Post-punk revival

Post-punk revival is a genre of indie rock that developed in the late 1990s and early 2000s, inspired by the original sounds and aesthetics of garage rock of the 1960s and new wave and post-punk of the 1980s. Bands that broke through to the mainstream from local scenes across the world in the early 2000s included the Strokes, the Libertines, the Killers, Franz Ferdinand, the White Stripes, the Kooks, the Vines, the Hives, Bloc Party, Arctic Monkeys, the Cribs and Kaiser Chiefs who were followed to commercial success by many established and new acts. By the end of the decade, most of the bands had broken up, moved on to other projects or were on hiatus, although some bands returned to recording and touring in the 2010s. In the early 2000s, a new group of bands that played a stripped down and back-to-basics version of guitar rock emerged into the mainstream, they were variously characterized as part of new wave or post-punk revival. Influences ranged through new wave to grunge; the music ranged from the atonal tracks of bands like Liars to the melodic pop songs of groups like the Sounds, popularising distorted guitar sounds.

They shared an emphasis on energetic live performance and used aesthetics aligned with their fans drawing on fashion of the 1950s and 1960s, with "skinny ties, white belts shag haircuts". There was an emphasis on "rock authenticity", seen as a reaction to the commercialism of MTV-oriented nu metal, hip hop and "bland" post-Britpop groups; because the bands came from countries around the world, cited diverse influences and adopted differing styles of dress, their unity as a genre has been disputed. For garage rock historian Eric James Abbey, these were diverse bands that appropriated the label "garage" to gain a degree of credibility. There was interest in garage rock and elements of punk in the 1980s and 1990s, by 2000 local music scenes in several countries had bands playing alternative and indie music; the Detroit rock scene included the Von Bondies. The city was a crucial stomping ground for Ohio's the Black Keys. New York's scene included the Strokes, Yeah Yeah Yeahs, TV On the Radio, LCD Soundsystem, the Walkmen, the Rapture, the Liars.

In Los Angeles & San Francisco, the scene was centered around Black Rebel Motorcycle Club, Brian Jonestown Massacre, Dandy Warhols and Silversun Pickups. Other countries had their own local bands incorporating post-punk music; the term post-punk was coined to describe groups who took punk and experimented with more challenging musical structures and lyrical themes, a self-consciously art-based image, while retaining punk's initial iconoclastic stance. AllMusic argued that rather than a revival, the history of post-punk was more of a continuum from the mid-1980s, with scattered bands that included Big Flame, World Domination Enterprises, Minimal Compact extending the genre. In the mid-1990s, notable bands in this vein included Six Finger Satellite and Elastica. At the turn of the century, the term "post-punk" began to appear in the music press again, with a number of critics reviving the label to describe a new set of bands that shared some of the aesthetics of the original post-punk era. Music critic Simon Reynolds noted that bands like the Rapture and Franz Ferdinand were influenced by the more angular strain of post-punk bands such as Wire and Gang of Four.

Others identified this movement as another wave of garage rock revivalism, with NME in 2003 designating it a "new garage rock revolution", or a "new rock revolution". According to music critic Jim DeRogatis, the Strokes, the White Stripes and the Hives all had a sound "to some extent rooted in Nuggets-era garage rock"; the commercial breakthrough from these scenes began in the UK, was led by a small group of bands. The Strokes emerged from the New York club scene with their debut album, Is This It, which debuted at No. 2 in the UK and cracked the Top 50 in America. The White Stripes, from Detroit, released their third album, White Blood Cells, which charted decently in both the US and the UK, as well as spawning two transatlantic Top 25 singles; the Hives, from Sweden, became a mainstream success with their compilation album Your New Favourite Band which peaked at No. 7 on the UK charts. In 2001, Black Rebel Motorcycle Club's debut album hit No. 5 in the UK. The Vines, from Australia, released Highly Evolved in 2002, a top 5 success in both England and Australia, peaked at No. 11 in the US.

Along with the Strokes, White Stripes and others, they were christened by parts of the media as the "The" bands, dubbed "the saviours of rock'n' roll", prompting Rolling Stone magazine to declare on its September 2002 cover, "Rock is Back!" This press attention, in turn, led to accusations of hype, some dismissed the scene as unoriginal, image-conscious and tuneless. According to Reynolds, "apart from maybe the White Stripes, none could be described as retro". In the wake of this attention, existing acts like Yeah Yeah Yeahs were able to sign to major record labels. A second wave of bands that managed to gain international recognition as a result of the movement included Interpol, the Black Keys, the Killers, Kings of Leon, Modest Mouse, the Shins, the Bravery, the Hold Steady, the National in the US, Franz Ferdinand, Bloc Party, the Futureheads, the Libertines, Kaiser Chiefs and the Kooks in the UK. Arctic Monkeys were the most prominent act to owe their initial commercial success to the use of Internet social networking, with two No. 1 singles and Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not, which became the fastest-

Tru Thoughts

Tru Thoughts is a British independent record label. It was formed in Brighton in 1999 by Robert Luis of Deeds Plus Thoughts and Paul Jonas, it became, in one decade, one of the most famous and well respected labels in the independent music world. Since the acclaimed first album release of Bonobo’s debut ‘Animal Magic’, the label has put out over two hundred LPs, across genres from electronic, funk and hip hop to jazz, tropical and more. In September 1999, after the success of their night club the "Phonic: hoop and Shake Yer Wig", Paul Jonas & Robert Luis, two music-obsessed friends, decided to launch their own label. From the improvised'office', under Robert Luis' stairs, the new Tru Thoughts records started its history with their first 12" EP Alarming Frequency. There followed many releases which step by step built on the success of the label, including Bonobo's Animal Magic, Quantic's The 5th Exotic and Jon Kennedy’s debut album We’re Just Waiting For You Now. In 2005 Tru Thoughts were awarded Label Of The Year at the annual Gilles Peterson Worldwide Awards.

Will Holland known as Quantic, has released under a number of monikers on the label. In 2009 Tru Thoughts celebrated its 10th birthday, with more than 200 releases, spotlighting an independent and original music, acknowledged for its quality by music specialists. Tru Thoughts has discovered various notable artists who have subsequently signed to other record labels; the label has a publishing company called Full Thought Publishing. The music from the label has been used on adverts for iTunes, Ford, MLB, Mercedes Benz, Unilever and appeared on numerous TV programs and films. Beginning in 2018, the company's releases are distributed in the United States by Redeye Distribution. From the initial Tru Thoughts Records were born three sublabels: "Tru Thoughts 7 seven", specialize in funk and soul "Unfold records", specialize in compilation releases "Zebra Traffic", specialize in UK hip hopTru Thoughts organizes many parties in nightclubs between Brighton and London, broadcasts on several radio stations.

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Alton Downs Station

Alton Downs Station, most known as Alton Downs, is a pastoral lease that operates as a cattle station in north east South Australia. The property is situated 48 kilometres south west of Birdsville and 253 kilometres north west of Innamincka, it is bordered to the west by the Simpson Desert Regional reserve, to the south by Clifton Hills Station and to the east by Pandie Pandie Station. The station contains many landforms including gibber plains, sand-plains, floodplains and ephemeral rivers; the Warburton River flows through the property southward through Clifton Hills and Cowarie Station discharging into Lake Eyre. The property was first taken up by Whittingham in 1878, the same year that Chapman established Cordillo Downs Station. Whittington still owned the property in 1893 but was experiencing financial difficulties with the Bank of Adelaide, of which he was a director. Sidney Kidman acquired the property in 1897 after he had bought nearby Cowarie Station and about the same time he started to expand further into the Channel Country and purchased Annandale Station.

The station was abandoned sometime early in the 1900s. Other nearby properties including Pandie Pandie and Idra Downs had been abandoned; the country had started to recover from the drought in 1904 and pastoralists in the area had commenced restocking. The property was found to be abandoned in 1927 after the area had been over run by rabbits; the property is owned by Brook Proprietors, who own nearby Cordillo Downs, Adria Downs and Kamaran Downs stations. All these holdings are NASAA Certified Organic Livestock operations; the land occupying the extent of the Alton Downs pastoral lease was gazetted as a locality in April 2013 under the name'Alton Downs Station' with the word ‘Station’ being added to avoid duplication of the name of a locality in Queensland. List of ranches and stations