SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Charlotte Bay

Charlotte Bay is a bay on the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula indenting the west coast of Graham Land in a southeast direction for 12 nautical miles, between Reclus Peninsula and Cape Murray. Its head is fed by the glaciers Nobile, Krebs and Renard; the bay was discovered by Adrien de Gerlache during the 1897–99 Belgian Antarctic Expedition and named after Charlotte Dumeiz, the fiancée of Georges Lecointe, Gerlache's executive officer and second-in-command of the expedition. A Falkland Islands Dependency Survey hut was built at Portal Point, between Brabant Island and the Danco Coast. In the 1956–57 season, Wally Herbert, leader of a British expedition, mapped the area from Hope Bay, arrived at the Charlotte Bay hut for a scheduled pick up by the Shackleton. With no radio, Herbert had no way of knowing that the Shackleton had hit an iceberg and was returning to the Falkland Islands for repairs; the six men and their dogs were forced to stay in the hut for about three months without knowing their fate, with diminishing food supplies.

Antarctic Digital Database. Scale 1:250000 topographic map of Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, 1993–2016. Damien Gildea, Mountaineering in Antarctica: complete guide: Travel guide Antarctica. Sydney: Reader's Digest, 1985, pp. 189, 216. Stewart, Antarctica: An Encyclopedia. London: McFarland and Co. 1990, p. 182. U. S. National Science Foundation, Geographic Names of the Antarctic, Fred G. Alberts, ed. Washington: NSF, 1980. SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica; this article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "Charlotte Bay"

Nyazura

Nyazura is the second largest urban settlement in Makoni District in the province of Manicaland, Zimbabwe located 72 km north-west of Mutare on the main road and railway linking Harare and Mutare. The settlement is named after the Nyazure River, a tributary of the Save River; the phosphate from Dorowa are handled by the railways here. Inyazura was in the time of steam traction a so-called booking-off depot. Salisbury based traincrews would book off at Inyazura and Inyazura based traincrews would work the Umtali/Beira trains onwards to Umtali. After the laid down booking off period the rested Salisbury crews would take the Saisbury bound trains back to their home depot; when diesel traction was introduced on the Salisbury-Umtali section the booking off system was phased out, Inyazura was closed as a re-crewing depot, the so-called round trip working was introduced whereby Salisbury train crews met up with the Umtali train crews at a booked change over place where the crews handed over trains and locomotives to each other and returned to their own home depots.

In addition to being a booking off station for the railways, Nyazure developed into a service center for the commercial farming enterprises that were developed around it in the 1950s. The old "Farmers Co-op" store was constructed in this period and continued to serve as the farmers' supply center well into the 1980s. Over the same period, Nyazure became the administrative center for Tsungwesi Rural Council which served the Commercial farming sector. From the 1950s to the 1960s Nyazure was the base for the Margolis family's trading enterprise which extended over most of Chiduku and Buhera Tribal Trust Lands where they purchased grain and groundnuts from the small scale growers. Most of the buildings in the settlement were developed during this period; the development of the Harare-Mutare By-pass to the east of the settlement in the 1960s appeared to have taken the "wind out of the settlement's life" as road traffic which used to pass through it was diverted away. Most of the services that were provided from the settlement could be provided from Rusape.

New life has been injected into Nyazure over the past twenty years with the designation of agro-residential plots and a new residential suburb to the south of the settlement. A Central Business District has been designated between the old settlement and the main Harare-Mutare road. A number of private entrepreneurs have started developing various business outlets in the area; the settlement serves a much larger farming population following the land redistribution programme which has seen all the commercial farming properties around it sub-dived to accommodate landless locals