Porto Seguro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Porto Seguro
Vista área de Porto Seguro 01.jpg
Location of Porto Seguro
Location of Porto Seguro
Coordinates: 16°26′S 39°05′W / 16.433°S 39.083°W / -16.433; -39.083Coordinates: 16°26′S 39°05′W / 16.433°S 39.083°W / -16.433; -39.083
Country Brazil
Region Nordeste
State Bahia
Founded 30 June 1534
Government
 • Mayor Claudia Silva Santos Oliveira PSD[1]
Area
 • Total 2,287 km2 (883 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 145,431
 • Density 64/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3
Postal code 45810-000
Website portosegurotur.com
Designated 1968
Reference no. 800

Porto Seguro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpoʁtu siˈɡuɾu]) is a city located in the far south of Bahia, Brazil. The city has an estimated population of 145,431 (2015), covers 2,287 square kilometres (883 sq mi), and has a population density of 52.7 residents per square kilometer. The area that includes Porto Seguro and neighboring Santa Cruz Cabrália and Prado holds a distinctive place in Brazilian history: in 1500 it was the first landing point of Portuguese navigators, principally Pedro Álvares Cabral.[2] The crime rate is considered high, as is the case in all Bahia State[3]

Geography[edit]

Porto Seguro
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
88
 
 
30
22
 
 
96
 
 
30
22
 
 
118
 
 
29
22
 
 
169
 
 
28
21
 
 
159
 
 
27
20
 
 
151
 
 
26
19
 
 
176
 
 
26
18
 
 
101
 
 
27
19
 
 
131
 
 
28
20
 
 
148
 
 
28
21
 
 
143
 
 
29
22
 
 
130
 
 
29
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Weather to Travel[4]

Climate[edit]

The weather is always hot and humid in the summer, though rarely reaching 40°C, and very mild in the winter, averaging 25°C with a minimum of 19°C, during July, August, and November the probability of rain is greater.

Subdivisions[edit]

Porto Seguro is divided into five districts

Conservation[edit]

The municipality contains the 1,151 hectares (2,840 acres) Pau-Brasil Ecological Station, a fully protected conservation unit created in 1997 to protect a fragment of Atlantic Forest, and specifically to protect Brazil wood (Pau Brasil, Caesalpinia echinata).[5] It contains the 894 hectares (2,210 acres) Rio dos Frades Wildlife Refuge, created in 2007 to protect the mouth of the Frades River,[6] the municipality also contains part of the Corumbau Marine Extractive Reserve, a protected offshore fishing area of 89,597 hectares (221,400 acres).[7]

Economy[edit]

The city is now considered one of the most important destinations of Brazil, receiving tourists from Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, and Chile, the city and surrounding area have some luxury hotels and hundreds of smaller hotels, as well as an airport well connected with the major Brazilian cities. Apart from tourism, other important activities are agriculture (especially cashew and coconut), reforestation with eucalyptus trees, cattle, and trade and services.

The city offers one of the most famous Carnival parties in Bahia. “Electric Trios” (trucks carrying sound systems and live bands), dancing “blocos” and “cordões” (street dancing groups) drag thousands of tourists along the "Passarela do Álcool" Passageway (the traditional local avenue) and to beach bars.

Noted places[edit]

Beach in Porto Seguro

Historical Downtown Area The historical site in the Cidade Alta area is a National Heritage Monument put under government trust by federal decree since 1973. It was one of the first towns in Brazil and played an important role during the first years of European colonization, it includes three churches and around 40 buildings (among private residential houses and public institutions), restored by the state government for the 500th anniversary celebration of Brazilian discovery.

Monte Pascoal National Park Created in 1961 to preserve the place where Brazil was discovered by Portuguese warriors. It includes swamp areas, salt marshes, river marshes, and a coastline around the rocky, high, round hill, considered the first point of land to be seen by the Portuguese traveler Pedro Álvares Cabral’s crew, it extends over an area of 144.8 square kilometres (55.9 sq mi), including the Pataxó tribe’s indigenous protection land. Besides its historical importance, it also offers protection to one of the last stretches of Atlantic forest in the Northeastern area of Brazil, the area is aimed at preserving valuable woods such as Brazil wood, and still hosts many species of animals threatened by extinction, including the collared sloth and black bear.

Recife de Fora Sea Park It was the first city-owned park in Brazil. During low tide, visitors can view a wide range of coral reefs, fish, and many sea species.

Glória Hillock These are ruins of what many consider to be the São Francisco Church, where Ynaiá, an Indian woman who died for the love of a crewmember of Portuguese navigator Gonçalo Coelho's fleet, was buried. The São Francisco Church is said to be the first one built in Brazil in baroque style, probably in 1504, whose ruins date to 1730.

The Nossa Senhora da Penha Matrix Church Located on Pero de Campos Tourinho Square, in Cidade Alta, it was built at the end of the 18th century. It comprises a nave, a main chapel, a sacristy, and a bell tower.

Jaqueira Indigenous Protection Reservation A huge jackfruit tree trunk, tumbled down by nature itself, represents the return to one’s origins and acts as a historical and cultural reference to honor the ancestral fathers and mothers of Pataxó families who recently moved into this 8.27 square kilometres (3.19 sq mi) Indian protection area. Their huts, spread around original Atlantic Forest woods, retain the original formats, giving visitors the impression of being back 500 years in time to pre-Columbian Brazil.

The Discovery Outdoors Museum An outdoors, natural museum, whose “art galleries” are its beaches, valleys and natural trails and whose “collection” is a set of geographical formations and traditional villages, disposed as art works in permanent exhibition, engraved in ancient media, which are spread along the 130 square kilometres (50 sq mi) length of Bahia’s historical southern coastline.

Transport[edit]

Airway[edit]

Porto Seguro Airport was opened in 1982. Its passenger terminal was very simple and small; this building is now occupied by the Fire Department of the city. In 1997, the airport was reopened, having received a new passenger terminal, new aircraft parking lot, and extension of runway to operate large aircraft; in 2010 the airport had some major renovations preparing the city to host several of the International football teams who had a training camp in Porto Seguro for the World Cup 2014.

References[edit]

  1. ^ pt:Porto Seguro
  2. ^ "Bahia, Porto Seguro" (in Portuguese). Brasília, Brazil: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics). 2016. Retrieved 2016-08-12. 
  3. ^ http://www.correio24horas.com.br/detalhe/bahia/noticia/bahia-tem-maior-numero-de-homicidios-do-pais-diz-estudo/?cHash=42022a958b8fa2164a8f5f4070ff3c2c
  4. ^ "Porto Seguro Climate and Weather Averages, Brazil". Weather to Travel. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "Estação Ecológica do Pau Brasil", Ambiente Brasil (in Portuguese), retrieved 2016-05-28 
  6. ^ Castro, Márcia Salustiano de; Bonecker, Ana Cristina T. (May 2013), Elaboração de estudo de socioeconomia e áreas correlatas para atender as necessidades no Refúgio de Vida Silvestre do Rio dos Frades: Produto 2 (PDF), Rio de Janeiro/RJ, retrieved 2016-10-23 
  7. ^ RESEX Marinha do Corumbau (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-06-06 

External links[edit]

Saiba Tudo Acesse : Porto Seguro - Bahia