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Portuguese Mozambique

Portuguese Mozambique or Portuguese East Africa were the common terms by which Mozambique was designated during the historic period when it was a Portuguese colony. Portuguese Mozambique constituted a string of Portuguese possessions along the south-east African coast, became a unified colony, which now forms the Republic of Mozambique. Portuguese trading settlements and colonies, were formed along the coast and into the Zambezi basin from 1498 when Vasco da Gama first reached the Mozambican coast. Lourenço Marques explored the area, now Maputo Bay in 1544; the Portuguese increased efforts for occupying the interior of the colony after the Scramble for Africa, secured political control over most of its territory in 1918, facing the resistance of Africans during the process. Some territories in Mozambique were handed over in the late 19th century for rule by chartered companies like the Mozambique Company, which had the concession of the lands corresponding to the present-day provinces of Manica and Sofala, the Niassa Company, which had controlled the lands of the modern provinces of Cabo Delgado and Niassa.

The Mozambique Company relinquished its territories back to Portuguese control in 1942, unifying Mozambique under control of the Portuguese government. The region as a whole was long termed Portuguese East Africa, was subdivided into a series of colonies extending from Lourenço Marques in the south to Niassa in the north. Cabo Delgado was merely a strip of territory along the Rovuma River, including Cape Delgado itself, which Portugal acquired out of German East Africa in 1919, but it was enlarged southward to the Lurio River to form what is now Cabo Delgado Province. In the Zambezi basin were the colonies of Quelimane and Tete, which were for a time merged as Zambezia; the colony of Moçambique had the Island of Mozambique as its capital. The island was the seat of the Governor-General of Portuguese East Africa until the late 1890s, when that official was moved to the city of Lourenço Marques. In the south was the colony of Inhambane, which lay north-east of Lourenço Marques. Once these colonies were merged, the region as a whole became known as Moçambique.

Mozambique, according to the official policy of the Salazar regime, was an integral part of the "pluricontinental and multiracial nation" of Portugal. Portugal claimed, as it did in all its colonies, to Europeanise the local population and assimilate them into Portuguese culture. However, this stated policy was unsuccessful, African opposition to colonization led to a ten-year independence war that culminated in independence from Portugal in 1975. During its history as a Portuguese colony, the present-day territory of Mozambique had the following formal designations: 1501–1569: Captaincy of Sofala 1570–1676: Captaincy of Mozambique and Sofala 1676–1836: Captaincy-General of Mozambique and Rivers of Sofala 1836–1891: Province of Mozambique 1891–1893: State of Eastern Africa 1893–1926: Province of Mozambique 1926–1951: Colony of Mozambique 1951–1972: Province of Mozambique 1972–1975: State of Mozambique Until the 20th century, the land and peoples of Mozambique were affected by the Europeans who came to its shores and entered its major rivers.

As the Muslim traders Swahili, were displaced from their coastal centres and routes to the interior by the Portuguese, migrations of Bantu peoples continued and tribal federations formed and reformed as the relative power of local chiefs changed. For four centuries the Portuguese presence was meagre. Coastal and river trading posts were built and built again. Governors sought personal profits to take back to Portugal, colonists were not attracted to the distant area with its unattractive climate. In Portugal, Mozambique was considered to be a vital part of a world empire. Periodic recognition of the relative insignificance of the revenues it could produce was tempered by the mystique which developed regarding the mission of the Portuguese to bring their civilization to the African territory, it was believed that through missionary activity and other direct contact between Africans and Europeans, the Africans could be taught to appreciate and participate in Portuguese culture. In the last decade of the 19th century and the first part of the 20th century, integration of Mozambique into the structure of the Portuguese nation was begun.

After all of the area of the present province had been recognized by other European powers as belonging to Portugal, administrators waged wars against African polities to assert control over the territory. Civil administration was established throughout the area, the building of an infrastructure was begun, agreements regarding the transit trade of Mozambique's land-locked neighbours to the west were made. Colonial legislation discriminated against Africans on cultural grounds. Colonial legislation submitted Africans to forced labour, to pass laws and to segregation in schools; that most Africans were perceived to engage in "uncivilized behaviour" by the Portuguese created a low opinion of Africans as a group among Europeans. The uneducated Portuguese immigrant peasants in urban areas were frequen


Kanyavi is a 2009 Sri Lankan Sinhala drama film directed by Siritunga Perera and produced by Indika Wijeratne for Cine Vision Lanka Films. It stars Sanath Gunathilake and Meena Kumari in lead roles along with Sathischandra Edirisinghe and Pubudu Chathuranga. Music composed by Nadeeka Guruge; the film introduced Dilani Madurasinghe to cinema for the first time. It is the 1132rd Sri Lankan film in the Sinhala cinema; the film was screened for 60 days at Ritz Borella and other NFC circuit cinema halls around the country. Sanath Gunathilake as Janaka Senanayake Meena Kumari as Imaya Senanayake Dilani Madurasinghe as Kumari Sathischandra Edirisinghe as Janaka's father Pubudu Chathuranga as Madhava Hyacinth Wijeratne as Janaka's mother Himali Sayurangi as Tharushi Nadeesha Seetha Kumari as Somawathi Susila Kottage as Mrs. Charlot Sylvester Upali Keerthisena as Madhava's servant Kapila Sigera as Thug

Global Finance (magazine)

Global Finance is an English-language monthly financial magazine. Joseph D. Giarraputo, the founder and former publisher of Venture, the magazine for entrepreneurs, in 1987 joined forces with Carl G. Burgen, Stephan Spahn, H. Allen Fernald, Paolo Panerai to start a magazine on financial globalization; the magazine's primary target audience consists of Chairmen, Presidents, CEOs, CFOs, Treasurers and other financial officers. The magazine is distributed in 158 countries, with 50,050 global subscribers and recipients, certified by BPA Worldwide; the website, relaunched in 2009, targets an audience of top financial web-users that complements the reach of the magazine. offers analysis and awards that are the heritage of 22 years of experience in international finance and provides a valuable source of data on 192 countries. Global Finance Media, Inc's, majority shareholder is Class Editori Group SpA, an Italian publishing company that produces two financial newspapers, lifestyle magazines, news agencies, digital televisions, etc.

Joseph D. Giarraputo is the second largest shareholder. Global Finance has offices in New York, London and Rio de Janeiro. Global Finance reports on the international finance sector, covering such topics as corporate finance, joint ventures and M&A, country profiles, capital markets, investor relations, banking, risk management, direct investment, money management; the magazine holds several awards ceremonies throughout the year to recognize the winning financial institutions and companies. The largest of these ceremonies is held contemporary to the World Bank annual meetings; each year, the magazine publishes a list of "world's best banks." Global Finance describes the rankings: "The winners are not always the biggest banks but rather the best—those with the qualities that corporations should look for when choosing a bank. These are banks with effective risk management systems, quality service and best practices in corporate governance."One notable winner is the International Bank of Azerbaijan, run by Chairman Mayank.

IBA was named the Best Bank in Azerbaijan in the World's Best Banks 2012 rankings. An annual ranking of the top 50 world's safest banks is published by the magazine; the Banker CFO Chief Executive Magazine Official site Class Editori SpA Philip H. Dougherty. "Advertising. The New York Times. Retrieved August 5, 2008

Strange Occasion

Quelle strane occasioni, internationally released as Strange Occasion, is a 1976 Italian anthology comedy film directed by Luigi Comencini, Nanni Loy and Luigi Magni. Loy didn't accept to sign his segment, Italian Superman, that results directed by "Anonimo". Giobatta is an Italian seller of chestnut cake. One night during a robbery, a thief to steel the money feels his body, realizes that Giobatta is "gifted". So the thief doors Giovatta in a night club. Antonio is a man; when his wife and daughter go on holiday, at the door of the house of Antonio knocks the beautiful Cristina, a Swedish girl, the daughter of a friend of his. Antonio begins to fall in love, so Cristina falls in love with him too; that night the two have sex, the day after Cristina, believing that Antonio has a clear conception of sex, tells him that his wife made love with her father. Antonio, doesn't... welcome his wife. In Rome, a bishop: Ascanio, is stuck in the elevator of a building with a beautiful woman; the bishop was going to see his mistress, but now he is stuck, Ascanio goes having a chat with the woman about sexual matters, expressing all his indignation at the manner in which the Italians of that time approach to sex.

The woman manifests sound moral principles. Paolo Villaggio: Giobatta Nino Manfredi: Antonio Pecoraro Alberto Sordi: Mons. Ascanio La Costa Stefania Sandrelli: Donatella Olga Karlatos: Giovanna Beba Lončar: Vedova Adami Valeria Moriconi: Giobatta's wife Jinny Steffan: Cristina Strange Occasion on IMDb

Spinner (album)

Spinner is an instrumental album by British musicians Brian Eno and Jah Wobble, released in 1995. "Where We Lived" – 2:59 "Like Organza" – 2:44 "Steam" – 3:16 "Garden Recalled" – 3:21 "Marine Radio" – 5:04 "Unusual Balance" – 5:23 "Space Diary 1" – 1:51 "Spinner" – 2:54 "Transmitter and Trumpet" – 8:41 "Left Where It Fell" – 7:02 (Hidden track – 8:42 The music on Spinner has its origins in the Eno-penned soundtrack to the Derek Jarman biographical 60-minute movie Glitterbug, released in 1994, shortly after Jarman's death. The movie was an abstract montage composed of Super-8 excerpts from his personal video-diaries, going behind-the-scenes of many of his movies from the late sixties right up to the end of the eighties. Eno composed most of the soundtrack in his Kilburn studio; the music stayed in the film. Eno explains "I had intended to collect the music as a soundtrack record, but in the end a lot of it didn't make much sense without the film". In 1995, Eno handed the master-tapes to Wobble.

"He received from me a number of stereo tapes and did what he does – spanning the gamut from leaving them alone. Eno did not participate in any co-production on Spinner at all. Eno said "I didn't hear it all till it was finished. I had no input at all on that stage of it. Everything that he put on, he produced. Anything you hear looming around in the back is what I produced". Wobble, interviewed on BBC Radio 3 programme Mixing It in January 1998 explained that Eno had asked for his input in creating a standalone CD; some of Eno's thoughts on the album in its final stages can be found in the last section of the appendix of Eno's published diary, A Year with Swollen Appendices. This section is a copy of a letter from Eno to Dominic Norman-Taylor of All Saints Records, describing Eno's opinions of Jah Wobble's mixes and treatments of the tracks. Several of the tracks are given their working titles; the letter gives hints as to the methods used by Eno and Wobble in creating the album, with Eno providing many of the original tracks, which Wobble treated and sequenced.

The finished product is a fusion of ambient, instrumental rock, dub. Eno referred to the last track as an example of; because for the last 3 or 4 years I've been writing these pieces of music, which sound like some peculiar take on jazz. They don't sound like jazz, they have some kind of influence from jazz, but most of the people I played them to don't like them – so I call it'Unwelcome Jazz' ". Compositions 1, 4, 7, 8 and 11 by Brian Eno; the tracks "Spinner" and "Left Where It Fell" appear on Jah Wobble's 2004 anthology I Could Have Been a Contender. Interview. ProgArchives review Rolling Stone review. All Saints entry. Jah Wobble's homepage Glitterbug IMDB entry

Burry Stander

Burry Willie Stander was a South African mountain biker, the UCI Mountain Bike World Cup under-23 men's cross-country 2009 world champion. In the 2008 Summer Olympics, held in Beijing, Stander finished 15th in the cross-country mountain bike race. In the 2012 Summer Olympics, held in London, Stander finished 5th in the cross-country mountain bike race. Stander paired up with Christoph Sauser in 2009 for the Absa Cape Epic. Although the team only managed 6th place that year, they came back in 2010 to claim 2nd place. In 2011 Stander and Sauser finished in 1st place, making Stander the first South African rider to win the Absa Cape Epic. In 2012 the team were victorious once again, winning the Prologue and four of the seven stages of the marathon stage race. Stander died after getting hit by a taxibus while on a training ride moments before returning to his Concept Cyclery Shop in South Africa, on 3 January 2013 at the age of 25. A KwaZulu-Natal minibus taxi driver who struck down Stander, was convicted of culpable homicide on Friday April 17, 2015 at the Port Shepstone Magistrates Court and was sentenced to three years in prison.

3 time U/19 SA XC and Marathon champion 10th Commonwealth Games 2006 17th U/23 World Championships 2006 South African Pro XC champion 2006/2007 6th U/23 world championships 2007 African XC MTB champion 2007 sponsor GT Bicycles / Omnico SA Mazda Drifter Barberton SA marathon series opener 1st 14th Giro del Capo Road Tour and second u/26 rider Absa Cape Epic stage win and leader for three stages South Africa Cross Country champion 3rd U/23 SA Road Championships World Cup round 1 Houffalize Belgium 58th World Cup round 2 Offenburg Germany 7th World Cup round 3 Madrid, Spain 13th World Cup round 4 Vallnord,Andorra 2nd World Cup round 5 Fort William Scotland 5th World Cup round 6 Mont St Anne, Canada 3rd World Cup round 7 Bromont Canada 24th World Cup round 8 Canberra Australia 6th World Cup round 9 Schladming Austria 10th World Cup overall standings 5th World Cup u/23 champion U/23 World Championships 2nd Jeep Hill2Hill Marathon champion Summer Olympic Games in Beijing 15th Sponsor GT Bicycles / Omnico SA 2009 sponsors: Specialized Bikes, Mr Price, Fever publications-weekly mountainbike column, Fast Fuel Nutrition, Crank Brothers Pedals, involved in building BMX tracks for disadvantaged communities.

In 2010, Stander rode across the line in third place at the Mountain Bike World Championships in Mont-Sainte-Anne, Canada. He won the Absa Cape Epic back to back with team partner Christoph Sauser in 2011 and 2012. Stander hailed from Port Shepstone in KwaZulu-Natal where he attended an Afrikaans Primary and High School, he married fellow cyclist Cherise Taylor in May 2012 on the beach of Port Shepstone. Burry Stander at Olympics at Burry Stander at Cycling Archives Burry Stander at CQ Ranking Burry Stander at ProCyclingStats On the road with Burry Stander