Prince-Bishopric of Augsburg

The Prince-Bishopric of Augsburg was one of the prince-bishoprics of the Holy Roman Empire, belonged to the Swabian Circle. It should not be confused with the larger diocese of Augsburg, over which the prince-bishop exercised only spiritual authority; the city of Augsburg proper, after it gained free imperial status, was a separate entity and constitutionally and politically independent of the prince-bishopric of the same name. The prince-bishopric covered some 2365 km2 and had 100,000 inhabitants at the time it was annexed to Bavaria in the course of the German mediatization; the present city of Augsburg appears in Strabo as a stronghold of the Licatii. Though the beginnings of Christianity within the limits of the present diocese are shrouded in obscurity, its teachings were brought there by soldiers or merchants. According to the acts of the martyrdom of St. Afra, who with her handmaids suffered at the stake for Christ, there existed in Augsburg early in the fourth century a Christian community under Bishop Narcissus.

St. Dionysius, uncle of St. Afra, is mentioned as his Successor. Nothing authentic is known about the history of the Augsburg Church during the centuries succeeding, but it survived the collapse of Roman power in Germany and the turbulence of the great migrations, it is true that two catalogues of the Bishops of Augsburg, dating from the eleventh and twelfth centuries, mention several bishops of this primitive period, but the first whose record has received indubitable historical corroboration is Saint Wikterp, bishop about 739 or 768. He took part in several synods convened by Saint Boniface in Germany. Under either Saint Wikterp or his successor, about whom little is known, many monasteries were established, e.g. the abbeys of Wessobrunn, Ellwangen and Ottobeuren. At this time the see, hitherto suffragan to the Patriarchate of Aquileia, was placed among the suffragan sees of the newly founded Archdiocese of Mainz. Saint Simpert, hitherto abbot of Murbach, a relative of Charlemagne, renovated many churches and monasteries laid waste in the wars of the Franks and Bavarians, during the incursions of the Avari.

His jurisdiction extended at that time from the Iller eastward over the Lech, north of the Danube to the Alb, south to the spurs of the Alps. Moreover, various estates and villages in the valley of the Danube, in Tyrol, belonged to the diocese. Among the bishops of the following period, a certain number are prominent, either on account of the offices they filled in the Empire, or for their personal qualifications; the See of Augsburg reached the period of its greatest splendor under Saint Ulrich. During the incursion of the Hungarians and the siege of Augsburg, he sustained the courage of the citizens, compelled the Hungarians to withdraw, contributed much to the decisive victory on the Lechfeld, he built churches in honor of Saint Afra and Saint John, founded the monastery of Saint Stephen for Benedictine nuns, undertook three pilgrimages to Rome. The diocese suffered much during the episcopate of his successor, Henry I, for he sided with the foes of Emperor Otto II, remained for several months in prison.

After his liberation he renounced his former views and bequeathed to his church his possessions at Geisenhausen. The diocese attained great splendor under Bishop Bruno, brother of Emperor Henry II. Under Bishop Henry II, the guardian of Henry IV, the diocese secured the right of coinage and was enriched by many donations. During the last years of his episcopate, the quarrel of Emperor Henry IV with the papacy in which Embrico took the imperial side and only temporarily yielded to the papal legate; the struggle continued under his successors. Hermann, Count of Vohburg supported with treachery and cunning his claim to the see he had purchased, violently persecuted the Abbot of St. Afra, expelled him from the city. Only after the conclusion of the Concordat of Worms did Hermann obtain the confirmation of the pope and relief from excommunication; the political disturbances resulting from the dissensions between the popes and the German emperors reacted on the Church of A

Rivers State Ministry of Youth Development

The Rivers State Ministry of Youth Development is a government ministry of Rivers State, Nigeria entrusted with the task of dealing with matters relating to youth affairs in the state. The ministry is mandated to empower the youths statewide and engage in activities that aim to assist them to develop and pursue their goals; the headquarters are located at Port Harcourt. The vision statement of the ministry is: "To empower the Rivers State youth to become self-reliant and responsible citizens of the state." The ministry mission statement is: "To prepare the youths for present and future challenges to achieve socio-cultural and economic well-being for selfless service, responsibility citizenship and effective leadership." To articulate relevant programmes of action for youth development in Rivers State. Design guidelines for youth development activities in the state. Coordinate and monitor youth development activities at the state local government area levels of Government and the collaborative partners.

Create opportunities for the youth to be involved in decision-making progresses in the matters that affect them and society. Inculcate in the youth, human right values, social justice, equity and gender equality. Promotion conducive atmosphere for mental and physical development of the youth. Provide adequate funding for the non-formal training of the youth in life skills. Collaborate with all stakeholders for the funding of youth activities. List of government ministries of Rivers State Rivers State Ministry of Youth Development

Fall Back Down

"Fall Back Down" is a song by the American punk rock band Rancid. It was released as the first single from Indestructible. "Fall Back Down" was released to radio on July 22, 2003. It peaked at number 13 on the US Modern Rock Tracks."Fall Back Down" was written by Tim Armstrong and Lars Frederiksen after Armstrong's divorce from Distillers vocalist Brody Dalle, is about friendship. The video featured guest appearances from Benji Madden of Kelly Osbourne; the song features two by Tim Armstrong and one by Lars Frederiksen. This track was featured in video games and films including Tony Hawk's Underground 2, NASCAR Thunder 2004, Punk's Dead: SLC Punk 2, Agent Cody Banks 2: Destination London, The Wedding Ringer, Forza Horizon 3 in addition to the opening of Brody Jenner's reality TV show Bromance. Canadian musician Lights recorded a cover for her EP titled "Acoustic" in 2010