A piano trio is a group of piano and two other instruments a violin and a cello, or a piece of music written for such a group. It is one of the most common forms found in classical chamber music; the term can refer to a group of musicians who play this repertoire together. Works titled; this was in the three movement form, though some of Haydn's have two movements. Mozart, in five late works, is credited with transforming the accompanied keyboard sonata, in which the optional cello doubles the bass of the keyboard left hand, into the balanced trio which has since been a central form of chamber music. With the early 19th century Beethoven, this genre was felt to be more appropriate to cast in the four movement form. Piano trios that are set in the Sonata tradition share the general concerns of such works for their era, are reflective directly of symphonic practice with individual movements laid out according to the composer's understanding of the sonata form. In the Classical period, home music-making made the piano trio a popular genre for arrangements of other works.
For example, Beethoven transcribed his first two symphonies for piano trio. Thus a large number of works exist for the arrangement of piano and violoncello which are not titled or numbered as piano trios, but which are nonetheless part of the overall genre; these include single movements as well as sets of variations such as Beethoven's Variations on'Ich bin der Schneider Kakadu' Op. 121a and Variations in E flat major Op. 44. After the classical era, works for piano and two instruments continue to be written which are not presented as in the sonata tradition, or are arrangements of other works. Many of these individual works are popular on concert programs, for example Suk's Elegie. For individual articles treating works for piano trio, see Category:Compositions for piano trio; the piano trios of the Classical era, notably those of Haydn, are dominated by the piano part. The violin plays the melody only a certain amount of the time, when it does, is doubled by the piano; the cello part is much subordinated just doubling the bass line in the piano.
It is thought that this practice was quite intentional on Haydn's part and was related to the sonority of the instruments of Haydn's day: the piano was weak and "tinkling" in tone, benefited from the tonal strengthening of other instruments. Mozart's five late trios are felt to mark the assured arrival of the form, attentive to balanced voices and three-part dialogue. Beethoven's trios continued the compositional objectives inaugurated by Mozart; the new idea of equality was never implemented completely. By the mid nineteenth century, all three instruments had been modified to have a powerful sound, each can hold its own in a modern ensemble; the earlier trios are now performed and recorded using authentic instruments, of the kind for which they were written. Such performances restore the sonic balance the composer would have expected, have proven popular; some rather rare combinations of instruments have nonetheless inspired a few outstanding works. Haydn wrote three trios for flute and piano, a combination for which Carl Maria von Weber wrote one work.
Beethoven wrote his Trio in G major, WoO 37 for flute and piano. Mikhail Glinka wrote his Trio pathétique in D minor for Clarinet and Piano, although is performed with a Violin or Cello substituting the Clarinet or the Bassoon, respectively. Francis Poulenc's Trio for oboe and piano op. 43. The Horn-violin-piano trio is exemplified by Brahms' Trio Op. 40 in E flat and György Ligeti's 1982 Trio for Violin and Piano. Trios with clarinet include masterpieces such as Mozart's Kegelstatt Trio and works by Beethoven and Bartók. Ignaz Lachner wrote all of his six piano trios for violin and piano; the jazz trio formation of saxophone and percussion has been taken up as an alternative "piano trio" in the field of contemporary classical music by Trio Accanto who since 1994 have commissioned more than 100 works for this combination. Several other trios have been formed to perform this repertoire. Among the best known of such groups are or have been: Altenberg Trio Maria Baptist Trio Istomin-Stern-Rose Trio, consisting of Eugene Istomin, Isaac Stern and Leonard Rose.
One consisting of Alfred Cortot, Jacques Thibaud and Pablo Casals, earlier in the 20th century The Spivakovsky Trio, consisting of Jascha Spivakovsky, Tossy Spivakovsky and Edmnd Kurtz, earlier in the 20th century The Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson trio The Beaux Arts Trio, whose commitment to using the same players in every concert pioneered a new generation of committed groups.
Kenya Akiba is a Japanese politician of the Liberal Democratic Party, a member of the House of Representatives in the Diet. A native of Miyagi Prefecture, he attended Chuo University as an undergraduate and received his master's degree from Tohoku University, he was elected to the first of his three terms in the assembly of Miyagi Prefecture in 1995 and to the House of Representatives for the first time in 2005. 政治家情報 〜秋葉 賢也〜. ザ･選挙. JANJAN. Archived from the original on 2007-12-03. Retrieved 2007-10-16. Official website
Peugeot 5CV was a popular name for several models of the Peugeot Type 172 between 1925 and 1929. The first of the 5CV series was the Type 172 BC, itself a new model, though similar to the Quadrilette, still sold through 1924; the Type 172 BC carried over the 667 cc engine from the Quadrilette, but with power up to 11 horsepower. It debuted at the Tour de France automobile in 1924. Small styling changes and a new engine changed the Type 172 BC into the Type 172 R in 1926; the engine was a 720 cc I4 and produced the same power rating as before, but torque was quoted appreciably higher. In 1928, the engine was replaced with a smaller 695 cc powerplant that produced more power, at 14 horsepower. A smaller engine and a wider track lowered the rating of the new Type 172 M tax classification to 4CV. Total production of the Type 172 models in this timeframe amounted to 48,285 units. 5CV Type 172 BC Peugeot Car Models 1910-1949
Hoàng Xuân Vinh is a Vietnamese sports shooter who competes in the men's ISSF shooting events. Hoàng Xuân Vinh participated in the 2012 and 2016 Summer Olympics, winning in the latter a gold medal in the 10 meter air pistol and a silver in the 50 meter pistol competitions, being the first-ever from his country to win an Olympic gold medal. Hoàng Xuân Vinh's professional career in sports shooting spans 2 Summer Olympic games. At the 2012 Summer Olympics, he finished 9th in the qualifying round for 10 meter air pistol, failing to make the cut to the final by a single point, he failed to win a medal in the 50 meter pistol final, taking the 4th place with a score only 0.1 less than the winner of the bronze medal. In 2016, he became the first Vietnamese athlete to win a gold medal in the history of the Summer Olympics, beating Brazil's Felipe Wu in the final round of the 10 meter air pistol competition with a score of 202.5 against 202.1 of the Brazilian, which set an Olympic record after ISSF rules' change on January 1, 2013.
He won the silver medal in the 50 meter pistol competition, making him the first Vietnamese athlete to earn two Olympic medals. Hoàng Xuân Vinh at the International Shooting Sport Federation
Stephen Davison Bechtel Jr. is an American billionaire businessman, civil engineer, co-owner of the Bechtel Corporation, with his son Riley. He is the son of Stephen Davison Bechtel Sr. and grandson of Warren A. Bechtel who founded the Bechtel Corporation. Stephen Bechtel attended Purdue University, where he was a member of Beta Theta Pi, receiving a Bachelor of Science degree in civil engineering in 1946, he earned his Master of Business Administration degree from the Stanford Graduate School of Business in 1948. He succeeded his father Stephen Bechtel Sr. as president of Bechtel Corporation in 1960 and chairman in 1969, handing these positions over to his son Riley in 1989 and 1996 respectively. He is now listed on the Bechtel website as "Senior Director" on the board. Lyndon B. Johnson appointed Bechtel to the President’s Committee on Urban Housing. Richard Nixon named him to membership on the National Industrial Pollution Control Council, the National Commission on Productivity, the Labor Management Advisory Committee, the National Commission for Industrial Peace.
Gerald Ford asked Bechtel to serve on the President’s Labor-Management Committee. The S. D. Bechtel Jr. Foundation and the Stephen Bechtel Fund support many non-profit groups in the San Francisco Bay area. Bechtel became an Eagle Scout in 1940, has been recognized by the Boy Scouts of America with both the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award and the Silver Buffalo Award. Stephen's uncle Kenneth K. Bechtel was awarded the Silver Buffalo in 1950 and served as National president of the Boy Scouts of America from 1956–1959; the BSA acquired new property near Beckley, West Virginia for a new high adventure base in 2009. Bechtel donated $50 million towards the new base, named The Summit Bechtel Family National Scout Reserve. Bechtel was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1990, he is the 1980 recipient of the Hoover Medal which commemorates the civic and humanitarian achievements of engineers. He was elevated to National Honor Member by Chi Epsilon, the national civil engineering honor society, in 1990.
In 1998 Stephen and his son Riley were presented with the Honor Award from the National Building Museum for their company's contributions to the built environment. Bechtel received the Award of Excellence from Engineering News-Record for his leadership of Bechtel Corporation. List of billionaires National Academy of Engineering: 1999 Founders Award Recipient 2005 Silver Buffalo Awards Fact Sheet: Distinguished Eagle Scout Award "Stephen Bechtel Jr.", Bechtel Corporation
The Chateauguay River has its source at the Chateaugay Lakes in the Adirondack Mountains of northern New York state in the United States. It winds its way northward through several towns and villages in Quebec, such as Elgin, Huntingdon, Ormstown and Châteauguay, before emptying into the Saint Lawrence River near Montreal; the river is home to many species of birds and fish and is a major stopping-point for migrating ducks and Canada geese. Although polluted for many years, the river has been cleaned up and is beginning to be an eco-tourism destination for canoeing and kayaking; the drainage basin and surrounding area is known as the Chateauguay Valley. Trout River List of New York rivers List of Quebec rivers