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Piyush Mishra

Piyush Mishra is an Indian film and theatre actor, music director, lyricist and scriptwriter. Mishra grew up in Gwalior, went to graduate from National School of Drama, Delhi in 1986. Thereafter, he started his career in Hindi theatre in Delhi. Over the next decade, he established himself as a theatre director, actor and singer, he moved to Mumbai in 2002, receiving acclaim for his acting in Gangs of Wasseypur. In 2014 Hindi comedy film The Shaukeens Piyush Mishra acted alongside Anpuam Kher, Annu Kapoor and Lisa Hayden in the lead roles, Akshay Kumar in a supporting role, Piyush did appear on Kapil Nights the Kapil Sharma Show to promote the film with Anpuam Kher & Annu Kapoor, although the film was a remake of the 1982 film Shaukeen directed by Basu Chatterjee, starring Ashok Kumar, Utpal Dutt, A. K. Hangal, Rati Agnihotri, Mithun Chakraborty, it was well appreciated by audiences and voted by the public as the best comedy film of 2014. As a film lyricist and singer, he is noted for his songs "Arre Ruk Ja Re Bandeh" in Black Friday, "Aarambh Hai Prachand" in Gulaal, "Ik Bagal" in Gangs of Wasseypur - Part 1, "Husna" in MTV Coke Studio.

Mishra was born in Gwalior to Pratap Kumar Sharma. He grew up as Priyakant Sharma and was adopted by his father's eldest sister Taradevi Mishra, who had no children, his family moved into his aunt's house to ease financial burden. His parents admitted him to Carmel Convent School, Gwalior thinking that his education in a convent will help him excel in academics but it was activities like singing and acting which appealed to him. Piyush moved to Gwalior's JC Mills Higher Secondary School. However, living in the authoritative household of his aunt, developed a rebellious streak in him, which showed up in his first poem, Zinda ho haan tum koi shak nahin, he wrote in class 8th. While studying in class 10, he filed an affidavit in the district court and changed his name to one his choice to Piyush Mishra. Around this time, he began to be drawn to theatre – it was at places like Kala Mandir and Rangshri Little Ballet Troupe in Gwalior that his talent for the medium was first identified. In spite of the appreciation he was beginning to receive in the theatre circles, his family kept insisting to concentrate on his studies.

He took the entrance test to the National School of Drama, New Delhi in 1983, not with any particular desire to study but to get out of Gwalior. Thereafter he moved to Delhi, joined National School of Drama, graduating in 1986. While at NSD, he got a chance to compose his first music score for Mashreeki Hoor, his acting breakthrough came in his second year at NSD, when German director, Fritz Bennewitz, directed him in the title role in Hamlet and introduced him to acting technique. After his graduation from NSD in 1986, Piyush Mishra started his career as a theatre actor in Delhi, in 1990, helped start the theatre group Act One, with founder-director N. K. Sharma and stage actors like Manoj Bajpai, Gajraj Rao and Ashish Vidyarthi. In the following years he wrote and directed several plays as a part of Act One Theatre Group, including the acclaimed play, Gagan Damama Bajiyo, based on freedom fighter Bhagat Singh, first performed in 1994, upon publishing, sold its first edition in just seven days.

In 1996 he joined Asmita Theatre Group, performed his popular one-man shows An Evening with Piyush Mishra. He wrote the lyrics for Asmita's popular plays. Piyush acted as Maniac in operation three star. Piyush is known for his performance in Swadesh Deepak's Court Martial as suraj Singh, first with Ranjeet Kapoor and under the direction of Arvind Gaur. By he had established himself as a theatre director and directed Comedy of Terror play for Shriram Centre Repertory Company, presented his solo act play at the National School of Drama's Annual Theatre Festival, Bharat Rang Mahotsav in 1999. Mishra moved to Mumbai, as he acted in a television series, directed by Tigmanshu Dhulia for Star TV, Shyam Benegal's Bharat Ek Khoj and horror TV serial Kile ka Rahasya, though he returned to Delhi thereafter. Mishra made his debut as a film actor with Mani Ratnam's Dil Se.. in 1998, he portrayed as C. B. I Investigation Officer. Though he continued to stay in Delhi to pursue theatre, his transition from playwright to screenwriter happened when he wrote the dialogues for Rajkumar Santoshi's 2001 film The Legend of Bhagat Singh, inspired in part by Mishra's critically acclaimed play on Bhagat Singh – Gagan Damama Bajyo.

It won him the Zee Cine Award for Best Dialogue. Meanwhile, he moved to Mumbai in November 2002, where he went on to establish a career as a film lyricist, screenwriter and as an actor, he started writing lyrics with the film, Dil Pe Mat Le Yaar in 2002, subsequently wrote for Black Friday, Aaja Nachle and Tashan. Mishra won accolades for his performance as Kaka in Vishal Bhardwaj's 2003 film Maqbool, an adaptation of William Shakespeare's Macbeth, he wrote his own dialogues for his performance as Hafeez Bhai in Jhoom Barabar Jhoom, delivered them in poetry style. Mishra again appeared in Anurag Kashyap's 2009 movie Gulaal, a movie based on Indian youth, caste-prejudice, other such social topics, he played the poet brother of Dukey Bana, in the movie. This was a role, he wrote the lyrics for the songs in the movie, sung few of them as well and was the music director of the film. He has acted i

Uto Domain

Uto Domain known as Udo Domain, was a Japanese domain of the Edo period. It was associated with Higo Province in modern-day Kumamoto Prefecture. In the han system, Uto was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields. In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area; this was different from the feudalism of the West. The domain was headed by a cadet branch of the Hosokawa clan of Kumamoto; the Uto Domain was created in Higo Province when Hosokawa Tadaoki abdicated, so that Hosokawa Tatsutaka would have a fief to inherit upon his father's death. However, Tatsutaka died the same year, rights of inheritance were transferred to his first son Hosokawa Yukitaka, so that he and his young siblings would be not be left impoverished; the child Yukitaka thus became the first lord of the newly created Uto Domain on the death of his father in 1646. He became head of a cadet branch of the Hosokawa clan; the hereditary daimyōs were head of the head of the domain.

Hosokawa clan, 1646–1870 Yukitaka Arikata Okinori Okisato Okinori Tatsuhiro Tatsuyuki Tatsumasa Yukika Tatsunori Yukizane List of Han Abolition of the han system "Uto" at Edo 300 Uto City Digital Museum

Christmas with Nashville

Christmas with Nashville is an album of Christmas songs recorded by cast members of the series Nashville. It was released digitally and physically by Big Machine on November 4, 2014; the album was produced by Jay DeMarcus of Rascal Flatts. Unlike the other albums of music from the series, none of the songs included are used on the show. Nashville is an American musical drama television series, broadcast on the ABC channel in the United States. Britton and Hayden Panettiere, the show's two leads, were not musical performers prior to the show and perform outside of the episodes, however other cast members have been known to go on tour and perform at locations such as the Grand Ole Opry. A previous recording by the cast, taped during the television concert special Nashville: On The Record had reached number one on both the Billboard Country Albums chart and the all-genre Billboard 200 album chart. Jay DeMarcus of the band Rascal Flatts, had made a guest appearance on the show during a previous season and become friends with Sam Palladio.

DeMarcus subsequently produced Christmas with Nashville, praising the cast whilst doing so, explaining that "I was blown away by the consistent talent level of each actor as they came into the studio, I realized that I was working with gifted singers, as well. They are so meticulous about their craft of acting, they were just as meticulous about making sure the music was right. Of Panettiere and Britton, he said that "They may not say they're singers, but they are." Christmas with Nashville was released on November 4, 2014. It was released digitally by record label Big Machine, with an exclusive release on CD via Target stores in the United States. Darryl Sterden for the Toronto Sun described the album, saying "They aren't country stars, but you'd never know the difference on the Nashville cast's solid and satisfying set of countrified Christmas classics." He gave it a half out of three. The album debuted on the Billboard 200 at No. 105, peaked at No. 59 on its fifth week of release. The album has sold 43,000 copies in the US as of December 2014

Athenaeum Club, London

The Athenaeum is a private members' club in London, founded in 1824. It is a club for men and women with intellectual interests, for those who have attained some distinction in science, literature or the arts. Humphry Davy and Michael Faraday were the first chairman and secretary and 51 Nobel Laureates have been members; the clubhouse is located at 107 Pall Mall at the corner of Waterloo Place was designed by Decimus Burton in the Neoclassical style, built by the company of Decimus's father, James Burton, the pre-eminent London property developer. Decimus was described by architectural scholar Guy Williams as "the designer and prime member of the Athenaeum, one of London's grandest gentlemens' clubs"; the clubhouse has a Doric portico, above, a statue of the classical goddess of wisdom, from whom the club derives its name. The bas-relief frieze is a copy of the frieze of the Parthenon in Athens; the club's facilities include an extensive library, a dining room known as the coffee room, a Morning Room, a drawing room on the first floor, a restored smoking room on the upper floor, where smoking is not permitted, a suite of bedrooms.

The Athenaeum was founded in 1824 at the instigation of John Wilson Croker Secretary to the Admiralty, responsible for the organisation and early development of the club. In 1823, Croker wrote to Sir Humphry Davy, I will take the opportunity of repeating the proposition I have made to you about a club for literary and scientific men and followers of the fine arts; the fashionable and military clubs... have spoiled all the coffee houses and taverns so that the artist, or mere literary man... are in a much worse position. Croker suggested 30 names for the club's organising committee, including the Earl of Aberdeen, the Earl of Ashburnham, Earl Spencer, Lord Palmerston, Sir Thomas Lawrence, Francis Chantrey, Robert Smirke the Younger: all of those invited, except Richard Payne Knight, accepted; the first meeting of the Athenaeum, with 14 men present, was held at the rooms of the Royal Society on 16 February 1824. A Committee was formed, the names being proposed by Croker, who wrote that "all depends on having a committee with a great many good names and a few working hands".

A smaller sub-committee was appointed with full powers to do what was necessary to establish the club. It was resolved that there should be 400 members, of whom 300 were to be appointed by the committee and the remainder elected by ballot. Sir Humphry Davy became Michael Faraday the first secretary. Faraday soon found that he could not spare the time required and resigned, though he remained a member of the club; the total number of members was increased to 1,000 by December 1824. By May 1824 temporary premises had been rented at 12 Waterloo Place, constructed by the company of club member James Burton, the pre-eminent London property developer, whose son Decimus Burton 24 years old, was commissioned to design a permanent clubhouse. A site was found to be too small; the next proposed site was on the east side of Trafalgar Square, but the government decided to demolish Carlton House and develop the site and a portion of it was offered to the Athenaeum. The offer was accepted and a long lease was granted by the Crown.

Decimus Burton was commissioned to design the clubhouse at 107 Pall Mall, at the corner of Waterloo Place. Despite his young age, Decimus Burton had designed many notable buildings in London. Burton's clubhouse is in the Neoclassical style, with a Doric portico with paired columns, has been described by architectural scholar Guy Williams as "a building of remarkable grace and astonishing novelty" with a central staircase, "distinctly Egyptian in flavour". Burton made himself responsible for the design of as many of the decorative features of the club as possible, including the clock-cases and the pendant light-fittings; when the clubhouse was completed in April 1830, the members of the club committee stated, are bound to express their entire satisfaction at the manner in which the work has been carried out by Mr. Burton, they can testify, indeed the foregoing Accounts evince, the general accuracy of his estimates and they trust that the club at large, as well as the public, must be satisfied of his professional skill, the beauty of his architectural designs.

The original building had two principal storeys. There is a continuous balustrade on the first floor, with an outstanding but costly frieze, designed by Decimus Burton and executed by John Henning, a leading sculptor of the day, a copy of the marbles from the Parthenon in Athens, depicting the Panathenaic procession, copied from the Parthenon. Croker, much involved in the building of the clubhouse, was determined that it should have the frieze, despite the cost, resisted pressure from some members that an ice-house be part of the scheme. Instead of an Ice-House I give you a... Frieze! The frieze was executed by John Henning at a cost of £1,300. Building works commenced in 1827 and were completed by 1830; the statue of Pallas Athene by Edward Hodges Baily, which stands above the porch, was installed in the same year. The total cost was £43,101 14s 8d; this exceeded the estimate by £ 2,226, attributed to the cost of furniture. The cast of the Apollo Belvedere positioned in the recess at the top of the principal staircase at the Athenaeum was a gift to the club from Decimus Burton

Gmina Michów

Gmina Michów is a rural gmina in Lubartów County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland. Its seat is the village of Michów, which lies 21 kilometres west of Lubartów and 36 km north-west of the regional capital Lublin; the gmina covers an area of 135.93 square kilometres, as of 2006 its total population is 6,417. Gmina Michów contains the villages and settlements of Aleksandrówka, Anielówka, Chudowola, Elżbietów, Gawłówka, Giżyce, Gołąb, Gołąb-Kolonia, Kolonia Giżyce, Kruszyna, Mejznerzyn, Miastkówek, Michów, Młyniska, Ostrów, Podlodówek, Rudno, Rudzienko-Kolonia, Trzciniec, Węgielce, Wólka Michowska and Zofianówka. Gmina Michów is bordered by the gminas of Abramów, Baranów, Jeziorzany and Kock. Polish official population figures 2006

Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina

The Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina were adopted on March 1, 1669 by the eight Lords Proprietors of the Province of Carolina, which included most of the land between what is now Virginia and Florida. It replaced the Charter of Carolina and the Concessions and Agreements of the Lords Proprietors of the Province of Carolina; the date March 1, 1669 was the date that proprietors confirmed the Constitutions and sent them to the Colony, but on two other versions were introduced in 1682 and in 1698. Moreover, the proprietors suspended the Constitutions in 1690. Despite the claims of proprietors on the valid version of the Constitution, the colonists recognized the July 21, 1669 version, claiming that six proprietors had sealed the Constitutions as "the unalterable form and rule of Government forever" on that date; the earliest draft of this version in manuscript is believed to be the one found at Columbia, South Carolina archives. Some scholars think that the Colonists and the British Crown kept themselves at a distance to the Constitutions from the beginning.

However, far from the truth: it was a legal document that drew on the King's earlier charter to the colony and reflected crucial legal realities. While the provisions of the Fundamental Constitutions were never employed nor ratified, the Constitutions did help to shape power in the Carolinas and land distribution. Colonists' main concerns over the document were its exaltation of proprietors as noblemen at the apex of the hierarchically designed society. Second, the Constitutions had rules. Thus, the proprietors had to amend the rules five times, they were repealed in part after the revolution against James II—the Glorious Revolution—which reflected a partial reaction against such principles. However for eight proprietors and the king who were the authors of the "Fundamental Constitutions," it reflected the proper order of governance, or as they wrote, they were creating a government with lords so "that the government of this province may be made most agreeable to the monarchy under which we live and of which this province is a part.

Because the Fundamental Constitutions were drafted during John Locke's service to one of Province of Carolina proprietors, Anthony Ashley Cooper, it is alleged that Locke had a major role in the making of the Constitutions. In the view of historian David Armitage and political scientist Vicki Hsueh, the Constitutions were co-authored by Locke and his patron Cooper, known as 1st Earl of Shaftesbury; however the document was a legal document written for and signed and sealed by the eight Lord proprietors to whom Charles II had granted the colony. He wrote. After Locke's writings became famous, his role brought attention to the Constitutions for its value in the context of classical liberalism. Armitage suggests that Constitutions were the first printed work with which Locke's name could be associated, that it was published before his known writings Essay Concerning Human Understanding and the Two Treatises of Government published in 1689 and 1690; the STC catalog guesses there might be publications of the Fundamental Constitutions that correspond to the existing manuscripts.

However first publication that can be confirmed is 1698, which postdates by a decade Locke's better known writings. The level of religious tolerance portrayed in the Constitutions was acclaimed by Voltaire who advised, "Cast your eyes over the other hemisphere, behold Carolina, of which the wise Locke was the legislator." The Constitutions introduced certain safeguards for groups seeking refuge for religious reasons. To that end, Article 97 of the document foresaw: "…the natives who…are utterly strangers to Christianity, whose idolatry, ignorance, or mistake gives us no right to expel or use them ill. Accordingly, the Constitutions brought right to worship and right to constitute a church to the religious dissenters to Christianity and outsiders such as Jews, they promised religious tolerance towards idolater Indians and heathens. The Constitutions had less liberal and more aristocratic elements in it compared to the egalitarian and liberal standard of John Locke's much more famous, Two Treatises of Government.

The Fundamental Constitutions promoted both slavery in North America. The notorious article 110 of the Constitutions stated that "Every freeman of Carolina shall have absolute power and authority over his negro slaves, of what opinion or religion soever." Pursuant to this provision slaveholders were granted absolute power of life and death over their slaves. Additionally, the Fundamental Constitutions held that being a Christian does not alter the civil dominion of a master over his slaves. Brewer argues that Locke's early involvement in the Fundamental Constitutions is evidence of his cooperation with Charles II's plans to promote slavery and hierarchy in the empire, but that in fact Locke's writings show how his ideas formed in reaction to the societal vision propounded by the Fundamental Constitutions and other efforts of Charles II a