Physical education known as Phys Ed. PE and in some Commonwealth countries as physical training or PT, is a class that pupils are required to take at school, it is taken during primary and secondary education and encourages psychomotor learning in a play or movement exploration setting to promote health. Whether the class produces positive effects on students' health and academic performance depends upon the kind of program, taught. Physical Education programs vary all over the world. However, there are worldwide organizations that allow for a better understanding on how much exercise a child should be getting daily. Popular games in PE include football, hockey, rounders and cricket. Physical education trends have developed to incorporate a greater variety of activities besides the skills necessary to play typical team sports such as football or basketball. Introducing students to activities like bowling, walking/hiking, or frisbee at an early age can help them develop good activity habits that will continue into adulthood.
Some teachers have begun to incorporate stress-reduction techniques such as yoga, deep breathing and tai chi. Tai chi, an ancient martial arts form focused on slow meditative movements, is a relaxation activity with many benefits. Studies have shown that it enhances muscular strength and endurance, as well as cardiovascular endurance, it provides psychological benefits such as improving general mental health, concentration and positive mood. It can be taught to any age student with little or no equipment, making it ideal for mixed ability and age classes. Tai chi can be incorporated into a holistic learning body and mind unit. Teaching non-traditional sports may provide motivation for students to increase their activity, can help them learn about different cultures. For example, while learning about lacrosse in the Southwestern United States, students might learn about the Native American cultures of the Northeastern United States and Eastern Canada, where the sport originated. Teaching non-traditional sports provides an opportunity to integrate academic concepts from other subjects as well, which may now be required of many PE teachers.
Non-traditional sports add benefits and challenges for those who get distracted, are uncoordinated, or have less interest in traditional sports, which helps to make PE classes accessible to as wide a group of children as possible. PE is important to students' health and overall well-being; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stated that over the past three years obesity in children and adolescents has doubled because of diet and lack of activity. Since the 1970s the number of children who are obese has tripled. SHAPE America's National Standards & Grade-Level Outcomes for K-12 Physical Education define what a student should know and be able to do as result of an effective physical education program. Another trend is the incorporation of nutrition into the physical education curriculum; the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 required that all school districts with a federally-funded school meal program develop wellness policies that address nutrition and physical activity.
While teaching students sports and movement skills, PE teachers are now incorporating short health and nutrition lessons into the curriculum. This is more prevalent at the elementary school level, where students do not have a specific Health class. Most elementary schools have specific health classes for students as well as physical education class. Due to the recent outbreaks of diseases such as swine flu, school districts are making it mandatory for students to learn about practicing good hygiene along with other health topics. Children have a primary responsibility of attending school and providing evidence that they are achieving the content standards of their given grade level. If children engage in unhealthy behaviors like poor eating habits, obtaining an insufficient amount of sleep, or overindulging in screen time or other sedentary behaviors, they are less to experience developmentally appropriate learning. Today, many states require Physical Education teachers to be certified to teach Health courses.
Many colleges and universities offer both Physical Health as one certification. This push towards health education is beginning at the intermediate level, including lessons on bullying, self-esteem and stress and anger management. Research has shown that there is a positive correlation between exercising. Incorporating local indigenous knowledge into physical education can lead to many meaningful experiences and a way of learning about other cultures. For example, by incorporating traditional knowledge from varying indigenous groups from across Canada, students can be exposed to many concepts such as holistic learning and the medicine wheel. A unit could be focused on connecting to a place or feeling while outdoors, participating in traditional games, or outdoor environmental education; these types of lesson can be integrated into other parts of the curriculum and give Aboriginal students a chance to incorporate their culture in the local school community. Studies have been done in. In a 2007 article, researchers found a profound gain in English Arts standardized testing test scores among students who had 56 hours of physical education in a year, compared to those who had 28 hours of physical education a year.
In Brazil, the physical education curriculum is designed to allow school pupils a full range of modern opportunities, including sports. Martial arts classes, like wrestling in the United States, Pencak Silat in France and Malaysia, teach childr
Capaha Field is a baseball venue in Cape Girardeau, United States. It is home to the Southeast Missouri State Redhawks college baseball team of the NCAA Division I Ohio Valley Conference; the field is located two blocks away from the Southeast Missouri State campus. It has a capacity of 2,000 spectators and is home to the Prospect League summer collegiate Cape Catfish, the amateur Cape Capahas baseball team and local youth American Legion baseball. Capaha Field underwent a $1.8 million renovation. Other upgrades to the facility included a brand-new scoreboard equipped with a video board, a new outfield fence, new bullpens, as well as other cosmetic upgrades including new paint and fencing all around the field. Capaha Field includes a state-of-the-art press box, completed prior to the start of the 2006 season; the press box, equipped with wireless broadband internet access, televisions, a kitchen/lounge area and restroom, gives staff and media an excellent view behind home plate. List of NCAA Division I baseball venues
Monrovia is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Frederick County, in the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 416; the ZIP code for the area is 21770. The original unincorporated community of Monrovia is located along Maryland Route 75 in southeastern Frederick County, 1 mile south of New Market; the Monrovia CDP extends south of the original Monrovia as far as Maryland Route 80 and west to include nearly all of Ed McClain Road. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the Monrovia CDP has a total area of all land. Monrovia is part of the Frederick County public school system. Children from the area attend Green Valley or Kemptown Elementary School, Windsor Knolls Middle School, Urbana High School or Linganore High School, due to redistricting in the fall of 2010; the two major roads in the area are Maryland Route 75 and Maryland Route 80. MD 80 leads west 4.5 miles to Urbana and southeast 7 miles to Damascus, while MD 75 leads north to New Market and south 5 miles to Hyattstown.
Monrovia was the largest community in the New Market election district in 1880. The Monrovia Central Trust Bank closed in 1929. Monrovia's largest employer, a cannery, closed in the 1930s. Another large employer, the Nicodemus Mill closed in the 1930s; the 75-80 dragway opened in 1960. The track closed on October 2005, with no plans to resume races; the closing prompted a significant public response, renovations to the dragway began in 2007. The track reopened on April 3, 2009; the track closed for the final time on September 28, 2013, is planned to be replaced by a housing development. A developer owns land in Monrovia and has proposed building Monrovia Town Center, planned to consist of 930 single-family homes, 580 townhomes, retail; the developer revised the plan, reserving half of the homes for residents who are at least 55 years old, reducing the number of homes from 1,510 to 1,250, reducing the size of the development from 457 to 392 acres. Residents have testified at meetings of the Frederick County Planning Commission to voice their disagreement with the proposed development, saying that the development would overburden the area's roads and schools and change the rural character of the area.