The Philadelphia Phillies are an American professional baseball team based in Philadelphia. They compete in Major League Baseball as a member of the National League East division. Since 2004, the team's home stadium has been Citizens Bank Park, located in South Philadelphia; the Phillies are the oldest, one-name, one-city franchise in American professional sports. The Phillies have won two World Series championships and seven National League pennants, the first of which came in 1915. Since the first modern World Series was played in 1903, the Phillies played 77 consecutive seasons before they won their first World Series—longer than any of the other 16 teams that made up the major leagues for the first half of the 20th century, they are one of the more successful franchises since the start of the Divisional Era in Major League Baseball. The Phillies have won 11 division titles, including five consecutive division titles from 2007 to 2011; the franchise was founded in Philadelphia in 1883, replacing the team from Worcester, Massachusetts, in the National League.
The team has played at several stadiums in the city, beginning with Recreation Park and continuing at Baker Bowl. The team's spring training facilities are located in Clearwater, where its Class-A minor league affiliate Clearwater Threshers plays at Spectrum Field. Other Class-A affiliates are the Lakewood BlueClaws, who play in Lakewood, New Jersey, the Williamsport Crosscutters, who play in Williamsport, Pennsylvania; the Phillies' Double-A affiliate is the Reading Fightin Phils, which play in Pennsylvania. The Triple-A affiliate is the Lehigh Valley IronPigs, playing in Pennsylvania. In 1883, sporting goods manufacturer Al Reach and attorney John Rogers won an expansion National League franchise for Philadelphia, one of what is now known as the "Classic Eight" of the National League, they were awarded a spot in the league to replace the Worcester Brown Stockings, a franchise that had folded in 1882. The new team was nicknamed the "Quakers", compiled a.173 winning percentage, still the worst in franchise history.
Although many sources claim that Reach and Rogers bought the Brown Stockings and moved them to Philadelphia, all available evidence suggests this is not the case. No players from Worcester ended up with the 1883 Quakers. In 1884, Harry Wright, the former manager of baseball's first professional team, the Cincinnati Red Stockings, was recruited as a manager in hopes of reversing the team's fortunes. In 1884, the team changed its name to the "Philadelphians", as it was common for baseball teams in that era to be named after their cities. However, as "Philadelphians" was somewhat hard to fit in newspaper headlines, some writers still continued to call them the "Quakers" while others began shortening the name to "Phillies." In 1887, the team began to play at the newly constructed Philadelphia Base Ball Grounds renamed National League Park. The stadium would become known as Baker Bowl. Despite a general improvement from their dismal beginnings, they never contended for the title; the nickname "Phillies" first appeared in the Philadelphia Inquirer for April 3, 1883, in the paper's coverage of an exhibition game by the new National League club.
At some point in the 1880s, the team accepted the shorter nickname "Phillies" as an official nickname. "Quakers" continued to be used interchangeably with "Phillies" until 1890, when the team became known as the "Phillies". This name is one of the longest continually used nicknames in professional sports by a team in the same city; the franchise's standout players in the era were Billy Hamilton, Sam Thompson, Ed Delahanty, who in 1896 set the major-league record with four home runs in a single game. Due to growing disagreements about the direction of the team, Reach sold his interest to Rogers in 1899. With the birth of the more lucrative American League in 1901, the Phillies saw many of their better players defect to the upstart, including a number of players who ended up playing for their crosstown rivals, the Athletics, owned by former Phillies minority owner Benjamin Shibe. While their former teammates would thrive, the remaining squad fared dismally, finishing forty-six games out of first place in 1902—the first of three straight years finishing either seventh or eighth.
To add tragedy to folly, a balcony collapsed during a game at the Baker Bowl in 1903, killing 12 and injuring hundreds. Rogers was forced to sell the Phillies to avoid being ruined by an avalanche of lawsuits. In 1904 the team finished with a record of 52–100, making them the first team in franchise history to have lost 100 games; the Phillies won their first pennant in 1915 thanks to the pitching of Grover Cleveland Alexander and the batting prowess of Gavvy Cravath, who set the major-league single-season record for home runs with 24. They finished the season with a record of 90–62, seven games ahead of the Boston Braves; the Philles went up against the Boston Red Sox in the World Series, opening the series at home with a victory. The Phillies struggled against a strong Red Sox pitching lineup and surrendered the next four games, losing the series four games to one; the team continued to dominate the
A Brand You Can Trust is the debut album from hip hop group La Coka Nostra. It was released on July 2009 on Suburban Noize Records and Uncle Howie Records; the album has become a cult classic amongst fans, selling over 500,000 units and becoming certified gold after only a month, a feat seen in underground hip hop. The album took over three years to make, due to solo projects from Everlast and Ill Bill, it was set for release on September 11, 2007 alongside Ill Bill's The Hour of Reprisal album, before both were pushed back. In late 2008 the group, with the help of former Non Phixion DJ DJ Eclipse and Cypress Hill members Sen Dog and DJ Muggs, signed with West Coast punk/hip hop label Suburban Noize Records; the album was recorded and mixed at DJ Lethal's studio and at the Soul Assassins Studio in Los Angeles, with additional mixing done in Brooklyn, New York at Ill Bill's in-home studio known as "Cult Leader Media". "Fuck Tony Montana" first appeared on the Ill Bill mixtape Ill Bill Is The Future Vol. 2: I'm a Goon!, released on December 5, 2006.
"That's Coke" was remixed for the album due to sample clearance issues of the original version, which used portions from Bobby Byrd's "I'm Not To Blame". La Coka NostraEverlast – performer, production Ill Bill – performer, production Slaine – performer, writing Danny Boy – performer, executive production, art direction, photography, writing DJ Lethal – writing, scratching Other personnelSen Dog – performer Big Left – performer, writing Grisha Dimant – guitars Baby Jesus – bass guitar Russel Ali – additional guitars Snoop Dogg – performer B-Real – performer, writing Sicknature – production Sick Jacken – performer, writing Bun B – performer, writing The Alchemist – writing, production Cynic – writing, production Q-Unique – performer, production Immortal Technique – performer, writing Brad X – executive production Kevin Zinger – executive production Dez Einswell – art direction, design Casey Quintal – design, layout Mike D. – photography House of Pain Non Phixion Special Teamz Limp Bizkit
The Coffs Harbour International Stadium is an Australian stadium located in the coastal city of Coffs Harbour, New South Wales. The stadium was opened in June 1994, has a capacity of 20,000 people on the ground, although the seating capacity in the stand is only 1,000; the record attendance for a sporting event is 12,000. The stadium claims a place in the FIFA World Cup records as the venue for the highest scoring match in World Cup qualification history, it hosted the match in which Australia beat American Samoa 31–0 on 11 April 2001. North Coast Football play their Over 35s matches and finals matches at Coffs Harbour International Stadium; the stadium hosts NRL trial matches, hosted ING Cup cricket matches involving the New South Wales Blues. For the past two years it has hosted the FFA National Youth Championships; the stadium hosted 2013's City vs Country Origin rugby league match. The stadium annually plays host to major events on the Touch Football calendar in Australia; the National Touch League is contested each year during March by the 13 permits from around Australia.
The event features some of the best players from around the world. For more information, see National Touch League and Touch Football Top 10 Sports Attendance Records As of 27 January 2017
RSVP is an initialism derived from the French phrase Répondez s'il vous plaît, meaning "Please respond" to require confirmation of an invitation. The initialism "RSVP" is no longer used much in France, where it is considered formal and a bit old-fashioned. In French, the complete sentence "Répondez s'il vous plaît" gives the impression the speaker is begging for an answer. In France, it is now more common to use "Réponse attendue avant le...", meaning " answer is expected before...". In addition, the French initialism "SVP" is used to represent "s'il vous plaît"; the phrase "RSVP, regrets only", - or "Regrets only", is a popular modern variation that implies "if you do not reply, that will be taken as an acceptance." More if most invitations can be assumed to be accepted, a "regrets only" RSVP will reduce the communication required by both the host and their guests. The phrase "Regrets only" refers to the assumption that a declination will be worded with some variation of "We regret we cannot attend...".
Prior to sending the RSVP invitation, the host may mail out a "save the date" card to advise the date and location of the celebration. This may be used when the event will be held a considerable time in the future and/or in a distant location to allow for travel plans, for such events as a wedding, christening, or any other important event. In recent years, the use of RSVP in the English language has spread outside of the discourse of formal correspondence and figures in group emails. In this context, the initialism seems to have loosened its tie to its original meaning and is understood as an abbreviation for "reply"; some writers therefore use the phrase "Please RSVP", a case of RAS syndrome or a pleonasm. Now with the age of the internet, mobile phones and other technology RSVPs can come in many forms. Digital RSVPs are becoming common. Websites like RSVPify, WeddingWire, TheKnot allow guests to RSVP online on their website, websites like Replied App allow guests to RSVP via text message; these new types of RSVPs allow event planners to save money on stamps and extra envelopes that would have otherwise been used for guests to mail their paper RSVP reply back
Liberal homophobia is a concept that defines the acceptance of homosexuality as long as it remains hidden. It is a type of homophobia in which, despite acceptance and a defence of sexual diversity to be expressed and stereotypes that marginalize or underestimate LGBT people are perpetuated. Liberal homophobia is a practice, based on understanding relationships and sexuality as private issues and, accepting individual freedom over them as long as they do not emerge in the public sphere. However, the LGBT movement maintain that sexual orientation is an inherently public issue because heterosexuals are not constrained to hide their relationships in public as gay people are. Liberal homophobia is expressed in many areas from which the need to make sexual diversity visible is criticized, such as the LGBT pride parades, awareness campaigns in schools, being out of the closet or having non-heterosexual mannerisms, without taking into account the discrimination that LGBT people face. Authors such as Alberto Mira and Daniel Borrillo consider that this is a type of homophobia, characterized by the "yes, but...".
Homosexuality is benevolently tolerated, provided it is silenced and heterocentric normality is accepted. Any transgression of that norm is rejected as victimist, activist or proselytizer. In the words of Mira
Moore et al. v. Dempsey, 261 U. S. 86, was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled 6-2 that the defendants' mob-dominated trials deprived them of due process guaranteed by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. It reversed the district court's decision declining the petitioners' writ of habeas corpus; this case was a precedent for the Supreme Court's review of state criminal trials in terms of their compliance with the Bill of Rights. Moore v. Dempsey was the first case to come before the court in the 20th century related to the treatment of African Americans in the criminal justice systems of the South, where they lived in a segregated society that had disenfranchised them; the case resulted from prosecution of twelve men for the death of a white man associated with the Elaine Race Riot in Phillips County, Arkansas. A white railroad security employee died on September 30, 1919 after shots were exchanged outside a church where a black tenant farmers union was meeting.
With rumors of black insurrection, Governor Charles Hillman Brough led a deployment of federal troops into the rural county, arresting hundreds of blacks. Other blacks were allowed to be in public only with military passes. In the week after the shooting, roving bands of whites and federal troops killed upwards of 200 blacks. In the aftermath, a grand jury made up of local landlords and merchants decided who would be indicted; those blacks willing to testify against others and who agreed to work on whatever terms their landlords set for them were let go. According to the affidavits supplied by the defendants, many of the prisoners had been beaten, whipped or tortured by electric shocks to extract testimony or confessions and threatened with death if they recanted their testimony. Indictments were brought against 122 defendants, including 73 for murder. On November 2, 1919, the Phillips County authorities began trying the defendants on charges of murder. Frank Hicks was charged with first degree murder of Clinton Lee, with Frank Moore, Ed Hicks, J. E. Knox, Paul Hall, Ed Coleman charged as accessories.
Hicks and a total of eleven defendants were sentenced to death after perfunctory trials: counsel for the accused, who did not meet their clients until the trial began, called no witnesses, produced no evidence, did not call on the defendants to testify. The first trial took three-quarters of an hour, after which the all-white jury returned a guilty verdict on the first-degree murder charge in eight minutes. Trials were just as short. A twelfth defendant was sentenced to death several weeks after the jury deliberated for four minutes. Thirty-six other defendants chose to plead guilty to second-degree murder rather than face trial. Sixty-seven additional defendants were convicted; the trials were dominated by white mobs. As Justice Holmes stated in his opinion, "There was never a chance of an acquittal," as the jurors feared the mob.1 The Arkansas Gazette applauded the trials as the triumph of the'rule of law,' as none of the defendants had been lynched. The NAACP sent its assistant secretary, Walter F. White, to investigate the violence in October 1919.
White, of mixed-race and blonde, used his appearance to pass for white when it was useful to his investigations of lynching and riots. He was granted credentials from the Chicago Daily News, which aided him in obtaining an interview with Governor Brough. White was able to interview both whites and blacks in Phillips County, but had to cut his visit short after hearing rumors that he had been discovered as a person of color. White published his findings in the Daily News, the Chicago Defender and The Nation, as well as the NAACP's own magazine The Crisis, reporting on the high number of fatalities among blacks and the lack of government prosecution of their deaths; the NAACP organized the appeal for defendants in the Elaine case. It raised more than $50,000 and hired Scipio Africanus Jones, an African-American attorney from Little Rock, Colonel George W. Murphy, a Confederate veteran, former Attorney-General for the State of Arkansas, for the defense team; the defendants' cases took two paths.
The defendants' lawyers obtained reversal of the verdicts by the Arkansas Supreme Court in six of the cases: Ed Ware, Will Wordlow, Albert Giles, Joe Fox, Alf Banks Jr. and John Martin due to a defect in the wording of the jury verdict. The court ruled that the jury had failed to specify whether the defendants were guilty of murder in the first or second degree, they were convicted again, but the state supreme court overturned the verdicts, saying that discrimination against black jurors was contrary to the Fourteenth Amendment and the Civil Rights Act of 1875. Because the lower court had not acted upon their cases for more than two years by April 1923, under Arkansas law the defendants were entitled to be released. Jones applied for and gained an order for their release from the Arkansas Supreme Court on June 25, 1923; the Arkansas Supreme Court upheld the death sentences of Moore and the other five murder defendants, rejecting the challenge to the all-white jury as untimely. It found that the mob atmosphere and use of coerced testimony did not deny the defendants the due process of law.
Those defendants unsuccessfully petitioned the United States Supreme Court for a writ of certiorari from the Arkansas Supreme Court's decision. The defendants petitioned for a writ of habeas corpus, alleging that the pr