The Port Jervis Line is a predominantly single-track commuter rail line running between Suffern and Port Jervis, in the U. S. state of New York. At Suffern, the line continues south into New Jersey as NJ Transit's Main Line; the line is operated by New Jersey Transit Rail Operations under a working agreement with Metro-North Railroad. Norfolk Southern Railway shares use of this track for local freight operations between Suffern and Port Jervis; the New York and Western Railway operates over the line between Hudson Junction and Port Jervis, onward to Binghamton over the former Erie's Delaware Division. The tracks have been owned by NS since the 1999 split of Conrail, but were built by the New York and Erie Rail Road and incorporated into Conrail on its formation on April 1, 1976. Metro-North leased the entire line from NS in 2003, with the possibility of outright purchase after 2006. Since 2003, MNRR began a substantial track and signal improvement program in order to provide more reliable and comfortable service for $183 million.
The line runs through some of the most remote and rural country found on the Metro-North system, includes both its longest bridge and longest tunnel. The portions of the line from Suffern to Harriman and from Otisville to Port Jervis were built as the main line of the New York and Erie Rail Road, opening to Port Jervis in 1848; the route south of Suffern is younger. The portion from Harriman to Otisville was built in 1904–1908 as a low-level freight bypass named the Graham Line; this portion of the line bypasses the original Erie main line through Monroe, Chester and Middletown. The line, along with the Main Line through Paterson, served as a segment of the Erie Railroad's long-distance flagship trains to points west such as Binghamton, New York State's Southern Tier and Chicago, on daily routes such as the day route, the Erie Limited. Additional through trains to Chicago were the Pacific Limited, its east-bound counterpart, the Atlantic Limited; the Lake Cities and the Pacific Limited were night-time departures.
The Erie Limited was discontinued in 1963. Other routes west were eliminated throughout the course of the 1960s; the last train west of Port Jervis, #21/#22, a daily train to Binghamton, had its final run on November 27, 1966. On November 14, 1973, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority agreed to subsidize existing Erie Lackawanna Railway service on the Port Jervis, which became part of Conrail on April 1, 1976. New Jersey Transit subsidized the service within in New Jersey; the MTA was only responsible for paying for Conrail's operation and maintenance of the line and stations. A federal statute, the Northeast Rail Services Act of 1981, was passed, relieving Conrail of its obligation to operate commuter rail service for local and state transportation agencies after December 31, 1982. To ensure that service was not terminated, the MTA created a wholly owned subsidiary, the Metro-North Commuter Railroad. On January 1, 1983, Metro-North took over the commuter operations of Conrail in the state of New York, New Jersey Transit Rail Operations took over the commuter operations of Conrail in New Jersey.
This included service west of the Hudson River, where rail lines do not connect directly with New York City. These lines pass through New Jersey, stopping at Secaucus Junction, where New Jersey Transit trains provide service to New York Penn Station multiple times per hour, terminating at Hoboken Terminal; the MTA equipped the lines with second-hand equipment. In 1984, the Main Line between Harriman and Middletown was abandoned, service was moved to the longer Graham Line, the Erie's freight cutoff; the first day of regular service on the Graham Line was April 18, 1983. New stations were built, but without facilities. At the time this was a unpopular move with commuters, who were used to having their trains stop right in the center of their towns. Alternatively, there was pressure put on the MTA by the towns to have the service moved out of the populated areas due to "traffic concerns." The Graham Line passed through no populated areas, driving to the new stations added significant time to their commutes.
However, others wanted trains out of the center of the towns, so the switch was made. The old main line was no longer used for freight, so following the move to the Graham line, it was abandoned; the line from Harriman to Middletown is now the Orange County Heritage Trail. In the mid-1990s, as Orange County started to become a popular place for commuters, political pressure caused the MTA to start improving service, building a new station in Middletown-Town of Wallkill, expanding parking at Harriman, other improvements. In the 2000s, growth in Orange County accelerated, so that the MTA added more service, started to expand parking lots, which made paid lots in line with the rest of the Metro-North system. In spring 1997, the Norfolk Southern Corporation and the CSX Corporation agreed to acquire Conrail, the acquisition was approved on July 23, 1998; as part of the transaction, the Port Jervis Line went under the control of NS. Metro-North leased the entire line from Norfolk Southern on April 1, 2003 for 49 years, with the possibility of outright purchase in 2006.
In 2003, Secaucus Transfer station opened, reducing travel time to Midtown. One oddity that results from the unusual arrangement between the MTA and NJ Transit, is that although the MTA subsidizes the service and maintains all of the facilities, the actual operation of the line is totally under the control of NJ Transit–the trains are operated by NJT personnel, the trains are dispa
Lunca de Jos is a commune in Harghita County, Romania. It lies in the ethno-cultural region Szekely land; the commune is composed of nine villages: The village was part of the Székely Land region of Transylvania province. The first reports of settlers in the area was from 1721, it became independent from Gyimesbükk in 1795. The birth registry starts from 1854; the village belonged to Csíkszék district until the administrative reform of Transylvania in 1876, when they fell within the Csík County in the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, they became part of Romania and fell within Ciuc County during the interwar period. In 1940, the second Vienna Award granted the Northern Transylvania to Hungary and the villages were held by Hungary until 1944. After Soviet occupation, the Romanian administration returned and the commune became part of Romania in 1947. Between 1952 and 1960, the commune fell within the Magyar Autonomous Region, between 1960 and 1968 the Mureș-Magyar Autonomous Region.
In 1968, the province was abolished, since the commune has been part of Harghita County. At the 2011 census, the commune had a population of 5,328; until 1989, it was the center of local timber manufacturing with a board and since 1976 a furniture factory. The main activity of the villagers is cattle potato production. Industrial activity has decreased after 1990. Voluntary Firefighter Association Gyimes Folk Dance Camp Tourist accommodation Tourist accommodation Pictures of the village
Heroes is an album by Mark O'Connor, in which he plays duets alongside his childhood fiddle heroes, including Jean-Luc Ponty, Benny Thomasson, Byron Berline, Stéphane Grappelli, Johnny Gimble, others. It crosses a variety of musical genres and contains recordings made from 1976 to 1992. Mark O'Connor - fiddleOn New Country: Jean-Luc Ponty - fiddleOn The Devil Comes Back to Georgia: Charlie Daniels - fiddle Johnny Cash - Vocals Marty Stuart - Vocals Travis Tritt - VocalsOn Fiddlin' Around: Johnny Gimble - fiddleOn Gold Rush: Byron Berline - fiddle Bill Monroe - MandolinOn House of the Rising Sun: Vassar Clements -fiddleOn Diggy Diggy Lo: Doug Kershaw Lionel Cartwright Clinton GregoryOn Sweet Jole Blon: Doug Kershaw - fiddleOn Sadness/Darlin' Waltz: Buddy Spicher - fiddleOn Jerusalem's Ridge: Kenny Baker - fiddleOn Sally Johnson: Terry Morris - fiddle Texas Shorty - fiddle Benny Thomasson - fiddleOn Ashokan Farewell: Pinchas Zukerman - fiddleOn This Can't Be Love: Stéphane Grappelli - fiddleOn Ain't Misbehavin': Stéphane Grappelli - fiddleOn Nomad: L. Shankar - 10-string double fiddlealso Mark O'Connor - Producer Mark O'Connor - Mixer Rob Feaster - Mixer for tracks 2,6, 7 Mark O'Connor - Music Editing Denny Purcell - Mastering Craig Miller - Executive Producer Laura LiPuma-Nash - Art Direction/Design Kip Lott - Photography/Background Painting Jonita Aadland - Additional Photos Jim Dant - Gold violin
Charles Frederic Watkins was an Anglican clergyman, best known for his work in restoring the parish church of Brixworth and promoting the study of its origins. He was born at Corsley, where he was baptised on 16 January 1794, a son of William and Jane Watkins and had an unusual career path, he was educated at Christ's Hospital and in 1810 joined the frigate "Hotspur" as a midshipman, continuing to serve in the Navy until the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Following study at Christ's College, Cambridge, he was ordained deacon and priest in 1818 and licensed as stipendiary curate at Downton, Wiltshire, in the same year. In 1820 he became curate at Windsor and two years was appointed master of Farley College, Salisbury, he was instituted as vicar of All Saints' Church, Northamptonshire on 27 April 1832 and retained that position for the rest of his life. Watkins was the clergyman encountered by Robert George Gammage when he visited Brixworth in June 1839 in order to address a Chartist meeting. Gammage first attended a service at Brixworth church and recalled a disagreement with the clergyman who conducted it.
In the day, the minister unsuccessfully attempted to secure the arrest of those who spoke at the Chartist meeting. Gammage’s account includes evidence of the clergyman’s attitude to the Tolpuddle Martyrs; when he visited Brixworth on a occasion, Gammage found less clerical opposition and recalled that "There was no fear this time of an arrest. Mr. Watkins had regained his equanimity, finding that his good old church still stood in its accustomed place."The 1851 census records Watkins living at Brixworth vicarage with his wife Elizabeth, eight daughters and two sons, all the children being taught at home. The resident servants were two housemaids. Watkins’ concerns extended beyond the basic duties of a country vicar, he took great interest in the historical development of the church building at Brixworth, both by carrying out excavations of submerged parts of the oldest elements and by initiating changes that aimed to restore the structure to be closer to what he believed was its original form.
The most substantial building works during his incumbency at Brixworth took place in 1865-66, involving the removal of a large part of the medieval chancel and exposure of the ambulatory below ground level that surrounded the apse at the east end of the building. The south-east chapel was shortened by one bay and the south porch demolished, in each case to expose earlier stonework; the work included the provision of 247 additional free seats. The church was reopened after completion of the works on 11 July 1866; the two services held at Brixworth on that day attracted some 500 to 600 persons. Watkins composed six special hymns for the occasion and included their words along with a detailed account of the day in his book “The Basilica or Palatial Hall of Justice and Sacred Temple etc.”. In the earlier part of his ministry, Watkins composed a number of poems. In addition to these, he wrote about his views on the origins of the universe and on aspects of the history of Brixworth church, being the author of publications that included: Eidespernox Sacred Poems etc.
The Infants’ Death, a sacred poem A Treatise on the Leading Causes of Pleasure and Delight in the Human Mind etc. The Human Hand etc; the Twins of Fame A Scientific and General Vindication of the Mosaic History of Creation Adapted to All Capacities The Basilica or Palatial Hall of Justice and Sacred Temple: Its Nature and Purport, a Description and History of the Basilican Church of Brixworth The Day of Days Watkins died at Brixworth on 15 July 1873. Probate of his will was granted to his widow on 20 August of the same year, the value of his effects being reported as under £600. On the following day an auction was held at the vicarage, featuring furniture, oil paintings, a library and other effects. A tomb commemorating him and his wife Elizabeth, who died aged 77 at Watford, Hertfordshire on 3 August 1886, stands in Brixworth churchyard. All of the windows on the north side of the nave and three in the apse of Brixworth church commemorate members of the Watkins family. At the time of the 1881 census, Elizabeth Watkins and her unmarried daughters Georgiana and Gertrude, along with a servant, were residing at No. 36 Bromley College
Conus ateralbus is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies. These snails are venomous, they are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled or not at all. The size of an adult shell varies between 48 mm; this marine species occurs in the Atlantic Ocean, where it is restricted to the coast of the island of Sal, Cape Verde. Kiener L. C. 1844-1850. Spécies général et iconographie des coquilles vivantes. Vol. 2. Famille des Enroulées. Genre Cone, pp. 1-379, pl. 1-111. Paris, Rousseau & J. B. Baillière Puillandre N. Duda T. F. Meyer C. Olivera B. M. & Bouchet P.. One, four or 100 genera? A new classification of the cone snails. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 81: 1-23 The Conus Biodiversity website "Trovaoconus ateralbus". Gastropods.com. Retrieved 15 January 2019. Cone Shells - Knights of the Sea
The Spendthrift is a 1953 Austrian historical musical film directed by Leopold Hainisch and starring Attila Hörbiger, Josef Meinrad and Maria Andergast. It is an adaptation of Ferdinand Raimund's play of the same name; the film's sets were designed by the art director Gustav Abel. It was shot in Gevacolor. Attila Hörbiger as Julius von Flottwell & Der Bettler Josef Meinrad as Valentin, Bedienter Maria Andergast as Rosa, Kammermädchen Heinz Moog as Wolf, Kammerdiener Fred Hennings as Präsident von Klugheim Senta Wengraf as Amalie, seine Tochter Erwin Strahl as Baron Flitterstein Felix Steinboeck as Chevalier Dumont Ernst Nadherny as Herr von Pralling Maria Eis as Frau von Pralling Viktor Braun Traute Eschelmüller Hugo Gottschlich Gerhard Kittler Maria Loja Ferdinand Mayerhofer Alfred Neugebauer Wilhelm Schmidt Emmerich Schrenk Eva Sylt Eduard Volters Rosa Albach-Retty Hanni Schall as Fairy Cheristane Fritz Berger Oskar Deleglise Fritz Imhoff Friedrich Bergar Fritsche, Maria. Homemade Men in Postwar Austrian Cinema: Nationhood and Masculinity.