The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature; the Premier is appointed by the Governor of New South Wales, by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly. Prior to Federation in 1901 the term "Prime Minister of New South Wales" was used. "Premier" has been used more or less from 1901, to avoid confusion with the federal Prime Minister of Australia. The current Premier is Gladys Berejiklian, the Leader of the New South Wales Liberal Party, who assumed office on 23 January 2017. Berejiklian replaced Mike Baird on 23 January 2017. Nine former premiers are alive; the most recent premier to die was Tom Lewis on 25 April 2016. List of premiers of New South Wales by age List of Premiers of New South Wales by time in office Deputy Premier of New South Wales
Dave Mazzoni is an American film director and screenwriter. Mazzoni grew up in Philadelphia. Dave Mazzoni and Tom Mattera teamed up during childhood in Philadelphia where they began their creative collaboration on film, their first screenplay, was selected as one of the top 250 out of 5,500 submissions in HBO’s Project Greenlight Competition in 2003.cousin of Craig RettershoferMazzoni graduated with a B. A. in Film and Media Arts in 2004 from Temple University, where he studied underneath award winning filmmaker Eugene Martin. Mazzoni studied Management Information Systems at Drexel University prior to receiving his film degree. Dave Mazzoni directed his first feature film with Tom Mattera, The 4th Dimension, in 2006; the film depicts. When a mysterious woman presents him with a broken antique clock, not to be fixed, unexplainable events begin to occur. After finding Albert Einstein's journal on his still unsolved Unified Field Theory, Jack becomes obsessed with analyzing time and theorizing its connection to his supernatural experiences, his surreal dreams, his perception of reality, only to lead to the discovery of the biggest mystery of all - himself.
Mattera and Mazzoni made the film for just $75,000. The film won the Grand Jury Honorable Mention Award at CineVegas in 2006, the Technical Achievement Award at the Philadelphia Film Festival, went on to screen at over 20 international film festivals. Mazzoni and Mattera directed their second independent feature, The Fields, a thriller starring Academy Award winner Cloris Leachman and Tara Reid, scheduled for a 2011 release; the film takes place in a small Pennsylvania town in 1973, tells the story of a young boy and his family as they are terrorized by an unseen presence in the surrounding fields. The film is being produced by Faust Checho with Mr. Big Productions, in association with MazWa Productions. Tommy Lee Wallace is attached as an associate producer. Production spanned six weeks, throughout September and October 2009, was shot 100% on location in the Pocono Mountains region in Kunkletown Pennsylvania. Mazzoni and Mattera's film The 4th Dimension has been compared to the works of David Lynch and Darren Aronofsky
Extra Credit is a 2009 children's novel written by Andrew Clements. The work was first published on June 23, 2009 through Simon & Schuster and follows a young schoolgirl, given the option of receiving extra credit by writing to an overseas pen pal in a small Afghanistan village; the book won a Christopher Award for Books for Young People in 2010. The book has received multiple reviews. Two critics for the Horn Book Guide reviewed Extra Credit, with one writing that "Although the ending is a little too neat, it’s the kind of ending kids like, Clements’s timely story should receive high marks from middle-grade and early-middle-school readers." Publishers Weekly praised the work, as they liked that Clements discussed different cultures in a way that could be understood and appreciated by younger readers. Christopher Award for Books for Young People
William Henry Brooke was a British artist and illustrator. He was the son of the painter Henry Brooke and a nephew of Henry Brooke, the author of A Fool of Quality, he was a pupil of Samuel Drummond, worked as a portrait painter. He exhibited portraits and figure subjects at the Royal Academy between 1810 and 1826, but is best known by his illustrations to books, he died at Chichester in 1860. As an illustrator, Brooke was influenced by a friend, he contributed to Thomas Moore's Irish Melodies, Izaak Walton's Compleat Angler in the edition by John Major, Thomas Keightley's Mythology, other works. Other sources This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Bryan, Michael. "Brooke, William Henry". In Graves, Robert Edmund. Bryan's Dictionary of Engravers. I. London: George Bell & Sons. William Henry Brooke at Library of Congress Authorities, with 3 catalogue records
Coprolalia is involuntary swearing or the involuntary utterance of obscene words or inappropriate and derogatory remarks. Coprolalia comes from the Greek κόπρος, meaning "dung, feces", λαλιά "speech", from λαλεῖν "to talk". Coprolalia is an occasional characteristic of tic disorders, in particular Tourette syndrome, although it is not required for a diagnosis of Tourette's and only about 10% of Tourette's patients exhibit coprolalia, it is not unique to tic disorders. Coprolalia is one type of coprophenomena. Other coprophenomena include the related symptoms of copropraxia, involuntary actions such as performing obscene or forbidden gestures, coprographia, making obscene writings or drawings. Coprolalia encompasses words and phrases that are culturally taboo or unsuitable for acceptable social use, when used out of context; the term is not used to describe contextual swearing. It is expressed out of social or emotional context, may be spoken in a louder tone or different cadence or pitch than normal conversation.
It can be complex phrases. A person with coprolalia may repeat the word mentally rather than saying it out loud. Coprolalia is an occasional characteristic of Tourette syndrome, although it is not required for a diagnosis of Tourette's. In Tourette syndrome, compulsive swearing can be uncontrollable and undesired by the person uttering the phrases. Involuntary outbursts, such as racial or ethnic slurs in the company of those most offended by such remarks, can be embarrassing; the phrases uttered by a person with coprolalia do not reflect the thoughts or opinions of the person. Cases of deaf Tourette patients swearing in sign language have been described. Coprolalia is not unique to tic disorders, it may occur after injuries to the brain such as encephalitis. Only about 10% of people with Tourette's exhibit coprolalia, but it tends to attract more attention than any other symptom. There is a paucity of epidemiological studies of Tourette syndrome. Studies on people with Tourette's "came from tertiary referral samples, the sickest of the sick".
Further, the criteria for a diagnosis of Tourette's were changed in 2000, when the impairment criterion was removed from the DSM-IV-TR for all tic disorders, resulting in increased diagnoses of milder cases. Additionally, many clinical studies suffer from small sample size; these factors combine to render older estimates of coprolalia—biased towards clinical populations of the more severe cases—outdated. An international, multi-site database of 3,500 individuals with Tourette syndrome drawn from clinical samples found 14% of patients with Tourette's accompanied by comorbid conditions had coprolalia, while only 6% of those with uncomplicated Tourette's had coprolalia; the same study found that the chance of having coprolalia increased linearly with the number of comorbid conditions: patients with four or five other conditions—in addition to tics—were four to six times more to have coprolalia than persons with only Tourette's. One study of a general pediatric practice found an 8% rate of coprolalia in children with Tourette syndrome, while another study found 60% in a tertiary referral center.
A more recent Brazilian study of 44 patients with Tourette syndrome found a 14% rate of coprolalia. Considering the methodological issues affecting all of these reports, the consensus of the Tourette Syndrome Association is that the actual number is below 15 percent; some patients have been treated by injecting botulinum toxin near the vocal cords. This does not prevent the vocalizations, but the partial paralysis that results helps to control the volume of any outbursts. Botox injections result in more generalized relief of tics than the vocal relief expected; the entertainment industry depicts those with Tourette syndrome as being social misfits whose only tic is coprolalia, which has furthered stigmatization and the public's misunderstanding of those with Tourette's. The coprolalic symptoms of Tourette's are fodder for radio and television talk shows. Lists of language disorders
The National Parks Conservation Association is the only independent, nonpartisan membership organization devoted to advocacy on behalf of the National Parks System. Its mission is "to protect and enhance America's National Park System for present and future generations." Founded in 1919 as the National Parks Association, the organization was designed to be a citizen's watchdog for the National Park Service created in 1916. Among the founders of NPA was Stephen Mather, the first director of the National Park Service. Robert Sterling Yard was NPA's first employee. Although Yard received personal financial support from Mather, the two differed on development issues in the parks. Taking a strong preservationist position, Yard objected to such commercialization of the parks as the jazz bands and bear shows at Yosemite National Park; the association continued to resist commercial efforts to build dams and promote mining and hunting in the national parks. In 1970, the organization changed its name to the National Parks and Conservation Association, in response to the national attention to a new range of emerging environmental issues, including air and water pollution.
This was shortened to National Parks Conservation Association in 2000. In pursuit of its core mission to protect the national parks of the United States, the NPCA "works to educate decision-makers and opinion leaders about the most pressing issues facing national parks". At its headquarters in Washington, DC, 27 regional offices around the country, it employs 153 staff members, including program and policy experts who work together with committed volunteers, staff lobbyists, community organizers and communications specialists. Under the leadership of President and Chief Executive Officer Theresa Pierno, "the organization's strategic focus is on ensuring that as the leading advocate for national parks these places continue to be protected and have the resources and infrastructure they need to thrive in their second century."The NPCA publishes a quarterly magazine, National Parks, the print version of, distributed to its members, while articles are available on its website. The North Fork Watershed Protection Act of 2013 is a bill that would withdraw 430,000 acres of federal lands in Montana from programs to develop geothermal and mineral resources.
The law would forbid other natural resource development. The affected lands lie adjacent to Glacier National Park and have some protections; the bill follows up on an agreement between Canada and the United States on how to protect the trans-border area from the effects of mining. In the 2010 agreement, Canada agreed not to do any additional mining on the British Columbian Flathead with the expectation that Montana would do the same thing to its land; the NPCA supported the bill, saying the bill "protects both our outdoor heritage and our economic future for generations to come." The NPCA opposed the Water Rights Protection Act, a bill that would prevent federal agencies from requiring certain entities to relinquish their water rights to the United States in order to use public lands. According to opponents, the bill is too broad, they believe the bill "could block federal fisheries agencies like the United States Fish and Wildlife Service from requiring flows that help salmon find fish ladders and safely pass over dams."In June 2017 the United States Fish and Wildlife Service removed the Grizzly Bear from Yellow Stone National Parks "endangered species list".
The National Parks Conservation Association is suing the Fish and Wildlife Services for not going through the proper channels in their decision to remove the species from the endangered list. Citing that the Fish and Wildlife Service, "fails to provide long-term and enforceable regulations to ensure the grizzly population remains stable and is able to increase in both size and geographic scope." "It could open the way to hunting grizzly bears on private and state-owned land inside and adjacent to the area’s national park sites, further jeopardizing the long-term health of the grizzly population." "It does not include measures that would encourage connectivity with grizzly bears that live in the Crown of the Continent/Glacier ecosystem, depriving both populations of the genetic diversity they need to thrive." "It fails to provide the National Park Service with a formal seat at the table to work with state agencies to manage bears that move beyond park borders." "It fails to properly consider how climate change will impact the grizzly bears long-term."The NPCA opposes the cutting of the Clean Power Plan, which if cut would increase the levels of carbon emissions and sulfur dioxides found in the parks which could lead to potential loss of life in and around the parks.
The NPCA is using their strong grassroots base to petition the EPA, its Administrator Scott Pruitt, the Trump Administration to keep the Clean Power Plan practices. The NPCA received an overall 3 star rating from Charity Navigator for fiscal year 2015, based on a score of 76.73 for Financial, 97.00 for Accountability and Transparency. Its fiscal year 2014 tax filing shows. Sustainability Biodiversity Global warming Ecology Earth science Natural environment John C. Miles, Guardians of the Parks: A History of the National Parks and Conservation Association. ISBN 1-56032-446-5 NPCA Policy Updates