Polk County, Nebraska

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Polk County, Nebraska
Polk County Courthouse (Nebraska) 1.jpg
Polk County Courthouse in Osceola
Map of Nebraska highlighting Polk County
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location within the U.S.
Founded1856 (founded)
1870 (organized)
Named forJames K. Polk
SeatOsceola
Largest cityStromsburg
Area
 • Total441 sq mi (1,142 km2)
 • Land438 sq mi (1,134 km2)
 • Water2.3 sq mi (6 km2), 0.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)5,328
 • Density12.2/sq mi (4.7/km2)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.polkcounty.ne.gov

Polk County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 5,406,[1] its county seat is Osceola.[2] The county was formed in 1856, and was organized in 1870,[3][4][5] it was named for President James K. Polk.[6]

In the Nebraska license plate system, Polk County is represented by the prefix 41 (it had the 41st-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

Geography[edit]

The Platte River flows northeastward along the northwest boundary of Polk County; the lower portion of the county is drained by a local drainage, flowing east and east-northeastward into Butler County. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, dropping off to the river valley in the northern portion, and sloped to the east-southeast in the lower portion of the county; the county terrain is largely devoted to agriculture.[7][8]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 441 square miles (1,140 km2), of which 438 square miles (1,130 km2) is land and 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) (0.5%) is water.[9]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
186019
1870136615.8%
18806,8464,933.8%
189010,81758.0%
190010,542−2.5%
191010,521−0.2%
192010,7141.8%
193010,092−5.8%
19408,748−13.3%
19508,044−8.0%
19607,210−10.4%
19706,468−10.3%
19806,320−2.3%
19905,668−10.3%
20005,639−0.5%
20105,406−4.1%
Est. 20175,328[10]−1.4%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[15] there were 5,639 people, 2,259 households, and 1,570 families in the county; the population density was 5/km² (13/mi²). There were 2,717 housing units at an average density of 2/km² (6/mi²); the racial makeup of the county was 98.92% White, 0.02% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.28% from other races, and 0.41% from two or more races. 1.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,259 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.90% were married couples living together, 4.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.97.

The county population contained 25.10% under the age of 18, 6.00% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 21.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 100.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,819, and the median income for a family was $45,081. Males had a median income of $30,286 versus $19,595 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,934. About 4.40% of families and 5.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.20% of those under age 18 and 4.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Politics[edit]

Polk County voters have been reliably Republican for several decades. In only one national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 78.5% 2,028 16.0% 413 5.5% 141
2012 76.9% 1,890 21.5% 528 1.6% 39
2008 71.7% 1,822 26.3% 668 2.1% 53
2004 78.7% 2,146 20.1% 549 1.2% 32
2000 73.7% 1,925 23.3% 610 3.0% 78
1996 58.8% 1,504 29.3% 750 11.8% 302
1992 49.3% 1,437 22.7% 661 28.1% 820
1988 64.9% 1,769 34.7% 944 0.4% 11
1984 77.4% 2,149 22.0% 610 0.6% 17
1980 75.1% 2,206 18.3% 538 6.5% 192
1976 58.9% 1,797 39.0% 1,190 2.2% 66
1972 71.3% 2,050 28.8% 827
1968 66.8% 1,795 25.7% 690 7.5% 201
1964 48.2% 1,607 51.8% 1,730
1960 66.9% 2,397 33.1% 1,184
1956 68.6% 2,482 31.4% 1,135
1952 76.7% 3,008 23.3% 916
1948 59.2% 2,026 40.8% 1,396
1944 60.8% 2,357 39.2% 1,517
1940 61.9% 2,653 38.1% 1,635
1936 46.8% 2,256 52.2% 2,519 1.0% 48
1932 35.4% 1,636 63.5% 2,939 1.2% 53
1928 67.2% 3,096 32.4% 1,494 0.4% 19
1924 56.5% 2,354 29.5% 1,229 14.0% 584
1920 63.8% 2,393 33.0% 1,236 3.3% 122
1916 38.3% 1,060 57.8% 1,600 3.9% 108
1912 19.4% 485 39.9% 996 40.7% 1,015[17]
1908 44.3% 1,171 47.8% 1,264 7.9% 208
1904 51.9% 1,235 10.1% 239 38.0% 905
1900 41.3% 1,023 55.5% 1,376 3.3% 81

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ Fitzpatrick, Lilian Linder (1925). Nebraska Place-Names. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Studies in Language, Literature, and Criticism. p. 116. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  4. ^ "Nebraska Historic Buildings Survey Reconnaissance Survey Final Report of Polk County, Nebraska". Nebraska State Historical Society. August 1, 1992. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  5. ^ "Polk County". Nebraska Association of County Officials. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 July 2008. Retrieved 7 March 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Retrieved on March 15, 2008.
  7. ^ Polk County NE Google Maps (accessed 27 January 2019)
  8. ^ "Find Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 27 January 2019)
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  16. ^ Election Results
  17. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 784 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 142 votes and Prohibition Eugene Chafin received 89 votes.

Coordinates: 41°11′N 97°34′W / 41.19°N 97.57°W / 41.19; -97.57