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Princes Risborough

Princes Risborough is a small town in Buckinghamshire, about 9 miles south of Aylesbury and 8 miles north west of High Wycombe. Bledlow lies to Monks Risborough to the east, it lies at the foot of the Chiltern Hills, at the north end of a gap or pass through the Chilterns, the south end of, at West Wycombe. The A4010 road follows this route from West Wycombe through the town and on to Aylesbury, it was both a manor and an ecclesiastical parish, of the same extent as the manor, which comprised the present ecclesiastical parish of Princes Risborough and the present ecclesiastical parish of Lacey Green, which became a separate parish in the 19th century. It was long and narrow, taking in land below the Chiltern scarp, the slope of the scarp itself and land above the scarp extending into the Chiltern hills; the manor and the parish extended from Longwick in the north through Alscot, the town of Princes Risborough, Loosley Row and Lacey Green to Speen and Walters Ash in the south. Since 1934 the civil parish of Princes Risborough has included the town of Princes Risborough, the village of Monks Risborough and part of Horsenden but has excluded Longwick.

It is within the Wycombe district of Buckinghamshire and operates as a town council within Wycombe district. The town is overlooked by the Whiteleaf Cross, carved in the chalk of the hillside, though the cross itself is in Monks Risborough; the name'Risborough' meant'brushwood-covered hills' and comes from two Old English words: hrisen, an adjective meaning brushwood-covered derived from hris meaning brushwood or scrub, beorg which meant hill. The spelling in the various documents where the name is found is, as usual variable. In the 13th century it is found as Magna Risberge, distinguished from Parva Risberge, Monks Risborough, as Earls Risborough and when the manor came to be held by Edward Prince of Wales, as Princes Risborough. At the time of the Domesday survey in 1086, Risborough was a royal manor held by the King, having been a village of King Harold before the conquest, it was part of the Hundred of Risborough, which comprised Bledlow and Risborough. It was assessed at 30 hides both before and after the conquest, of which 20 hides related to the demesne.

The manor had land for four of them in the lord's demesne. There were 30 villagers and they together with 12 bordars had 20 ploughs. There were 3 slaves. There were 2 mills, worth 14s 8d a year, meadow for 7 ploughteams and woodland sufficient for 1,000 pigs. In total it paid £47 a year in white silver, less 16d. Before 1066 it only paid £10 at face value. Furthermore, a burgess of Oxford paid a saltboiler of Droitwich an amount left blank. A freeman held 3 virgates and had the right to sell his land, though it was said that he served the sheriff; the persons mentioned would have been only the heads of families, so the total population of the manor would have been in the region of 200 people. Before the Norman Conquest Risborough had been held by King Harold and afterwards it formed part of the lands of the new king, William the Conqueror; as a royal manor it could be used by the king to make financial provision for members of the royal family or others whom he might wish to reward. In the 12th century it was held by Walter Giffard, the 2nd Earl of Buckingham, but reverted to the Crown on his death in 1164.

It was granted to the Constable of Normandy, Robert de Humeto, who obtained a charter from King Henry II, remained in his family until about 1242. King Henry III granted the manor to Richard, Earl of Cornwall, succeeded by his son, who died in 1300, when it escheated to the Crown. King Edward I in 1302/05 granted it to Queen Margaret for her life, subject to the rights of Margaret, Countess of Cornwall, in one third part for life as part of her dower. King Edward II gave the reversion to his unpopular favourite, Piers Gaveston, his wife, but this grant was surrendered in the same year. Queen Margaret died in 1316. In 1327, when Edward III succeeded to the throne at the age of fifteen, he granted the manor for life to his mother, Queen Isabella for her services during his father’s reign; the King’s brother, Earl of Cornwall had an interest for a time. After the death of the Queen-mother it was held by Henry de Ferrers until his death in 1344; the King granted the manor to his eldest son, Edward Prince of Wales, known as the Black Prince.

He was 14 years of age in 1344 and he held the manor for 32 years until his death in 1376. Edward III did not die until 1377 and the Prince never became king, it was during this period. On the death of the Black Prince the manor passed to his son, Richard of Bordeaux, who became King Richard II in the following year, he granted it to Lewis de Clifford who held it for his life, when it reverted to King Henry IV, who in turn granted it to his son Henry, Prince of Wales, who became King Henry V in 1413. It passed to Henry VI and was part of the dower of his Queen, Margaret of Anjou, it was held by his son and appears to have remained vested in the Crown until Edward VI granted it to his half-sister, the Princess Elizabeth for her life. Subsequently, James I held it an

Culinary Institute of St. Louis

The Culinary Institute of St. Louis at Hickey College is a small, for-profit culinary arts career college located in St. Louis, Missouri; the Culinary Institute of St. Louis awards associate degrees in culinary arts to graduates. A division of Hickey College, it is located on a suburban campus on Lindbergh Boulevard near the airport, it has over half of students come from the St. Louis area, their website states that it focuses on job placement for graduates and that financial aid is available for those who qualify. Its web site may be found at www. The admission process begins with a personal interview with an admissions representative and a tour of the facilities. Students are required to have obtained GED prior to admission. Financial aid is available for those. Students may schedule a personal financial planning session to review the financial aid options available. Information may be found at www. Culinary Institute of St. Louis at Hickey College is a specialized institution offering a 20-month culinary arts program to high school graduates.

Each day, students spend hours receiving hands-on instruction in one of five kitchens. Students take non-kitchen courses all of which are focused on culinary arts career knowledge. During the last semester, students complete an off-site externship. Courses include: Commercial Kitchen Skills and Procedures Soups and Sauces Meat and Poultry Arts Fish and Shellfish Arts Breads and Pastry Arts Garde Manger and Charcuterie Classical Cuisine International Cuisine Culinary Institute of St Louis at Hickey College is a part of Hickey College. Hickey College is accredited by the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools

Winnie Brinks

Winnie Brinks is a Democratic politician, serving as member of the Michigan Senate beginning in 2019, the Michigan House of Representatives from 2013 through 2018. Before serving in elected office, Brinks worked as an executive at a non-profit, she serves as the Michigan Democratic Caucus Policy Chair. In the Michigan House, she served on the Workforce and Talent Development, Health Policy, Tourism and Outdoor Recreation Committees, she serves as chair of the Progressive Women's Caucus, a non-profit organization that addresses concerns about women's health, pay equity, economic security and gender violence. Brinks earned a bachelor's degree in Spanish from Calvin College. For several years she was Executive Director of One Way House Inc. a residential facility for non-violent female offenders. She was a caseworker at The Source, an employee support organization. Brinks was recruited to run for office after Roy Schmidt, elected to the Michigan House as a Democrat, switched to the Republican Party at the deadline to file for re-election, leaving no legitimate Democratic candidate on the primary ballot.

Brinks ran in the primary as a write-in candidate, exceeding the 1,000 votes required to win the Democratic nomination. She defeated Schmidt in the November general election. In 2014, she was re-elected, defeating Republican challenger Donijo DeJonge, in 2016 she defeated Republican challenger Casey J. O'Neill. Due to term limits, Brinks was unable to run for re-election in 2018, instead ran for the Michigan Senate, defeating fellow state representative Chris Afendoulis, a Republican, Libertarian and Working Class Party candidates, to succeed Dave Hildenbrand a Republican, required by term limits to vacate the seat. Profile at Vote Smart Legislative website


The Standardbred is an American horse breed best known for its ability in harness racing, where members of the breed compete at either a trot or pace. Developed in North America, the Standardbred is recognized worldwide, the breed can trace its bloodlines to 18th-century England, they are well-built horses with good dispositions. In addition to harness racing, the Standardbred is used for a variety of equestrian activities, including horse shows and pleasure riding in the Midwestern and Eastern United States and in Southern Ontario. In the 17th century, the first trotting races were held in the Americas in fields on horses under saddle. However, by the mid-18th century, trotting races were held on official courses, with the horses in harness. Breeds that have contributed foundation stock to the Standardbred breed included the Narragansett Pacer, Canadian Pacer, Norfolk Trotter and Morgan; the foundation bloodlines of the Standardbred trace to a Thoroughbred foaled in England in 1780 named Messenger.

He was a gray stallion imported to the United States in 1788. He sired a number of flat racing horses, but was best known for his great-grandson, Hambletonian 10 known as Rysdyk's Hambletonian, foaled in 1849 and considered the foundation sire of the breed and from whom all Standardbreds descend. Hambletonian 10 was out of a dam with Norfolk Trotter breeding, the mare and foal were purchased by William Rysdyk, a farm hand from New York state, who raced the colt as a three-year-old against other horses; the horse went on to sire 1,331 offspring. Another influential sire was the Thoroughbred Diomed, born in 1777. Diomed's Thoroughbred grandson American Star, foaled in 1822, was influential in the development of the breed through the mares of his progeny by American Star 14 being bred to Hambletonian 10; when the sport started to gain popularity, more selective breeding was done to produce the faster harness trotter. The Standardbred breed registry was formed in United States in 1879 by the National Association of Trotting Horse Breeders.

The name arose due to the "standard" required of breeding stock, to be able to trot or pace a mile within a certain time limit. Every Standardbred had to be able to trot a mile in 30 seconds. Today, many Standardbreds are faster than this original standard, with several pacing the mile within 1 min, 50 sec, trotters only a few seconds slower than pacers. Different bloodlines are found in trotters than in pacers, though both can trace their heritage back to Hambletonian 10. Standardbreds tend to be longer bodied than the Thoroughbred, they are of more placid dispositions, as suits horses whose races involve more strategy and more changes of speed than do Thoroughbred races. Standardbreds are considered easy-to-train horses, they are a bit heavier in build than Thoroughbreds, but have refined, solid legs and powerful shoulders and hindquarters. Standardbreds have a wide range of heights, from 14 to 17 hands, although most are between 15 and 16 hands, they are most bay, brown or black, although other colors such as chestnut are seen.

Gray and roan are found. The Standardbred weighs between 800 and 1,000 pounds, their heads are refined and straight with broad foreheads, large nostrils, shallow mouths. The typical Standardbred body is long, with the withers being well defined, with strong shoulders and the muscles being long and heavy, which helps with the long strides; the neck of the Standardbred is muscular and should be arched, with a length of medium to long. Their legs are muscular and solid, with very tough and durable hooves. Individual Standardbreds tend to either pace. Trotters' preferred racing gait is the trot; the pace is a two-beat lateral gait. However, the breed is able to perform other horse gaits, including the canter, though this gait is penalized in harness racing; the breed's trotting and pacing ability is linked to a single-point mutation in gene DMRT3, expressed in the I6 subdivision of spinal cord neurons. The point mutation causes early termination of the gene by coding for a stop codon, thus altering the function of this transcription factor.

Standardbreds are known for their skill in harness racing, being the fastest trotting horses in the world. Because of their speed, Standardbreds are used to upgrade other breeds of harness racers around the world, such as the Orlov Trotter and French Trotter. In Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, the United States, races are held for both trotters and pacers. In continental Europe, all harness races are conducted between trotters. Major races for North American trotters include the Peter Haughton Memorial for two-year-olds, the World Trotting Derby, Yonkers Trot and Kentucky Futurity for three-year-olds; the Hambletonian is sometimes referred to as the "Kentucky Derby of Harness Racing". The Trotting Triple Crown is made up of the Yonkers Trot, Hambletonian Stakes, Kentucky Futurity; some of the major pacing races in North America include the Woodrow Wilson and Metro Stake for two-year-olds, the Little Brown Jug, Meadowlands Pace, North America Cup and the Adios Pace for three-year-olds.

The Little Brown Jug, the Messenger Stakes, the Cane Pace comprise the Pacing Triple Crown. Major r

Robert W. Bly

Robert W. Bly is an American writer on the subjects of copywriting, freelance writing, other many other subjects from science and science fiction, to satire and small business, he is a well-known copywriter. Bly grew up in New Jersey, he got a degree in chemical engineering in 1979 at the University of Rochester, beginning his writing career with four intense years at the school's daily newspaper. When he graduated, he began as a corporate writer for Westinghouse Electric and worked for a New York engineering firm for a few years, he published his first book on technical writing. In 1985, at the age of 27, he published The Copywriter's Handbook. Bly has worked as a freelance copywriter for the AARP, IBM, Lucent Technologies, among others. Bly has written more than 95 books including The Digital Marketing Handbook from Entrepreneur Press. Bly has an internet information marketing industry, he lives in Montville, New Jersey Quotations related to Robert W. Bly at Wikiquote Bob Bly's Home Page

Ohio State Route 1 (1961–1965)

State Route 1 is a former state highway in Ohio planned as a second Ohio Turnpike. Its southern terminus was in Cincinnati, its northern terminus was in Conneaut at the Pennsylvania state line; the majority of its route is now Interstate 71. After the original SR 1 was redesignated as US 40 in 1927, SR 1 was not used for an Ohio highway again until 1961. After planning had been completed for the Ohio Turnpike and construction of the Turnpike was underway, Ohio highway authorities began planning a second Ohio Turnpike extending southwest to northeast across the state, it was planned to run from Cincinnati to Conneaut and connect with an extension built across the panhandle of Pennsylvania to the New York State Thruway. As the highway was being planned, the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 was enacted, the project was converted from a toll road to a free Interstate Highway, it was designated as SR 1, since the Interstate Highway numbering system had not yet been implemented. Portions of the freeway began to be completed and opened in 1959 with the new Interstate Highway funding, they were marked as SR 1.

Since large gaps existed along the corridor where no freeway had yet been completed, existing two-lane or four-lane highways were designated as Temporary SR 1 in order to complete the route. SR 1 was rerouted; the SR 1 signage was removed in 1965 as the Interstate Highway numbers adequately marked the route and the state highway numbering was superfluous. The present day route of what was once planned as SR 1 is Interstate 71 from Cincinnati to just northeast of Medina, Interstate 271 for its entire length from northeast of Medina to Willoughby Hills, Interstate 90 from Willoughby Hills to the Pennsylvania state line at Conneaut. Since 1965, there has been no highway designated as SR 1. In 1961, SR 1 followed Central Ave. in Cincinnati, to John Street, to Lincoln Park Drive, to Freeman Avenue, to Western Avenue, to Spring Grove Avenue, to Colerain Avenue to Interstate 75. S. Route 25 from West Carrollton to Interstate 70. S. Route 40 from Springfield to Columbus. S. Route 21 from Montrose to Brecksville.