Becher Point Wetlands
The Becher Point Wetlands site is a wetland nature reserve in Port Kennedy on the Swan Coastal Plain of south-western Western Australia. The 677-hectare coastal site lies in the City of Rockingham, about 50 kilometres south of the state capital, is surrounded on the landward side by residential suburbs, it comprises about 200 small wetlands among sand ridges between Becher Point the Perth-Mandurah Road. The nature reserve was established in 1996-97; the sedgelands of the site are listed as a threatened ecological community under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. The site is listed on Australia’s Register of the National Estate; the reserve lies on the beach ridge plains adjoining the coast at Becher Point. Its wetlands are within 200–1,500 metres of the Indian Ocean; the wetlands are arranged in about ten groups parallel to the coast, separated by sand ridges. The system contains examples of shrub swamps and seasonal marshes formed in a sequence of inter-dunal swales resulting from coastal advancement over the last three thousand years, a type of wetland system rare in Southwest Australia.
They form one of the youngest wetland systems on the Swan Coastal Plain and show a continuum of development in hydrology and vegetation unique in Western Australia. Median and mean annual rainfall at Rockingham are 818 millimetres and 826 millimetres mainly falling in winter from May to August, while annual evaporation is about 1,900 millimetres; the site’s wetlands are seasonal. The fresh surface water of winter comes from rainfall and groundwater flow and is less than 0.3 metres deep. The swamps support sedgeland, tall woodland; the sedgeland is dominated by B. juncea, Typha spp. and Lepidosperma spp.. Schoenoplectus validus, Isolepis nodosa and Juncus kraussii occur; the forest and woodland is dominated by the paperbarks Melaleuca rhaphiophylla, M. hamulosa, M. cuticularis and M. teretifolia. Surrounding areas support open heathland. Native fauna found at the site include southern carpet python and black-striped snake. At least four species of frog and 21 reptiles have been recorded. Semeniuk, Christine.
The Becher Wetlands - A Ramsar Site. Wetlands: Ecology and Management, 1; the Netherlands: Springer. ISBN 978-1-4020-4671-1
Arthur Kennedy (governor)
Sir Arthur Edward Kennedy was a British colonial administrator who served as governor of a number of British colonies, namely Sierra Leone, Western Australia, Vancouver Island, Hong Kong and Queensland. Arthur Kennedy was born in Cultra, County Down, Ireland on 5 April 1809, the fourth son of Hugh Kennedy and his wife Grace Dorothea, he was educated by private tutor and in 1823–24 attended Trinity College, where he met his predecessor as Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Richard Graves MacDonnell. Kennedy entered the British Army, was gazetted an Ensign in the 27th Foot 11th Regiment on 15 August 1827; until 1837 he served with infantry regiments on Corfu. He spent 1841 -- 1844 in British North America. In 1841 he purchased a Captaincy in the 68th Foot. Kennedy returned to Ireland in 1846, the following year sold his captaincy and took up an appointment with the Poor Law Commission, his job was to administer relief to the many inhabitants of County Clare who were affected by the Potato Famine. He was shocked by what he saw and had serious differences with the local Landlord, Colonel Crofton Moore Vandeleur.
In 1851, the famine having ended, Kennedy's position was abolished, he applied for a position in the Colonial Service. In May 1852 he was appointed Governor of The Gambia, but before assuming office he was appointed Governor of Sierra Leone instead, he served in this office until 1854, during which time he made many administrative changes in an attempt to reform the corrupt and inefficient government. In 1854, Kennedy was promoted to the position of Governor of Western Australia, he took up the position the following year, serving until 1862. He reputedly was considered a despot by many Western Australians. Popular opinion turned against him, in August 1856 a public meeting was held in Perth to protest against his methods. During his tenure as governor, Western Australia flourished because of the large amount of British money, spent in the colony under the system of penal transportation of convicts. However, when Kennedy resigned in 1862, he claimed that much of the colony's success was due to his legislative efforts.
On his return to England, he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the Bath. Kennedy's next appointment came in July 1863; the decision had been made that Vancouver Island and British Columbia, governed together by a single governor, were each to have their own governor, Kennedy was appointed Governor of Vancouver Island. Compared to his previous appointments, Vancouver Island was comparatively insignificant, might be considered a demotion. Kennedy arrived at Vancouver Island in March 1864. Facing an aggressive Legislative Assembly determined to challenge his executive power, Kennedy achieved little of note in his two years in office. During this time the colony fell into a disastrous economic depression, Kennedy was unfairly blamed by the colony's inhabitants. With the creation of the United Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia, Kennedy left office in October 1866. Kennedy returned to London, in December 1867 he was knighted and appointed Governor of the West African Settlements.
He served there until 1872. In 1871 he was created a KCMG. In 1872, Kennedy was appointed the 7th Governor of Hong Kong, a position in which he served until 1877. During his tenure, he created the Hong Kong dollar, which served as the unitary monetary unit for the territory. Since this time, the Hong Kong dollar has served as the single monetary unit for the entire territory, he developed Kennedy Town, the western end of Victoria City on the Hong Kong Island. Sir Arthur's style of governing was to do as little as possible and to be nice to everyone.'Don't rock the boat' became a cornerstone of Hong Kong's political philosophy. Hong Kong prospered during this period. After his appointment as Governor of Hong Kong expired, Kennedy was appointed Governor of Queensland, serving in that position until 1883; that was his last post in the Colonial Service. In 1881, Kennedy was created a GCMG. On his resignation as Governor of Queensland, Kennedy boarded the Orient with the intention of returning to England.
On 3 June 1883, when the Orient was off Aden in the Red Sea, Kennedy died. He was buried at sea. In 1839, Kennedy married Georgina MacCartney, who died on 3 October 1874, they had a son, Arthur Herbert Williams, who entered the army. His daughter, married Richard Meade, 4th Earl of Clanwilliam. Kennedy's other daughter, Georgina Mildred, was honoured by having the Georgina River named after her in 1880, during his time in office in Queensland. William Landsborough had named this river the Herbert in 1861, but it was decided that it needed a new name because there was another river in Queensland that had that same name. Kennedy Town, an area in the Western District of Hong Kong Kennedy Road, located in the mid-level of Wan Chai in Hong Kong Kennedy Lake, a large freshwater lake near Port Alberni, British Columbia Kennedy Range, in Gascoyne region of Western Australia Kennedy Sound overlooked by Mount Arthur in the Mackay Region, Queensland Arthur Terrace and Kennedy Terrace in the Ithaca and Red Hill suburbs of Brisbane, Queensland List of heads of Hong Kong by education Sir Arthur Edward Kennedy at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online Captain Arthur Edward Kennedy by George Harratt at Clare County Library The Constitution Centre of Western Australia.
"Sir Arthur Edward Kennedy 1855–1862". Governors and Premiers of Western Australia. West Perth, Western Australia: The Constitution Centre of Western Australia. ISBN 0-7307-3821-3
Division of Brand
The Division of Brand is an Australian electoral division in the state of Western Australia. The division was named after the longest-serving Premier of Western Australia. According to the 2006 census, Brand is the electorate with the lowest proportion of residents with a university qualification; the seat was created for the 1984 federal election from parts of the Divisions of Fremantle and Canning to cater for substantial population growth in the Rockingham–Mandurah coastal area south of the state capital Perth. It included country areas to the south and southeast, such as agricultural regions in the Shires of Murray and Harvey and the mining town of Collie, was more marginal for Labor—made abundantly clear by Labor's near-defeat in the seat at the 1996 federal election; the redistribution for the 1998 election saw the electorate become an urban seat, retreating north of the Peel Estuary to its present boundaries, the seat has been safe Labor since. Brand has had four members —two of whom had been sitting members for other seats.
Wendy Fatin had been the member for Canning for a single term prior to the creation of Brand, went on to win in four successive elections, becoming Minister for the Arts in the early 1990s. Upon her retirement from politics, Kim Beazley, Minister for Defence in the Hawke Government until 1990 and had several portfolios before becoming Deputy Prime Minister to Paul Keating in 1995, was preselected for the seat following 16 years as member for the marginal seat of Swan which polling suggested the party was certain to lose. At the 1996 election, Beazley won by just 387 votes against Liberal candidate Penny Hearne, to quit the party and run as an independent against Court minister Doug Shave in the 1996 state election for the seat of Alfred Cove; the third member was Gary Gray, from 2007 to 2016. On 25 March 2013, Gray was appointed to the Australian Cabinet as the Minister for Resources and Energy, the Minister for Tourism, the Minister for Small Business. From 2010 until 2013, Gray served as the Special Minister of State and the Minister for the Public Service and Integrity.
The redistribution for the 2010 federal election made the seat more secure for Labor by transferring some 12,000 Mandurah voters to the neighbouring Division of Canning. A redistribution ahead of the 2016 election removed the seat's share of Mandurah altogether, increasing the Labor majority from 52 percent to 54 percent. Gray retired in 2016, Madeleine King retained the seat for Labor on a swing just under 8 percent. Since the 2016 election, the division has consisted of enrolled voters resident in the City of Kwinana and the City of Rockingham. Suburbs presently included are: Division of Brand - Australian Electoral Commission
Governor of Western Australia
The Governor of Western Australia is the representative in Western Australia of the Queen of Australia, Elizabeth II. As with the other governors of the Australian states, the Governor of Western Australia performs important constitutional and community functions, including: presiding over the Executive Council. Furthermore, all Bills passed by the Parliament of Western Australia require the Governor's signature before they become Acts and pass into law; the current governor is Kim Beazley. He succeeded Kerry Sanderson, the first woman to hold the position, in May 2018; until the appointment of Sir James Mitchell in 1948, all governors of Western Australia had been British officials. After Mitchell's appointment, a further three Britons served as governor: Mitchell's two immediate successors, from 1980 to 1983, Rear-Admiral Sir Richard Trowbridge, the last British governor of any Australian state; the Governor of Western Australia is styled His Excellency during his term in office. In August 2014, three of the four living past governors – John Sanderson, Ken Michael and Malcolm McCusker – were given the style "The Honourable", on the recommendation of the premier.
The other living former governor, Michael Jeffery held the style in virtue of his service as Governor-General of Australia. This is a list of Lieutenant-Governors of Western Australia. Stirling was in fact only commissioned as Governor of Western Australia from 4 March 1831, rectifying the absence of a legal instrument providing the authority detailed in Stirling's Instructions of 30 December 1828. Stirling had said of his own position: I believe I am the first Governor who formed a settlement without Commission, Laws and Salary. Five former governors are alive; the most recent governor to die was Sir Francis Burt, on 8 September 2004. Government House, Perth Government House, Western Australia: The Official Website of the Governor of Western Australia
Rockingham, Western Australia
Rockingham is a city and primary centre in Western Australia south-west of the Perth city centre and south of Fremantle. It has a beachside location at the southern extremity of Cockburn Sound. To its north stretches the maritime and resource-industry installations of Kwinana and Henderson. Offshore to the north-west is Australia's largest naval fleet and submarine base, Garden Island, connected to the mainland by an all-weather causeway. To the south lies the Shoalwater Islands Marine Park. Rockingham received its name from the sailing ship Rockingham, one of the three vessels that Thomas Peel had chartered to carry settlers to Western Australia. Rockingham arrived on 14 May 1830. Rockingham was blown ashore and abandoned after failed attempts to refloat her, she broke up, having sunk in shallow waters. Settlers camped near the wreck used the name "Rockingham Town" as their address; the region had been inhabited for several thousand years by tribes of the Noongar people whose leader at that time was Galyute.
Rockingham was first surveyed and lots offered for sale in 1847. However, few lots were sold until the development of a railway and jetty in 1872 to transport jarrah timber and sandalwood from Jarrahdale overseas. Rockingham prospered until the construction of the Inner Harbour of Fremantle in 1897, which caused Rockingham as a timber port to decline. Another factor that contributed, albeit to the decline of the port's importance for timber export was the opening in 1893 of the South Western Railway, the line of which intersected the Jarrahdale-Rockingham line and created the possibility of trucking timber north to Fremantle or south to Bunbury where the ports were capable of taking larger ships with deeper draughts. By the turn of the century, the international timber trade was being handled by larger ships and when the timber merchants determined that they could not justify the expense of dredging to enhance access to the port of Rockingham timber exports shifted to Fremantle. After 1908 the port saw no further use for timber exports.
The ending of the port coincided with the arrival of the motor car, this new mode of transport gave impetus to the rapid development of the little coastal settlement into a seaside resort town. It was a comfortable day trip by motor car from Fremantle and Perth, a sufficient distance from those centres for the'travellers' to purchase alcoholic beverages at the Rockingham hotel on Sundays during an era when such sales were regulated to protect the sanctity of that day. Holidaymakers had the use of the old port's jetties while they remained, but by 1947 they were gone, destroyed through the effects of decay and storms. From the earliest years of the 20th Century, holiday shacks were developed in the town, by the 1970s Rockingham had become a desirable locale for retirement villas - of a modest scale. In recent decades Rockingham has become a satellite city in Perth's southwest, together with Mandurah, is among Australia's fastest-growing residential districts; the maritime tradition has been strengthened by steady growth of the Royal Australian Navy's main fleet base HMAS Stirling and by the development of major shipbuilding and marine support services at nearby Henderson.
Since the nineteenth century, abundant sightseeing and recreational attributes have been the basis of a tourism industry. Visitors can launch small boats or board ferries to view dolphins, seals and penguins in the adjacent Marine Park; the coast at nearby Safety Bay is ideal for kitesurfing. Rockingham Centre is the regional centre which attracts significant non-local business, having a licence to trade on Sundays during public and school holidays. On 7 May 2009, a boundary realignment of Cooloongup and Hillman approved by the Minister for Lands incorporated the Rockingham Train Station into Rockingham. Rockingham is topographically flat, has coastal vegetation, it has a northern aspect from Rockingham Beach and Palm Beach. High-frequency passenger services are acccessible at the Rockingham Railway Station and Warnbro railway station on the Mandurah Line. A bus network operates throughout Rockingham with multiple routes terminating at the railway stations; the "Rockingham Shuttle Bus 555" is a frequent service which connects the train station with the Rockingham Beach foreshore.
Frequent services connect Rockingham with Fremantle via the bus service 549 running at 15-minute intervals Monday to Friday and the 548. All three of these routes service the primary centre via dedicated bus lanes. Local heavy industry is serviced by branches of the Kwinana freight railway which has a number of level crossings within the City of Rockingham. A Rockingham Light Rail service is proposed to connect the railway station with the city centre and foreshore; the Kwinana Freeway is about 15 minutes' drive from the primary centre via Kulija Road or via Safety Bay Road, giving fast access to Perth and Bunbury. National Highway 1 provides alternative road connection with Perth and Mandurah. Perth Bicycle Network route SW38 links Rockingham Beach with Waikiki Beach in Safety Bay. Rockingham Beach Primary School was founded in 1895 and is supplemented by Bungaree, East Waikiki, Safety Bay and Waikiki primary schools. Public secondary schools are Safety Bay Senior High School. Private schools in the district include the Roman Catholic Star of the Sea Primary School, Kolbe Catholic College, Rockingham Montessori School, South Coast Baptist College, Living Waters Luthe
Safety Bay, Western Australia
Safety Bay is an outer southern suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, located on the coast within the City of Rockingham. Safety Bay was a small cove on the north shore of Warnbro Sound, now encompassed by Safety Bay Road, Berry Street and Janet Road, it had been noted by surveyor-general John Septimus Roe in 1837 as "a safe, well protected boat anchorage" and he gave it the appropriate name of Safety Bay. In the mid-1830s, Thomas Peel became interested in Safety Bay as a potential harbour to establish a base for whaling operations as well as a point from which inland stands of jarrah could be exported. After initial approval by Governor Stirling and Surveyor-General J. S. Roe for the founding of ‘Liverpool’—as Peel’s port-town was to be known—in 1842 a town site was marked out and planned by surveyor Thomas Watson. Peel’s venture did not go ahead at this time, however. Roe recorded depths of 7 fathoms in what was named "Peel Harbour". In 1846, Roe undertook a more detailed investigation of the potential of Safety Bay as the site for a port.
The Harbour, had silted up to such an extent that it was no longer suitable for shipping and it began to become known as "Peel Basin" instead. The harbour disappeared over time, was last recorded on maps of the area in 1890, it has been suggested that the harbour is reforming, as evidenced by reconnection of Tern Island to the Safety Bay shore in 2001 and enclosure of the waters to the east. In the late 1920s the Safety Bay Townsite Estate was subdivided by A. J. H. Watts, the suburb grew over the 1930s. Safety Bay Road, which links Safety Bay to Rockingham, was bitumenised and extended to Mandurah Road during World War II, through Baldivis to join the Kwinana Freeway in 2002, the Forrest Highway in 2009; because of its mild, child-safe, sheltered beach, Safety Bay became a popular family holiday venue early in the 20th century. Today, in addition, its boat-launching facilities are utilised by recreational anglers. An adjoining beach at Shoalwater is used by kitesurfers; the bay lies wholly within the Shoalwater Islands Marine Park, a pristine habitat for a rich variety of birds and marine life centred on Penguin Island.
Local boat cruise operators offer opportunities to see wildlife including dolphins, sea lions and penguins. The district is well served by shops and restaurants and is close to numerous technical product and service outlets in the comprehensive light-industrial estates on and around Rockingham's Dixon Road. Safety Bay is served by an excellent road network including the nearby Kwinana Freeway by which Perth can be reached in about 45 minutes by car; the port city of Fremantle is a 30-minute drive to the north and the resort city of Mandurah is 20 minutes to the south. Those destinations are served by bus routes which connect with the Perth-Rockingham-Mandurah rail service; the rail journey to Perth from Rockingham takes 33 minutes, with trains at 10-minute intervals in peak time. Perth Bicycle Network route SW38 links Waikiki Beach in Safety Bay with Rockingham Beach in Rockingham. Shoalwater Islands Marine Park Down load leaflet from Western Australia's Department of Environment and Conservation REIWA house values
Baldivis, Western Australia
Baldivis is a semi-rural residential suburb 46 kilometres south of the central business district of Perth, the capital of Western Australia, 11 kilometres southeast of the regional centre of Rockingham. It is located with the City of Rockingham local government area. Housing estates in the suburb include Tuart Ridge, Settlers Hills, Settlers Townside, The Rivergums, Baldivis Central, Baldivis North, Baldivis Gardens, The Chimes, Evermore Heights, The Ridge, The Chase, Highbury Park, Heritage Park, The Dales, Woodleigh Grove and Parkland Heights; the name of Baldivis was thought up by settlers in the area who were attracted to the region by the 1920s Group Settlement Scheme. The name derives from three ships which travelled to Western Australia in 1922, all within six weeks of each other, bringing settlers under the scheme, they were named DIogenes and the JerVIS Bay. It was the maiden voyage for all three ships and they were all built in the same shipyard in the same year. Land parallel to the eastern side of Baldivis Road was set aside for a tramway between Jandakot in the north and Karnup to the south, to provide access to the Group Settlement Scheme land.
Although part of the tramway was constructed, it was never constructed in Baldivis. The tramway reserve is retained for open space. Many of the road names in Baldivis originate from the group numbers. Land in the western portion of Baldivis was zoned for urban development in the 1990s, the suburb has been progressively developed for residential; the first residential estate to be developed was Settlers Hills, by Stockland. The western half of Baldivis is composed of undulating sand and limestone soil with occasional wetlands; the high point is known as Tamworth Hill, the site of a water reservoir. Much of this land has been developed for residential use. East of Baldivis Road the land is flat and comprises sand and clay soils; these areas are used for rural purposes. The western portion of Baldivis contains tuart trees. Baldivis is serviced by the Transperth 564 bus route, operated by Transdev WA, which operates from Warnbro Train Station; this route services the Baldivis Town Centre during business hours, travelling through Settlers Hills via Arpentuer Drive through Evermore Heights, The Ridge and Terminate in The Dales.
Route 567 services The Rivergums and Heritage Park. It connects the Baldivis community with a regular service to the Baldivis Town Centre. Both routes run 7 days a week running every 10 minutes in peak hours. Route 568 services the newly developed Town Side estate and Retirement village. Route 565 services through newly established Baldivis Quarter; the Kwinana Freeway runs through Baldivis, providing vehicle access to Bunbury. Safety Bay Road links Baldivis with neighbouring suburbs to the west like Warnbro; the principal shared path along the Kwinana Freeway provides bicycle access to Perth. There is plenty for Residents to enjoy within Baldivis. Fifty Road Recreation Centre and Sporting Grounds which are home to the Baldivis Brumbies, Baldivis Scouts and the Annual Baldivis Fair; the Mary Davies Library and Community Centre was opened in 2014 and is home to many associations, dance groups and community groups for meetings and events. The Volunteer Bush Fire Brigade building is situated on Eighty Road.
There is a bike pump park at the Rivergums estate. The Tramway reserve is a protected walkway spanning the length of Baldivis The Baldivis Children's forest is located on Mandurah Road There are ten schools in Baldivis, with more opening in the near future: Baldivis Primary School, a government school which first opened in 1924 as a "bush school", moved to its present location in Fifty Road in 1978; the site of the original Baldivis School is marked by a plaque on a large granite rock on Doghill Road, about 2 km from the intersection with St Albans Road. Tranby College, a private school operated by the Uniting Church for K-12 students which opened in 1997. Settlers Primary School, a government school, situated opposite Tranby College. John Calvin Primary School, situated on Mandurah Road. Makybe Rise Primary School opened in 2012 on Makybe Drive in Tuart Ridge estate. Baldivis Secondary College, a public high school that opened in February, 2013 Mother Teresa Catholic College opened in 2014 at the corner of Sixty-Eight Road and Eighty Road.
In 2018, the secondary school campus opened. Tuart Rise Primary School opened in 2015 on Smirk Road in the Avalon estate. Rivergums Primary School, opened in 2016 in the Rivergums housing estate, next to Baldivis Secondary College. Baldivis Gardens Primary School, opened in 2017 in the northern section of Baldivis off of Kerosene Lane; the main shopping facilities in Baldivis are located in the area known as the Baldivis Town Centre, on Settlers Avenue, includes the Baldivis Shopping Centre owned by Stockland. Extensions completed in 2015 expanded the existing Shopping Centre to include a Food Court/Restaurant precinct, increased car park numbers, a Kmart and a Woolworths. In 2017, another shopping precinct, Baldivis Square, opened on Makybe Drive next to Makybe Rise Primary School. Baldivis Square includes a mix of retail and professional offices, anchored by an IGA; the electorate office of Reece Whitby, the local MLA for the Baldivis legislative district is located in Baldivis Square. The Baldivis Soccer Club are located at Baldivis South Sports Pavilion.
The club has grown and