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Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport

Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport is a civil-military public airport 3 miles east of downtown Phoenix, in Maricopa County, United States. It is Arizona's largest and busiest airport, among the largest commercial airports in the United States. In 2019, PHX served the most in the airport's history. In 2018, PHX was ranked the 44th-busiest airport in the world; the airport serves as the sixth-largest hub for American Airlines with over 250 daily departures to 102 destinations in 5 countries. American carries nearly 46% of all PHX passengers as of December 2017 and employs nearly 9,500 people, making it the airport's largest carrier; the airport serves as one of the largest operating bases for Southwest Airlines with 188 daily departures to 53 cities across the United States. The airport is home to the 161st Air Refueling Wing, an Air Mobility Command -gained unit of the Arizona Air National Guard; the military enclave is known as the Goldwater Air National Guard Base. One of two flying units in the Arizona ANG, the 161 ARW flies the KC-135R Stratotanker aircraft.

In addition to its domestic role as a National Guard unit, answering to the Governor of Arizona, the 161 ARW performs both a stateside and overseas role as a USAF organization, supporting air refueling and air mobility missions worldwide. Sky Harbor Airport's evocative name was conceived by J. Parker Van Zandt, the owner of Scenic Airways, in 1928. However, the reasoning for the name is unknown. Scenic Airways collapsed in 1929 after the infamous Black Friday stock market crash. Sky Harbor was the fourth airport built in Phoenix; this fourth airport was built with one runway in 1928. Acme Investment Company owned the airport until 1935 after the collapse of Scenic Airways. During this time, Standard Air Lines began the airport's first scheduled passenger and air mail service in 1926 with a route between Los Angeles and El Paso stopping in Phoenix and several other cities. Standard was acquired by American Airways in 1930 which became American Airlines. American extended the route eastward to New York by way of many other cities.

The city of Phoenix purchased the airport from Acme for $100,000 in 1935. TWA began service to San Francisco in 1938 and added Phoenix onto its transcontinental network by 1944 with flights to Los Angeles and eastward to New York stopping at Albuquerque and many more cities. Arizona Airways began intrastate service within Arizona in 1946 and merged into Frontier Airlines in 1950 which added new routes to Denver, El Paso. Bonanza Airlines began service by 1951 with a route to Las Vegas and Reno making several stops at smaller communities. New routes to Salt Lake City and southern California were added in the 1960's along with nonstop flights to Las Vegas and Reno aboard Douglas DC-9 jets. Bonanza merged with two other carriers to become Air West in 1968 and was changed to Hughes Airwest in 1970 adding several new routes, including service to Mexico, creating a hub at Phoenix. Hughes Airwest was merged into Republic Airlines in 1980 which continued the Phoenix hub operation until the mid 1980's.

Western Airlines came to Sky Harbor about 1958 with flights to Denver, Los Angeles and San Diego, Continental Airlines in 1961 to El Paso, Los Angeles, Tucson, Delta Air Lines began flights to Dallas by 1969. Since airline deregulation in 1978, Phoenix has seen numerous new air carriers. After World War II the airport began work on a new passenger terminal, as well as a new parallel runway and a diagonal runway. On the February 1953 C&GS diagram runways 8L and 8R are each 6,000 feet long and runway 3 is 5,500 feet; the $835,000 Terminal 1 which had the first control tower, opened in October 1952. It was torn down in 1991 and replaced by a cell phone waiting lot, with Terminal 1's parking lot now being the West Economy lot; the April 1957 OAG shows 42 scheduled airline departures a day: 16 American, 11 TWA, 10 Bonanza, 5 Frontier. American began a nonstop DC-7 to New York in the summer of 1959; the airport's master plan was redesigned in 1959 to eliminate the cross runway to make room for new terminals.

American and TWA began jet service to Phoenix in 1960 and 1961 and Terminal 2 opened in 1962. Terminal 3 opened in October 1979, when the "East" and "West" names were dropped, since they were no longer the only two terminals. Bonanza Air Lines moved its headquarters from Las Vegas to Phoenix in 1966. Bonanza merged with two other airlines to form Air West, which became Hughes Airwest after Howard Hughes bought it in 1970. After airline deregulation in 1978 former Hughes Airwest executive Ed Beauvais formed a plan for a new airline based in Phoenix, he founded America West Airlines in 1981, which began service from Phoenix in 1983 and doubled in size during its first year. By the end of the decade America West was serving over 80 cities in the United States and Mexico and was lobbying for transpacific service. In late 1992 America West contracted with Mesa Airlines to create a new feeder network called America West Express which served many smaller communities in Arizona, California and New Mexico.

In the meantime Southwest Airlines arrived at Phoenix in January 1982 with 13 daily flights to 12 cities. Southwest opened a maintenance facility at PHX in 1992, its largest. In October 1989 ground was broken for the largest terminal, it opened on November 2, 1990 with four concourses: N2 and N3 on the north side and S3 and S4 on the south side. In 1994 the N4 Inte

Gloria Hunniford

Mary Winifred Gloria Hunniford, OBE, is a Northern Irish television and radio presenter and singer on programmes on the BBC and ITV, such as Rip Off Britain with Julia Somerville and Angela Rippon, her regular appearances as a panellist on Loose Women. She has been a regular reporter on The One Show. Hunniford was born in Northern Ireland, into a Protestant family. Hunniford started as a BBC production assistant in Belfast, a local radio broadcaster. In the 1970s and 1980s, she was the presenter of Good Evening Ulster and on the ITV Network Sunday Sunday and We Love TV, she has appeared on Lily Savage's Blankety Blank and on Call My Bluff. From 1998 to 2003, Hunniford presented Open House with Gloria Hunniford for Channel 5. In August 2010, she appeared as a panellist/presenter on the ITV daytime programme 3@Three. Since 2009, Hunniford has co-presented Rip Off Britain, a consumer complaints programme on BBC One with Angela Rippon and, for the first two series, Jennie Bond, for the third series, with Julia Somerville replacing Bond.

Together, the trio of Hunniford and Somerville presented Charlie's Consumer Angels. In 2012, Hunniford presented the BBC One documentary series Doorstep Crime 999. From 8 September 2014, Hunniford became a presenter on ITV chat show Loose Women, she was a guest panellist in 2003. From September 2014 to July 2015, Hunniford appeared on the panel in 31 episodes of the programme - three of which she anchored; as of 6 April 2017, Hunniford has appeared 93 times, 4 of which she anchored and 2 where she was a guest panelist. In 2014, Hunniford presented the first series of BBC One programme Home Away from Home. Gyles Brandreth presented the second series, she has presented three series of Food: Truth or Scare with Chris Bavin from 2016. In 2005, Hunniford appeared in the third series of the BBC's Strictly Come Dancing, dancing with Darren Bennett and was eliminated from the competition on the third week. Hunniford has appeared on numerous programmes including Gloria Live, Holiday, Songs of Praise, That's Showbusiness and Sunday, Sunday.

In 2003, Hunniford appeared in two episodes of Loose Women as a guest panellist. In 2008, Hunniford was a regular panellist on Through the Keyhole and was a celebrity homeowner on an episode in 2018. On 27 September 2013, Hunniford appeared on an episode of Piers Morgan's Life Stories. On 28 January 2014, Hunniford took part in an episode of Celebrity Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? She appeared in an episode of Harry Hill's Alien Fun Capsule in 2017. Hunniford had her own daily radio show on BBC Radio 2, starting off with the lunchtime show before moving to the early afternoon slot in 1985, where she remained for 10 years. Hunniford hosted Sounding Brass, a music phone-in request programme with a live brass band, devised by radio producer Owen Spencer-Thomas. Hunniford has made a exercise video called Fit for Life. Hunniford has appeared on the UK music video of the muppets cover to "She Drives me Crazy", she has written an Irish Cookery Book with her sister Lena entitled " Gloria Hunniford's Family Cookbook'.

Hunniford was married to Don Keating from 1970 to 1992. They had a daughter, Caron Keating, two sons. In September 1998, she married hairdresser Stephen Way in Kent. Hunniford's daughter Caron Keating died of breast cancer in Kent. Hunniford set up a cancer charity in her daughter's name. Hunniford was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 2017 Birthday Honours for services to cancer charities. On The Alan Titchmarsh Show on 6 May 2011, Hunniford revealed her support for David Cameron's Conservative-led coalition government, describing herself as "a bit of a David Cameron fan", although she criticised the government's decision to continue giving aid to Pakistan when it was making cuts in the UK. In August 2014, Hunniford was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to The Guardian opposing Scottish independence in the run-up to September's referendum on that issue. Television Gloria Hunniford on IMDb

2003 China Open (tennis)

The 2003 Polo Open was a women's tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts in Shanghai, China. It was the 5th edition of the China Open, was a Tier II tournament on the 2003 WTA Tour; the tournament was played between 15 – 21 September 2003. First-seeded Elena Dementieva won the singles title; the tournament was not part of the 2003 ATP Tour. 1 Rankings are as of 8 September 2003. The following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Sun Tiantian Zheng JieThe following players received entry from the singles qualifying draw: Tathiana Garbin Jelena Janković Rossana Neffa-de los Ríos Martina SuchaThe following players received entry as lucky losers into the singles main draw: Jill Craybas 1 Rankings as of 8 September 2003; the following players received entry from the singles qualifying draw: Aiko Nakamura / Seiko OkamotoThe following pairs received entry as lucky losers into the doubles main draw: Dong Yanhua / Zhang Yao Elena Dementieva def. Chanda Rubin, 6–3, 7–6 Émilie Loit / Nicole Pratt def.

Ai Sugiyama / Tamarine Tanasugarn, 6–3, 6–3 2003 China Open Drawsheets

104th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 104th Infantry Regiment traces its history to 14 November 1639, when it was first mustered as the Springfield Train Band in Springfield, Massachusetts. In 1662 the unit was formed into the Hampshire Regiment of the Massachusetts Militia, it served in the Continental Army during the American Revolution, with Union forces in the American Civil War, as a federalized Massachusetts National Guard regiment with the U. S. Army during Spanish–American War, Mexican Border Campaign, World War I and World War II; the last active element of the regiment, the 1st Battalion, was deactivated in 2005 and the soldiers and lineage transferred to the 1st Battalion, 181st Infantry Regiment. Blazon: Shield: Per chevron and enhanced Argent and Azure, in chief a cross Gules, between six mullets pilewise a crenelated torch of the first flamant of three of the third, in base an Indian arrowhead point to base of the first. Crest: That for the regiments of the Massachusetts National Guard: On a wreath of the colors Argent and Azure a dexter arm embowed clothed Blue and ruffed White Proper the hand grasping a broad sword Argent the pommel and hilt Or.

Motto: FORTITUDE ET COURAGE. Symbolism:The shield is white and blue – the old and the present Infantry colors. Indian Wars and disturbances are indicated by the Indian arrowhead; the cross of St. George recalls Revolutionary War service; the "per chevron" division of the shield represents the "Bloody Angle" at Spotsylvania during the Civil War. The crenelated portion of the torch is representative of Spanish War service; the torch was a device painted on the 104th Infantry Regiment equipment during World War I for easy identification, the three flames representing the three centuries of existence of the 104th Infantry Regiment. The six mullets symbolize the six major engagements during World War I. Background:The coat of arms was approved for the 104th Infantry Regiment on 1926-11-05, it was redesignated for the 104th Infantry Regiment on 1961-04-08 under the Combat Arms Regimental System. Description:A silver color metal and enamel device 1 1⁄8 inches in height consisting of a shield blazoned: Per chevron and enhanced Argent and Azure, in chief a cross Gules, between six mullets pilewise a crenelated torch of the first flamant of three of the third, in base an Indian arrowhead point to base of the first.

Attached below the shield a motto scroll inscribed FORTITUDE ET COURAGE in black letters. Symbolism: The insignia is the motto of the coat of arms of the 104th Infantry. Background:The distinctive unit insignia was approved on 1926-11-04 for the 104th Infantry Regiment, it was redesignated for the 104th Infantry Regiment on 1961-04-08, under the Combat Arms Regimental System. The insignia was amended on 1968-06-19. First formed on 14 November 1639 at Springfield, Massachusetts; this original band trained on the highlands, which George Washington selected as the site of the United States National Armory. Organized on 7 May 1662 as part of the Massachusetts Militia from several existing Western Massachusetts training bands, named The Hampshire Regiment because the majority of Western Massachusetts – including the region's de facto capital, Springfield – was, at the time, located within Hampshire County; the Hampshire Regiment expanded on 16 November 1748 to form the 1st Hampshire Regiment and the 2nd Hampshire Regiment, The 1st Hampshire Regiment expanded on 1 January 1763 to form the 1st Hampshire Regiment and the Berkshire Regiment, The Hampshire Regiment formed the following Massachusetts Militia units on 27 May 1775 for service at Boston: Danielson's Battalion.

Fellows' Battalion, Patterson's Battalion. and Woodbridge's Battalion. 1st and 2nd Hampshire Regiments and Berkshire Regiment reorganized 29 November 1772 as the 9th Division. Volunteer Light Infantry Companies; these companies serve as the flank companies for the Massachusetts Line. During the American Revolution the Hampshire Regiment formed the following Continental Army units: 1st Massachusetts Regiment, 13th Massachusetts Regiment, Porter's Regiment. Flank companies in Federal Service September–October 1814 as elements of the Elite Brigade at Boston. 9th Division, reorganized 1 July 1834 to consist of the Regiment of Light Infantry. Regiment of Light Infantry reorganized and redesignated 24 April 1840 in the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia as the 10th Regiment of Light Infantry Redesignated 26 February 1855 as the 10th Regiment of Infantry. Mustered into Federal Service 21 June 1861 at Springfield, Massachusetts, as the 10th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment. Reorganized 11 November 1868 in the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia as the 2nd Regiment of Infantry.

Shortly after the United States declared war on Germany in April 1917 the regiment was mustered into Federal service and designated as the 104th Infantry Regiment. The 104th was assigned to the 26th Division, formed from National Guard units from New England. Regarding the United States in World War I, on 10, 12 and 13 April 1918

Ruvo Cathedral

Ruvo Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Ruvo di Puglia, a city in Apulia, southern Italy, dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary. The episcopal seat of the Diocese of Ruvo, it is now a co-cathedral in the Diocese of Molfetta-Ruvo-Giovinazzo-Terlizzi; the building is an important example of late Apulian Romanesque architecture, built between the 12th and 13th centuries, with several alterations. The current exterior is the result of early 20th-century restoration works which removed the Baroque additions; the church has a sloped façade with three portals: the central and larger one, flanked by two columns standing on lions and surmounted by griphons, has internal reliefs which were once part of an earlier construction. They depict other scenes of the Redeemer's life and plant motifs; the smaller ones, at the sides, have a simpler shape, with two semi-columns supporting ogival arches. Above the portal is a double mullioned window with a bas-relief of the "Archangel Michael Defeating the Devil", above it, a 16th-century rose window with twelve radiating columns.

This is in turn surmounted by the Sedente, an enigmatic figure, variously identified as Robert III of Loritello, while at the top of façade is a statue of the Redeemer. The bell tower, in a different style, most formed part of the medieval city's walls; the interior is divided into a nave and two aisles, ending into three apses, with an orthogonal transept. The nave, like the transept, features a trussed ceiling and, at its sides, has a fake passageway under which are corbels with human, animal or bestial depictions, it stands on two rows of piers. Some are cruciform; the aisles are cross vaulted. At the end of the nave is a 19th-century ciborium, inspired by that in the Basilica of San Nicola at Bari. Of the chapels added in Baroque or styles, only two survive: the Chapel of the Sacred Heart and the Chapel of the Holy Sacrament. Artworks include the wooden statue of Saint Blaise, Ruvo's patron saint, the silver relic case of the same saint, a panel of the Virgin of Constantinople and a 16th-century wooden crucifix.

There are traces of frescoes, executed by Marco Pino's workshop, depicting the Flagellation of Christ. The church's subterranean rooms include the remains of a Palaeo-Christian church and Roman and Peucetian tombs. Bitonto Cathedral Norman architecture Cassano, R.. "La cattedrale di Ruvo". Cattedrali di Puglia – Una storia lunga duemila anni. Bari. P. 154. Page at Italian Beni Culturali website Page at Ruvo di Puglia museums website

Linda Richards

Linda Richards was the first professionally trained American nurse. She established nursing training programs in the United States and Japan, created the first system for keeping individual medical records for hospitalized patients. Richards was born Malinda Ann Judson Richards on July 27, 1841 in New York, she was the youngest of three daughters of Betsy Sinclair Richards and Sanford Richards, a preacher, who named his daughter after the missionary Ann Hasseltine Judson in the hopes that she would follow in her footsteps. In 1845, Richards moved with her family to Wisconsin. However, her father died of tuberculosis just weeks after they arrived there, the family soon had to return to Richards' grandparents' home in Newbury, Vermont, they settled there. Betsy Sinclair Richards contracted tuberculosis, Linda Richards nursed her mother until her death from the disease in 1854, her experience with nursing her dying mother awakened Richards' interest in nursing. Though in 1856, at the age of fifteen, Richards entered St. Johnsbury Academy for a year in order to become a teacher, indeed taught for several years, she was never happy in that profession.

In 1860, Richards met George Poole. Not long after their engagement, Poole joined the Green Mountain Boys and left home to fight in the American Civil War, he was wounded in 1865, when he returned home, Richards cared for him until his death in 1869. Inspired by these personal losses, she moved to Massachusetts in order to become a nurse, her first job was at Boston City Hospital, where she received no training and was subjected to overwork. She was undaunted by her experiences there. In 1872, Linda Richards became the first student to enroll in the inaugural class of five nurses in the first American Nurse’s training school; this pioneering school was run by Dr. Susan Dimock, at the New England Hospital for Women and Children in Boston. Linda describes her nursing training: “We rose at 5.30 a.m. and left the wards at 9 p.m. to go to our beds, which were in little rooms between the wards. Each nurse took care of her ward of six patients both night. Many a time I got up nine times in the night. We had no evenings out, no hours for study or recreation.

Every second week we were off duty one afternoon from two to five o'clock. No monthly allowance was given for three months.” Upon graduating one year she moved to New York City, where she was hired as a night supervisor at Bellevue Hospital Center. While working there, she created a system for keeping individual records for each patient, to be adopted both in the United States and in the United Kingdom. Aware of how little she still knew as a nurse, Linda began her quest to acquire more knowledge and pass this on to others by establishing high quality nurse training schools. Returning to Boston in 1874, she was named superintendent of the Boston Training School for nurses. Though the school's training program was only a year old at the time, it was under threat of closure due to poor management. Richards, improved the program to such an extent that it was soon regarded as one of the best of its kind in the country. In an effort to upgrade her skills, Richards took an intensive, seven-month nurse training program in England in 1877.

She trained under Florence Nightingale and was a resident visitor at St Thomas' Hospital and King's College Hospital in London, the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh. On her return to the United States with Nightingale’s warmest wishes, Richards pioneered the founding and superintending of nursing training schools across the nation. In 1885 she helped to establish Japan's first nurses-training program, she supervised the school at the Doshisha Hospital in Kyoto for five years. When she returned to the United States in 1890, she worked as a nurse for another twenty years while helping to establish special institutions for those with mental illnesses, she was elected as the first president of the American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools, served as head of the Philadelphia Visiting Nurses Society. She retired from nursing at the age of seventy, she wrote a book about her experiences, Reminiscences of Linda Richards, republished in 2006 as America's First Trained Nurse. Richards suffered a severe stroke in 1923, was hospitalized until her death on April 16, 1930.

Richards was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1994. She is mentioned in connection with Mass. General Hospital on the Boston Women's Heritage Trail. Mary Ellen Doona, "Linda Richards and Nursing in Japan, 1885-1890," Nursing History Review Vol. 4, pp 99–128 Bio of Linda Richards accessed December 6, 2007 Works by or about Linda Richards at Internet Archive Linda Richards at Find a Grave Reminiscences of Linda Richards, accessed April 13, 2008