Civic Center/UN Plaza station
Civic Center/UN Plaza is a Bay Area Rapid Transit and Muni Metro station in the Civic Center area of San Francisco. The westernmost of the dual BART/Muni stops on the Market Street Subway, Civic Center/UN Plaza acts as a major hub for passenger movement throughout the San Francisco Bay Area. With 18,432 exits each weekday, it is the fourth-busiest station in the BART system. Service at this station began on November 5, 1973. In 2005, the station name was changed to Civic Center/UN Plaza during celebrations for the 60th anniversary of the United Nations and World Environment Day. Additional fares gates to allow direction connections between Muni and BART were proposed. Like the three other shared BART/Muni stations in the Market Street Subway, Civic Center station has three levels: a fare mezzanine on the first level, an island platform for Muni Metro on the second level, an island platform for BART on the third level; as with the other three stations, Civic Center was built with six entrances – three on each side of Market Street – leading to the fare concourse.
A passageway to two additional entrances west of 8th Street and Hyde Street was opened later. One of those entrances, on the north side of Market Street at Grove Street, was temporarily closed in December 2016 after a sewer pipe collapsed under the escalators; the entrance remained closed until it was permanently removed in October 2017. The remaining entrance west of 8th Street was permanently closed on November 1, 2018, as the passageway space was needed for a new electrical substation to add redundancy and capacity to support increased Transbay Tube train frequency; the six original entrances remained open. The concourse has two BART fare payment areas and two Muni fare payment areas. Following the 2015 addition of a canopy over an escalator at 19th Street Oakland station, which reduced escalator downtime by one-third, BART decided to add canopies to all downtown Oakland and San Francisco entrances; the canopies will protect the escalator from weather damage, improve lighting, allow the escalator to be closed off when the station is not open, provide a location for real-time train arrival information displays.
The Civic Center station entrance at Market and 7th was chosen for early implementation. The remaining Powell station entrances will have similar canopies added beginning in 2019, with completion in 2025. In May 2018, BART proposed to close off a corridor that connects the 7th Street and 8th Street sides of the station because it was used for drug use. Under the planned Better Market Street project, stops on the F Market and Wharves line and bus routes would be consolidated to reduce travel times; the F stops at 7th and 8th streets would be replaced by a single midblock stop. List of Bay Area Rapid Transit stations Media related to Civic Center/UN Plaza station at Wikimedia Commons BART - Civic Center/UN Plaza
Pittsburg/Bay Point station
Pittsburg/Bay Point is a Bay Area Rapid Transit station in Pittsburg, United States, adjacent to the community of Bay Point. It serves northern and eastern Contra Costa County, as well as the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta. Passengers transfer between the light and heavy rail portions of the Antioch–SFO/Millbrae line at a separate transfer platform east of the main station; the station opened on December 7, 1996. Service was cut back to North Concord/Martinez station from March 16-21, 2016 after electrical issues between the stations damaged a number of trains. BART began service on the eBART line between Pittsburg/Bay Point and Antioch station on May 26, 2018. Unlike the rest of the BART system, eBART uses small self-propelled Diesel multiple unit railcars, thus requiring a transfer between the two lines. A second island platform was constructed 0.6 miles to the east of Pittsburg/Bay Point station, providing a cross-platform interchange. The transfer platform does not have street access, so passengers must ride a mainline BART train between the two platforms.
Media related to Pittsburg/Bay Point station at Wikimedia Commons BART – Pittsburg/Bay Point
Embarcadero is a BART and Muni Metro station in the Financial District of San Francisco. The easternmost stop on the Market Street Subway, Embarcadero acts as a major hub for passenger movement throughout the San Francisco Bay Area. With 45,460 exits each weekday in 2015, Embarcadero is the busiest station in the BART system, a title for which it vies with its western neighbor, Montgomery Street, it is the first stop in San Francisco for BART trains after crossing through the Transbay Tube from West Oakland. This station was an infill station, opening in May 1976, three years after the rest of this section of BART's system. Embarcadero is located in the northeastern section of San Francisco's Financial District underneath Market Street between Front and Drumm Streets to the north and Fremont and Main Streets to the south; the Ferry Building, Embarcadero Center, Transbay Terminal and the eastern end of the California Street cable car line are all located near Embarcadero station. Service at the station began on May 1976, three years after the other San Francisco stations.
The station was not part of the original plans for the system. As a result of increasing development in the lower Market Street area, the basic structure of the station was added into the construction of the Market Street subway, anticipating a opening; the opening resulted in the Embarcadero station having a much different design than the other three Market Street stations. The station was designed by chief BART architect Tallie Maule and Hertzka & Knowles & Associates in collaboration with Parsons Brinckerhoff, Tudor Construction, Bechtel; the station cost $30 million to construct. Muni Metro service began in February 1980 and Embarcadero was intended to be the inbound terminus for all of the Muni Metro lines. In 1998 a new extension was opened along the Embarcadero and to the Caltrain station at 4th and King Streets. Since at least 1992 the station was serenaded by the "Jazz Man" Ronald Brewington, he would entertain them with conversation and charm. For Christmas Brewington would give out Christmas cards to passengers stating "You are my Carnegie Hall".
He claimed. The Jazz Man was a fugitive from Albuquerque facing capital murder charges stemming from the 1987 murder of his wife Diedre, he was extradited to New Mexico. In 2013, he was sentenced to 16 years in prison. From either 1976 or 1978 until its dismantling and removal in 2014, a large rope sculpture by Barbara Shawcroft entitled "Legs" hung from the east wall of the platform; the 50-foot-tall, 7,000-pound rope sculpture, which the artist said was made using "a Neolithic technique known as knotless netting," was made of Nomex, a fireproof material. When it was installed, it was a rich orange and white, it shimmied and swayed when trains sped in and out of the Transbay Tube; the artist insisted that BART should leave "Legs" dangling and said the agency's contract with her required them to clean the sculpture, something that proved costly and short-lived during three attempts. The standoff led to decades of inaction, with the sculpture forgotten. After its removal, it was returned to a professor emerita at UC Davis School of Design.
F Market & Wharves streetcar service on Market Street began on March 4, 2000 with the line's extension to Fisherman's Wharf. Like all stations in the Market Street Subway, Embarcadero has a tri-level configuration. Passengers first descend to a mezzanine concourse containing fare gates for passengers to enter separate BART and Muni paid areas, with one Muni entrance in the middle, flanked by two BART entrances. There are two island platforms below: one on the second level down for Muni trains, another below the Muni platform for BART trains. Following the 2015 addition of a canopy over an escalator at 19th Street Oakland station, which reduced escalator downtime by one-third, BART decided to add canopies to all downtown Oakland and San Francisco entrances. Construction will begin in 2019, with completion in 2025. There are numerous local and express Muni bus lines stopping at this station; the Temporary Transbay Terminal is a short walk from the station, at Howard & Beale Streets, with Greyhound, SolTrans, AC Transit, WestCAT, Golden Gate Transit buses operating from it.
Amtrak Thruway Bus line 34 makes two trips to Stockton from each way. Route 99 connects San Francisco with the closest Amtrak station at Emeryville many times daily. There is a BART Bike Station inside the Embarcadero Station offering bicycle commuters with a BikeLink card to use the secure bike parking facility; when the Transbay Transit Center is complete, a pedestrian tube will be built under Beale Street connecting its train platforms with the Embarcardeo Station, linking BART and Muni light rail lines to the new transportation hub. List of Bay Area Rapid Transit stations Embarcadero station, BART SFMTA - Embarcadero: Inbound, Outbound SF Bay Transit: Metro Embarcadero Station, Embarcadero BART station
Millbrae station is an intermodal transit station serving Bay Area Rapid Transit and Caltrain, located in Millbrae, California. The station is the terminal station for BART on the San Francisco Peninsula, served by three lines: The Richmond–Daly City/Millbrae line on weekdays, the SFO–Millbrae line on weekdays and Sundays, the Antioch–SFO/Millbrae line on nights and Saturdays, it is served by all Caltrain service except for a small number of limited-stop trains. The station is served by SamTrans bus service and Caltrain shuttle buses, other shuttles. Rail service to the area began with 17 Mile House station, which opened in 1864 on land deeded by Darius Ogden Mills; the station was rebuilt in 1907 after twice burning down. The 1907-built station was threatened with demolition in 1976, but was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. A modern intermodal terminal opened in 2002, connecting Caltrain for the first time; the older station building was restored for use as a railway museum, which opened in 2004.
Millbrae station has five tracks and three platforms at ground level, with a fare concourse on a mezzanine level above. The Caltrain tracks are on the west side of the station; the westernmost track has a side platform. South of the Millbrae Avenue bridge, the northbound track splits in two to form a triple-track section to allow passing trains; the northbound platform extends past the BART area as a side platform, curves to serve the diverging track. BART has three tracks; the other two tracks serve an island platform. Because ridership at Millbrae is lower than expected, only the western track is used in regular service. A 2,200-space parking garage and surface parking lots are located on the east side of the station. A smaller busway and parking lot for Caltrain are on the west side; the BART platform at Millbrae has six sculptures embedded in concrete blocks, with each figure representing a different era in community history. Forty-two terrazzo benches installed at the station show scenes of local history.
In 1862, after buying a section of Rancho Buri Buri from José de la Cruz Sánchez, Darius Ogden Mills deeded land to the under-construction San Francisco and San Jose Railroad in exchange for a station to allow guests to visit his estate. The line opened in October 1863; the line was soon taken over by the Southern Pacific Railroad for its Peninsula Commute service. The station burned in 1890; the station burned again in 1906 and was replaced with a two-story colonnade-style depot of standard SP design the next year. It was located on the west side of the tracks just south of Millbrae Avenue. In 1976, preparing to discontinue the money-losing Peninsula Commute, the SP proposed to tear down the station. However, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places as the Southern Pacific Depot on September 1, 1978 after efforts by the newly formed Millbrae Historical Society. In August 1980, the building was moved 200 feet south to make room for a widening of Millbrae Avenue; as part of the BART SFO Extension, a new intermodal terminal for BART, Samtrans was built in Millbrae just north of Millbrae Avenue.
BART service to the $70 million facility began on June 22, 2003. The station was served by the Pittsburg/Bay Point line, plus a shuttle service to San Francisco International Airport station; the shuttle service was discontinued on February 9, 2004. The Richmond line began serving Millbrae at weekday peak hours, with the Pittsburg/Bay Point line providing service at other times. BART service to stations in San Mateo County is funded by SamTrans, rather than county tax revenues; as ridership stayed below expectations, SamTrans had to pay a larger-than-planned operating subsidy to BART. On September 12, 2005, in order to lower these subsidies, BART reduced service so that only the Dublin/Pleasanton line served SFIA and Millbrae stations. SamTrans and BART reached an agreement in February 2007 in which SamTrans would transfer control and financial responsibility of the SFO/Millbrae extension to BART, in return for BART receiving additional fixed funding from SamTrans and other sources. On January 1, 2008, BART increased service to the San Mateo stations.
Service to Millbrae station was provided by the Richmond line on weekdays, the Dublin/Pleasanton line on weeknights and weekends. Direct service between SFIA and Millbrae was discontinued. On September 14, 2009, the Pittsburg/Bay Point line was extended to Millbrae on nights and weekends, restoring direct service at those times. On February 11, 2019, SFO -- Millbrae line service resumed on Sundays; the station continues to be served by the Richmond line on weekdays, with the Antioch line serving both SFIA and Millbrae on weeknights and Saturdays. Millbrae station was expected to have some 16,500 daily BART boardings by 2017, but has fallen well short of projections, with under 7,000 daily boardings by then. Millbrae is planned to be a California High-Speed Rail station. Senate Bill 1029, passed in 2012, provided funds to lengthen the Caltrain platforms for future high-speed rail trains. Caltrain no longer needed the historic station building after o
Montgomery Street station
Montgomery Street is a shared Muni Metro and Bay Area Rapid Transit subway station in the Financial District of San Francisco. It is located on the Market Street Subway beneath Market Street, between Montgomery Street and Sansome Street. Like all of the shared BART and Muni stations on the Market Street Subway, the concourse mezzanine is on the first level down, an island platform for the Muni Metro is on the second level down, the island platform for BART is on the third level down. Both the Transbay Terminal and Golden Gate University are located on Mission Street, near Montgomery Station. Service at this station began on November 5, 1973. Following the 2015 addition of a canopy over an escalator at 19th Street Oakland station, which reduced escalator downtime by one-third, BART decided to add canopies to all downtown Oakland and San Francisco entrances. Construction will begin in 2019, with completion in 2025. Under the planned Better Market Street project, the inbound F stop would be discontinued to reduce travel times.
Muni's F Market and Wharves heritage streetcar line stops on the surface at Market and 2nd Street and Market and New Montgomery. The station is served by a number of Muni bus and trolleybus routes: Local: 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 21, 30, 31, 45 Rapid: 5R, 9R Express: 7X, 8AX, 8BX, 81X Owl service: 91 Owl, L Owl, N OwlAC Transit serves Montgomery Street station with the 800 All Nighter route during hours that BART is not operating. Additional Muni, Golden Gate Transit, SamTrans bus routes run on Mission Street, one block away; the station was featured, in the 1971 film The Organization. List of Bay Area Rapid Transit stations Montgomery St. Station, BART
A heritage railway is a railway operated as living history to re-create or preserve railway scenes of the past. Heritage railways are old railway lines preserved in a state depicting a period in the history of rail transport; the British Office of Rail and Road defines heritage railways as follows: "...'lines of local interest', museum railways or tourist railways that have retained or assumed the character and appearance and operating practices of railways of former times. Several lines that operate in isolation provide genuine transport facilities, providing community links. Most lines constitute tourist or educational attractions in their own right. Much of the rolling stock and other equipment used on these systems is original and is of historic value in its own right. Many systems aim to replicate both the look and operating practices of historic former railways companies." Heritage railway lines have historic rail infrastructure, substituted in modern rail systems. Historical installations, such as hand-operated points, water cranes, rails fastened with hand-hammered rail spikes, are characteristic features of heritage lines.
Unlike tourist railways, which carry tourists and have modern installations and vehicles, heritage-line infrastructure creates views and soundscapes of the past in operation. Due to a lack of modern technology or the desire for historical accuracy, railway operations can be handled with traditional practices such as the use of tokens. Heritage infrastructure and operations require the assignment of roles, based on historical occupations, to the railway staff. Some, or all and volunteers, including Station masters and signalmen, sometimes wearing period-appropriate attire, can be seen on some heritage railways. Most heritage railways use heritage rolling stock, although modern rail vehicles can be used to showcase railway scenes with historical-line infrastructure. While some heritage railways are profitable tourist attractions, many are not-for-profit entities. Still other heritage railways offer a viable public-transit option, can maintain operations with revenue from regular riders or government subsidies.
Children's railways are extracurricular educational institutions where children and teenagers learn about railway work. The railways developed in the USSR during the Soviet era. Many were called "Pioneer railways", after the youth organisation of that name; the first children's railway opened in Moscow in 1932 and, at the breakup of the USSR, 52 children's railways existed in the country. Although the fall of communist governments has led to the closure of some, preserved children's railways are still functioning in post-Soviet states and Eastern European countries. Many children's railways were built on parkland in urban areas. Unlike many industrial areas served by a narrow-gauge railway, parks were free of redevelopment. Child volunteers and socialist fiscal policy enabled the existence of many of these railways. Children's railways which still carry traffic have retained their original infrastructure and rolling stock, including vintage steam locomotives. Examples of children's railways with steam locomotives include the Dresden Park Railway in Germany.
Creating passages for trains up steep hills and through mountain regions offers many obstacles which call for technical solutions. Steep grade railway technologies and extensive tunneling may be employed; the use of narrow gauge allows tighter curves in the track, offers a smaller structure gauge and tunnel size. At high altitudes and logistical difficulties, limited urban development and demand for transport and special rolling-stock requirements have left many mountain railways unmodernized; the engineering feats of past railway builders and views of pristine mountain scenes have made many railways in mountainous areas profitable tourist attractions. Pit railways have been in operation in underground mines all over the world. Small rail vehicles transport ore, waste rock, workers through narrow tunnels. Sometimes trains were the sole mode of transport in the passages between the work sites and the mine entrance; the railway's loading gauge dictated the cross-section of passages to be dug. At many mining sites, pit railways have been abandoned due to mine closure or adoption of new transportation equipment.
Some show mines offer mantrip rides into the mine. The Metro 1, built from 1894 to 1896, is the oldest line of the Budapest Metro system and the second-oldest underground railway in the world; the M1 underwent major reconstruction during the 1980s and 1990s, Line 1 now serves eight original stations whose original appearance has been preserved. In 2002, the line was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the Deák Ferenc Square concourse's Millennium Underground Museum, many other artifacts of the metro's early history may be seen; the first heritage railway to be rescued and run by volunteers was the Talyllyn Railway in Wales. This narrow-gauge line, taken over by a group of enthusiasts in 1950, was the beginning of the preservation movement worldwide. In Britain, heritage railways are railway lines which
The Antioch–SFO/Millbrae line is a Bay Area Rapid Transit line in the San Francisco Bay Area that runs from Antioch station to the San Francisco International Airport station and Millbrae station. It serves 28 stations in Antioch, Bay Point, Pleasant Hill, Walnut Creek, Orinda, San Francisco, Daly City, South San Francisco, San Bruno, Millbrae; the line is colored yellow on maps, BART has begun to call it the Yellow LineThe line is split into two segments. The majority of the line uses the same electric multiple unit trains as the rest of BART, shares tracks with the five other mainline services; the 8.6-mile section from Antioch to near Pittsburg/Bay Point station, known as eBART, uses diesel multiple units. A cross-platform transfer between the two modes is made at a dedicated transfer platform east of Pittsburg/Bay Point station. However, the line is shown on maps as one route, headsigns and station information display the ultimate terminus of the line; the line is extended to Millbrae station on nights and Saturdays when it is not served by the Richmond–Daly City/Millbrae line and SFO–Millbrae line.
It is the most-used BART line, the only line with additional short turn trains to provide additional service to core areas during weekday peak hours. The Antioch–SFO/Millbrae line was the second of BART's five rapid transit lines to open. Service from Concord to MacArthur began on May 21, 1973; the line was extended to Daly City when the Transbay Tube opened on September 16, 1974. The North Concord/Martinez and Pittsburg/Bay Point stations were added in 1995–1996; until 2015, rush hour service included trains. On April 1, 2015, BART opened the Central Contra Costa Crossover, a pair of crossover tracks south of Pleasant Hill/Contra Costa Centre station that allow trains to terminate there. On September 14, 2015, the Concord short turns were cut to Pleasant Hill to allow for increased frequency. Reverse peak "Pleasant Hill Limited" trains bypass Rockridge, Orinda and Walnut Creek stations eastbound in the morning peak, Lafayette and Orinda westbound in the evening. In March 2016, mysterious electrical surges caused several cars to be taken out of service on the tracks north of North Concord/Martinez station.
On March 16, 2016, BART halted service to Pittsburg/Bay Point station and established a bus bridge between North Concord and Pittsburg/Bay Point. Limited service to Pittsburg/Bay Point resumed on March 21 and full service resumed on April 2; when the SFO/Millbrae extension opened on June 22, 2003, BART extended the Pittsburg/Bay Point–SFO/Millbrae line to Millbrae but bypassed SFO. BART rerouted this line to SFO in place of the Dublin/Pleasanton line on February 9, 2004, with service extended to Millbrae outside of weekday peak hours. San Mateo County is not a member of the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District, so SamTrans funded the county's BART service; when the extension's lower-than-expected ridership caused SamTrans to accrue deficits, BART agreed to SamTrans' request to operate only the Dublin/Pleasanton line south of Daly City effective September 12, 2005. SamTrans and BART reached an agreement in February 2007 in which SamTrans would transfer control and financial responsibility of the SFO/Millbrae extension to BART, in return for BART receiving additional fixed funding from SamTrans and other sources.
BART has since again increased service south of Daly City, this line now terminates at SFO on weekdays, with service extended to Millbrae on evenings and weekends. BART to Antioch, named during construction and known as eBART, is a diesel multiple unit light rail branch line of the Bay Area Rapid Transit system in eastern Contra Costa County, United States. Service extends to Antioch station. Trains and tracks for the portion of the Antioch – SFO/Millbrae line between Antioch and Pittsburg/Bay Point are incompatible with those of the main BART rapid transit system, making it impossible for trains to move between the two systems; the first extension proceeds 10.1 miles east along the State Route 4 corridor to the city of Antioch at a Hillcrest Avenue station. Revenue service began on May 26, 2018; the BART map does not differentiate between this service and the remainder of the Antioch–SFO/Millbrae line. There is a notation on the map published in stations showing a transfer is required, but not on the schedule or map brochures distributed to the public.
Notes a The Antioch–SFO/Millbrae line services Millbrae station after 9pm on weekdays and all day on weekends only. The line terminates at SFO station until 9pm on weekdays