Neville Alexander Crichton is a New Zealand businessman, a competitor in Australasian motor and yacht racing. Born in New Zealand in 1945, Crichton entered the automotive industry. In 1972, he opened a used car dealership. In 1978, at the age of 29, he was diagnosed with throat cancer. Crichton underwent 30 operations and had his voice-box and oesophagus removed. Doctors told him it was unlikely he would speak again, but he became one of the first people in the world to receive an artificial voice box during experimental surgery in Indianapolis; this would lead to his nickname of "Croaky". In the early-1980s Crichton immigrated to Australia founding the Ateco Group that imports Alfa Romeo, Citroën, Foton, Great Wall Lotus and SsangYong cars into Australia and New Zealand. In the 1980s, Crichton was a regular competitor in Australian touring car racing; as well as racing full-time in the Australian Touring Car Championship driving a JPS Team BMW 635CSi in 1985 and a Tony Longhurst Racing Ford Sierra RS500 in 1989, Crichton competed at the Bathurst 1000 in 1986 for the Volvo Dealer Team, 1987 and 1988 for Dick Johnson Racing and at the 1987 Spa 24 Hour for the Holden Dealer Team.
Crichton had a distinguished yachting career, having owned ocean-racing yachts Alfa Romeo I, Alfa Romeo II and Alfa Romeo III. Crichton skipped the line honours winning yachts in the 2009 Sydney to Hobart Yacht Races, he was the founder of Alloy Yachts, which he incorporated with the same team that built his 28m sailing yacht Chanel in 1985. In the 2012 Queen's Birthday and Diamond Jubilee Honours, Crichton was appointed a Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit, for services to yachting and business. † Not registered for series & points
Amphion and Zethus were, in ancient Greek mythology, the twin sons of Zeus by Antiope. They are important characters in one of the two founding myths of the city of Thebes, because they constructed the city's walls. Amphion and Zethus were the sons of Antiope, who fled in shame to Sicyon after Zeus raped her, married King Epopeus there. However, either Nycteus or Lycus attacked Sicyon in order to carry her back to Thebes and punish her. On the way back, she was forced to expose them on Mount Cithaeron. Lycus gave her to his wife, who treated her cruelly for many years. Antiope escaped and found her sons living near Mount Cithaeron. After they were convinced that she was their mother, they killed Dirce by tying her to the horns of a bull, gathered an army, conquered Thebes, becoming its joint rulers, they either killed Lycus or forced him to give up his throne. Amphion became a great singer and musician after his lover Hermes taught him to play and gave him a golden lyre. Zethus became a herdsman, with a great interest in cattle breeding.
As Zethus was associated with agriculture and the hunt, his attribute was the hunting dog, while Amphion’s - the lyre. Amphion and Zethus built fortifications of Thebes, they built the walls around the citadel of Thebes. While Zethus struggled to carry his stones, Amphion played his lyre and his stones followed after him and glided into place. Amphion married the daughter of Tantalus, the Lydian king; because of this, he added three strings to it. Zethus married Thebe. Otherwise, the kingdom was named in honour of their supposed father Theobus. Amphion's wife Niobe had many children, but had become arrogant and because of this she insulted the goddess Leto, who had only two children and Apollo. Leto's children killed Niobe's children in retaliation. It’s Niobe’s overweening pride in her children, offending Apollo and Artemis, brought about her children’s deaths. In Ovid, Amphion commits suicide out of grief. Hyginus, writes that in his madness he tried to attack the temple of Apollo, was killed by the god's arrows.
Zethus had only one son, who died through a mistake of his mother Thebe, causing Zethus to kill himself. In the Odyssey, Zethus's wife is called a daughter of Pandareus in book 19, who killed her son Itylos in a fit of madness and became a nightingale. After the deaths of Amphion and Zethus, Laius became king. Compare with Castor and Polydeuces of Greece, with Romulus and Remus of Rome. Divine twins Plato, Gorgias, 485e. Homer, The Odyssey with an English Translation by A. T. Murray, PH. D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website. John Tzetzes, Book of Histories, Book I translated by Ana Untila from the original Greek of T. Kiessling's edition of 1826. Online version at theio.com Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W. H. S. Jones, Litt. D. and H. A. Ormerod, M. A. in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio.
3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library. Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F. B. A. F. R. S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Amphion and Zethus". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press
Reginald Leslie Cleveland is a Canadian former professional baseball player and right-handed pitcher who appeared in 428 games in Major League Baseball over 13 seasons for four different clubs. Born in Swift Current and raised in Cold Lake, Cleveland was listed as 6 feet 1 inch tall and 195 pounds, he was elected to the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame in 1986. Cleveland signed with the St. Louis Cardinals in 1966, after a one-game trial with the 1969 Redbirds, he made the major leagues for good during August of 1970. In his first full season, he won 12 games and the 1971 National League Rookie Pitcher of the Year Award from The Sporting News, he hurled for Boston Red Sox, Texas Rangers and Milwaukee Brewers. As a member of the pennant-winning 1975 Red Sox, he was the starting pitcher in Game 2 of the 1975 American League Championship Series against the Oakland Athletics, he allowed three runs and seven hits in five innings of work, exiting the game with the score tied, 3–3. He earned a no-decision, with Red Sox relief pitcher Rogelio Moret gaining credit for the win when Boston prevailed, 6–3.
In the 1975 World Series, Cleveland worked in three games, two in relief. He was the starting pitcher in Game 5 against the Cincinnati Reds on October 16 at Riverfront Stadium, he gave up seven hits and five runs, all earned, was charged with the 6–2 loss. He came out of the bullpen in the top of the ninth inning of Game 7 at Fenway Park and got the final out, but the Reds had forged ahead against Cleveland's predecessor on the mound, Jim Burton, secured a 4–3 win and the world championship; the 1975 campaign afforded Cleveland his only postseason appearances. He ended his regular-season MLB career with 105 wins and 106 defeats, with a 3.73 ERA, 930 strikeouts, 57 complete games, 12 shutouts and 25 saves. In 1,809 innings pitched, he allowed 543 bases on balls. In 1976, while with the Red Sox, Cleveland led the American League in home runs allowed per nine innings, he served as a pitching coach in the Toronto Blue Jays' organisation during the 1990s. He has five children, adopted sons Timothy and Jonathan Cleveland, former Olympic swimmer, three biological children, daughter Michelle and sons Michael and Todd from his first marriage to Kathleen.
Abdul Ghaffār Khān, nicknamed Fakhr-e-Afghan, lit. "pride of Pashtuns"), Bādshāh Khān, or Bāchā Khān, "king of chiefs"), was a Pashtun independence activist who worked to end the rule of the British Raj in India. He was a spiritual leader known for his nonviolent opposition. A close friend of Mohandas Gandhi, Bacha Khan was nicknamed the "Frontier Gandhi" in British India by his close associate Amir Chand Bombwal. Bacha Khan founded the Khudai Khidmatgar movement in 1929, its success triggered a harsh crackdown by the British Raj against him and his supporters, they suffered some of the most severe repression of the Indian independence movement. Bacha Khan opposed the proposal for the partition of India, siding with the Indian National Congress and All India Azad Muslim Conference; when the Indian National Congress declared its acceptance of the partition plan without consulting the Khudai Khidmatgar leaders, he felt betrayed and hurt by this, telling the Congress, "you have thrown us to the wolves."
In June 1947, Khan and other Khudai Khidmatgars declared the Bannu Resolution, demanding that the Pashtuns be given a choice to have an independent state of Pashtunistan, composing all Pashtun territories of British India, instead of being made to join Pakistan. However, the British Raj refused to comply with the demand of this resolution. In response, Bacha Khan and his elder brother Chief Minister Dr Khan Sahib boycotted the 1947 North-West Frontier Province referendum on joining Pakistan or India, citing that it did not have the options for the province to become independent or join Afghanistan. After the partition, Bacha Khan pledged allegiance to Pakistan, but was arrested by the Pakistani government between 1948 and 1954. In 1956, he was arrested for his opposition to the One Unit program, under which the government announced its plan to merge all provinces of West Pakistan into a single province. Khan was in exile during much of the 1960s and 1970s. Upon his death in 1988 in Peshawar under house arrest, following his will, he was buried at his house in Jalalabad, Afghanistan.
Tens of thousands of mourners attended his funeral, marching through the Khyber Pass from Peshawar to Jalalabad. It was marred by two bomb explosions. Despite the heavy fighting at the time during the Soviet–Afghan War, both sides, namely the communist army and the mujahideen, declared a ceasefire to allow Khan's burial. Bacha Khan was born on 6 February 1890 into a peaceful and prosperous Pashtun family from Utmanzai in the Peshawar Valley of British India, his father, Bahram Khan, was a land owner in the area referred to as Hashtnaghar. Bacha Khan was the second son of Bahram to attend the British-run Edward's Mission School, the only functioning school in the region run by missionaries. At school the young Bacha Khan did well in his studies, was inspired by his mentor Reverend Wigram to see the importance of education in service to the community. In his 10th and final year of high school, he was offered a prestigious commission in the Corps of Guides, a regiment of the British Indian Army.
Bacha Khan refused the commission after realising that Guides officers were still second-class citizens in their own country. He resumed his intention of university study, Reverend Wigram offered him the opportunity to follow his brother, Khan Abdul Jabbar Khan, to study in London. An alumnus of Aligarh Muslim University, Bacha Khan received the permission of his father. However, Bacha Khan's mother wasn't willing to let another son go to London, so Bacha Khan began working on his father's lands, attempting to discern what more he might do with his life. In 1910, at the age of 20, Khan opened a mosque school in his home town of Utmanzai. In 1911, he joined independence movement of the Pashtun independence activist Haji Sahib of Turangzai. However, in 1915, the British authorities banned his mosque school. Having witnessed the repeated failure of revolts against the British Raj, Khan decided that social activism and reform would be more beneficial for the Pashtuns; this led to the formation of Anjuman-e Islāh-e Afghānia in 1921, the youth movement Pax̌tūn Jirga in 1927.
After Khan's return from the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca in May 1928, he founded the Pashto-language monthly political journal Pax̌tūn. In November 1929, Khan founded the Khudāyī Khidmatgār movement, whose success triggered a harsh crackdown by the British authorities against him and his supporters, they suffered some of the most severe repression of the Indian independence movement from the British Raj. In response to his inability to continue his own education, Bacha Khan turned to helping others start theirs. Like many such regions of the world, the strategic importance of the newly formed North-West Frontier Province as a buffer for the British Raj from Russian influence was of little benefit to its residents; the oppression of the British, the repression of the mullahs, an ancient culture of violence and vendetta prompted Bacha Khan to want to serve and uplift his fellow men and women by means of education. At 20 years of age, Bacha Khan opened his first school in Utmanzai, it was an instant success and he was soon invited into a larger circle of progressively minded reformers.
While he faced much opposition and personal difficulties, Bacha Khan Khan worked tirelessly to organise and raise the consciousness of his fellow Pashtuns. Between 1915 and 1918 he visited 500 villages in all part of the settled districts of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, it was in thi
General Ray Albert Robinson was a United States Marine Corps general who served in the Corps more than 40 years. His long and colorful career included service in France during the First World War, action at Guam and Iwo Jima in World War II, sea duty, China service between World Wars, he served in 1929 as officer in charge of the Marine detachment which built President Herbert Hoover's Rapidan Camp mountain retreat near Criglersville, Virginia. Robinson twice earned the Legion of Merit with Combat "V" during World War II — the first for outstanding service in July and August 1944, as chief of staff of the 3d Marine Division during the planning and execution of the recapture of Guam. After the Iwo Jima campaign, Robinson was made assistant commander of the 5th Marine Division, earning the Bronze Star Medal for his service in that capacity during the occupation of Japan. Robinson was born on June 1, 1896, in Los Angeles, where he attended the University of Southern California before enlisting in the Marine Corps on May 21, 1917.
After completing his recruit training, he was commissioned a second lieutenant on October 9, 1917, during the next year, he completed the course at the Officer's Training School, Quantico and joined the newly activated 13th Marine Regiment. After intensive training with the 13th Marines, he embarked with that regiment for France in September 1918. Overseas he saw service as aide-de-camp to Brigadier General Smedley D. Butler. Robinson returned from France in July 1919, was stationed at Quantico until September 1921, he sailed shortly afterward to begin a two-year tour of duty at the Marine barracks, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Returning to the Mainland in December 1923, he served at Headquarters, Department of the Pacific, San Francisco, before he was ordered to San Diego, California, in February 1924. There he served in a number of capacities, including duty with the staff of the commanding general, Western Mail Guard, during a wave of railway mail robberies. On completing that assignment, he joined the 4th Marine Regiment in January 1927, sailing with that unit for China the following month.
In China, he served on the staff of the commanding general, 3rd Marine Brigade, at Shanghai, at Tientsin as the Chinese Kuomintang Army advanced northward. Robinson returned from China in March 1929, the following month, he reported to Quantico, where he was attached while serving that summer as officer in charge of the Marine detachment at President Hoover's summer camp. In September 1929, he entered the Company Officers Course in the Marine Corps Schools at Quantico, which he completed in June 1930, he served at San Diego before going to sea in October 1930, as commander of the Marine detachment aboard the USS Colorado. Completing that tour of duty in September 1932, he was ordered to the Marine barracks at the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Washington, where he served in various capacities for three years. In August 1935, Robinson was again ordered to Quantico, where he served as post maintenance officer and safety engineer before entering the Senior Course in August, 1938. Graduating in May 1939, he was ordered once more to China.
There he served successively as executive and operations officer of the Marine detachment at the American Embassy, Peiping. He returned to the United States in June 1941, the following month, he reported to Marine Corps Headquarters, Washington, D. C. to become assistant officer in charge of Division of Plans and Policies. He took charge of that section in April 1942. Thus, in 1942, when the commandant of the Marine Corps issued orders to recruit and train African Americans, the task of recruiting and training new African-American Marines fell to then-Colonel Robinson. Robinson sought the help of the Selective Service in this task, he served in the personnel section until October 1943, when he was named officer in charge of the operations and training section. Leaving Washington in January 1944, Robinson embarked for the Pacific theater, where he became chief of staff of the 3rd Marine Division the following month, he was named chief of staff of the 5th Division in October 1944, serving in that capacity until June 1945, when he was named assistant commander of the 5th Division.
He returned with that division from Japan in December 1945, after the division was disbanded, he went back overseas in March 1946, as fleet Marine officer on the staff of the commander in chief, Pacific Ocean Area. He held that position until September 1946, when he became chief of Fleet Marine Force. In August 1947, Robinson reported again to Marine Corps Headquarters in Washington, where he served as director of the Division of Plans and Policies for two years. After that he was Inspector General of the Marine Corps from July 1949, until June 1950, when he took command of the 2nd Marine Division at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, he served in that capacity until December 1951, subsequently, as commanding general of camp Lejeune until August 1952, when he was appointed commanding general of the Department of the Pacific at San Francisco, California. He left San Francisco in June 1954, two months was ordered to The Hague as chief of the Military Assistance Advisory Group to the Netherlands. Relieved by Major General John C.
McQueen, Robinson was transferred to Norfolk in October 1956. Robinson served there as commanding general of Fleet