Philip David Ochs was an American protest singer and songwriter, known for his sharp wit, sardonic humor, earnest humanism, political activism and alliterative lyrics, distinctive voice. He released eight albums. Ochs performed at many political events during the 1960s counterculture era, including anti-Vietnam War and civil rights rallies, student events, organized labor events over the course of his career, in addition to many concert appearances at such venues as New York City's Town Hall and Carnegie Hall. Politically, Ochs described himself as a "left social democrat" who became an "early revolutionary" after the protests at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago led to a police riot, which had a profound effect on his state of mind. After years of prolific writing in the 1960s, Ochs's mental stability declined in the 1970s, he succumbed to a number of problems including bipolar disorder and alcoholism, died by suicide in 1976. Some of Ochs's major musical influences were Woody Guthrie, Pete Seeger, Buddy Holly, Elvis Presley, Bob Gibson, Faron Young, Merle Haggard.
His best-known songs include "I Ain't Marching Anymore", "Changes", "Crucifixion", "Draft Dodger Rag", "Love Me, I'm a Liberal", "Outside of a Small Circle of Friends", "Power and the Glory", "There but for Fortune", "The War Is Over". Phil Ochs was born in El Paso, Texas, to Jacob "Jack" Ochs, a physician, born in New York on August 11, 1910, Gertrude Phin Ochs, born on February 26, 1912, in Scotland, his parents married in Edinburgh where Jack was attending medical school. After their marriage, they moved to the United States. Jack, drafted into the army, was sent overseas near the end of World War II, where he treated soldiers at the Battle of the Bulge, his war experiences affected his mental health and he received an honorable medical discharge in November 1945. Suffering from bipolar disorder and depression on his return home, Jack was unable to establish a successful medical practice and instead worked at a series of hospitals around the country; as a result, the Ochs family moved frequently: to New York, when Ochs was a teenager.
Ochs grew up with an older sister, a younger brother, Michael. The Ochs family was middle class and Jewish, but not religious, his father was distant from his wife and children, was hospitalized for depression. As a teenager, Ochs was recognized as a talented clarinet player, his musical skills allowed him to play clarinet with the orchestra at the Capital University Conservatory of Music in Ohio, where he rose to the status of principal soloist before he was 16. Although Ochs played classical music, he soon became interested in other sounds he heard on the radio, such as early rock icons Buddy Holly and Elvis Presley and country music artists including Faron Young, Ernest Tubb, Hank Williams, Sr. and Johnny Cash. Ochs spent a lot of time at the movies, he liked big screen heroes such as John Wayne and Audie Murphy. On, he developed an interest in movie rebels, including Marlon Brando and James Dean. From 1956 to 1958, Ochs was a student at the Staunton Military Academy in rural Virginia, when he graduated he returned to Columbus and enrolled in the Ohio State University.
Unhappy after his first quarter, he went to Florida. While in Miami, the 18-year-old Ochs was jailed for two weeks for sleeping on a park bench, an incident he would recall: Somewhere during the course of those fifteen days I decided to become a writer. My primary thought was journalism... so in a flash I decided — I'll be a writer and a major in journalism. Ochs returned to Ohio State to study journalism and developed an interest in politics, with a particular interest in the Cuban Revolution of 1959. At Ohio State he met Jim Glover, a fellow student, a devotee of folk music. Glover introduced Ochs to the music of Pete Seeger, Woody Guthrie, The Weavers. Glover taught Ochs how to play guitar, they debated politics. Ochs began writing newspaper articles on radical themes; when the student paper refused to publish some of his more radical articles, he started his own underground newspaper called The Word. His two main interests and music, soon merged, Ochs began writing topical political songs. Ochs and Glover formed a duet called "The Singing Socialists" renamed "The Sundowners", but the duo broke up before their first professional performance and Glover went to New York City to become a folksinger.
Ochs's parents and brother had moved from Columbus to Cleveland, Ochs started to spend more time there, performing professionally at a local folk club called Farragher's Back Room. He was the opening act for a number of musicians in the summer of 1961, including the Smothers Brothers. Ochs met folksinger Bob Gibson that summer as well, according to Dave Van Ronk, Gibson became "the seminal influence" on Ochs's writing. Ochs continued at Ohio State into his senior year, but was bitterly disappointed at not being appointed editor-in-chief of the college newspaper, dropped out in his last quarter without graduating, he left for New York, as Glover had. Ochs arrived in New York City in 1962 and began performing in numerous small folk nightclubs becoming an integral part
Hamdan Qarmat ibn al-Ash'ath was the eponymous founder of the Qarmatian sect of Isma'ilism. The chief Isma'ili missionary in lower Iraq, in 899 he quarrelled with the movement's leadership at Salamiya after it was taken over by Sa'id ibn al-Husayn, with his followers broke off from them. Hamdan disappeared, but his followers continued in existence in the Syrian Desert and al-Bahrayn for several decades. Hamdan's early life is unknown, except that he came from the village of al-Dur in the district of Furat Badaqla, east of Kufa, he was a carrier, enters the historical record with his conversion to the Isma'ili doctrine by the missionary al-Husayn al-Ahwazi. According to the sources this took place in or around AH 261 or AH 264, his surname "Qarmat" is considered as being of Aramaic origin. Various forms and meanings are recorded in the sources: according to al-Tabari, his name was Karmītah, "red-eyed", it is traditionally considered that Hamdan's followers were named the Qarāmiṭa, "men of Qarmat", after him.
However, the Twelver Shi'a scholar al-Fadl ibn Shadhan, who died in 873/874, had written a refutation of Qarmatian doctrines, meaning that either Hamdan had become active earlier than that, or alternatively he took his surname from the sect, rather than the other way round. The dā'ī al-Husayn al-Ahwazi had been sent by the Ismai'li leadership at Salamiyah, when he died, Hamdan assumed the leadership of Isma'ili missionary activity in the rural environs of Kufa and southern Iraq, he soon moved his residence to the town of Kalwadha, south of Baghdad, won many new converts among the peasantry and the Bedouin. His success was aided by the chaos of the Zanj Revolt engulfing Iraq and the weakness of the Abbasid Caliphate, as well as by dissatisfaction among Twelver adherents with the political quietism of their leadership, as well as by the vacuum left by the death of the eleventh imam Hasan al-Askari and the "occultation" of the twelfth imam, Muhammad al-Mahdi, in 874. In this climate, the millennialism of the Isma'ilis, who preached the imminent return of the Messiah or mahdī, was attractive to dissatisfied Twelvers.
His most prominent disciple and aide was his brother-in-law Abu Muhammad Abdan, who "enjoyed a high degree of independence" and appointing his own dā'īs in Iraq and southern Persia. Among the men trained and sent to missions as dā'īs by Hamdan and Abu Muhammad were Abu Sa'id al-Jannabi, Ibn Hawshab and Ali ibn al-Fadl, as well as Abu Abdallah al-Shi'i, who helped convert the Kutama in Ifriqiya and opened the way to the establishment of the Fatimid Caliphate. According to the 11th-century Sunni heresiologist Abu Mansur al-Baghdadi, al-Ma'mun, a dā'ī active in southern Persia, was a brother of Hamdan. Hamdan's agents collected taxes from the converts, including a one-fifth tax on all income, to be reserved for the mahdī. Although Hamdan corresponded with the Salamiyah group, their identity remained a secret, Hamdan was able to pursue his own policy locally, thus in 880 his numbers were large enough to make overtures for an alliance with the leader of the Zanj, Ali ibn Muhammad, who rebuffed the offer.
In 890/891, a fortified refuge was established by Hamdan for his supporters near Kufa. For several years in the aftermath of the suppression Zanj Revolt in 883, Abbasid authority was not re-established in the sawād. Only in 891/892 did reports from Kufa denouncing this "new religion" and reporting on mounting Qarmatian activity begin to cause concern in Baghdad. However, no action was taken against them at the time; as this group was the first to come to the attention of the Abbasid authorities, the label of "Qarmatians" soon came to be applied to Ismai'li populations that were not proselytized by Hamdan. No direct information on the doctrine preached by Hamdan and Abu Muhammad is known, but modern scholars like Farhad Daftary consider it to have been, in all likelihood, the same as that propagated at the time from Salamiya, described in the writings of al-Nawbakhti and Ibn Babawayh. In essence they heralded the imminent return of the seventh imam, Muhammad ibn Isma'il as the mahdī, thus the start of a new era of justice.
Until this knowledge was restricted, only those initiated in the doctrine could access part of it. As a result of these beliefs, the Qarmatians abandoned traditional Islamic law and ritual. Contemporary mainstream Islamic sources claim that this led to lascivious behaviour among them, but this is not trustworthy given their hostile stance towards Qarmatians. In 899, following the death of the previous leader of the sect at Salamiya, Sa'id ibn al-Husayn, the future founder of the Fatimid Caliphate, became the leader. Soon, he began making alterations to the doctrine. Abu Muhammad went to Salamiya to investigate the matter, learned that Sa'id claimed that the expected mahdī was not Muhammad ibn Isma'il, but Sa'id himself; this caused a major rift in the movement, as Hamdan denounced the leadership in Salamiya, gathered the Iraqi dā'īs and ordered them to cease the missionary effort. Shortly after he "disappeared" from his headquarters at Kalwadha; the 13th-century anti-Isma'ili writer Ibn Malik reports the rather unreliable information that he was killed in Baghdad, while Ibn Hawqal, who wro
The Jednostka Wojskowa Komandosów called JWK and known as 1 Pułk Specjalny Komandosów, is one of six special forces units operating within Poland's Centrum Operacji Specjalnych - Dowództwo Komponentu Wojsk Specjalnych. JWK is the oldest Polish special operations unit; the unit is located in Poland. The Regiment has carried out the majority of special operations that resulted in the gathering of the actual Polish Intelligence. In the early years of the Global War on Terrorism, The Regiment carried out Special Operations alongside US Navy SEALs from the Naval Special Warfare Development Group known as SEAL Team Six. Thanks to the unit's high recruitment standards, a special training program the Regiment implemented several years ago, the unit's soldiers display a high level of skills and professionalism and are trained to undertake a wide range of special missions during war and peace time. SR - - timely and accurate intelligence gathering on an enemy and its operations and strategies UW - - support and guerrilla training, spread of subversion and propaganda DA - - sabotage, raids PR - - recovery of missing or abducted friendly personnel from areas of operations CSAR - - combat rescue and reconnaissance CT - - capture or killing of known terrorists, seizing or destruction of terrorist assets CP - - combat the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and conventional weapons MS - - support and advising of allied forces FID - - counter-insurgency in a foreign state MOOTW - - Crisis Response operations HR - - release of civilians or prisoners of war from an enemy or criminals CPP - - personal protection of VIP, notably head of state and ambassadorsAlong with being trained and competent in urban warfare, underwater warfare and mountain warfare, JWK personnel are able to carry out operations by land, air or sea.
In addition, JWK possesses JTAC-qualified personnel. It is worth noting that out of the 1800 worldwide, in JWK serve the only Polish soldiers having graduated from the grueling U. S. Special Operations Combat Medic Course at the U. S. Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare School at Fort Bragg, North Carolina; the unit was established in 1961 under the name 26 Batalion Dywersyjno – Rozpoznawczy, prior to being changed to 1 Samodzielny Batalion Szturmowy in 1964. On October 8, 1993, following an executive order from the Chief of the General Staff of the Polish Armed Forces, the unit transitioned from a battalion to a regiment, which led to its renaming to 1 Pułk Specjalny before being changed to 1 Pułk Specjalny Komandosów in 1995. Though the unit's name did not receive its "Commando" moniker until 1995, it became a Special Operations Forces unit of the Polish Armed Forces following the 1993 executive order. After twelve years under the command of the Polish Land Forces, the unit transitioned to the Polish Special Forces Command along with all other Polish Special Forces units when it was formed in 2007.
In 2011 for its 50th anniversary, the unit was renamed Jednostka Wojskowa Komandosów which at present is its current name. Within Poland's Armed Forces organization, the unit is referred to by its code number JW4101. JWK is operating under the command of płk Wiesław Kukuła; the unit operates with a combat structure comparable to Special Forces Groups, 2nd Commando Regiment and is composed of four Zespoł Bojowy, with a fourth set up by 2016. Each of these teams carry the traditions of Polish units from World War II. ZB A inherits its traditions from Polski Samodzielny Batalion Specjalny and Batalion Miotła, ZB B inherits theirs from the No. 6 Troop of the No. 10 Commando and ZB C inherits theirs from Batalion Parasol. It should be noted that the headquarters detachment of the military unit carries traditions from World War II, which are those of Batalion Zośka from the Polish Home Army resistance movement. Current Structure: HQ & Logistics Detachment Squadron A - insignia of the Batalion Miotła from the Polish Home Army and insignia of PSBS Squadron B - Combined Operations insignia of the No. 10 Commando unit and its No. 6 Troop Squadron C - insignia of the Batalion Parasol from the Polish Home Army Squadron D - set up in 2016 Command and Security Unit - insignia of the Batalion Zośka from the Polish Home Army Information Support Group Special Forces Training CenterAll three combat detachments as well as the HQ & Logistics Detachment have their own insignias, all carrying on Poland's legacy from World War II.
JWK insignias Along with all other Wojska Specjalne units, JWK is subordinated to the Centrum Operacji Specjalnych - Dowództwo Komponentu Wojsk Specjalnych.
The Rush River is a 49.8-mile-long tributary of the Mississippi River in western Wisconsin in the United States. It rises just north of Interstate 94 in St. Croix County near Baldwin and flows southwardly through Pierce County, it ends in Lake Pepin of the Mississippi River, about 1 mile west of the village of Maiden Rock in Pierce County. The largest tributary is Lost Creek. Three small communities are located on the river: Centerville, El Paso. While the land near the source is flat, the river soon falls into a steep valley typical of the Driftless Area, with outcrops of sandstone and limestone; the Rush River is locally known as an excellent trout stream. It does not hold as many trout as the nearby Kinnickinnic River; this is because it is more of a free-stone stream than the upper Kinnickinnic, with warmer water, which produces larger food sources for the trout. The warmer water of some stretches affects the fish species found in the river. Upstream from the bridge on the south side of Martell, it is predominantly trout.
South of the bridge, it is predominantly suckers. The last few miles of the stream holds an increasing proportion of medium-temperature riverine species, such as smallmouth bass; the delta of the Rush River is a State Natural Area, designated in 1986. The wooded floodplain provides an ideal location for waterfowl. List of Wisconsin rivers
Harald August Bohr was a Danish mathematician and footballer. After receiving his doctorate in 1910, Bohr became an eminent mathematician, founding the field of periodic functions on which he published a comprehensive survey in the period from 1954 to 1974 with the help of his son-in-law, mathematician Erling Følner, his brother was the Nobel Prize-winning physicist Niels Bohr. He was a member of the Danish national football team for the 1908 Summer Olympics, where he won a silver medal. Bohr was born in 1887 to Christian Bohr, a professor of physiology, from a Lutheran background, Ellen Adler Bohr, a woman from a wealthy Jewish family of local renown. Harald had a close relationship with his elder brother, which The Times likened to that between Captain Cuttle and Captain Bunsby in Charles Dickens' Dombey and Son. Like his father and brother before him, in 1904 Bohr enrolled at the University of Copenhagen, where he studied mathematics, obtaining his masters in 1909 and his doctorate a year later.
Among his tutors were Hieronymus Georg Zeuthen and Thorvald N. Thiele. Bohr worked in mathematical analysis. A collaboration with Göttingen-based Edmund Landau resulted in the Bohr–Landau theorem, regarding the distribution of zeroes in zeta functions. Bohr worked in mathematical analysis, founding the field of periodic functions, worked with the Cambridge mathematician G. H. Hardy. In 1915 he became a professor at Polyteknisk Læreanstalt, working there until 1930, when he took a professorship at the University of Copenhagen, he remained in this post for 21 years until his death in 1951. Børge Jessen was one of his students there, he was a visiting professor at Stanford University during the academic year 1930–1931. He was a visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in the summer of 1948. In the 1930s Bohr was a leading critic of the anti-Semitic policies taking root in the German mathematical establishment, publishing an article criticising Ludwig Bieberbach's ideas in Berlingske Aften in 1934.
Bohr was an excellent football player. He had a long playing career with Akademisk Boldklub, making his debut as a 16-year-old in 1903. During the 1905 season he played alongside his brother Niels, a goalkeeper. Harald was selected to play for the Danish national football team in the 1908 Summer Olympics, where football was an official event for the first time. Though a Danish side had played at the 1906 Intercalated Games, the opening match of the 1908 Olympic tournament was Denmark's first official international football match. Bohr scored two goals as Denmark beat the French "B" team 9–0. In the next match, the semi-final, Bohr played in a 17–1 win against France, which remains an Olympic record. Denmark faced hosts Great Britain in the final, but lost 2–0, Bohr won a silver medal. After the Olympics he made one further appearance for the national team, in a 2–1 victory against an England amateur team in 1910, his popularity as a footballer was such that when he defended his doctoral thesis the audience was reported as having more football fans than mathematicians.
Bohr was known as an capable academic teacher and the annual award for outstanding teaching at the University of Copenhagen is called the Harald, in honour of Harald Bohr. With Johannes Mollerup, Bohr wrote an influential four-volume textbook Lærebog i Matematisk Analyse. Following the murder of Kaj Munk on 4 January 1944 the Danish resistance newspaper De frie Danske brought condemning reactions from influential Scandinavians, including Bohr. Bohr–Mollerup theorem Bohr compactification Bohr–Favard inequality Danish Mathematical Society List of select Jewish football players O'Connor, John J.. Danish national team profile Some photos of Harald Bohr Media related to Harald Bohr at Wikimedia Commons
Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a fastidious, slow-growing, Gram-negative rod of the genus Capnocytophaga. It is a commensal bacterium in the normal gingival flora of canine and feline species, but can cause illness in humans. Transmission may occur through bites, licks, or close proximity with animals. C. canimorsus has low virulence in healthy individuals, but has been observed to cause severe illness in persons with pre-existing conditions. The pathogenesis of C. canimorsus is still unknown, but increased clinical diagnoses have fostered an interest in the bacillus. Treatment with antibiotics is effective in most cases, but the most important yet basic diagnostic tool available to clinicians remains the knowledge of recent exposure to canines or felines. Capnocytophaga canimorsus was first observed in 1976 by Newton; the pair isolated a unknown Gram-negative bacterium from a patient presenting with meningitis in addition to sepsis. The patient had been exposed to two canine bites on two consecutive days from two different dogs.
Noting the coincidence between the timing of the bites with the onset of symptoms, Butler et al. analyzed 17 similar cases of patients presenting with either sepsis or meningitis from 1961-1975. The cases had been sent to the CDC for examination due to the presence of an unknown Gram-negative bacillus isolated from infected individuals. Butler notified the CDC of the high incidence of dog bites in connection with the infections; the CDC could not identify the organism, so they applied the name CDC group DF-2. DF-2 stands for dysgonic fermenter, meaning that the bacterium is a slow-growing, fermentative bacillus. In 1989, while analyzing the properties of the unknown bacterium, Weaver et al. noted many similarities to bacteria of the genus Capnocytophaga. That same year, Brenner et al. proposed the name Capnocytophaga canimorsus after examining the morphology, G+C% content, motility of the species. In the United States, 50% of Americans will be bitten by dogs during the course of their lifetimes.
Cases of human infection following exposure to C. canimorsus have been observed worldwide. Cases have been reported in the United States, Europe, Australia and S. Africa. Symptoms may appear within 2–3 days after exposure, or up to 4 weeks later. Middle-aged and elderly persons are at greater risk for contraction of disease. In addition, individuals who spend a greater portion of their time with canines and felines are at higher risk; this includes veterinarians, pet owners, keepers. Having certain pre-existing medical conditions exacerbates the risk. Chance of infection by any bacterial species after dog bites varies between 3 and 20%. C. canimorsus is a fastidious, Gram-negative, nonspore-forming rod. Bacilli are 1-3 μm in length. After growth on agar plates, longer rods tend to have a curved shape; the bacteria do not have flagella, but move with a gliding motion, although this can be difficult to see. C. canimorsus requires the right medium for growth. The bacterium cultures well on chocolate agar plates.
Colonies may not be visible for up to 48 hours due to slow growth. At 18 hours, colonies are less than 0.5 mm in diameter, are spotty and convex. At 24 hours, colonies may be up to 1 mm in diameter. After 48 hours, colonies are narrow and smooth, with spreading edges. At this time, colonies may appear to be purple, pink, or yellow, but once they are scraped from the agar plate, they are always yellow in appearance; the genome of C. canimorsus strain Cc5 consists of a single circular chromosome of 2,571,406 bp with a G+C content of 36.11%, it encodes 2,405 open reading frames. The Cc5 genome contains 46 tRNAs, three sets of rRNA, an RNase P, two tmRNAs, a TPP riboswitch, a signal recognition particle, it contains one CRISPR region, it does not encode any type III, IV, or VI secretion systems, which are linked to pathogenesis. The annotated genome sequence of Cc5 was deposited in GenBank under accession number CP002113. Members of the genus Capnocytophaga are found in the oral cavities of animals.
Most of these species are not found in humans. C. canimorsus is a commensal bacterium found in cats. About 26% of dogs carry these commensal bacteria in their mouths. C. canimorsus causes disease symptoms in animals. One case of C. canimorsus isolated from a dog bite wound on a small dog's head has been reported. A few cases of infection have been reported in rabbits after being bitten by dogs. Clinical manifestations of C. canimorsus in rabbits causes a range of symptoms, including disseminated intravascular coagulation, cellular necrosis, low blood pressure and kidney failure. In addition to those at higher risk of developing complications from C. canimorsus due to greater contact with felines and canines, certain pre-existing conditions place individuals in a critically high-risk category. Among these are those who have undergone a splenectomy and individuals with immunosuppression due to the use of steroids such as glucocorticoids. Individuals with β-thalassemia and smokers are listed as high-risk.
These individuals, like asplenics and alcoholics, have increased levels of alimentary iron in their bloodstream. C. canimorsus requires large amounts of iron to grow, so these conditions are optimal for the bacillus. Of the cases presented in literature, 33% occurr