A poncho is an outer garment designed to keep the body warm. A rain poncho is made from a watertight material designed to keep the body dry from the rain. Ponchos have been used by the Native American peoples of the Andes since pre-Hispanic time, from places now under the territory of Colombia, Peru and Ecuador and are now considered typical South American garments. In late 18th century Basque navigator José de Moraleda wrote that the ponchos of the Huilliche of Osorno were less pleasing than those of Chiloé Archipelago; the Huilliche are the principal indigenous population of Chile from Toltén River to Chiloé Archipelago. Mapuche ponchos were once valued, in the 19th century a poncho could be traded for several horses or up to seventy kilos of yerba mate. 19th century Mapuche ponchos were superior to non-indigenous Chilean textiles and of good quality when comparing to contemporary European wool textiles. In its simplest form the poncho is a single large sheet of fabric with an opening in the center, for the head, it has an extra piece of fabric serving as a hood.

Rainproof ponchos are fitted with fasteners to close the sides once the poncho is draped over the body, with openings provided for the arms. Alternative ponchos are now designed as fashion items, they are the same shape but of different material. They are designed to look fashionable and provide warmth while remaining breathable and comfortable, rather than to ward off wind and rain; these are made out of wool or yarn, knitted or crocheted. Ponchos with festive designs or colors can be worn at special events as well; the poncho was one of the typical clothes of the Paracas, Pre-Inca Peruvian Culture around 500 B. C. from which originate the earliest to have been discovered so far. Nowadays the poncho is associated with the Americas; as traditional clothing, the local names and variants are: Ruana, in cold regions of Colombia. Poncho, most of Spanish-speaking countries and worldwide. Pala or Poncho, in Portuguese-speaking Brazil. Chamanto, only in Central Chile, poncho in the south. Jorongo larger or full-length, used for special occasions or horse-back riding.

Gabán, typical in Michoacán, Mexico. Poncho chilote, a heavy woolen poncho of Chiloé Archipelago; the poncho was first used on a regular basis in the 1850s for irregular U. S. military forces operating on the U. S. Western Plains; these early military ponchos were made of a latex-coated, waterproof cloth. Ponchos made of gutta-percha or India rubber coated cloth were adopted during the American Civil War, both as rain clothing and as a ground sheet for sleeping. While intended for cavalry forces, they were used by infantry as well. Discontinued after the Civil War, the U. S. Army again issued ponchos of waterproof rubberized canvas to its forces during the Spanish–American War of 1898. Two years both the Army and the Marines were forced to issue waterproof rubberized cloth ponchos with high neck collars during the Philippine–American War in 1900. With the entry of the United States into World War I, both doughboys and Marines in France wore the poncho. Just prior to World War II, ponchos were improved during testing with the U.

S. Army Jungle Experimental Platoon in the jungles of Panama, incorporating new, lighter materials and a drawcord hood that could be closed off to form a rain fly or ground sheet. Ponchos were used by United States armed forces during World War II. During the 1950s, new lightweight coated nylon and other synthetic materials were developed for military ponchos; the poncho has remained in service since as a standard piece of U. S. military field equipment. Today, the United States armed forces issue ponchos; these garments are used by hunters and rescue workers. During World War II, the German Army issued the Zeltbahn, a poncho that could be combined to form tents. A typical four-man tent used four Zeltbahnen. Clint Eastwood famously wore a poncho as the lead character in each of the films he starred in for Sergio Leone; this gave him a distinct look in comparison to other cowboy characters in films which preferred dusters. Aguayo a typical Andean piece of cloth. Baja Jacket Bisht Belted plaid, a garment that could double as a blanket or groundsheet.

Cape Chasuble, a poncho-like Christian liturgical vestment Cloak Ruana Rebozo longer scarf like shawl without hole, tied around shoulder and can be used to carry a baby. Sarape, a poncho-like garment traditional to the Mexican state of Coahuila The dictionary definition of poncho at Wiktionary


Tineo is a concejo in the Principality of Asturias, Spain. It is situated on a small tributary of the Narcea River, it is the second-largest municipality in Asturias. It is bordered to the north by Valdés, to the south by Cangas del Narcea, to the west by Villayón and Allande, to the east by Salas, Belmonte de Miranda and Somiedo. Mining and stock-rearing have been the principal industries since the early 20th century. Top left, Castle Tineo Top right, Coat of Arms from García de la Plaza, the local Heroe Bottom left, Coat of Arms by the Cistercians Monastery in Castilla Bottom right unten, Coat of Arms by the Franciscans in the Monastery of Tieno middle, das Coat of Arms from the Count of Tineo The Way of St. James or Camino de Santiago named "The Northern Way" Camino Primitivo passes Luarca. There are two Pilgrim Heritages: Albergue de Peregrinos «Mater Christi» - Marco Rodríguez, s/n - 33870-Tineo Albergue de Peregrinos «Tineo» - C/ Cabezas de San Juan - 33870 Tineo. Communityphone: 985-86.02.32 The Sacred Art Museum of Tineo is located at the Plaza Alonso Martinez inside the Convento de San Francisco del Monte, a 14th-century Roman Catholic church accessible via the AS-217 road.

Ayuntamiento de Tineo Palacio de Meras Hotel & Spa **** - Meras Palace Hotel & Spa **** Tineo Monumental Tineo Nature images This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Tineo". Encyclopædia Britannica. 26. Cambridge University Press

Louisville and Nashville Railroad Office Building

The Louisville and Nashville Railroad Office Building is an historic building located in downtown Louisville, Kentucky, USA. It was once the headquarters of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, a prominent railroad company from the mid-19th century to the 1970s; the structure is eleven stories tall. The first three stories are made of stonework of rusticated ashlar, with capital-topped pilasters in a series. Floors four to ten have ashlar pilasters framing a finish of red brick. Windows of the building are done in series of three; the attic is 1.5 stories tall, features the distinctive initials of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. It was designed by W. H. Courtenay, the chief architect of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, in a Beaux Arts style. In 1930 an eight-bay western addition which duplicated the look of the original 10-bay building was added, built by then-current chief architect of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad J. C. Haley; the original Louisville and Nashville Railroad offices in Louisville were at Second and Main in Louisville, by the entrance of present-day George Rogers Clark Memorial Bridge.

By 1890, it had become obvious. It was decided. Construction began in 1902, but its completion was delayed until January 1907, due to difficulties with organized labor in a 1905 steel workers strike, its total cost was $650,000. It was large enough that after decades of separation, all of the main administrative staff could be in the same building. In the 1970s, about 2,000 L&N employees worked in the building. After L&N was purchased by CSX nearly all of the jobs were moved from Louisville to Jacksonville, Florida, in 1980. However, a 6-person CSX claims department stayed in the building until 1988. In 1984, the state of Kentucky spent $15 million to purchase and renovate the property, retaining the L&N name and neon lights on its upper stories; the building is the Louisville offices for the Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services. In August 2009, the building was closed due to the 2009 Kentuckiana Flood, but would reopen as soon as deemed safe