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Philip, Duke of Parma

Philip of Spain was Infante of Spain by birth, Duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. He founded the House of a cadet line of the Spanish branch of the dynasty, he was a son-in-law of Louis XV. Born at the Royal Alcazar in Madrid as Felipe de Borbón y Farnesio, he was the third child and second son of Philip V of Spain and his wife, Elisabeth Farnese, he was raised in Madrid. He was the 12th Count of Chinchón and Grandee of Spain First Class with a coat of arms of Bourbon after the alienation with royal authorization in 1738 of the 11th Count of Chinchón, Don Jose Sforza-Cesarini, Duke of Canzano, a title he ceded to his brother Louis in 1754, his mother came from the family of Farnese, which had ruled the Duchy of Parma and Guastalla for many generations. The duchy had been ruled between 1731 and 1736 by his elder brother Charles, but was exchanged with Austria for The Two Sicilies after the War of Polish Succession. Twelve years in the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, Austria lost the duchy and Philip became the new duke, founding the House of Bourbon-Parma.

As part of the Second Treaty of Versailles between Austria and France, it was intended that Phillip would become king of the Southern Netherlands in a deal that would see French troops occupy key positions in the country – however this arrangement was repudiated by the subsequent Third Treaty of Versailles and Phillip continued in Parma. The Duchy of Parma was ruined by many years of warfare, in 1759 Philip named the able Frenchman Guillaume du Tillot as his minister to restore the economy. Philip was an enlightened ruler who stimulated education and philosophy, attracting personalities like Étienne Bonnot de Condillac. Philip married his first cousin once removed Princess Louise Élisabeth of France in Alcalá de Henares, Spain on 25 October 1739, they had the following children: Isabella Luisa Antonietta Ferdinanda Giuseppina Saveria Dominica Giovanna of Parma – she married Marie Antoinette's older brother, the Austrian emperor, Joseph II. She had issue. Ferdinando Maria Filippo Lodovico Sebastiano Francesco Giacomo of Parma, ) – he succeeded his father as Duke of Parma in 1765 and married his older sister's sister-in-law, Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria.

He left issue. Luisa Maria Teresa Ana of Parma – she was known as Maria Luisa, she was Queen of Spain as the wife of her cousin, Charles IV of Spain. She left issue, their marriage was an unhappy one, Louise Elisabeth died of smallpox at the age of 32 in 1759. Philip died unexpectedly on 18 July 1765 in Alessandria, after having accompanied his daughter Maria Luisa on her way to Genoa, where she sailed for Spain to marry Infante Charles. Through Philip's daughter Maria Luisa, he is an ancestor of the Bourbons of Spain, the Bourbons of the Two Sicilies, the House of Orléans. France: Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit Heraldry of Philip, Duke of Parma

Noel QuiƱones

Noel Quiñones is a Puerto Rican screenwriter, film director, producer and philanthropist who divides his time between filmmaking and advocating for improvements in public education in countries around the world, such as Brazil, Puerto Rico, Colombia, Costa Rica, Spain and the United States of America. He won an Emmy for his work and does motivational speaking now that he is in a wheelchair due to a spinal-chord disease. Quiñones was born in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico, the son of Santiago Quiñones Elías, a lawyer and Miriam Motta Ferrer, a homemaker, he attended primary school and secondary school in Puerto Rico and, at the age of 18, he left Puerto Rico to study cinematography and film-making at Columbia College and UCLA in Hollywood, California. He graduated at age 21. While still in high school, Quiñones completed his first film, a thirty-minute piece called Seniors, shot on 16mm film and featured his classmates. After he produced a film for his high school's talent show, Quiñones's decided to pursue a career as a filmmaker.

Upon completion of his education in California, Quiñones returned to his Puerto Rico, established a production company that produced television commercials for international clients. Profits from his commercial work allowed Quiñones to produce his first feature film, Columbus' Legacy on the history and evolution of Puerto Rican culture; the film was played in Old San Juan in 2019 during the 500th anniversary of San Juan, Puerto Rico commemoration. In 1985, he produced Columbus' Legacy, narrated in its English version by Oscar-winning Puerto Rican actor José Ferrer. In 1986, the film won a Silver Award in the Houston International Film Festival. In 1989, he produced The Bell and San Juan Story, worked with artists such as writer/director Jacobo Morales, actresses Cordelia González and Rosanna DeSoto; these films garnered Quiñones fourteen awards in international festivals. In 1994, he collaborated with Tom Musca and playwright Mark Kemble to produce Flight of Fancy, the winner of Best Film with a Latin theme at the Hollywood International Film Festival and Best Film at The Renaissance City Film Festival in Rhode Island, both in 2001.

Quinõnes' film work includes 17, a documentary about educational transformation in Puerto Rico, the winner of Best Short Documentary at the Rincón International Film Festival in Rincón, Puerto Rico in 2012. He produced 100,000, a documentary about the problem of stray dogs in Puerto Rico, he produced the documentary "One on One", which examines the cycle of poverty and crime for students that drop out of school, presents his mentorship program that works to keep students in school. In addition to filmmaking, Quiñones works as a motivational speaker to advocate for quality in public education. In December 2011, he was one of eleven speakers invited to the first TEDx SanJuan symposium in Puerto Rico, he spoke about how public education can be transformed by an integrated program to motivate and prepare students for the academic rigors they must address in order to succeed. While touring schools that were screening his film, Flight of Fancy, Quiñones and his wife observed the run-down condition of the classrooms, the dearth of technology, the lack of dscplinary structure present at these schools.

In 2005, after four years of interviewing students, teachers and parents, he established the philanthropic organization Operation Éxito to improve the quality of Puerto Rico's public education system. Operation Éxito's goal is to use technology and motivational strategies to develop skills and inquisitive attitudes among students towards learning science and mathematics. Since its inception, Operation Éxito has evolved beyond Puerto Rican to other Spanish-speaking countries, as well as the United States of America. Quiñones observed that students who drop out of school prematurely begin a family and financially support themselves with multiple minimum wage jobs or crime. In 2012, he developed the One on One program to increase graduation rates and improve the future quality of life for students who were performing poorly in school. One on One matches certified mentors recruited from successful community and business leaders with at-risk students to improve their academic performance; the program was initiated in a school in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico where graduation rates were as low as 49%, 100% of the participants graduated from high school.

In 2017, the US Conference of Mayors presented the city of Aguadilla with its High Achievement Livability award for cities with 100,000 inhabitants or less for the implementation and results of the One On One program. Quiñones's philanthropic efforts are directed at the Sor Isolina Ferré Center and its dedication to the transformation of communities and society in general through education, he supports the Miami Project to Cure Paralysis. Quiñones has been paraplegic from the age of sixteen due to a hemorrhage of a tumor in his spinal cord, he together the couple has a daughter. Quiñones is a licensed pilot. List of Puerto Rican films Noel Quiñones on IMDb

Woldemar von Seidlitz

Woldemar von Seidlitz was a Russian-born German art historian. He studied economics at the universities of Dorpat and Heidelberg, followed by studies of art history at Leipzig as a pupil of Anton Springer. From 1879 to 1884 he worked as a directorial assistant at the Kupferstichkabinett Berlin from 1885 to 1918 served as an executive councilor to the Directorate-General of the Royal Collections for Art and Science in Dresden. Allgemeines historisches 6 vols. 1884–90 – General historical portrait work. Rembrandts Radierungen, 1894 – Rembrandt's etchings. Kritische Verzeichnis der Radierungen Rembrandts, 1895 – Critical directory of etchings by Rembrandt. Geschichte des japanischen Farbenholzschnittes, 1897 – History of Japanese colored woodcuts. Leonardo da Vinci, der Wendepunkt der Renaissance, 1909 – Leonardo da Vinci, the turning point of the Renaissance. Die Kunst in Dresden vom Mittelalter bis zur Neuzeit, 1920–22 – Art in Dresden from the Middle Ages to the modern era. Works by or about Woldemar von Seidlitz at Internet Archive Erler, Georg at www.saxonia.com Woldemar von Seidlitz at arthistorians.info Works by or about Woldemar von Seidlitz in libraries

Solar eclipse of July 22, 2028

A total solar eclipse will occur on July 22, 2028. The central line of the path of the eclipse will cross the Australian continent from the Kimberley region in the north west and continue in a south-easterly direction through Western Australia, the Northern Territory, south-west Queensland and New South Wales, close to the towns of Wyndham, Tennant Creek, Birdsville and Dubbo, continuing on through the centre of Sydney, where the eclipse will have a duration of over three minutes, it will cross Dunedin, New Zealand. This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats every 177 days and 4 hours at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit, it is a part of Saros cycle 146, repeating 11 days, containing 76 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on September 19, 1541, it contains total eclipses from May 29, 1938 through October 7, 2154, hybrid eclipses from October 17, 2172 through November 20, 2226, annular eclipses from December 1, 2244 through August 10, 2659.

The series ends at member 76 as a partial eclipse on December 29, 2893. The longest duration of totality was 5 minutes, 21 seconds on June 30, 1992; the metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of every 3.8 years. All eclipses in this table occur at the Moon's descending node. Earth visibility chart and eclipse statistics Eclipse Predictions by Fred Espenak, NASA/GSFC Google interactive map Besselian elements

Starobrno Brewery

Starobrno Brewery is a Czech brewery located in the city of Brno. It was built as a successor of the brewery founded as a part of Cistercian convent; the brewery was named Starobrno Brewery only in the second half of the 19th century. In 2009, Starobrno Brewery produced more than one million hectoliters of beer; the same year, the brewery merged with the Royal Brewery of Krušovice and became a part of the Dutch brewing company Heineken. The beginnings of the brewery were connected with the Cistercian convent, built by Elisabeth Richeza of Poland, located in the Old Brno district; the brewery was independent from the city council. However, the quality of the beer was controlled by the city councillors. During the Hussite Wars in the first half of the 15th century, the brewery and convent buildings were burned down several times, but were always restored in something like their old form. Following the Battle of White Mountain, in 1624, the city of Brno was forced to pay a special charge per beer, called "pivní tác".

After the successful defense of the city against Swedish sieges in 1645, Brno was allowed to levy the charge for its own purposes. In 1782, the convent was closed by decision of emperor Joseph II, the property passed to the hands of St Thomas's Abbey. There is no evidence of the existence of the brewery between 1782 and 1825, as the archives were destroyed; the second half of the 19th century in the Czech lands was marked by expansion of the brewing industry. The outdated equipment and the low capacity of the Old Brno brewery were insufficient for increasing demands of the growing city; the last owners of the original brewery, Josef Mandel and his son-in-law Herrmann Hayek therefore decided to build new and modern brewing buildings. In 1872, the company "Mandel a Hayek" began construction of a new brewery on "V hlinkách" street; the buildings of the former brewery were used to construct a new malt-house. In the last decade of the 19th century, the brewery merged with another brewing company, located in Brněnské Ivanovice.

The production was moved to the new capacities in Old Brno. At the end of the 19th century, the annual production of the consolidated brewery was 236,490 hectoliters. Up to the beginning of World War I, the company managed to overtake a major part of the competitors on the market in Brno, production grew to 250,000 hectoliters yearly; the beer from Brno was exported to Austria -- Hungary. The owners of the company in that time were Germans. In 1918, after the establishment of the new Czechoslovak State, the brewery passed into the hands of Moravian Bank; the import of the beer focused more on the Slovak market. The business activities of the company reached their highest level around 1927, the subsequent Great Depression caused a short decline for the brewery; the final result of the weak years was positive, Starobrno Brewery managed to beat its main rival on the market, Moravia Brewery. During the World War II, the company was led by Germans; the brewery suffered damages during the bombing of Brno in November 1944, was subsequently damaged by passing front.

Throughout the second half of the 20th century, the brewery has been modernized on several occasions. Its modern history dates from 1992, when the structure of the brewery changed to a joint-stock company; the same year, it was awarded first prize in the beer exhibition PIVEX. In 1994, Starobrno became a part of the Austrian concern BBAG; the merger between BBAG and Heineken Group in 2003 allowed for the establishment of the most important brewing company in Middle Europe. In 2009, Starobrno Brewery produced more than one million hectoliters of beer, for the first time in its history. Starobrno produces these different brands of beer in regular production, all beers are unpasteurised: Staré Brno – a pale 10° draught beer with 4.0% ABV. Starobrno Medium – a pale 11° lager with 4.7% ABV. Starobrno Drak – a pale 12° lager with 5.3% ABV. Starobrno Unfiltered – an unfiltered 12° lager with 5.0% ABV. Aside from its standard production, the brewery produces a special batch of green beer, produced only once per year and distributed on Maundy Thursday.

The Czech term for this Christian holiday is "Green Thursday" and the unusual color of the beer is inspired by this feast. Beer in the Czech Republic Verhoef, Berry. Kompletní encyklopedie piva. Dobřejovice: Rebo Productions. P. 234. ISBN 80-7234-116-2. Official website Historie pivovaru Starobrno

Willow Creek (Columbia River)

Willow Creek is a 79-mile long tributary of the Columbia River, located in the U. S. state of Oregon. It drains 880 square miles of Gilliam counties. Arising in the Blue Mountains, it flows northwest to its confluence with the Columbia River upstream of Arlington. Willow Creek's headwaters are located near Arbuckle Mountain in the Blue Mountains, southeast of Heppner, it flows north west, receiving the North Fork on the right and Skinners Fork on the left. Willow Creek Lake is formed by the 160-foot tall Willow Creek Dam just upstream of Heppner at river mile 52.4, or river kilometer 84.3. Willow Creek flows northwest through Heppner. About 10 miles the creek travels through Lexington. Soon after, Rhea Creek enters on the left, Willow Creek passes through the communities of Ione and Morgan. Turning north, it crosses into Gilliam County, flowing beneath Highway 74 and Interstate 84/Highway 30 just before its mouth. Willow Creek flows into the Columbia River 253 miles above its confluence with the Pacific Ocean.

Willow Creek drains 880 square miles of the Columbia Plateau region of Oregon. Ninety percent is owned, nine percent is owned by U. S. federal agencies such as the United States Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, United States Department of Defense, one percent is owned by the state of Oregon. About 60 percent of the watershed is either forested, rangeland, or shrubland, 39 percent is cropland, 1 percent is urban; the highest elevation in the watershed is 5,583 feet near Willow Creek's headwaters, while the lowest is 269 feet at its mouth. Temperatures range from below 0 °F to over 110 °F, while the average is about 50 °F; the average precipitation ranges from 8 inches in the lower regions to 34 inches in the mountains. No anadromous fish are known to inhabit streams in the Willow Creek watershed. Small and Largemouth Bass, Black Crappie, Brown Bullhead and Pumpkinseed live in Willow Creek Lake. Strong thunderstorms moved over the Heppner area on June 1903, causing heavy rain and hail. Within fifteen minutes, a 40-foot wall of water swept down Willow Creek.

The flash flood washed away one-third of the town's structures, killing 247 people in the "most deadly natural disaster in Oregon's recorded history." One hundred and fifty homes were destroyed in the city of Ione, 20 miles downstream. In 1983, the Willow Creek Dam was constructed just upstream of Heppner; the resulting Willow Creek Lake's primary use is flood control. List of rivers of Oregon List of longest streams of Oregon