In the United States, a plat is a cadastral map, drawn to scale, showing the divisions of a piece of land. United States General Land Office surveyors drafted township plats of Public Lands Surveys to show the distance and bearing between section corners, sometimes including topographic or vegetation information. City, town or village plats show subdivisions into blocks with alleys. Further refinement splits blocks into individual lots for the purpose of selling the described lots. After the filing of a plat, legal descriptions can refer to block and lot-numbers rather than portions of sections. In order for plats to become valid, a local governing body, such as a public works department, urban planning commission, or zoning board must review and approve them. A plat of consolidation or plan of consolidation originates when a landowner takes over several adjacent parcels of land and consolidates them into a single parcel. In order to do this, the landowner will need to make a survey of the parcels and submit the survey to the governing body that would have to approve the consolidation.

A plat of subdivision or plan of subdivision appears when a landowner or municipality divides land into smaller parcels. If a landowner owns an acre of land, for instance, wants to divide it into three pieces, a surveyor would have to take precise measurements of the land and submit the survey to the governing body, which would have to approve it. A plat of subdivision applies when a landowner/building owner divides a multi-family building into multiple units; this can apply for the intention of selling off the individual units as condominiums to individual owners. A correction plat or amending plat records minor corrections to an existing plat, such as correcting a surveying mistake or a scrivener's error; such plats can sometimes serve to relocate lot-lines or other features, but laws tightly restrict such use. A vacating plat functions to void a prior plat or portion of a plat; the rules allow such plats only when all the platted lots remain unsold and no construction of buildings or public improvements has taken place.

Other names associated with parcel maps are: land maps, tax maps, real estate maps, landowner maps and block survey system and land survey maps. Parcel maps, unlike any other public real estate record, have no federal, state or municipal oversight with their development. Subdivision of a property into multiple smaller lots, as described above. Designation of roads or other rights of way. Ensuring that all property has access to a public right of way. Without such access, a property owner may be unable to use his or her property without having to trespass to reach it; the platting process restricts the fraudulent practice of knowingly selling lots with no access to public right of way without revealing that such access does not exist. Creation or vacation of easements. Dedication of land for other public uses, such as parks or areas needed for flood protection. Ensuring compliance with zoning. Zoning regulations contain restrictions that govern lot sizes and lot geometry; the platting process allows the governing authorities to ensure that all lots comply with these regulations.

Ensuring compliance with a land use plan established to control the development of a city. Ensuring that all property has access to public utilities. Plats contain a number of informational elements: The property boundaries are indicated by bearing and distance; the bearing is in the format of degrees, seconds with compass point letters before and afterward to indicate the compass quadrant. For example, N 38 00 00 E is 38 degrees into the northeast quadrant or 38 degrees east of north. S 22 00 00 W is 22 degrees west of south. Note that north here is true north, so magnetic orientation must be corrected for magnetic declination; the certification note provides information on the surveyor and is the location where recent US plats place the flood survey code in accordance with the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968. The north arrow is familiar to most map readers The title block and lot numbers provide information specific to a development or land use plan An easement is indicated by a dashed line, although it is common to have to look them up in supplementary documents Streets are indicated by a graphical outline of the right of way, sometimes depicts the paved area.

The creation of a plat map marks an important step in the process of incorporating a town or city according to United States law. Because the process of incorporation sometimes occurred at a courthouse, the incorporation papers for many American cities may be stored hundreds of miles away in another state. For example, to view the original General Land Office plat for the city of San Francisco, filed in 1849, one must visit the Museum of the Oregon Territory in Oregon City, Oregon, as at that time Oregon City was the site of the closest federal land office to San Francisco. Lot and block survey system Plat of Zion The dictionary definition of plat at Wiktionary Media related to Survey drawings at Wikimedia Commons The U. S. National Archives and Records Administration

Clonmel Junction Festival

Clonmel Junction Festival is an annual festival held in the town of Clonmel, Ireland. The festival runs for seven days, it is a multi discipline arts festival mixing theatre, dance, music and visual arts. Clonmel Junction Festival was established in 2001 and has grown to be one of the most significant cultural celebrations of the Irish summer festival season; the festival has been described as punching well above its weight for a town with no committed performing arts venue. Clonmel Junction Festival was established in 2001 by the now defunct Galloglass Theatre Company, it featured four theatre shows, one comedy performance and a small number of Traditional Music performances in local pubs. The highlight of the event being Cracked by Quare Hawks Theatre Company. In 2002, the festival expanded its format to include Rock Music featuring Damien Kíla. A participation programme was introduced this year; the programme involved local school children creating street art, put on display for the duration of the festival.

This has since become annual program which engages over 300 children every year.2003 featured the premiere of Des Dillon's Teac a Bloc. This was the last year that the festival was run by the Galloglass Theatre Company. 2004 saw. The success of festival lead to its expansion in 2005, increasing from a six-day event to nine-day event. 2006 saw. As part of this year festival, there was a celebration of newly established Polish community within Clonmel, in a mini Polish Festival; the 10th Clonmel Junction Festival took place in 2010,the focus of the event shifted to circus. The festival featured circus acts from Ireland and abroad, including Fossett's Circus and Les Parfaits Inconnus; the music line up included Republic of Loose and Mick Flannery. It featured the premiere of Me Seeing You 2, by the Iseli Chiodi Dance Company commissioned by the Festival, South Tipperary Arts Office and The Excel Centre; the Participation Programme made it possible to transform Clonmel into a "forest" in 2006. The villages in the forest were set up by the programme.

Several acts brought their villages with them in their own way. There was a celebration of the emerging Polish village within Clonmel, in a mini Polish Festival. Followed by the success of the Space Time Machine in 2007 the Festival organised Da Fair deadly Pirateswarm, 2008 youth project; the same year a collaboration was organised between Body Mind & Soul, visiting artists from Malawi and Maslow, a young local band. Sensazione, an eco-theatrical fun fair was the headline event in 2008. Along with this several other theatre world premières took place during the nine days including'Raw', a creation of the aerial dance company Fidget Feet in collaboration with the festival and made possible by funding from the Arts Council. 2001 – Cracked by Quare Hawks Theatre Company2002 – Gorilla Goes Beautiful by Lieber Gorilla, Moze Fan Fan, Damien Rice2003 – The premiere of Des Dillon's Teach a Bloc 2004 – Tom Crean Antarctic Explorer by Aidan Dooley,Romeo and Juliet by The Daylight Players2005 – KT Tunstall, Yair Dalal, Máirtín O'Connor2006 – Nofit State Circus, Liam Clancy and Odetta2007 – The Syringa Tree, Foy Vance, Mary Black2008 – Nicole and Martin, Paul Brady, The Blizzards, Fidget Feet2009 – Cafe Carte Blanche2010 – Cathy Davey, Republic of Loose, Kíla, Mick Flannery Irish Newspaper Archives – Retrieved 25 April 2009 The Festival, as presented by the official Irish Tourism body.

Clonmel Junction Festival Slideshow

List of state highways in Louisiana (550–599)

The following is a list of state highways in the U. S. state of Louisiana designated in the 550-599 range. Louisiana Highway 550 runs 18.89 miles in a north–south direction from LA 2 east of Bernice to the Arkansas state line north of Laran, Union Parish. The route intersects LA 15 southeast of Spearsville. LA 550 curves northward and passes through Laran before crossing the Arkansas state line; the road continues toward Hillsboro, Arkansas and US 82 as Union County Road 32. It is an undivided two-lane highway for its entire length; the entire route is in Union Parish. Louisiana Highway 551 runs 9.33 miles in a north–south direction from LA 33 in Marion to LA 549 in Oakland, Union Parish. The route heads northwest out of Marion, traversing a rural area and skirting the northeast side of the Union Wildlife Management Area, its northern terminus at LA 549 is located 1.08 miles south of the Arkansas state line. LA 551 is an undivided two-lane highway for its entire length. Louisiana Highway 553 runs 12.82 miles in a north–south direction from US 165 in Monroe to LA 2 in Sterlington, Ouachita Parish.

Louisiana Highway 554 runs 8.02 miles in an east–west direction from a junction with US 165 and LA 2 at Perryville to LA 138 southwest of Collinston. The western terminus at US 165 and LA 2 is located on the Ouachita–Morehouse parish line. From this point, the route heads eastward through Ouachita Parish for 2.6 miles before crossing Little Bayou Boeuf into Morehouse Parish. LA 554 intersects LA 139, which connects to Bastrop, it continues eastward makes a sharp curve to the south near its eastern terminus at LA 138. LA 554 is an undivided two-lane highway for its entire length. Louisiana Highway 558 runs 5.94 miles in a north–south direction along Iron Mountain Road from LA 15 in Mount Union to the Arkansas state line at Lockhart, Union Parish. The route heads north from LA 15 at a point about 2.0 miles east of Spearsville. Just before crossing the state line, LA 558 intersects LA 3121 in Lockhart, it continues toward El Dorado, Arkansas and US 167 as Arkansas Highway 7. LA 558 is an undivided two-lane highway for its entire length.

The entire highway is in Union Parish. Louisiana Highway 566 runs 30.09 miles in a southwest to northeast direction from US 84 at Elkhorn, Concordia Parish to a junction with LA 568 and LA 570 south of Waterproof, Tensas Parish. The route follows Brushy Bayou for about 3.0 miles. It curves northeast to a point on the Tensas River known as Dunbarton. LA 566 turns east and follows the river into the town of Clayton. Here, it intersects the concurrent US 425 and LA 15 at the foot of a twin bridge across the Tensas River. LA 566 crosses from Concordia Parish into Tensas Parish. Soon after crossing the parish line, LA 566 intersects LA 571, the route of which follows a semi-circle west of Waterproof. LA 566 turns to the southeast at a second intersection with LA 571 and passes through Troy to a point on US 65 and LA 568 just southwest of Waterproof. LA 566 proceeds with LA 568 a short distance further to an intersection with LA 570, but this portion of the route is signed in the field only as LA 568.

Louisiana Highway 571 runs 12.13 miles in a southwest to northeast semi-circle from LA 566 north of Clayton to a second junction with LA 566 west of Waterproof, Tensas Parish. Louisiana Highway 584 runs 8.01 miles in an east–west direction from LA 135 to a point just east of LA 3048 in an area south of Rayville, Richland Parish. Louisiana Highway 585 runs 46.48 miles in a southwest to northeast direction from LA 134 west of Epps, Richland Parish to US 65 at Gassoway, East Carroll Parish. The route crosses from Richland Parish into West Carroll Parish, it zigzags northward across LA 2 at Goodwill to a point on the Boeuf River west of Oak Grove. It zigzags east and north to Fiske, where it begins to take a winding course parallel to the Boeuf River to LA 835 near Concord. LA 585 curves eastward to Kilbourne, where it intersects LA 17 just south of the Arkansas state line; the highway proceeds east across Bayou Macon into East Carroll Parish to its terminus at US 65 near Gassoway Lake. Louisiana Highway 593 runs 17.23 miles in a north–south direction from LA 138 in Collinston to US 425 north of Bastrop.

The route heads northwest from Collinston and shortly intersects LA 3079. It travels through sparsely populated areas until passing just west of the Morehouse Memorial Airport, entering the city of Bastrop. LA 593 intersects LA 139, the two highways run concurrently into the center of town, becoming a one-way couplet at the Morehouse General Hospital. A few blocks LA 593 intersects the one-way couplet of US 165/US 425/LA 2, ending its concurrency with LA 139 and beginning one with US 425; the one-way couplet ends two blocks to the north, LA 593 splits from US 425 soon afterward. North of town, LA 593 passes by the Morehouse Country Club, the Georgia Pacific Wildlife Management Area, Bussy Brake, all to the west of the road. LA 593 loops back to the east and ends at a final junction with US 425; the entire highway is in Morehouse Parish. Louisiana Highway 594 runs 13.54 miles in a general southwest to northeast direction from LA 15 in Monroe to LA 139 in Swartz, Ouachita Parish. LA 594 heads northeast on Texas Avenue from LA 15, near the latter's intersection with US 165 Business.

The highway crosses over I-20 and intersects 18th Street, connecting to a tight diamond interchange