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A piebald or pied animal is one that has a pattern of unpigmented spots on a pigmented background of hair, feathers or scales. Thus a piebald black and white dog is a black dog with white spots; the animal's skin under the white background is not pigmented. Location of the unpigmented spots is dependent on the migration of melanoblasts from the neural crest to paired bilateral locations in the skin of the early embryo; the resulting pattern appears symmetrical only if melanoblasts migrate to both locations of a pair and proliferate to the same degree in both locations. The appearance of symmetry can be obliterated if the proliferation of the melanocytes within the developing spots is so great that the sizes of the spots increase to the point that some of the spots merge, leaving only small areas of the white background among the spots and at the tips of the extremities. Animals with this pattern may include birds, cattle, foxes, horses and snakes; some animals exhibit colouration of the irises of the eye that match the surrounding skin.

The underlying genetic cause is related to a condition known as leucism. In medieval English "pied" indicated alternating contrasting colours making up the quarters of an item of costume or livery device in heraldry. Court jesters and minstrels are sometimes depicted in pied costume; the word "piebald" originates from a combination of "pie," from "magpie", "bald", meaning "white patch" or spot. The reference is to the distinctive black-and-white plumage of the magpie. In British English piebald and skewbald are together known as coloured. In North American English, the term for this colouring pattern is pinto, with the specialized term "paint" referring to a breed of horse with American Quarter Horse or Thoroughbred bloodlines in addition to being spotted, whereas pinto refers to a spotted horse of any breed. In American usage, horse enthusiasts do not use the term "piebald," but rather describe the colour shade of a pinto with terms such as "black and white" for a piebald, "brown and white," or "bay and white," for skewbalds, or color-specific modifiers such as "bay pinto", "sorrel pinto," "buckskin pinto," and such.

Genetically, a piebald horse begins with a black base coat colour, the horse has an allele for one of three basic spotting patterns overlaying the base colour. The most common coloured spotting pattern is called tobiano, is a dominant gene. Tobiano creates spots that are large and rounded with a somewhat vertical orientation, with white that crosses the back of the horse, white on the legs, with the head dark. Three less common spotting genes are the sabino and splash overo genes, which create various patterns that are dark, with jagged spotting with a horizontal orientation, white on the head; the frame variant has minimally marked legs. The sabino pattern can be minimal adding white that runs up the legs onto the belly or flanks, with "lacy" or roaning at the edge of the white, plus white on the head that either extends past the eye, over the chin, or both; the genetics of overo and sabino are not yet understood, but they can appear in the offspring of two solid-coloured parents, whereas a tobiano must always have at least one tobiano parent.

In many dog breeds the Piebald gene is common. The white parts of the fur interrupt the pigemented coat patterns. Dogs that may have a spotted or multicolored coat, are called piebald if their body is entirely white or another solid color with spotting and patches on the head and neck; the allele is localised with the MITF gene. It is recessive, therefore homozygous individuals show this coat pattern, whereas the heterozygous carriers can be of solid color; the various types of magpie gave their name to pied coloration. The bald eagle derives its name from the word "piebald" in reference to the contrast of its white head and tail with dark body. Nadine Gordimer used the term in The Conservationist. Many other animal species may be "pied" or piebald including, but not limited to, birds and squirrels. Snakes ball pythons and corn snakes, may exhibit varying patches of pigmentless scales along with patches of pigmented scales. In 2013, a piebald blood python was discovered in Sumatra; some domesticated foxes born from the Russian Institute of Cytology and Genetics carry this coloring.

Bicolor cats carry the white spotting gene. The same pattern that applies to cats applies to dogs when the white spotting gene involved is indeed piebald and not another white-causing gene found in dogs; the piebald gene is found in cows, domestic goats, guinea pigs, hamsters and fancy rats. Holstein and Simmental breeds of cattle exhibit piebaldism. Horse CoatEquine coat color Equine coat color genetics Pinto horse Tricoloured PigmentationAlbinism Amelanism Dyschromia Erythrism Heterochromia iridum Leucism Melanism Piebaldism Skewbald Vitiligo Xanthochromism Schaible, R. H.. "Clonal Distribution of Melanocytes in Piebald-spotted and Variegated Mice". J Exp Zool. 172: 181–200. Doi:10.1002/jez.1401720205. PMID 5372006. Schaible, R. H. & Andrews, E. J. & Ward, B. C & Alatman, N. H.. Chapter 146, Introduction to Hypopigmentation. Spontaneous Animal Models of Human Disease. New York: Academic Press. Pp. 11–16. CS1 maint: uses authors para

Holy Trinity Church, Bordesley

Holy Trinity Church, Bordesley is a Grade II listed former Church of England parish church in Bordesley Birmingham. An example of a Commissioners' church the church was built between 1820 and 1822 by the architect Francis Goodwin in the decorated perpendicular gothic style at an expense of £14,235, raised by subscription of the inhabitants, aided by a grant from the Parliamentary Commissioners; the church, said to have been modelled on King's College Chapel, was consecrated on 23 January 1823 by James Cornwallis the Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry. A parish was assigned out of St. Peter and St. Paul, the living, being a perpetual curacy in the gift of the Vicar of Aston, was called a vicarage from 1872. St Alban the Martyr, Birmingham Bordesley (Conybere St, originated as a building in Leopold Street, licensed as a mission of Holy Trinity, Bordesley, in 1865; this former church has an exceptionally good interior with all galleries. It has a conventional rectangular plan with shallow canted apse, faced in Bath stone, enlivened by spirelet pinnacled buttresses diving the windows and with octagonal pinnacled turrets holding the corners whilst a larger pair flank the recessed full height entrance bay under the parapeted gable.

The soffit has a lrerne pattern of ribs over the large decorated west window, the tracery of cast iron. The porch proper is shallow and contained within the recess, a tripartite composition with an ogee arch to the central doorway with an ornate finial; the east end above the apse and a cast iron tracery rose. The coved ceiling still remains but the decoration of a high standard for the period, has been stripped and a floor inserted. Holy Trinity was important in reflecting the High Church movement of the Anglican Church at the time; the first vicar was succeeded by Rev Dr Joseph Oldknow, Birmingham's first Ritualist priest. Oldknow was buried here and the Latin inscriptions which can be seen on the gravestones gives a clue to the church's Anglo-Catholic history, he in turn was succeeded in 1874 by Richard William Enraght, imprisoned in 1880 when the church became the centre of a battle over high church practices. Enraght was prosecuted in 1880 in a trial, known nationally as the Bordesley Wafer Case.

Enraght was an Anglo-Catholic who burnt candles and incense, used wafers at the Eucharist, wore a chasuble and alb and mixed water with the communion wine. In addition, he did such things as making the sign of the cross towards the congregation; these were not the normal practices of the Church of England at the time and he fell foul of the radical protestant reaction against ‘ritualism’. He was put on trial in 1879: a trial, he was convicted under the Public Worship Regulation Act, a new law pushed through the Commons by influential Evangelicals in a bid to put an end to ‘Romish’ practices in the church, imprisoned at Warwick. He was released after 49 days and a considerable national uproar. Enraght's licence was revoked and he was replaced in 1883 by the Rev Alan H Watts, against the wishes of the congregation and an account of their displeasure was reported in London Evening News for 12 March 1883. "A scene of an extraordinary nature was witnessed at Holy Trinity Church, Birmingham, yesterday morning, owing to the attempt of the Rev. A. H. Watts, appointed vicar in place of the Rev. R. W. Enraght, to read himself in.

The church was crowded, there was a large number of police present. Just before the service the two churchwardens went to the vestry, being loudly applauded on their way thither, they were met by the vicar, who offered his hand, but it was declined, the churchwardens handed him a formal protest to his assuming office. When Mr. Watts entered the church there were loud groans, this was repeated on his reading the first lesson; when he commenced to read himself in there was great turmoil, the efforts of the police to restore order were futile. The rev. gentleman, continued to the end, notwithstanding that his voice was inaudible. At the conclusion of the service an angry mob followed Mr. Watts until he entered a cab and drove away. In the evening the church was packed in every part, the new vicar was hissed as he entered the chancel from the vestry, he preached a sermon. When he left the church he was soon met by a large and noisy crowd, but no strong force, the Rev. Gentleman was not molested." The burial ground was closed in 1873 although family graves continued to be used until 1925.

Some remains were removed due to the widening of Sandy Lane/ Bordesley Middleway. The building was used as a hostel for homeless people until c1999, it remains empty. In autumn 1875 a group of cricketers from the church formed an Association football team, Small Heath Alliance, which became Birmingham City F. C; the church spent some time as a homeless shelter. Rev Samuel Crane B. A. 1823 – 1841 Rev Joseph Oldknow M. A. 1841 – 1874 Rev Richard William Enraght 1874 – 1883 Rev Alan H. Watts 1883 – Rev Henry Sutton M. A. Rev. G. C. Williamson Rev F. Trevelyan Snow 1904 - 1910 Rev Frank Hay Gillingham 1910 - 1914 Essex county cricketer Rev. Stephen Harold Wingfield-Digby Rev James F Hinett 1936 – 1940's The organ in the church was built by Banfield in 1847. There were several modifications over the years. A specification of the organ from towards the end of its life can be found on the National Pipe

Atlas (1811 ship)

Atlas was a 501-ton sailing ship, built at Whitby and launched in 1811. In 1814 she defended herself in a single-ship action with an American privateer. In 1816 she transported convicts to New South Wales, afterwards disappeared off the coast of India in 1817. Atlas entered Lloyd's Register in 1812 with W. Parker, changing to Fairclough, T. Barrick and trade London transport. On 9 January 1813 Atlas was at Lisbon. A number of other transports were either lost or damaged in the same gale; the number of transports involved suggests that they were their in connection with the Peninsular War. The transport Atlas, master, arrived at Cork on 19 August 1814, she had on 17 August repelled an attack by the American privateer York, of 150 men. Atlas had only 10 guns and 27 men and boys including three passengers. Convict voyage: Under the command of Walter Meriton, she sailed from Portsmouth, England on 23 January 1816, arrived at Port Jackson on 22 July, she embarked 194 male convicts. A detachment of 34 men of the 89th Regiment of Foot provided the guard.

Atlas left. On 29 July 1817, Atlas dropped the pilot at Sandheads, at the mouth of the River Ganges, as she sailed from Calcutta to London, she was not heard from again. Lloyd's Register continued to carry Atlas, with Meriton and trade London—Botany Bay, to the 1821 volume; the Register of Shipping carried the same information to the 1822 volume. Notes Citations References Bateson, Charles; the Convict Ships. Brown, Son & Ferguson. OCLC 3778075. Hackman, Rowan Ships of the East India Company.. ISBN 0-905617-96-7 Weatherill, Richard The ancient port of Whitby, its ships

Sally (Gracie Fields song)

"Sally" written by Leo Towers, Will E. Haines and Harry Leon and was first sung by Gracie Fields in the film Sally in Our Alley. In 1931, "Sally" was released on HMV as a single by Gracie Fields on the record Fall In And Follow The Band. Merseybeat group The Koobas released it as a single on Columbia. Paul McCartney covered the song during a soundcheck at Wembley on his 1990 The Paul McCartney World Tour; the song was released on the live album Tripping the Live Fantastic. Gerry Monroe scored a hit with the song in 1970 and it was released by Karl Denver in 1966. Whilst backstage at The Metropolitan, Fields described, "In comes this fellow one night Cockney, he tells us all of this song he’s just written with some friends; the title of the song was Sally." Titled Gypsy Sweetheart and Mary, the three songwriters settled on "Sally", the nickname of Leo Towers’ sister Sarah. The name "Sally" surprised Fields, as the title of her upcoming film, Sally in our Alley, had not yet been released to the public.

After a little work and an audition for Archie, it was agreed the song would be used in the film."Sally" became the star vehicle of Field’s film, appearing throughout the film over six times including being played in the background by an orchestra, whistled by dockyard workers, sung twice by Fields

Cold Spring (Shepherdstown, West Virginia)

Cold Spring is a house near Shepherdstown, West Virginia, childhood home to two United States Representatives. The house was built by Edward Lucas III and his son, Robert in 1793, it is a two-story house of coursed ashlar stone masonry. Several of Robert and Sarah Rion Lucas' children were notable. Edward Lucas V served as a lieutenant in the War of 1812 was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1819, 130 and 1831. From 1833 to 1837 he was a US Congressman. Following his political career he was the superintendent of the Harpers Ferry Armory. William Lucas became a lawyer. In 1838 he was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates, in 1839 he was elected to Congress. In 1836 he built Rion Hall near West Virginia. A third brother, inherited Cold Spring, leaving it to his nephew, Daniel Bedinger Lucas in 1880. Media related to Cold Spring at Wikimedia Commons

Tarık Ümit

Tarık Ümit was a Turkish intelligence official in the National Intelligence Organization. He was kidnapped and murdered in March 1995. After his father died, Ümit went to live in Germany to live with his uncle, returning to Turkey in 1968, he joined MIT in 1978, in the interim is alleged to have associated with mob boss Dündar Kılıç. Mehmet Eymür has been quoted as saying "Tarık Ümit, because of the way he was built, was difficult to manage, he was angry. He worked at the MİT Presidency and for the police force under orders from Mehmet Ağar, he was given a green passport, fake IDs and fake license plates while he worked for the police force. They used him to do some of their executions. I heard from him that he was assigned the murders of Savaş Buldan, Hacı Karay and Adnan Yıldırım."According to Fikri Sağlar, Ümit was joint shareholder of the First Merchant Bank in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, with Kayzer Mahmood Butt, the private office manager of Saudi Prince Faisal. According to Ayhan Çarkın, Ümit was killed by police special operations officers and buried in Tekirdağ.

Former MIT official Mehmet Eymür has said that Ümit was killed because he had shown Eymür a "death list" of 40 names, some of whom had been assassinated, that prior to Ümit's disappearance Ümit had been questioned by Abdullah Çatlı. Eymür told Ümit's daughter, Hande Birinci, that her father worked with Korkut Eken on the side and that he was assassinated by Ağar's men after he became disgusted by their corruption. According to mob boss Sedat Peker speaking in 2011, Ümit was "kidnapped in retaliation for Yeşil having kidnapped two Iranian drug dealers [Iranian spies Lazım Esmaeili and Askar Simitko, abducted January 1995 in İstanbul at the time."