The Port of Rotterdam is the largest seaport in Europe, located in the city of Rotterdam in South Holland, Netherlands. From 1962 until 2004 it was the world's busiest port, now overtaken first by Singapore and Shanghai. In 2011, Rotterdam was the world's eleventh-largest container port in terms of twenty-foot equivalent units handled. In 2012 Rotterdam was the world's sixth-largest port in terms of annual cargo tonnage. Covering 105 square kilometres, the port of Rotterdam now stretches over a distance of 40 kilometres, it consists of the city centre's historic harbour area, including Delfshaven. The Port of Rotterdam is located in the middle of the Rhine-Meuse-Scheldt delta. Rotterdam consists of five distinct port areas and three distribution parks that facilitate the needs of a hinterland with over 50,000,000 consumers throughout the continent of Europe. In the first half of the 19th century the port activities moved from the centre westward towards the North Sea. To improve the connection to the North Sea, the Nieuwe Waterweg, a large canal, was designed to connect the Rhine and Meuse rivers to the sea.
The Nieuwe Waterweg was designed to be dug to further deepen the canal bed by the natural flow of the water. However, the last part had to be dug by manual labour as well. Rotterdam from on had a direct connection between the sea and harbour areas with sufficient depth; the Nieuwe Waterweg has since been deepened several times. It was ready in all sorts of industrial activity formed on the banks of this canal. Over the years the port was further developed seaward by building new harbour-basins. Rotterdam's harbour territory has been enlarged by the construction of the Europoort complex along the mouth of the Nieuwe Waterweg. In the 1970s the port was extended into the sea at the south side of the mouth of the Nieuwe Waterweg by completion of the Maasvlakte, built in the North Sea near Hoek van Holland. In the past five years the industrialised skyline has been changed by the addition of large numbers of wind turbines taking advantage of the exposed coastal conditions; the construction of a second Maasvlakte received initial political approval in 2004, but was stopped by the Raad van State in 2005, because the plans did not take enough account of environmental issues.
On 10 October 2006, approval was acquired to start construction in 2008, aiming for the first ship to anchor in 2013. Most important for the port of Rotterdam is the petrochemical industry and general cargo transshipment handlings; the harbour functions as an important transit point for transport of bulk and other goods between the European continent and other parts of the world. From Rotterdam goods are transported by river barge, train or road. Since 2000 the Betuweroute, a fast cargo railway from Rotterdam to Germany, has been under construction; the Dutch part of this railway opened in 2007. Large oil refineries are located west of the city; the river Maas and Rhine provide excellent access to the hinterland. The EECV-quay of the port has a draft of 24 metres; this made it one of only two available mooring locations for one of the largest bulk cargo ships in the world, the iron ore bulk carrier MS Berge Stahl when it is loaded, along with the Terminal of Ponta da Madeira in Brazil, until the opening of a new deep-water iron ore wharf at Caofeidian in China in 2011.
The ship's draft of 23 meters leaves only 1 metre of under keel clearance, therefore it can only dock in a restricted tidal window. Such ships must travel in the Eurogeul. Much of the container loading and stacking in the port is handled by autonomous robotic cranes and computer controlled chariots; the ECT pioneered the development of terminal automation. At the Delta terminal, the chariots—or automated guided vehicles —are unmanned and each carries one container; the chariots navigate their own way around the terminal with the help of a magnetic grid built into the terminal tarmac. Once a container is loaded onto an AGV, it is identified by infrared "eyes" and delivered to its designated place within the terminal; this terminal is named "the ghost terminal". Unmanned Automated Stacking Cranes take containers to/from the AGVs and store them in the stacking yard; the newer Euromax terminal implements an evolution of this design that eliminates the use of straddle carriers for the land-side operations.
The Port Authority at the Port of Rotterdam uses the Internet of Things, a cloud-based platform, to collect and process data from sensors around the port. In May 2019, the port sent Container 42 out on a two-year data-collecting mission; the port is operated by the Port of Rotterdam Authority a municipal body of the municipality of Rotterdam, but since 1 January 2004, a government corporation jointly owned by the municipality of Rotterdam and the Dutch State. The port of Rotterdam and its surrounding area is susceptible to a storm surge from the North Sea. In the Delta Works flood protection plan various options have been considered for protecting Rotterdam. A unique design was built, the Maeslantkering; this flood barrier consists of two huge doors that rest in a dry dock besides the Nieuwe Waterweg. When a flood of 3 metres above NAP (mean se
Atsushi Takenouchi is a Japanese Butoh dancer who performs various solo works as well as collaborations. Atsushi Takenouchi joined the butoh dance company Hoppo-Butoh-ha in Hokkaido in 1980, his last performance with the company Takazashiki was developed by butoh-founder Tatsumi Hijikata. Atsushi created his solo works Itteki and Ginkan, he made a three-year "JINEN" tour throughout Japan for 600 sites. Since 2002, he has been based in Europe, working on collaborations with dancers and actors in France, the US and other countries. Joining in festivals such as Avignon festival, Paris Butoh festival, NY Butoh festival, he presents his solo piece, he collaborates with film productions. His recent work in Alaska and Hawaii, Ridden by nature, an environmental art film was expected to be completed in late 2015/early 2016. 1994 - Dance with Nature in the Rice Festival picture book. Poems and illustrations by Takenouchi 2005 - Dancing Identity: Metaphysics in Motion - Sandra Fraleigh 2006 - Ijikata Tatsumi and Ohno Kazuo Sandra Fraleigh & Tamah Nakamura 2011 - "On the silk route of gesture - Wiesna Mond-KozŁowska 2012 - Healing the fabric of the universe - De Carolina Diaz 1996 - The 2nd Osaka Dance Experience1996 RE-VIEW（TORII HALL/Japan） 1998 - JINEN in Iwaya 1997（BE-BOX） 1999 - 1996～1998 Ginyu-Butoh JINEN digest & Tanagokoro・Itteki・Ginkan digest 2005 - KI ZA MU 2005 2008 - Film Silken Directed by Damien Serban and Yann Bertrand SOGO ISHII punk years 1976- 1983 DVD box I. 2008 - Film Asia Strikes Back Directed by Sogo Ishii 2010 - JINEN Butoh performance STONE at the Sunflower theater in Beirut 2008 2012 - Film "Ridden by Nature" directed by Kathi von Koerber filming in Alaska and Arizona Official website
In number theory, the Baker–Heegner–Stark theorem states which quadratic imaginary number fields admit unique factorisation in their ring of integers. It solves a special case of Gauss's class number problem of determining the number of imaginary quadratic fields that have a given fixed class number. Let Q denote the set of rational numbers, let d be a non-square integer. Q is a finite extension of Q of degree 2, called a quadratic extension; the class number of Q is the number of equivalence classes of ideals of the ring of integers of Q, where two ideals I and J are equivalent if and only if there exist principal ideals and such that I = J. Thus, the ring of integers of Q is a principal ideal domain if and only if the class number of Q is equal to 1; the Baker–Heegner–Stark theorem can be stated as follows: If d < 0 the class number of Q is equal to 1 if and only if d ∈. These are known as the Heegner numbers; this list is written, replacing −1 with −4 and −2 with −8, as: D = − 3, − 4, − 7, − 8, − 11, − 19, − 43, − 67, − 163, where D is interpreted as the discriminant.
This is more standard, as the D are fundamental discriminants. This result was first conjectured by Gauss in Section 303 of his Disquisitiones Arithmeticae, it was proven by Kurt Heegner in 1952, but Heegner's proof had some minor gaps and the theorem was not accepted until Harold Stark gave a complete proof in 1967, which had many commonalities to Heegner's work, but sufficiently many differences that Stark considers the proofs to be different. Heegner "died before anyone understood what he had done". Stark formally filled in the gap in Heegner's proof in 1969. Alan Baker gave a different proof earlier than Stark's work, won the Fields Medal for his methods. Stark pointed out that Baker's proof, involving linear forms in 3 logarithms, could be reduced to only 2 logarithms, when the result was known from 1949 by Gelfond and Linnik. Stark's 1969 paper cited the 1895 text by Heinrich Martin Weber and noted that if Weber had "only made the observation that the reducibility of would lead to a Diophantine equation, the class-number one problem would have been solved 60 years ago".
Bryan Birch notes that Weber's book, the whole field of modular functions, dropped out of interest for half a century: "Unhappily, in 1952 there was no one left, sufficiently expert in Weber's Algebra to appreciate Heegner's achievement."Deuring and Chowla all gave variant proofs by modular functions in the immediate years after Stark. Other versions in this genre have cropped up over the years. For instance, in 1985, Monsur Kenku gave a proof using the Klein quartic, and again, in 1999, Imin Chen gave another variant proof by modular functions. The work of Gross and Zagier combined with that of Goldfeld gives an alternative proof. On the other hand, it is unknown whether there are infinitely many d > 0 for which Q has class number 1. Computational results indicate. Number Fields with class number one provides a list of some of these. Birch, Bryan, "Heegner Points: The Beginnings", MSRI Publications, 49: 1–10 Chen, Imin, "On Siegel's Modular Curve of Level 5 and the Class Number One Problem", J. Number Theory, 74: 278–297, doi:10.1006/jnth.1998.2320 Chowla, S.
"The Heegner–Stark–Baker–Deuring–Siegel Theorem", Crelle, 241: 47–48 Darmon, Henri, "Preface to Heegner Points and Rankin L-Series", MSRI Publications, 49: ix–xiii Elkies, Noam D. "The Klein Quartic in Number Theory", in Levy, The Eightfold Way: The Beauty of Klein's Quartic Curve, MSRI Publications, 35, Cambridge University Press, pp. 51–101, MR 1722413 Goldfeld, Dorian, "Gauss's class number problem for imaginary quadratic fields", Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society, 13: 23–37, doi:10.1090/S0273-0979-1985-15352-2, MR 0788386 Gross, Benedict H.. "Heegner points and derivatives of L-series", Inventiones Mathematicae, 84: 225–320, doi:10.1007/BF01388809, MR 0833192. Heegner, Kurt, "Diophantische Analysis und Modulfunktionen", Mathematische Zeitschrift, 56: 227–253, doi:10.1007/BF01174749, MR 0053135 Kenku, M. Q. "A note on the integral points of a modular curve of level 7", Mathematika, 32: 45–48, doi:10.1112/S0025579300010846, MR 0817106 Levy, Silvio, ed. The Eightfold Way: The Beauty of Klein's Quartic Curve, M
White Owls are American-made, machine produced cigars. The logo consists of a snowy owl perched on a cigar; the brand is owned by Swedish Match. White Owl is a cigar first produced in 1887. In the 1920s their Invincible cigar featured an imported Sumatran wrapper. Production was moved from Pennsylvania to Dothan, Alabama in 1985, they are made with a sheet-type wrapper and binder that encases a mixed filler tobacco blend from five nations. As of 2011, White Owl cigars imported into Australia are produced in the Dominican Republic, under the direction of an Owensboro, company. Blunts Blunts Xtra Cigarillos Demi Tip Mini Sweets 50s Miniatures 50s New Yorker New Yorker 100s Ranger 120s Invincible Sport
The Badhyz State Nature Reserve is a protected area in south-western Turkmenistan, established in 1941 and extends over 877 km2 in the Mary and Akhal Provinces. It is located south of the Karakum Desert, the Tejen River forms its western border, its landscape comprises groups of foothills, ranging in height from 20 to 200 m. The average annual precipitation of the reserve is about 280 mm, with a maximum of 420 mm and a minimum of 130 mm, its short spring is followed by a long hot summer with 4–5 months of hot weather and little cooling winds. It incorporates three wildlife sanctuaries, which were established in 1956: Çemenebit Sanctuary Gyzyljar Sanctuary Pulhatyn Sanctuary The Badhyz State Nature Reserve is an important stronghold of the Asiatic wild ass, it was once the last place. The wild ass population increased from 200. After a strong decline, there are now about 650 wild ass in the sanctuary. Other ungulates present in this protected area are goitered gazelle and wild boar. Predators include striped hyena, grey wolf, red fox and Asiatic wildcat.
The Asiatic cheetah used to occur in the nature reserve. It has not been recorded in the region since the 1960s, dispersal of individuals from neighbouring Iran is obstructed by the fenced border between the two countries. National Program for the Protection of the Environment, Ashgabat, 2002, pp. 149-151 https://web.archive.org/web/20090609072344/http://natureprotection.gov.tm/reserve_tm.html http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/index.html?action=SitHTMDetails.asp&sid=22112&m=0
The 2017 World Series Formula V8 3.5 was a multi-event motor racing championship for open wheel, formula racing cars held across Europe. The championship features drivers competing in World Series Formula 3.5 V8 formula race cars that conform to the technical regulations for the championship. The 2017 became the first season as feeder series to FIA World Endurance Championship; the season marked the return of the name "World Series" after one season, as the FIA accepted the request from promoter RPM Racing. The name "World Series" was retrieved from the championship after Renault Sport withdraw its support and the Formula Renault 3.5 became Formula V8 3.5 for the 2016 season. It was the last season of the series, promoted by RPM-MKTG since 1998. Changed teamsAlfonso Celis, Jr. switched from AVF to Fortec Motorsports. Pietro Fittipaldi, who raced for Fortec Motorsports moved to Lotus. Matevos Isaakyan moved from SMP Racing to AVF, he was joined in AVF by Egor Orudzhev. Yu Kanamaru, who raced for Teo Martín Motorsport moved to RP Motorsport.
Entering World Series Formula V8 3.5Euroformula Open Championship drivers Damiano Fioravanti and Diego Menchaca made their debut with Il Barone Rampante and Fortec Motorsports respectively. Nelson Mason returned to racing for the first time since 2014 as he joins the World Series with Teo Martín Motorsport. Konstantin Tereshchenko stepped up from GP3 Series to race with Teo Martín Motorsport. Leaving World Series Formula V8 3.5RP Motorsport driver Vitor Baptista returned to the Formula 3 Brasil championship. Fortec Motorsports driver and 2016 runner-up Louis Delétraz left the series to join the FIA Formula 2 Championship. 2016 champion Tom Dillmann moved to Formula E. Arden Motorsport driver Aurélien Panis will make his touring car racing debut in World Touring Car Championship. SMP Racing driver Matthieu Vaxiviere switched to sports car racing, moving to FIA World Endurance ChampionshipMid-season changesDamiano Fioravanti restored his collaboration with RP Motorsport, leaving the Barone Rampante team after the first round due to funding issues.
Fiorovanti's seat at RP Motorsport was taken by Tatiana Calderón, who will make her debut in the series in Bahrain. Prior to the Nürburgring round, Nelson Mason was replaced by Spanish driver Álex Palou. Prior to the Bahrain round, Egor Orudzhev was diagnosed with acute tonsillitis and was replaced by his fellow Russian Konstantin Tereshchenko. Henrique Chaves joined AVF in their third car for the final round in Bahrain. Arden Motorsport, Comtec Racing and SMP Racing have left the series. However, both Comtec and the proposed Durango entry were listed on the World Series website with "TBC" driver names, suggesting they may enter at a date; the Durango Racing Team entry was bought by Giuseppe Cipriani, who entered his own team, Il Barone Rampante. The provisional calendar for the 2017 season was announced on 7 November 2016, at the final round of the 2016 season; the Nürburgring round will return to the World Series' schedule, while the Hungaroring, Le Castellet and Barcelona will be removed from the calendar.
The championship will have rounds outside Europe for the first time since 2002, visiting Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez, Circuit of the Americas and Bahrain International Circuit. Points systemPoints were awarded to the top 10 classified finishers. Only two best-finishing cars are allowed to score points in the championship. Official website