisia (STAFIM)
Body and chassis
Class City car (A)
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Citroën Saxo
Powertrain
Engine 1.0 L I4 (petrol)
1.1 L I4 (petrol)
1.3 L I4 (petrol)
1.4 L I4 (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.5 L I4 (diesel)
11 kW/15 hp (electric)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,385 mm (93.9 in) (1991–96)
2,387 mm (94.0 in) (1996–2003)
Length 3,564 mm (140.3 in) (1991–96)
3,678 mm (144.8 in) (1996–2003)
Width 1,590 mm (62.6 in) (1991–96)
1,594 mm (62.8 in) (1996–2003)
1,610 mm (63.4 in) (GTi)
Height 1,369 mm (53.9 in) (1991–96)
1,380 mm (54.3 in) (1996–2003)
1,357 mm (53.4 in) (GTi)
Curb weight 790–950 kg (1,741.7–2,094.4 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Peugeot 205
Peugeot 104
Successor Peugeot 107 (for nomenclature)
Peugeot iOn (for 106 Électrique)

The Peugeot 106 is a city car produced by French automaker Peugeot between 1991 and 2003. Launched in September 1991, it was Peugeot's entry level offering throughout its production life, and was initially sold only as a three door hatchback, with a five door hatchback joining the range early in 1992.

For the first year of production, the 1.0 and 1.1 petrol engines came with a carburettor, but were replaced by fuel injected engines from the end of 1992, as a result of EEC emissions regulations.

Phase I[edit]

Peugeot 106 (Phase I)

The "10" line of Peugeot superminis had commenced in 1972 with the launch of the 104, one of the first modern European superminis. The 104 was effectivly replaced by the 205 in 1983, but remained in production for some markets until 1988 despite the huge success of the 205.

Around the time of the 104's demise, Peugeot began developing a new entry level model to slot into its range beneath the 205 for the early 1990s.

The Peugeot 106 was introduced as a three door hatchback on 12 September 1991, when sales on the left hand drive continental markets began.[1] It went on sale on the right hand drive market in the United Kingdom the following month. A five door version joined the range in the beginning of 1992.

The initial engine range consisted of 1.0, 1.1 and 1.4 petrol engines, as well as a 1.5 diesel. The early 1.0 and 1.1 models came with a carburettor, but were replaced with fuel injection after a year due to EC emissions requirements.[2]

It was a development of the Peugeot 205/Citroën AX platform, and was designed to slot into the Peugeot range as the new entry level model below the slightly larger 205. Meanwhile, it had met the demand for a larger car by launching the 306 in the beginning of 1993; this car replaced the 309 as well as some versions of the 205, which itself lasted until 1998.

When the larger Peugeot 206 was launched in the autumn of 1998, production of the 106 was scaled back, and it was effectively repositioned as a city car, to compete with the likes of the Ford Ka and Renault Twingo, finally ceasing production after twelve years in July 2003.

The 106's successor, the 107, was launched two years later in June 2005, as part of a venture between PSA and Toyota, which also created the Citroen C1 and Toyota Aygo.

Phase II[edit]

Peugeot 106 Phase II
2001 Peugeot 106 Rallye, 1.6L 16v 120hp (Greece)

It was updated in July 1996, with changes including the introduction of side impact bars and availability of driver and passenger airbags for the first time, with the new 1.6 GTI joining the range as the spiritual successor to the hugely popular and highly regarded 205 GTI, which had been discontinued in 1994.

In January 1996, the Peugeot 106 also formed the basis for the near identical looks and size Citroën Saxo.

High performance variants[edit]

106 Rallye Phase 1

Marketed as having "fewer frills, more thrills", the Rallye version did not have alloy wheels, central locking or electrically operated windows to keep the weight down to 825 kilograms.

There were pre and post facelift versions of the 106 Rallye known to enthusiasts as S1 and S2 models, with the latter having a 103bhp 1.6 litre fuel injected engine instead of the high revving Rallye specific 1.3 100bhp carburetted engine fitted to pre facelift cars[3]

It had a five speed manual gearbox. The vehicle could be competitive in racing, but also made a practical family car.[4] All cars had steel wheels, and Rallye decals and seat coverings featuring a three colour flash, which again varied between early and late cars.

With facelift came new top model named Peugeot 106 GTI with 1.6 liter 16 valves engine that produce 120hp.[5] It came with new exterior body kit and new wheels. On some European markets was badged S16 or Rallye.

Electric version[edit]

An electric Peugeot 106

In 1995, Peugeot launched an electric powered version of the 106, called the 106 Electrique. This was offered in a number of European countries including France, Belgium, The Netherlands, Norway and the United Kingdom.

The electric powertrain was developed and built by French engineering company Heuliez. The car used Nickel-cadmium battery technology manufactured by Saft Groupe S.A., had a top speed of 56 mph (90 km/h) and had an official range of 100 km (62 mi).

Despite the high price of the vehicle, Peugeot anticipated demand for around 15,000 to 20,000 Peugeot 106 Électriques each year, with an expected total production run of 100,000 vehicles. In the end, only 6,400 Peugeot 106 Électriques were sold between 1995 and 2003, most purchased by the French Administration.

Petrol Engines[edit]

Displacement Type Year Fuel supply Output Models Comments
1.0 TU9K 1991–1992 Solex Carburettor 45 hp at 6,000rpm Open, XN, Kid, Itinéa
1.0 TU9ML/Z (CDY) 1993–1998 Mono–Motronic MA3.0 45 hp at 6,000 rpm
1.0 TU9ML/Z (CDZ) 1993–1996 Mono–Motronic MA3.0 50 hp at 6,000 rpm This engine is fitted in most of the cars sold in Brazil, because of a tax on engines over 1.0 litres, being retained until the end of the imports of the model in the end of 2001.
1.1 TU1K 1991–1992 Solex Carburettor 60 hp Zen, Color Line, Quiksilver, Open, Equinoxe, Pop Art, Mistral, Kid, XN, XR, sketch
1.1 TU1ML/Z (HDZ) 1991–1997 Mono–Jetronic 50 hp at 5,800 rpm
1.1 TU1ML/Z (HDZ) 1993–1996 Magneti Marelli FDG6 60 hp at 6,200 rpm
1.1 TU1M (HDY) 1997–1999 Motronic MA3.1 54 hp at 6,200 rpm
1.1 TU1M (HDZ) 1997–2001 Motronic MA3.1 60 hp at 6,200 rpm
1.1 TU1JP (HFX) 2000–2003 Motronic MP 7.4.4 60 hp at 5,500 rpm
1.3 TU2J2L/Z (MFZ) 1993–1996 Magneti Marelli 8P 98 hp at 7,200 rpm Rallye » phase 1
1.4 TU3K 1991–1992 Solex carburettor 75 hp
1.4 TU3M/Z (KDY) 1991–1993 Mono–Jetronic 73 hp at 5,800 rpm Color Line, Sport, Quiksilver, Enfant terrible, Equinoxe, Symbio, XR, XS, XT
1.4 TU3FJ2 (KFZ) 1991–1996 Motronic MP3.1 95 hp at 6,600 rpm XSi 1.4
1.4 TU3M (KDX) 1993–1996 Mono - Motronic MA3.0 75 hp at 5,800 rpm
1.4 TU3JP (KFX) 1997–2001 Magneti Marelli 1AP 75 hp at 5,500 rpm
1.4 TU3JP/IFI4 (KFX) 1998–2001 Motronic MP7.3 75 hp at 5,500 rpm
1.6 TU5J2 (NFY) 1994–1996 Magneti Marelli 8P 103 hp at 6,200 rpm XSi 1.6
1.6 TU5JP (NFZ) 1997–2001 Motronic MP5.2 88 hp at 5,600 rpm
1.6 TU5J2 (NFW) 1997–2000 Magneti Marelli 8P 103 hp at 6,200 rpm Rallye » Phase 2
1.6 TU5J4 (NFX) 1996–2003 Magneti Marelli 1AP 118 hp at 6,600 rpm GTi, Rallye Phase 2 16V In later years, Peugeot started putting the TU5J4 engine into the Phase 2 rallyes, though these were not available in every country.

Diesel Engines[edit]

Displacement Type Year Fuel supply Output Models Comments
1.4 TUD3Y (K9Y) 1991–1994 51 hp at 5,000 rpm XND, XRD, XTD
1.5 (VJX/VJU) 1999–2003 Bosch VP 20 58 hp at 5,000 rpm In the United Kingdom, VJX engine code has Catalytic Converter, EGR and the fuel pump advance mechanism controlled by an ECU mounted on top of the battery.
1.5 TUD5Y (VJZ) 1995–2003 Lucas Type 070 58 hp at 5,000 rpm XRD, XND, XTD, Kid, Equinoxe, Open, Symbio, Color Line

Special Editions[edit]

As with most Peugeot models at the time, there were many special editions of the 106 offered between 1991 and 2003.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Peugeot 106 at Wikimedia Commons