Pope Clement III, born Paulino Scolari, was the pope from 19 December 1187 to his death. A Roman by birth, Pope Alexander III appointed him in succession archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian Basilica, cardinal-deacon of Sergio e Bacco, cardinal bishop of Palestrina in December 1180. Shortly after his accession at the conclusion of the papal election of December 1187, Clement succeeded in allaying the conflict which had existed for half a century between the popes and the citizens of Rome, with an agreement by which the citizens were allowed to elect their magistrates, while the nomination of the governor of the city remained in the hands of the pope. On 31 May 1188 he concluded a treaty with the Romans which removed long standing difficulties, thus returning the papacy to Rome. Clement inherited a depleted college of cardinals, consisting of no more than twenty cardinals, he orchestrated three series of promotions. He pushed King Philip II of France to undertake the Third Crusade. In April 1189, Clement made peace with the Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa.
He settled a controversy with King William I of Scotland concerning the choice of the archbishop of St Andrews, on 13 March 1188 removed the Scottish church from the legatine jurisdiction of the Archbishop of York, thus making it independent of all save Rome. In spite of agreeing to crown Henry VI as Holy Roman Emperor, Clement III angered him by bestowing Sicily on Tancred, son of Roger III, Duke of Apulia; the crisis was acute when the Pope died in the latter part of March 1191. List of popes Cardinals created by Clement III Benson, Robert Louis and Robert Charles Figueira, Plenitude of power: the doctrines and exercise of authority in the Middle Ages, Ashgate Publishing Ltd, 2006. Blair, D. Oswald Hunter, History of the Catholic Church of Scotland, Willian Blackwood and Sons, 1887. Reston, Warriors of God: Richard the Lionheart and Saladin in the Third Crusade, Random House Inc. 2001. Robinson, Ian Stuart, The Papacy, 1073–1198: Continuity and Innovation, Cambridge University Press 1990. Attribution: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Rockwell, William Walker.
"Clement III". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 6. Cambridge University Press. Loughlin, James Francis. "Pope Clement III". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company
Kagoshima Commercial Junior College is a private university in Japan, headquartered in Nagayoshi-cho, Kagoshima City, Kagoshima prefecture. It was set up in 1950, students were recruited in fiscal year 1959, it became Kagoshima College of Economics after it abolishes it, the school corporate Tsumagari educational institution establishes the Kagoshima junior college as an annex in 1967 afterwards. They move in 2001. Private junior college in Japan having been managed by school corporate Tsumagari educational institution. Only the commercial course: the subject set up from the installation in 1950 to abolition, it is possible to look for the appearance to which a special education based on commerce is done from the subject name set up. The Kagoshima commercial course junior college is founded in 1950, it is ended to want the student in fiscal year 1959. It shifts from times of next year to Kagoshima College of Economics. Close 1963 learning. Kagoshima Prefecture Kagoshima City Nagayoshi-cho Commercial course None None The second junior high school occupation department teacher class license and the second high school commercial department teacher class license were put.
The successive presidentKeida Shigeru Kuroki Nagatarou The International University of Kagoshima Department of Junior College at The International University of Kagoshima Junior college list of abolished Japan'Compendium of nationwide school"Nationwide junior college list"Nationwide private university and junior college entrance guide"Recognition university junior college list of teacher training course"Surveying such as recognition universities of teacher training course and junior colleges"Nationwide junior college Technical Colleges list'
Venetie Airport is a public use airport located in Venetie, in the Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area of the U. S. state of Alaska. It is owned by the Venetie Tribal Government; as per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 1,993 passenger boardings in calendar year 2008, 2,120 enplanements in 2009, 2,523 in 2010. It is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015, which categorized it as a general aviation airport based on enplanements in 2008/2009. Venetie Airport has one runway designated 4/22 with a gravel surface measuring 4,000 by 75 feet. For the 12-month period ending December 31, 2005, the airport had 1,900 aircraft operations, an average of 158 per month: 79% air taxi and 21% general aviation; the following airlines offer scheduled passenger service at this airport: Topographic map from USGS The National Map FAA Alaska airport diagram FAA Terminal Procedures for VEE, effective February 27, 2020 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for VEE AirNav airport information for VEE ASN accident history for VEE FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker SkyVector aeronautical chart for VEE
Black Sunday is the second studio album by American hip hop group Cypress Hill, released on July 20, 1993 by Ruffhouse and Columbia Records. The album debuted at #1 on the US Billboard 200, selling 261,000 copies in its first week of sales and becoming the highest Soundscan recording for a rap group at the time; the album went Triple platinum in the U. S. with 3.4 million units sold. The first single, "Insane in the Brain", became a crossover hit, starting a following among rock audiences. A censored version of the album was made which removes the song "A to the K". "Hand on the Glock" is a re-recorded version of the track "Hand on the Pump", from the debut album Cypress Hill. The booklet of the album contains 19 facts about the history of hemp and the positive attributes of cannabis; the songs "Hits from the Bong" and "I Wanna Get High" were used in the 2001 film How High. "I Wanna Get High" was featured in the vampire junkie film The Addiction. "Hits from the Bong" was heard in the 2011 film Hall Pass as well as a season 7 episode of NBC series Parks and Recreation.
"Cock the Hammer" was featured on the soundtrack to the 1993 Arnold Schwarzenegger movie Last Action Hero. The song "When the Shit Goes Down" was included in the 2013 film This Is the End; the single "I Ain't Goin' Out Like That" was featured in a trailer for Season 3 of the Netflix series Narcos. The single "I Ain't Goin' Out Like That" was nominated for the Grammy Award's Best Rap Performance of the year category. Rolling Stone - 4 stars - Excellent - "…it's the Cypress combo of stark grooves and cinematic gangsta fairy tales that allows them to rule the streets, a formula not messed with on Black Sunday…"The Source - 4 stars - Excellent - "…a darker sequel…this album is worth buying as it rips the frame out of all those Cypress bandwagon jumpers…" Included in Q magazine's list of the 50 Best Albums of 1993. Ranked #35 in Melody Maker's list of "The Albums of the Year" for 1993. Ranked #29 in the Village Voice's 1993 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll. Ranked #8 in New Musical Express's list of "The Top 50 LPs of 1993".
All tracks produced except track 2 produced by T-Ray. Repressings have a fade at the end of "Insane In The Brain" due to sample clearance issues, & "Lock Down" is omitted. B-Real – vocals Sen Dog – vocals DJ Muggs – turntables, executive production and mixing T-Ray – producer John Gamble – engineer Andy Kravitz – engineer Manuel Lecuona – engineer Jason Roberts – engineer Chris Shaw – engineer, mixing Joe Nicolo – executive producer, mixing Chris Schwartz – executive producer Jay Papke – design Anthony Artiaga – photography List of number-one albums of 1993 List of number-one R&B albums of 1993 Cypress Hill – Black Sunday at Discogs
The Haunted were a Canadian garage rock band from Montreal, Quebec. The band was formed by Jurgen Peter in 1965, went on to release several records before disbanding in 1971, they were among the first Canadian bands to achieve a level of success in their musical genre. In 1965, Jurgen Peter joined up with Bob Burgess, Al Birmingham, Glenn Holmes, Peter Symes to form The Haunted. Besides Peter, the other constant band member through most of its six-year history was Birmingham; the band membership that recorded the band's best known song, "1-2-5" was composed of Birmingham, Burgess, Mason Shea and Dave Wynne. The band's first big break came after winning a Battle Of The Bands at the Montreal Forum in 1965, beating such competitors as David Clayton-Thomas and the Shays; the first prize was studio time, bankrolled by Quality Records, that they used to record the two songs on their first single, "1-2-5", with "Eight O'Clock This Morning" as the B-side. The execs at Quality Records were enthusiastic about "1-2-5" but objected to the original lyrics, so a "clean" version with different lyrics was recorded.
The single was released on Quality in early 1966. The first pressing of this record had the band name misprinted as "The Hunted." The pressings with the band's name spelled, are now more difficult to locate. The single achieved substantial local success broke nationally, making the Canadian version of the national charts The song gained enough attention in the US to attract a US release of the single on the Amy record label, who released the original "uncensored" version. Several more singles, as well as a self-titled album over the next two years, served to increase their popularity, their final single, "Vapeur Mauve" is a French language version of Jimi Hendrix's "Purple Haze". The band grew to be one of the most in demand bands in Canada for the balance of the 1960s and into the early 1970s. Peter decided to fold the band in 1971, commenting as follows: "We were the most sought after and highest paid Canadian band for many years; when I folded the band in 1971, I had to cancel a whole year of advance bookings and it cost me a fortune in lawyer's fees to get out of some of them."
At the time of the breakup, the band had a loyal fan club with thousands of members. Subsequent to the breakup of the band, control of the band's name appears to have been lost; as of 1996, the name is most associated with a Swedish heavy metal band. Bomp!, on their Voxx label released two albums of music by The Haunted in 1983, in their series'Rough Diamonds' on garage bands having more than just a few songs available. A 22-song CD called The Haunted was released by Voxx in 1995; these albums were made from existing vinyl records. However, the Voxx CD is the easiest way. There are non-Haunted tracks included on the CD. In 2009, the Quebec-based reissue label, Hungry For Vinyl, re-issued the 1967 Trans-World LP; this is the first legitimate re-issue of the re-mastered album in its original form. The pressing was limited to 1000 copies; the Haunted official website Hungry For Vinyl Records
Lawrence Berry Washington was an American lawyer, military officer, Forty-niner, Border Ruffian, a member of the Washington family. Washington was born on his family's Cedar Lawn plantation near Charles Town and was the eldest of 13 children, he practiced law served as a second lieutenant in the Virginia Volunteers during the Mexican–American War. During his service in the war, Washington wore the sword of his great-granduncle George Washington. Following the Mexican–American War, Washington traveled to California in 1849 as a Forty-niner in the California Gold Rush and authored the novel, A Tale to be Told Some Fifty Years Hence. Washington relocated east to Missouri in the 1850s, where he remained for a few years and fought as a Border Ruffian during the Bleeding Kansas confrontations over slavery along the border between Kansas Territory and Missouri. While under the command of Captain Henry Clay Pate, Washington was present at the June 1856 Free-Stater attack known as Battle of Black Jack, where he sustained minor injuries.
Washington died by drowning after falling overboard from a steamboat on the Missouri River in September 1856. His family's descendants claim. Washington was a great-grandson of Samuel Washington, a great-grandnephew of first President of the United States George Washington, a great-grandson of Robert Rutherford, a United States House Representative from Virginia, a nephew of Henry Bedinger III a member of the U. S. House of Representatives. Lawrence Berry Washington was born on November 26, 1811, at "Cedar Lawn" plantation near Charles Town in Jefferson County and was the eldest son of John Thornton Augustine Washington and his wife Elizabeth Conrad Bedinger Washington. Through his father, Washington was a grandson of Thornton Augustine Washington, a great-grandson of Samuel Washington, a great-grandnephew of first President of the United States George Washington. Through his mother, he was a great-grandson of Robert Rutherford, a United States House Representative from Virginia, a nephew of Henry Bedinger III a member of the U.
S. House of Representatives who served as Chargé d'Affaires and Minister to Denmark for President Franklin Pierce. Washington was raised in a large family at Cedar Lawn, where he had four brothers and eight sisters: Because of his large number of siblings, Washington's inheritance from his father in 1841 was not sizable, he and his brothers pursued a number of business opportunities to build their personal wealth. Washington studied jurisprudence, was operating a law practice in Charles Town by November 1844, he advertised himself in the Spirit of Jefferson newspaper as an agent for landowners in the Virginia Military District in Ohio and offered his services for the legal defense and tax payments for those lands. By August 1845, he and his brother Benjamin Franklin Washington were engaged in a real estate venture, selling lots of 640 acres along the Kanawha River in Mason County. Washington subsequently served as a second lieutenant in the Virginia Volunteers during the Mexican–American War.
At the onset of the war, Washington enrolled in the Jefferson County company, Second Battalion, of the Virginia Regiment in the United States Army on December 6, 1846. Two and a half weeks he was selected by a committee of prominent citizens in Charles Town on December 24, 1846, to serve in the company as a second lieutenant. Washington and his company departed Charles Town on January 4, 1847, they reached the Brazos River in Texas by March 12. According to the Richmond Enquirer, Washington wore the sword of his great-granduncle George Washington while serving in Mexico. Of the sword carried by Washington, the Richmond Enquirer stated, "this precious relic will in itself be potent enough to rally every member of the Virginia regiment to the noblest and most generous deeds."In July 1847, the Charlestown Free Press in Charles Town published a letter from Washington in which he praised General Zachary Taylor as a potential Whig candidate for President. Washington remarked that Taylor was "a firm and true Whig" and that when he looked at Taylor, he remarked to himself "there is the President of the United States, to be."While at Fort Monroe in Hampton, after the company's return east, Washington drafted a letter dated May 7, 1848, to United States Secretary of War William L. Marcy offering to raise a company of troops to fight Mexican armed forces in Oregon or elsewhere on the condition that he be granted a captaincy.
Following his service in the Mexican–American War, Washington joined the Charles Town Mining Company and traveled to California in 1849 as a Forty-niner in the California Gold Rush with his brother Benjamin Franklin Washington. While in California, Washington authored the novel, A Tale to be Told Some Fifty Years Hence, published in 1853. Washington relocated east to Missouri in the 1850s, where he remained for a few years and fought as a Border Ruffian during the Bleeding Kansas confrontations over slavery along the border between Kansas Territory and Missouri. While in Missouri, Washington contributed to local newspapers, he returned to Virginia in the 1850s. While in Virginia, Washington again applied for a military office in March 1855 under an expansion in the Regular Army after Congress added two new regiments to protect the large additional territory obtained from Mexico. By December 1855, Washington was in Kanawha County where he established a joint stock company to promote emigration to Kansas.
He returned to Missouri in 1856, where he cont