Philip Hammond

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The Right Honourable
Philip Hammond
MP
Official portrait of Mr Philip Hammond crop 2.jpg
Chancellor of the Exchequer
Assumed office
13 July 2016
Prime Minister Theresa May
Preceded by George Osborne
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
In office
15 July 2014 – 13 July 2016
Prime Minister David Cameron
Preceded by William Hague
Succeeded by Boris Johnson
Secretary of State for Defence
In office
14 October 2011 – 15 July 2014
Prime Minister David Cameron
Preceded by Liam Fox
Succeeded by Michael Fallon
Secretary of State for Transport
In office
11 May 2010 – 14 October 2011
Prime Minister David Cameron
Preceded by The Lord Adonis
Succeeded by Justine Greening
Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury
In office
2 July 2007 – 11 May 2010
Leader David Cameron
Preceded by Theresa Villiers
Succeeded by Liam Byrne
Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
In office
6 December 2005 – 2 July 2007
Leader David Cameron
Preceded by Malcolm Rifkind
Succeeded by Chris Grayling
Member of Parliament
for Runnymede and Weybridge
Assumed office
1 May 1997
Preceded by Constituency created
Majority 18,050 (35%)
Personal details
Born Philip Anthony Hammond
(1955-12-04) 4 December 1955 (age 61)
Epping, Essex, England
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Susan Williams-Walker
Children 3
Residence 11 Downing Street (official)
Send, Surrey, England
Alma mater University College, Oxford
Signature

Philip Anthony Hammond (born 4 December 1955)[1] is a British Conservative Party politician who has been the Chancellor of the Exchequer since 13 July 2016 and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Runnymede and Weybridge since 1997.

Hammond was born in Epping, Essex, and studied Philosophy, Politics and Economics at University College, Oxford. He worked from 1984 as a company director at Castlemead Ltd – a healthcare and nursing company, from 1995-97 he acted as an adviser to the government of Malawi before his election to Parliament. He was promoted to the Shadow Cabinet by David Cameron in 2005 as Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, remaining in this position until a 2007 reshuffle when he became Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury.

After the formation of the Coalition Government in May 2010, he was appointed Secretary of State for Transport and was sworn of the Privy Council. Upon the resignation of Liam Fox over a scandal in October 2011, Hammond was promoted to replace him as Secretary of State for Defence, before being further promoted in July 2014 to become Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs.[2][3]

In July 2016, after Theresa May succeeded Cameron as Prime Minister, Hammond was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer, as Chancellor, Hammond has suggested that the government may ease up on austerity.[4]

Early life[edit]

Hammond was born in Epping, Essex,[5] the son of a civil engineer,[6] he was educated at Shenfield School (now Shenfield High School) in Brentwood, Essex.[6] He studied Philosophy, Politics and Economics at University College, Oxford where he was an Open Scholar,[6] and graduated with a first-class honours degree.[7]

Hammond joined the medical equipment manufacturers Speywood Laboratories Ltd in 1977, becoming a director of Speywood Medical Limited in 1981,[8] he left in 1983 and, from 1984, served as a director in Castlemead Ltd.[5]

From 1993 to 1995, he was a partner in CMA Consultants and, from 1994, a director in Castlemead Homes,[9] he had many business interests including house building and property, manufacturing, healthcare, and oil and gas. He undertook various consulting assignments in Latin America for the World Bank in Washington, D.C.,[citation needed] and was a consultant to the Government of Malawi from 1995 until his election to Parliament.[5]

Early political career[edit]

Hammond was the Chairman of the Lewisham East Conservative Association for seven years from 1989 and contested the 1994 Newham North East by-election following the death of sitting Labour MP Ron Leighton, losing to Labour's Stephen Timms by 11,818 votes.[10] He was elected to the House of Commons at the 1997 general election for the newly created Surrey seat of Runnymede and Weybridge,[11] he won the seat with a majority of 9,875 and has remained its MP since. He made his maiden speech on 17 June 1997.[12]

In Parliament he served on the Environment, Transport and the Regions Select Committee from 1997 until he was promoted by William Hague as front bench spokesman for Health.[10][11] He was moved to become spokesman for Trade and Industry by Iain Duncan Smith in 2001,[11] and later transferred to Shadow Minister for Local Government and Regions by Michael Howard in 2002.[11]

Howard promoted Hammond to the Shadow Cabinet following the 2005 general election as Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury.[11] Following the election of David Cameron as Conservative leader later in 2005, Hammond became the Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions. He was moved back to the role of Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury in David Cameron's reshuffle following Gordon Brown's accession to the premiership.[11]

In government[edit]

Secretary of State for Transport[edit]

Hammond was appointed Secretary of State for Transport following the formation of the coalition government on 12 May 2010, a position he held until 14 October 2011.

On 28 September 2011, he announced that the government was to initiate a consultation on plans to raise the speed limit on motorways from 70 mph to 80 mph, with a view to introducing the new limit in 2013.[13][14] However, following criticism, including that modelling predicted a 20+% increase in motorway deaths and would alienate women voters, the plans were dropped by his successor.[15][16]

Secretary of State for Defence[edit]

Hammond meeting with US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta

Hammond became Secretary of State for Defence on 14 October 2011 when Liam Fox resigned,[17] as Secretary of State for Defence, Hammond became a member of the National Security Council.

In December 2011, he announced that women were to be allowed to serve on Royal Navy submarines, the first women officers began serving on Vanguard class submarines in late 2013. They were due to be followed by female ratings in 2015, when women should also begin serving on the new Astute class submarine,[18] it was also confirmed that the cost of the Libyan operations was £212 million – less than was estimated – including £67 million for replacing spent munitions, is all expected to be met from HM Treasury's reserve.[19]

In January 2012, the Ministry of Defence announced 4,200 job cuts in a second round of armed forces redundancies, the Army would see up to 2,900 job cuts, including 400 Gurkhas, while the RAF would lose up to 1,000 members and the Royal Navy up to 300.[needs update] The job losses would account for some of the cuts announced under the defence review – intended to help plug the £38 billion hole in the defence budget. Hammond said the Government had "no choice but to reduce the size of the armed forces – while reconfiguring them to ensure they remain agile, adaptable and effective".[20]

The £38 billion "black hole" in MoD finances had been "dealt with" and the department's "hand to mouth existence would come to an end", Hammond stated in February 2012. Ministers had even found £2.1 billion to be allocated to several major spending projects to be announced in the coming weeks. The money was to come from a combination of cuts over the previous two years, bargaining with industry suppliers and a one per cent increase in the equipment budget.[21]

In February 2012, Hammond said that the Falkland Islands did not face a "current credible military threat" from Argentina, he added that Britain had "no desire or intention to increase the heat" surrounding their sovereignty. Speaking in the House of Commons he said "despite media speculation to the contrary, there has been no recent change to force levels", adding "there is no evidence of any current credible military threat to the security of the Falkland Islands and therefore no current plan for significant changes to force deployments."[22]

Hammond meeting British troops in Helmand Province, Afghanistan

In August 2012, Hammond announced that senior positions within the "top-heavy" military would be cut by a quarter, around 26 civilian and military head office posts would go and a new senior structure would come in from April 2013. The move was expected to save the Ministry of Defence around £3.8 million a year. Hammond said one in four posts from the ranks of commodore, brigadier, air commodore and above would go.[23]

Four weeks before the London Olympic Games of 2012, the security company G4S announced it could not provide the number of security staff it had originally undertaken to deploy for the games. Hammond solved the problem by deploying 5,000 members of the armed forces making good the shortfall, their performance attracted widespread praise.[24]

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs[edit]

Hammond meeting with US Secretary of State John Kerry

On 15 July 2014, Hammond was appointed Foreign and Commonwealth Secretary. Newspapers highlighted his "Eurosceptic" credentials, and his confidence that Britain could "get a deal" on reforming the European Union, he said that he would vote in a putative referendum for a British exit from the European Union unless there were changes in the relationship,[25] but following David Cameron's renegotiation, he supported the Remain campaign.[26]

In August 2014, Hammond said he was surprised at the sudden resignation of Sayeeda Warsi, Baroness Warsi, who wrote of "great unease" under his leadership of the Foreign office.[27]

In March 2015, Hammond stated that Britain would support the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen "in every practical way short of engaging in combat."[28] He also told Parliament that the Saudi-led coalition had complied with humanitarian law, this statement was later corrected by the Foreign Office as, according to the Foreign Office, he should have said: "Looking at all the information available to us, we have been unable to assess that there has been a breach of International Humanitarian Law by the Saudi-led coalition".[29] As a result of these discrepancies, Labour MP Ann Clwyd asked the Commons Speaker John Bercow to refer the incident to the relevant parliamentary authority so that they can decide whether Hammond deliberately misled the MPs or if it was an honest mistake.[29]

In March 2015, speaking as the minister responsible for the intelligence agencies, he suggested that terror "apologists" must share blame in terrorist acts, saying "But a huge burden of responsibility also lies with those who act as apologists for them."[30]

Hammond welcomes president of China and General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Xi Jinping to London, 19 October 2015

On 8 July 2015, Hammond condemned the defeat by Russia at the UN Security Council of his four-page draft resolution S/2015/508,[31] which would have applied the genocide label to the Srebrenica massacre of Muslim Bosniaks in 1995.[32] Angola, China, Nigeria and Venezuela abstained,[33] while the draft had been proposed by Jordan, Lithuania, Malaysia, New Zealand, the UK and the US,[31] the Russian ambassador, Vitaly Churkin, criticised the British wording as "confrontational and politically-motivated", arguing that it unfairly singled out Bosnian Serbs for committing war crimes in a conflict in which all three ethnic groups were the victims of atrocities.[32] Hammond stated that: "We are disappointed that our resolution to commemorate the 20th anniversary of Srebrenica was vetoed today."[34]

Hammond meeting Iranian foreign minister Mohammad Javad Zarif in London, 5 February 2016

On 14 July 2015, after several years of on-again-off-again negotiations, the P5+1 reached agreement with Iran over the Nuclear program of Iran. Hammond was present in Vienna as the UK representative for the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action disclosure ceremony.[35] Hammond presented the deal in Commons the next day,[36] and was in Jerusalem for a joint press conference with Benjamin Netanyahu, which was described as "tense".[36][37]

Hammond described the United Nations findings regarding the detention of Julian Assange in the Ecuadorian embassy in London on 6 February 2016 as "ridiculous".[38] Mads Andenæs commented, "When countries respond in this way, they damage the respect for the rule of law and the United Nations."[39]

In October 2015, Justice Secretary Michael Gove cancelled a £5.9 million contract to provide services for prisons in the Saudi Arabia, saying "the British government should not be assisting a regime that uses beheadings, stoning, crucifixions and lashings as forms of punishment." Foreign Secretary Hammond accused Gove of "naivety".[40]

In November 2015, Hammond was criticised for accepting a watch worth £1,950 from a Saudi businessman called Sheikh Marei Mubarak Mahfouz bin Mahfouz, the watch was given as a gift after the unveiling of a statue of the Queen to mark the 800th anniversary of the sealing of Magna Carta. Ministers are not allowed to accept gifts worth more than £140 but Hammond claims he was advised that the event was a constituency one, not a ministerial one, and therefore the rules for ministers did not apply to him on that day. Labour MP John Mann was among those who criticised Hammond. "What on earth was he doing?" Mann asked, "No MP should be accepting watches worth nearly £2,000 as a gift. He should now give it to charity.[41]"

Chancellor of the Exchequer[edit]

Hammond was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer by new Prime Minister Theresa May on 13 July 2016.[42]

Hammond had backed Remain in the Brexit referendum, but confirmed he would support the withdrawal of the UK from the EU, saying "No ifs, no buts, no second referendums. We are leaving the European Union, but it is equally clear to me that the British people did not vote on June 23 to become poorer, or less secure" and that he would take whatever steps necessary to protect the economy, jobs and living standards.[43]

In October 2016, Hammond was criticised by some Cabinet colleagues for “arguing like an accountant seeing the risk of everything” rather than pressing ahead with plans for Brexit. Hammond called for caution during a Cabinet committee meeting which discussed a proposed post-Brexit visa regime that would require all European Union workers to prove they have secured a skilled job before being allowed into Britain, which lead to accusations that he was trying to "undermine Brexit"[44]

According to The Sunday Times, Hammond's priority was ensuring the UK retained full access to the EU's single market for Britain's financial industry;[45][46] in January 2017, Hammond announced that the UK would leave the Single Market as it was not politically possible to continue to comply with all the EU's rules regarding freedom of movement in the wake of the Brexit vote, saying that they would look to pursue a "comprehensive free trade agreement" instead.[47]

In his first budget in March 2017, Hammond increased National Insurance contributions that self-employed people have to pay, despite the Conservatives making a manifesto pledge at the 2015 election not to increase NI,[48] the policy was reversed a week later after opposition from some of his own backbenchers.[49] The IFS argued in favour of the NIC rise, claimed the original pledge not to increase tax had been unwise. "As we said at the time these were silly pledges. To commit yourself to not raising the three main taxes - income tax, NI and VAT - ties your hands to an absurd extent."[50] George Eaton maintains the promise was intended as a negotiating tool as the Conservatives did not expect an outright majority.[51] Hammond's budget continued government policies of freezing benefits.[52]

Following the 2017 general election, Hammond suggested that he may ease up on austerity in the coming autumn budget. Hammond said, “Obviously we are not deaf. We heard a message last week in the general election and we need to look at how we deal with the challenges we face in the economy. I understand that people are weary after years of hard work to rebuild the economy after the great crash of 2008-09, but we have to live within our means. (...) We have never said we won’t raise some taxes.”[53]

In June 2017 speech, Hammond said that a Brexit deal that puts jobs and prosperity first is the only way the UK will be able to deliver the strong growth that will enable it finally to escape from the long years of austerity, the chancellor has said; in his strongest call yet for a managed approach, Hammond said a comprehensive trade agreement, a transitional deal after the 2019 deadline for the end of talks, and a commitment to keep borders open should form a three-point Brexit plan for Britain. There would be “audible sighs of relief”, he said, if the talks that ended with a business-friendly agreement.[54]

In October 2017, Hammond referred to the European Union's Brexit negotiators as "the enemy".[55] Shortly thereafter, however, he expressed regret for his choice of words.[56]

In November 2017, Hammond said in an interview on The Andrew Marr Show, whilst talking about possible unemployment that comes with driver-less vehicles, AI and robots, that the development of personal computers meant that there was no longer any need for shorthand typists, he then asked in reference to his previous comment: "Where are all these unemployed people? There are no unemployed people." This was immediately noticed by the media, as there are roughly 1.42 million unemployed with more underemployed. This lead to accusations that Hammond is out of touch with reality.[57] Later in the same programme, he clarified his remarks, and again on Peston on Sunday, acknowledging on both occasions the real number of unemployed people in the UK.

On 22 November 2017, he presented his second budget.[58]

Other political positions[edit]

2008 financial crisis[edit]

In May 2012, Hammond said that banks were not solely responsible for the 2008 financial crisis as "they had to lend to someone". Hammond said that people who took out loans were "consenting adults" who, in some cases, were now seeking to blame others for their actions.[59]

Same-sex marriage[edit]

In May 2012, Hammond said same-sex marriage is "too controversial";[60] in January 2013 during a visit to Royal Holloway, University of London, he bracketed the tabled legislation, which was passed afterwards, alongside socially unacceptable relationships, at the upper scale of which he stated was the criminal offence of incest. Asked by PinkNews to clarify his remarks, Hammond wrote by email: "The discussion ranged very widely and was not limited to same sex relationships".[60]

In May 2013, Hammond abstained as one of four Cabinet Ministers not to vote in favour of gay marriage.[61] Hammond was openly critical of the then Prime Minister David Cameron's approach to the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 and said in November 2013 that he was "shocked" at the speed with which it was pushed through and that it was "damaging" to the Conservative Party.[62]

Personal life[edit]

Hammond married Susan Carolyn Williams-Walker on 29 June 1991, they have two daughters and a son[63][64] and live in Send, Surrey, with another home in London. In 2009, Hammond's wealth was estimated as £9 million.[65]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Philip Hammond MP". BBC. Retrieved 13 October 2011. 
  2. ^ "William Hague quits as foreign secretary in cabinet reshuffle". BBC News. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "Grande-Bretagne : l'eurosceptique Philip Hammond remplace Hague aux Affaires étrangères". euronews. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  4. ^ Philip Hammond hints government will ease up on austerity The Guardian
  5. ^ a b c "Ten things you didn't know about Philip Hammond". The Daily Telegraph. London. 
  6. ^ a b c "Philip Hammond: The rise of the quiet man". New Statesman. 
  7. ^ ‘HAMMOND, Rt Hon. Philip’, Who's Who 2017, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2017
  8. ^ "Debrett's". debretts.com. 
  9. ^ http://www.castlemead-ltd.co.uk Castlemead Homes
  10. ^ a b "Philip Hammond Bio". 
  11. ^ a b c d e f "PHILIP HAMMOND MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT FOR RUNNYMEDE AND WEYBRIDGE". 
  12. ^ "Page not found – UKPOL". Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  13. ^ "80mph motorway speed limit plan criticised". BBC News. 30 September 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  14. ^ Stratton, Allegra (29 September 2011). "Government plans to raise speed limit to 80mph". The Guardian. London. 
  15. ^ Walker, Peter (25 December 2011). "80mph speed limit 'would increase deaths by 20%'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 July 2016. 
  16. ^ Philipson, Alice (22 June 2013). "Ministers abandon plans for 80mph motorway speed limit". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  17. ^ Milmo, Dan (14 October 2011). "Philip Hammond and Justine Greening named defence and transport ministers". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 14 October 2011. 
  18. ^ "Women to be allowed to serve on Royal Navy submarines". BBC News. 8 December 2011. 
  19. ^ "Hammond says UK not seeking 'perfect Afghanistan'". BBC News. 8 December 2011. 
  20. ^ "MoD announces details of 4,200 job cuts". BBC News. 17 January 2012. 
  21. ^ "MoD balances books first time in four decades, Defence Secretary to announce". The Daily Telegraph. London. 
  22. ^ Winnett, Robert (21 February 2012). "Argentina does not pose threat to Falklands, says Philip Hammond". The Daily Telegraph. London. 
  23. ^ "Military's 'top-heavy' command to be cut by a quarter". BBC News. 19 August 2012. 
  24. ^ "G4S proves we can't always rely on private sector, says minister". The Independent. London. 14 August 2012. 
  25. ^ "Philip Hammond: I am serious about reforming EU". The Daily Telegraph. London. 
  26. ^ "EU vote: Where the cabinet and other MPs stand". BBC News. 
  27. ^ Hope, Christopher (5 August 2014). "How Baroness Warsi's resignation letter lifts a lid on frustrations in the Coalition". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  28. ^ "UK 'will support Saudi-led assault on Yemeni rebels – but not engaging in combat'". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. 27 March 2015. 
  29. ^ a b "Labour MP urges probe into Philip Hammond's Yemen answers". BBC News. 29 July 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  30. ^ "Terror 'apologists' must share blame". BBC News. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  31. ^ a b un.org: "United Nations – S/2015/508 – Security Council – Jordan, Lithuania, Malaysia, New Zealand, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America: draft resolution", 8 July 2015
  32. ^ a b "Russia blocks UN resolution condemning Srebrenica massacre as genocide", The Daily Telegraph, 8 July 2015
  33. ^ un.org: "UN News Centre: UN officials recall 'horror' of Srebrenica as Security Council fails to adopt measure condemning massacre", 8 July 2015
  34. ^ gov.uk: "Foreign Secretary statement following UN Security Council vote on Srebrenica resolution", 8 July 2015
  35. ^ "Iran nuclear deal: agreement reached in Vienna – as it happened", 14 July 2015
  36. ^ a b "Benjamin Netanyahu intends to fight Iran nuclear deal all the way, says Philip Hammond", The Daily Telegraph, 15 July 2015
  37. ^ "Netanyahu rebuffs Philip Hammond over Iran deal", The Daily Telegraph, 16 July 2015
  38. ^ Addley, Esther; Elgot, Jessica; Bowcott, Owen (5 February 2016). "Julian Assange accuses UK minister of insulting UN after detention finding". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 5 February 2016. 
  39. ^ Maurizi, Stefania (9 February 2016). "Pressioni politiche sulle Nazioni Unite per la decisione su Julian Assange" [Political Pressures on the United Nations over the decision on Julian Assange]. L'espresso (in Italian). Retrieved 10 February 2016. 
  40. ^ "Saudi prisons contract: Gove and Hammond clash over deal". The Guardian. London. 13 October 2015. 
  41. ^ Ungoed-Thomas, Jon. "Saudi gift row engulfs minister". 
  42. ^ "Cabinet: Hammond Chancellor, Johnson Foreign". Sky News. 14 July 2016. 
  43. ^ "Philip Hammond spells out plans to tackle Brexit 'turbulence'". Sky News. 3 October 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  44. ^ "Philip Hammond in Cabinet row over accusations he is trying to 'undermine Brexit'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  45. ^ Shipmamn, Tim; Pancevski, Bojan (28 August 2016). "Chancellor blamed as cabinet splits over single market". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 17 July 2017.  (subscription required)
  46. ^ May, Joss (28 August 2016). "Theresa May asks Cabinet ministers for Brexit proposals". Politics Home. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  47. ^ "Hammond says Britain will leave EU single market". Bloomberg. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  48. ^ Budget 2017: manifesto row clouds chancellor's attempt at low-key package The Guardian
  49. ^ Philip Hammond ditches national insurance rise for self-employed The Guardian
  50. ^ Institute for Fiscal Studies backs National Insurance increase BBC
  51. ^ "The Conservatives' manifesto problems won't end here". www.newstatesman.com. 
  52. ^ What welfare changes did Philip Hammond make in his Budget 2017? New Statesman
  53. ^ Philip Hammond hints government will ease up on austerity The Guardian
  54. ^ [1]
  55. ^ "Hammond calls EU negotiators 'the enemy'". BBC News. 13 October 2017. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  56. ^ Elliott, Larry (13 October 2017). "Hammond says he regrets calling EU negotiators 'the enemy'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 13 October 2017. 
  57. ^ There are no unemployed in UK, says Hammond in TV gaffe The Observer
  58. ^ "Autumn Budget 2017: documents - GOV.UK". www.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-11-23. 
  59. ^ Kirkup, James (3 May 2012). "Families must accept share of blame for Britain's woes". The Daily Telegraph. London. 
  60. ^ a b "Exclusive: Defence Secretary Philip Hammond links incest with same-sex marriage". Pink News. Retrieved 19 February 2015. 
  61. ^ Wigmore, Tim (17 February 2011). "Philip Hammond taken to task over anti-gay rights record". New Statesman. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  62. ^ Swinford, Steven (8 November 2013). "Legalising same-sex marriage was 'damaging' for Tories, Philip Hammond says". The Daily Telegraph. London. 
  63. ^ "Philip Hammond". 
  64. ^ "VOTE 2001 – CANDIDATES". 
  65. ^ "The new ruling class". New Statesman. London. 1 October 2009. 

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Parliament of the United Kingdom
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for Runnymede and Weybridge

1997–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
George Osborne
Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury
2005
Succeeded by
Theresa Villiers
Preceded by
Malcolm Rifkind
Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
2005–2007
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Chris Grayling
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Theresa Villiers
Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury
2007–2010
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Liam Byrne
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The Lord Adonis
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