Pliny the Younger

Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus, born Gaius Caecilius or Gaius Caecilius Cilo, better known as Pliny the Younger, was a lawyer and magistrate of Ancient Rome. Pliny's uncle, Pliny the Elder, helped educate him. Pliny the Younger wrote hundreds of letters, of which 247 are of great historical value; some are addressed to notables such as the historian Tacitus. Pliny served as an imperial magistrate under Trajan, his letters to Trajan provide one of the few surviving records of the relationship between the imperial office and provincial governors. Pliny rose through a series of the cursus honorum, he was a friend of the historian Tacitus and might have employed the biographer Suetonius on his staff. Pliny came into contact with other well-known men of the period, including the philosophers Artemidorus and Euphrates the Stoic, during his time in Syria. Pliny the Younger was born in Novum Comum around 61 AD, the son of Lucius Caecilius Cilo, born there, his wife Plinia Marcella, a sister of Pliny the Elder.

He was the grandson of Senator and landowner Gaius Caecilius, revered his uncle, Pliny the Elder, provided sketches of how his uncle worked on the Naturalis Historia. Cilo died at an early age; as a result, the boy lived with his mother. His guardian and preceptor in charge of his education was Lucius Verginius Rufus, famed for quelling a revolt against Nero in 68 AD. After being first tutored at home, Pliny went to Rome for further education. There he was taught rhetoric by Quintilian, a great teacher and author, Nicetes Sacerdos of Smyrna, it was at this time. When Pliny the Younger was 17 or 18, his uncle Pliny the Elder died attempting to rescue victims of the Vesuvius eruption, the terms of the Elder Pliny's will passed his estate to his nephew. In the same document the younger Pliny was adopted by his uncle; as a result, Pliny the Younger changed his name from Gaius Caecilius Cilo to Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus. There is some evidence. A memorial erected in Como repeats the terms of a will by which the aedile Lucius Caecilius Cilo, son of Lucius, established a fund, the interest of, to buy oil for the baths of the people of Como.

The trustees are named in the inscription: "L. Caecilius Valens and P. Caecilius Secundus, sons of Lucius, the contubernalis Lutulla." The word contubernalis describing Lutulla is the military term meaning "tent-mate", which can only mean that she was living with Lucius, not as his wife. The first man mentioned, L. Caecilius Valens, is the older son. Pliny the Younger confirms that he was a trustee for the largesse "of my ancestors", it seems unknown to Pliny the Elder, so Valens' mother was not his sister Plinia. Pliny the Younger married three times, when he was young, to a stepdaughter of Veccius Proculus', who died at age 37. Letters survive in which Pliny recorded this last marriage taking place, his attachment to Calpurnia, his sadness when she miscarried their child. Pliny is thought to have died during his convention in Bithynia-Pontus, around 113 AD, since no events referred to in his letters date than that. Pliny was by birth of equestrian rank, that is, a member of the aristocratic order of equites, the lower of the two Roman aristocratic orders that monopolised senior civil and military offices during the early Empire.

His career began at the age of 18 and followed a normal equestrian route. But, unlike most equestrians, he achieved entry into the upper order by being elected Quaestor in his late twenties. Pliny was active in the Roman legal system in the sphere of the Roman centumviral court, which dealt with inheritance cases, he was a well-known prosecutor and defender at the trials of a series of provincial governors, including Baebius Massa, governor of Baetica. Pliny's career is considered as a summary of the main Roman public charges and is the best-documented example from this period, offering proof for many aspects of imperial culture. Pliny crossed all the principal fields of the organization of the early Roman Empire, it is an achievement for a man to have not only survived the reigns of several disparate emperors the much-detested Domitian, but to have risen in rank throughout. Pliny penned his first work at age 14: a tragedy in Greek. Additionally, in the course of his life, he wrote numerous poems.

He was known as a notable orator. Pliny's only oration that now survives is the Panegyricus Traiani; this was delivered in the Senate in 100 and is a description of Trajan's figure and actions in an adulatory and emphatic form contrasting him with the Emperor Domitian. It is, however, a relevant document that reveals many details about the Emperor's actions in s

Matt Smith (footballer, born 1982)

Matthew Terence Smith is an English-born Australian footballer who plays as a centre back for Brisbane City in the National Premier Leagues Queensland. Born in England, Smith emigrated to Australia where he started his professional football career with North Queensland Fury during the 2009-10 A-League season and signed a two-year contract with Brisbane Roar at the start of the A-League 2010-11 season, he has played for the Australian national team. Born in Chichester, Smith started his career playing University football in England, where he represented several different Universities before being signed by Championship club Portsmouth. Smith moved to Australia for one year in 2004 and returned in 2006, during which time he attended Hartpury College in Gloucestershire and completed his master's degree in Sports Management, he captained the Hartpury senior side to the BUSA National Championship in 2007. He played for Palm Beach before moving to Brisbane Strikers, he was signed on an injury replacement loan at North Queensland Fury to replace Scottish defender Scott Wilson.

On 16 April 2010 it was announced that Smith joined the Brisbane Roar on a two-year deal after his contract with North Queensland expired due to ownership changes. On 6 September 2011, the Roar announced that Smith would replace departed midfielder Matt McKay as captain of the club. On 10 September 2012, Smith signed a new 3-year contract at the Roar, extending his stay until the end of the 2015/16 season, it was announced in December 2014 that Smith would leave the Brisbane Roar and join Bangkok Glass for an undisclosed fee. On 31 December 2018, Smith moved to Hong Kong Premier League club Kitchee. On 12 February 2019, in the third qualifying match of the 2019 Asian Champions League, Kitchee played away to Perak. During the match, Matt Smith was sent off after picking up his second yellow card in the 49th minute. Kitchee lost the match on penalties in the end. On 1 July 2019, National Premier Leagues Queensland side Gold Coast Knights SC announced the signing of Smith. Smith married Aicha Bendjelloul, an English woman on 17 May 2012 in a civil ceremony in Brisbane, Australia.

They celebrated with family and friends by hosting a party on the Thai island of Koh Samui. Together, they have 4 children Isla, Ava and Owen. Smith is qualified with a BA Degree in Marketing and Leisure Management and a Masters in Sports Management from Hartpury College in Gloucestershire. Brisbane StrikersQueensland State League Premiership: 2009Brisbane RoarA-League Championship: 2010–11, 2011–12, 2013–14 A-League Premiership: 2010–11, 2013–14KitcheeHong Kong Senior Shield: 2018–19 Hong Kong FA Cup: 2018–19Gold Coast KnightsNPL Queensland Championship: 2019 PFA A-League Team of the Season: 2010–11, 2013–14 As of 17 December 20181 - includes A-League final series statistics 2 - includes FIFA Club World Cup statistics.


Metridioidea is a superfamily of sea anemones in the order Actiniaria. Families in the superfamily Metridioidea include: Family Acontiophoridae Family Actinoscyphiidae Family Aiptasiidae Family Aiptasiomorphidae Family Aliciidae Family Amphianthidae Family Andvakiidae Family Antipodactinidae Family Bathyphelliidae Family Boloceroididae Family Diadumenidae Family Gonactiniidae Family Halcampidae Family Haliactinidae Family Hormathiidae Family Isanthidae Family Kadosactinidae Family Metridiidae Family Nemanthidae Family Nevadneidae Family Octineonidae Family Ostiactinidae Family Phelliidae Family Sagartiidae Family Sagartiomorphidae Family Spongiactinidae